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Date:	Tue, 06 Oct 2015 20:03:55 +0200
From:	Daniel Borkmann <>
To:	Alexei Starovoitov <>,
	Ingo Molnar <>
CC:	"David S. Miller" <>,
	Andy Lutomirski <>,
	Hannes Frederic Sowa <>,
	Eric Dumazet <>,
	Kees Cook <>,,,
Subject: Re: [PATCH net-next 1/2] bpf: enable non-root eBPF programs

On 10/06/2015 07:50 PM, Alexei Starovoitov wrote:
> On 10/6/15 1:39 AM, Daniel Borkmann wrote:
>>>> [...] Also classic BPF would then need to test for it, since a socket
>>>> filter
>>>> doesn't really know whether native eBPF is loaded there or a
>>>> classic-to-eBPF
>>>> transformed one, and classic never makes use of this. Anyway, it
>>>> could be done
>>>> by adding a bit flag cb_access:1 to the bpf_prog, set it during eBPF
>>>> verification phase, and test it inside sk_filter() if I see it
>>>> correctly.
>>> That could also be done in an unlikely() branch, to keep the cost to
>>> the non-eBPF
>>> case near zero.
>> Yes, agreed. For the time being, the majority of users are coming from the
>> classic BPF side anyway and the unlikely() could still be changed later on
>> if it should not be the case anymore. The flag and bpf_func would share the
>> same cacheline as well.
> was also thinking that we can do it only in paths that actually
> have multiple protocol layers, since today bpf is mainly used with
> tcpdump(raw_socket) and new af_packet fanout both have cb cleared
> on RX, because it just came out of alloc_skb and no layers were called,
> and on TX we can clear 20 bytes in dev_queue_xmit_nit().
> af_unix/netlink also have clean skb. Need to analyze tun and sctp...
> but it feels overly fragile to save a branch in sk_filter,
> so planning to go with
> if(unlikely(prog->cb_access)) memset in sk_filter().

I was also thinking that for dev_queue_xmit_nit(), since we do the skb_clone()
there, to have a clone version (w/o affecting performance of the current one)
that instead of copying cb[] over, it would just do a memset(). But that would
just be limited to AF_PACKET, and doesn't catch all sk_filter() users.

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