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Date:	Mon, 16 May 2016 16:38:34 +0200
From:	Ingo Molnar <mingo@...nel.org>
To:	Linus Torvalds <torvalds@...ux-foundation.org>
Cc:	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, Al Viro <viro@...iv.linux.org.uk>,
	Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@...llo.nl>,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
	Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>,
	Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org>, Stas Sergeev <stsp@...t.ru>
Subject: [GIT PULL] core/signals changes for v4.7

Linus,

Please pull the latest core-signals-for-linus git tree from:

   git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip.git core-signals-for-linus

   # HEAD: 91c6180572e2fec71701d646ffc40ad30986275c signals/sigaltstack: Change SS_AUTODISARM to (1U << 31)

This tree, from Stas Sergeev and Andy Lutomirski, improves the sigaltstack 
interface by extending its ABI with the SS_AUTODISARM feature, which makes it 
possible to use swapcontext() in a sighandler that works on sigaltstack. Without 
this flag, the subsequent signal will corrupt the state of the switched-away 
sighandler.

The inspiration is more robust dosemu signal handling.

 Thanks,

	Ingo

------------------>
Andy Lutomirski (4):
      signals/sigaltstack: If SS_AUTODISARM, bypass on_sig_stack()
      selftests/sigaltstack: Fix the sigaltstack test on old kernels
      signals/sigaltstack: Report current flag bits in sigaltstack()
      signals/sigaltstack: Change SS_AUTODISARM to (1U << 31)

Stas Sergeev (4):
      signals/sigaltstack, x86/signals: Unify the x86 sigaltstack check with other architectures
      signals/sigaltstack: Prepare to add new SS_xxx flags
      signals/sigaltstack: Implement SS_AUTODISARM flag
      selftests/sigaltstack: Add new testcase for sigaltstack(SS_ONSTACK|SS_AUTODISARM)


 arch/x86/kernel/signal.c                     |  23 ++--
 include/linux/sched.h                        |  20 +++
 include/linux/signal.h                       |   4 +-
 include/uapi/linux/signal.h                  |   5 +
 kernel/fork.c                                |   2 +-
 kernel/signal.c                              |  29 +++--
 tools/testing/selftests/Makefile             |   1 +
 tools/testing/selftests/sigaltstack/Makefile |   8 ++
 tools/testing/selftests/sigaltstack/sas.c    | 176 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 9 files changed, 241 insertions(+), 27 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/sigaltstack/Makefile
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/sigaltstack/sas.c

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/signal.c b/arch/x86/kernel/signal.c
index 548ddf7d6fd2..3e84ef16f657 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/signal.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/signal.c
@@ -248,18 +248,17 @@ get_sigframe(struct k_sigaction *ka, struct pt_regs *regs, size_t frame_size,
 	if (config_enabled(CONFIG_X86_64))
 		sp -= 128;
 
-	if (!onsigstack) {
-		/* This is the X/Open sanctioned signal stack switching.  */
-		if (ka->sa.sa_flags & SA_ONSTACK) {
-			if (current->sas_ss_size)
-				sp = current->sas_ss_sp + current->sas_ss_size;
-		} else if (config_enabled(CONFIG_X86_32) &&
-			   (regs->ss & 0xffff) != __USER_DS &&
-			   !(ka->sa.sa_flags & SA_RESTORER) &&
-			   ka->sa.sa_restorer) {
-				/* This is the legacy signal stack switching. */
-				sp = (unsigned long) ka->sa.sa_restorer;
-		}
+	/* This is the X/Open sanctioned signal stack switching.  */
+	if (ka->sa.sa_flags & SA_ONSTACK) {
+		if (sas_ss_flags(sp) == 0)
+			sp = current->sas_ss_sp + current->sas_ss_size;
+	} else if (config_enabled(CONFIG_X86_32) &&
+		   !onsigstack &&
+		   (regs->ss & 0xffff) != __USER_DS &&
+		   !(ka->sa.sa_flags & SA_RESTORER) &&
+		   ka->sa.sa_restorer) {
+		/* This is the legacy signal stack switching. */
+		sp = (unsigned long) ka->sa.sa_restorer;
 	}
 
 	if (fpu->fpstate_active) {
diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index 52c4847b05e2..77fd49f20c5f 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -1596,6 +1596,7 @@ struct task_struct {
 
 	unsigned long sas_ss_sp;
 	size_t sas_ss_size;
+	unsigned sas_ss_flags;
 
 	struct callback_head *task_works;
 
@@ -2575,6 +2576,18 @@ static inline int kill_cad_pid(int sig, int priv)
  */
 static inline int on_sig_stack(unsigned long sp)
 {
+	/*
+	 * If the signal stack is SS_AUTODISARM then, by construction, we
+	 * can't be on the signal stack unless user code deliberately set
+	 * SS_AUTODISARM when we were already on it.
+	 *
+	 * This improves reliability: if user state gets corrupted such that
+	 * the stack pointer points very close to the end of the signal stack,
+	 * then this check will enable the signal to be handled anyway.
+	 */
+	if (current->sas_ss_flags & SS_AUTODISARM)
+		return 0;
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP
 	return sp >= current->sas_ss_sp &&
 		sp - current->sas_ss_sp < current->sas_ss_size;
@@ -2592,6 +2605,13 @@ static inline int sas_ss_flags(unsigned long sp)
 	return on_sig_stack(sp) ? SS_ONSTACK : 0;
 }
 
+static inline void sas_ss_reset(struct task_struct *p)
+{
+	p->sas_ss_sp = 0;
+	p->sas_ss_size = 0;
+	p->sas_ss_flags = SS_DISABLE;
+}
+
 static inline unsigned long sigsp(unsigned long sp, struct ksignal *ksig)
 {
 	if (unlikely((ksig->ka.sa.sa_flags & SA_ONSTACK)) && ! sas_ss_flags(sp))
diff --git a/include/linux/signal.h b/include/linux/signal.h
index 92557bbce7e7..3fbe81444d31 100644
--- a/include/linux/signal.h
+++ b/include/linux/signal.h
@@ -432,8 +432,10 @@ int __save_altstack(stack_t __user *, unsigned long);
 	stack_t __user *__uss = uss; \
 	struct task_struct *t = current; \
 	put_user_ex((void __user *)t->sas_ss_sp, &__uss->ss_sp); \
-	put_user_ex(sas_ss_flags(sp), &__uss->ss_flags); \
+	put_user_ex(t->sas_ss_flags, &__uss->ss_flags); \
 	put_user_ex(t->sas_ss_size, &__uss->ss_size); \
+	if (t->sas_ss_flags & SS_AUTODISARM) \
+		sas_ss_reset(t); \
 } while (0);
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/signal.h b/include/uapi/linux/signal.h
index e1bd50c29ded..cd0804b6bfa2 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/signal.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/signal.h
@@ -7,4 +7,9 @@
 #define SS_ONSTACK	1
 #define SS_DISABLE	2
 
+/* bit-flags */
+#define SS_AUTODISARM	(1U << 31)	/* disable sas during sighandling */
+/* mask for all SS_xxx flags */
+#define SS_FLAG_BITS	SS_AUTODISARM
+
 #endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_SIGNAL_H */
diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
index d277e83ed3e0..3e8451527cbe 100644
--- a/kernel/fork.c
+++ b/kernel/fork.c
@@ -1494,7 +1494,7 @@ static struct task_struct *copy_process(unsigned long clone_flags,
 	 * sigaltstack should be cleared when sharing the same VM
 	 */
 	if ((clone_flags & (CLONE_VM|CLONE_VFORK)) == CLONE_VM)
-		p->sas_ss_sp = p->sas_ss_size = 0;
+		sas_ss_reset(p);
 
 	/*
 	 * Syscall tracing and stepping should be turned off in the
diff --git a/kernel/signal.c b/kernel/signal.c
index aa9bf00749c1..ab122a2cee41 100644
--- a/kernel/signal.c
+++ b/kernel/signal.c
@@ -3099,12 +3099,14 @@ do_sigaltstack (const stack_t __user *uss, stack_t __user *uoss, unsigned long s
 
 	oss.ss_sp = (void __user *) current->sas_ss_sp;
 	oss.ss_size = current->sas_ss_size;
-	oss.ss_flags = sas_ss_flags(sp);
+	oss.ss_flags = sas_ss_flags(sp) |
+		(current->sas_ss_flags & SS_FLAG_BITS);
 
 	if (uss) {
 		void __user *ss_sp;
 		size_t ss_size;
-		int ss_flags;
+		unsigned ss_flags;
+		int ss_mode;
 
 		error = -EFAULT;
 		if (!access_ok(VERIFY_READ, uss, sizeof(*uss)))
@@ -3119,18 +3121,13 @@ do_sigaltstack (const stack_t __user *uss, stack_t __user *uoss, unsigned long s
 		if (on_sig_stack(sp))
 			goto out;
 
+		ss_mode = ss_flags & ~SS_FLAG_BITS;
 		error = -EINVAL;
-		/*
-		 * Note - this code used to test ss_flags incorrectly:
-		 *  	  old code may have been written using ss_flags==0
-		 *	  to mean ss_flags==SS_ONSTACK (as this was the only
-		 *	  way that worked) - this fix preserves that older
-		 *	  mechanism.
-		 */
-		if (ss_flags != SS_DISABLE && ss_flags != SS_ONSTACK && ss_flags != 0)
+		if (ss_mode != SS_DISABLE && ss_mode != SS_ONSTACK &&
+				ss_mode != 0)
 			goto out;
 
-		if (ss_flags == SS_DISABLE) {
+		if (ss_mode == SS_DISABLE) {
 			ss_size = 0;
 			ss_sp = NULL;
 		} else {
@@ -3141,6 +3138,7 @@ do_sigaltstack (const stack_t __user *uss, stack_t __user *uoss, unsigned long s
 
 		current->sas_ss_sp = (unsigned long) ss_sp;
 		current->sas_ss_size = ss_size;
+		current->sas_ss_flags = ss_flags;
 	}
 
 	error = 0;
@@ -3171,9 +3169,14 @@ int restore_altstack(const stack_t __user *uss)
 int __save_altstack(stack_t __user *uss, unsigned long sp)
 {
 	struct task_struct *t = current;
-	return  __put_user((void __user *)t->sas_ss_sp, &uss->ss_sp) |
-		__put_user(sas_ss_flags(sp), &uss->ss_flags) |
+	int err = __put_user((void __user *)t->sas_ss_sp, &uss->ss_sp) |
+		__put_user(t->sas_ss_flags, &uss->ss_flags) |
 		__put_user(t->sas_ss_size, &uss->ss_size);
+	if (err)
+		return err;
+	if (t->sas_ss_flags & SS_AUTODISARM)
+		sas_ss_reset(t);
+	return 0;
 }
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/Makefile
index b04afc3295df..ff9e5f20a5a7 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/Makefile
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/Makefile
@@ -19,6 +19,7 @@ TARGETS += powerpc
 TARGETS += pstore
 TARGETS += ptrace
 TARGETS += seccomp
+TARGETS += sigaltstack
 TARGETS += size
 TARGETS += static_keys
 TARGETS += sysctl
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/sigaltstack/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/sigaltstack/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..56af56eda6fa
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/sigaltstack/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,8 @@
+CFLAGS = -Wall
+BINARIES = sas
+all: $(BINARIES)
+
+include ../lib.mk
+
+clean:
+	rm -rf $(BINARIES)
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/sigaltstack/sas.c b/tools/testing/selftests/sigaltstack/sas.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..1bb01258e559
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/sigaltstack/sas.c
@@ -0,0 +1,176 @@
+/*
+ * Stas Sergeev <stsp@...rs.sourceforge.net>
+ *
+ * test sigaltstack(SS_ONSTACK | SS_AUTODISARM)
+ * If that succeeds, then swapcontext() can be used inside sighandler safely.
+ *
+ */
+
+#define _GNU_SOURCE
+#include <signal.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <sys/mman.h>
+#include <ucontext.h>
+#include <alloca.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <assert.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+
+#ifndef SS_AUTODISARM
+#define SS_AUTODISARM  (1U << 31)
+#endif
+
+static void *sstack, *ustack;
+static ucontext_t uc, sc;
+static const char *msg = "[OK]\tStack preserved";
+static const char *msg2 = "[FAIL]\tStack corrupted";
+struct stk_data {
+	char msg[128];
+	int flag;
+};
+
+void my_usr1(int sig, siginfo_t *si, void *u)
+{
+	char *aa;
+	int err;
+	stack_t stk;
+	struct stk_data *p;
+
+	register unsigned long sp asm("sp");
+
+	if (sp < (unsigned long)sstack ||
+			sp >= (unsigned long)sstack + SIGSTKSZ) {
+		printf("[FAIL]\tSP is not on sigaltstack\n");
+		exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
+	}
+	/* put some data on stack. other sighandler will try to overwrite it */
+	aa = alloca(1024);
+	assert(aa);
+	p = (struct stk_data *)(aa + 512);
+	strcpy(p->msg, msg);
+	p->flag = 1;
+	printf("[RUN]\tsignal USR1\n");
+	err = sigaltstack(NULL, &stk);
+	if (err) {
+		perror("[FAIL]\tsigaltstack()");
+		exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
+	}
+	if (stk.ss_flags != SS_DISABLE)
+		printf("[FAIL]\tss_flags=%i, should be SS_DISABLE\n",
+				stk.ss_flags);
+	else
+		printf("[OK]\tsigaltstack is disabled in sighandler\n");
+	swapcontext(&sc, &uc);
+	printf("%s\n", p->msg);
+	if (!p->flag) {
+		printf("[RUN]\tAborting\n");
+		exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
+	}
+}
+
+void my_usr2(int sig, siginfo_t *si, void *u)
+{
+	char *aa;
+	struct stk_data *p;
+
+	printf("[RUN]\tsignal USR2\n");
+	aa = alloca(1024);
+	/* dont run valgrind on this */
+	/* try to find the data stored by previous sighandler */
+	p = memmem(aa, 1024, msg, strlen(msg));
+	if (p) {
+		printf("[FAIL]\tsigaltstack re-used\n");
+		/* corrupt the data */
+		strcpy(p->msg, msg2);
+		/* tell other sighandler that his data is corrupted */
+		p->flag = 0;
+	}
+}
+
+static void switch_fn(void)
+{
+	printf("[RUN]\tswitched to user ctx\n");
+	raise(SIGUSR2);
+	setcontext(&sc);
+}
+
+int main(void)
+{
+	struct sigaction act;
+	stack_t stk;
+	int err;
+
+	sigemptyset(&act.sa_mask);
+	act.sa_flags = SA_ONSTACK | SA_SIGINFO;
+	act.sa_sigaction = my_usr1;
+	sigaction(SIGUSR1, &act, NULL);
+	act.sa_sigaction = my_usr2;
+	sigaction(SIGUSR2, &act, NULL);
+	sstack = mmap(NULL, SIGSTKSZ, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
+		      MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS | MAP_STACK, -1, 0);
+	if (sstack == MAP_FAILED) {
+		perror("mmap()");
+		return EXIT_FAILURE;
+	}
+
+	err = sigaltstack(NULL, &stk);
+	if (err) {
+		perror("[FAIL]\tsigaltstack()");
+		exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
+	}
+	if (stk.ss_flags == SS_DISABLE) {
+		printf("[OK]\tInitial sigaltstack state was SS_DISABLE\n");
+	} else {
+		printf("[FAIL]\tInitial sigaltstack state was %i; should have been SS_DISABLE\n", stk.ss_flags);
+		return EXIT_FAILURE;
+	}
+
+	stk.ss_sp = sstack;
+	stk.ss_size = SIGSTKSZ;
+	stk.ss_flags = SS_ONSTACK | SS_AUTODISARM;
+	err = sigaltstack(&stk, NULL);
+	if (err) {
+		if (errno == EINVAL) {
+			printf("[NOTE]\tThe running kernel doesn't support SS_AUTODISARM\n");
+			/*
+			 * If test cases for the !SS_AUTODISARM variant were
+			 * added, we could still run them.  We don't have any
+			 * test cases like that yet, so just exit and report
+			 * success.
+			 */
+			return 0;
+		} else {
+			perror("[FAIL]\tsigaltstack(SS_ONSTACK | SS_AUTODISARM)");
+			return EXIT_FAILURE;
+		}
+	}
+
+	ustack = mmap(NULL, SIGSTKSZ, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
+		      MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS | MAP_STACK, -1, 0);
+	if (ustack == MAP_FAILED) {
+		perror("mmap()");
+		return EXIT_FAILURE;
+	}
+	getcontext(&uc);
+	uc.uc_link = NULL;
+	uc.uc_stack.ss_sp = ustack;
+	uc.uc_stack.ss_size = SIGSTKSZ;
+	makecontext(&uc, switch_fn, 0);
+	raise(SIGUSR1);
+
+	err = sigaltstack(NULL, &stk);
+	if (err) {
+		perror("[FAIL]\tsigaltstack()");
+		exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
+	}
+	if (stk.ss_flags != SS_AUTODISARM) {
+		printf("[FAIL]\tss_flags=%i, should be SS_AUTODISARM\n",
+				stk.ss_flags);
+		exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
+	}
+	printf("[OK]\tsigaltstack is still SS_AUTODISARM after signal\n");
+
+	printf("[OK]\tTest passed\n");
+	return 0;
+}

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