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Date:	Wed, 17 Aug 2016 15:32:36 +0300
From:	Pekka Enberg <>
Cc:, "" <>,
	LKML <>,
	Dinakar Reddy Pathireddy <>,
	샤란 <>,
	김주훈 <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 3/4] zswap: Zero-filled pages handling

On Wed, Aug 17, 2016 at 1:18 PM, Srividya Desireddy
<> wrote:
>> This patch adds a check in zswap_frontswap_store() to identify zero-filled
>> page before compression of the page. If the page is a zero-filled page, set
>> zswap_entry.zeroflag and skip the compression of the page and alloction
>> of memory in zpool. In zswap_frontswap_load(), check if the zeroflag is
>> set for the page in zswap_entry. If the flag is set, memset the page with
>> zero. This saves the decompression time during load.
>> The overall overhead caused due to zero-filled page check is very minimal
>> when compared to the time saved by avoiding compression and allocation in
>> case of zero-filled pages. The load time of a zero-filled page is reduced
>> by 80% when compared to baseline.

On Wed, Aug 17, 2016 at 3:25 PM, Pekka Enberg <> wrote:
> AFAICT, that's an overall improvement only if there are a lot of
> zero-filled pages because it's just overhead for pages that we *need*
> to compress, no? So I suppose the question is, are there a lot of
> zero-filled pages that we need to swap and why is that the case?

I suppose reading your cover letter would have been helpful before
sending out my email:

"Experiments have shown that around 10-15% of pages stored in zswap are
duplicates which results in 10-12% more RAM required to store these
duplicate compressed pages."

But I still don't understand why we have zero-filled pages that we are
swapping out.

- Pekka

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