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Date:   Fri, 23 Dec 2016 11:18:03 +0100
From:   Petr Mladek <pmladek@...e.com>
To:     Miroslav Benes <mbenes@...e.cz>
Cc:     Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@...hat.com>, Jessica Yu <jeyu@...hat.com>,
        Jiri Kosina <jikos@...nel.org>,
        Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        live-patching@...r.kernel.org,
        Michael Ellerman <mpe@...erman.id.au>,
        Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@...ibm.com>, x86@...nel.org,
        linuxppc-dev@...ts.ozlabs.org, linux-s390@...r.kernel.org,
        Vojtech Pavlik <vojtech@...e.com>, Jiri Slaby <jslaby@...e.cz>,
        Chris J Arges <chris.j.arges@...onical.com>,
        Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...nel.org>,
        Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3 13/15] livepatch: change to a per-task consistency
 model

On Fri 2016-12-23 10:24:35, Miroslav Benes wrote:
> > > > diff --git a/kernel/livepatch/patch.c b/kernel/livepatch/patch.c
> > > > index 5efa262..e79ebb5 100644
> > > > --- a/kernel/livepatch/patch.c
> > > > +++ b/kernel/livepatch/patch.c
> > > > @@ -29,6 +29,7 @@
> > > >  #include <linux/bug.h>
> > > >  #include <linux/printk.h>
> > > >  #include "patch.h"
> > > > +#include "transition.h"
> > > >  
> > > >  static LIST_HEAD(klp_ops);
> > > >  
> > > > @@ -54,15 +55,53 @@ static void notrace klp_ftrace_handler(unsigned long ip,
> > > >  {
> > > >  	struct klp_ops *ops;
> > > >  	struct klp_func *func;
> > > > +	int patch_state;
> > > >  
> > > >  	ops = container_of(fops, struct klp_ops, fops);
> > > >  
> > > >  	rcu_read_lock();
> > > > +
> > > >  	func = list_first_or_null_rcu(&ops->func_stack, struct klp_func,
> > > >  				      stack_node);
> > > > -	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!func))
> > > > +
> > > > +	if (!func)
> > > >  		goto unlock;
> > > 
> > > Why do you removed the WARN_ON_ONCE(), please?
> > > 
> > > We still add the function on the stack before registering
> > > the ftrace handler. Also we unregister the ftrace handler
> > > before removing the the last entry from the stack.
> > > 
> > > AFAIK, unregister_ftrace_function() calls rcu_synchronize()'
> > > to make sure that no-one is inside the handler once finished.
> > > Mirek knows more about it.
> > 
> > Hm, this is news to me.  Mirek, please share :-)
> 
> Well, I think the whole thing is well described in emails I exchanged with 
> Steven few months ago. See [1].
> 
> [1] http://lkml.kernel.org/r/alpine.LNX.2.00.1608081041060.10833@pobox.suse.cz
>  
> > > If this is not true, we have a problem. For example,
> > > we call kfree(ops) after unregister_ftrace_function();
> > 
> > Agreed.
> 
> TL;DR - we should be ok as long as we do not do crazy things in the 
> handler, deliberate sleeping for example.
> 
> WARN_ON_ONCE() may be crazy too. I think we discussed it long ago and we 
> came to an agreement to remove it.

There are definitely situations where this might hurt. For example,
when we redirect a function called under logbuf_lock.

On the other hand, there is a work in progress[1][2] that will mitigate
this risk a lot. Also this warning would be printed only when
something goes wrong. IMHO, it is worth the risk. It will succeed
in 99,999% cases and it might save us some headache when debugging
random crashes of the system.

Anyway, if there is a reason to remove the warning, it should be
described. And if it is not strictly related to this patch, it should
be handled separately.

[1] https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20161221143605.2272-1-sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com
[2] https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1461333180-2897-1-git-send-email-sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com

Best Regards,
Petr

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