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Date:   Fri, 23 Dec 2016 17:37:43 -0800
From:   Ricardo Neri <ricardo.neri-calderon@...ux.intel.com>
To:     Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>,
        Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        Borislav Petkov <bp@...e.de>,
        Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org>,
        Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>
Cc:     linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, x86@...nel.org,
        <linux-msdos@...r.kernel.org>, <wine-devel@...ehq.org>,
        Ricardo Neri <ricardo.neri-calderon@...ux.intel.com>,
        Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>,
        "H . Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>, Brian Gerst <brgerst@...il.com>,
        Chen Yucong <slaoub@...il.com>,
        Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@...lanox.com>,
        Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@...ux.intel.com>,
        Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@...el.com>,
        Huang Rui <ray.huang@....com>, Jiri Slaby <jslaby@...e.cz>,
        Jonathan Corbet <corbet@....net>,
        "Michael S . Tsirkin" <mst@...hat.com>,
        Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@...driver.com>,
        "Ravi V . Shankar" <ravi.v.shankar@...el.com>,
        Shuah Khan <shuah@...nel.org>,
        Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@...e.cz>,
        Tony Luck <tony.luck@...el.com>,
        Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@...hat.com>,
        "Liang Z . Li" <liang.z.li@...el.com>,
        Alexandre Julliard <julliard@...ehq.org>,
        Stas Sergeev <stsp@...t.ru>
Subject: [v2 5/7] x86: Add emulation code for UMIP instructions

The feature User-Mode Instruction Prevention present in recent Intel
processor prevents a group of instructions from being executed with
CPL > 0. Otherwise, a general protection fault is issued.

Rather than relaying this fault to the user space (in the form of a SIGSEGV
signal), the instructions protected by UMIP can be emulated to provide
dummy results. This allows to conserve the current kernel behavior and not
reveal the system resources that UMIP intends to protect (the global
descriptor and interrupt descriptor tables, the segment selectors of the
local descriptor table and the task state and the machine status word).

This emulation is needed because certain applications (e.g., WineHQ) rely
on this subset of instructions to function.

The instructions protected by UMIP can be split in two groups. Those who
return a kernel memory address (sgdt and sidt) and those who return a
value (sldt, str and smsw).

For the instructions that return a kernel memory address, the result is
emulated as the location of a dummy variable in the kernel memory space.
This is needed as applications such as WineHQ rely on the result being
located in the kernel memory space function. The limit for the GDT and the
IDT are set to zero.

The instructions sldt and str return a segment selector relative to the
base address of the global descriptor table. Since the actual address of
such table is not revealed, it makes sense to emulate the result as zero.

The instruction smsw is emulated to return zero.

Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@...or.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@...e.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@...il.com>
Cc: Chen Yucong <slaoub@...il.com>
Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@...lanox.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@...ux.intel.com>
Cc: Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@...el.com>
Cc: Huang Rui <ray.huang@....com>
Cc: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@...e.cz>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@....net>
Cc: Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@...hat.com>
Cc: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@...driver.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>
Cc: Ravi V. Shankar <ravi.v.shankar@...el.com>
Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah@...nel.org>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@...e.cz>
Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@...el.com>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@...hat.com>
Cc: Liang Z. Li <liang.z.li@...el.com>
Cc: Alexandre Julliard <julliard@...ehq.org>
Cc: Stas Sergeev <stsp@...t.ru>
Cc: x86@...nel.org
Cc: linux-msdos@...r.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Ricardo Neri <ricardo.neri-calderon@...ux.intel.com>
---
 arch/x86/include/asm/umip.h |  16 +++++
 arch/x86/kernel/Makefile    |   1 +
 arch/x86/kernel/umip.c      | 170 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 187 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 arch/x86/include/asm/umip.h
 create mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/umip.c

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/umip.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/umip.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..7bcaca6
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/umip.h
@@ -0,0 +1,16 @@
+#ifndef _ASM_X86_UMIP_H
+#define _ASM_X86_UMIP_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <asm/ptrace.h>
+#include <asm/insn.h>
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_UMIP
+int fixup_umip_exception(struct pt_regs *regs);
+#else
+static inline int fixup_umip_exception(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+	return -EINVAL;
+}
+#endif  /* CONFIG_X86_INTEL_UMIP */
+#endif  /* _ASM_X86_UMIP_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile
index 581386c..c4aec02 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile
@@ -124,6 +124,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_EFI)			+= sysfb_efi.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS)		+= perf_regs.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_TRACING)			+= tracepoint.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SCHED_MC_PRIO)		+= itmt.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_X86_INTEL_UMIP)		+= umip.o
 
 ifdef CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER
 obj-y					+= unwind_frame.o
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/umip.c b/arch/x86/kernel/umip.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..a104aea
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/umip.c
@@ -0,0 +1,170 @@
+/*
+ * umip.c Emulation for instruction protected by the Intel User-Mode
+ * Instruction Prevention. The instructions are:
+ *    sgdt
+ *    sldt
+ *    sidt
+ *    str
+ *    smsw
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2016, Intel Corporation.
+ * Ricardo Neri <ricardo.neri@...ux.intel.com>
+ */
+
+#include <linux/compiler.h>
+#include <linux/bug.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <asm/ptrace.h>
+#include <asm/umip.h>
+#include <linux/thread_info.h>
+#include <linux/thread_info.h>
+
+/*
+ * The address of this dummy values need to be readable by
+ * the user space
+ */
+
+static const long umip_dummy_gdt_base;
+static const long umip_dummy_idt_base;
+
+enum umip_insn {
+	UMIP_SGDT = 0,	/* opcode 0f 01 ModR/M reg 0 */
+	UMIP_SIDT,	/* opcode 0f 01 ModR/M reg 1 */
+	UMIP_SLDT,	/* opcode 0f 00 ModR/M reg 0 */
+	UMIP_SMSW,	/* opcode 0f 01 ModR/M reg 4 */
+	UMIP_STR,	/* opcode 0f 00 ModR/M reg 1 */
+};
+
+static int __identify_insn(struct insn *insn)
+{
+	/* by getting modrm we also get the opcode */
+	insn_get_modrm(insn);
+	if (insn->opcode.bytes[0] != 0xf)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (insn->opcode.bytes[1] == 0x1) {
+		switch (X86_MODRM_REG(insn->modrm.value)) {
+		case 0:
+			return UMIP_SGDT;
+		case 1:
+			return UMIP_SIDT;
+		case 4:
+			return UMIP_SMSW;
+		default:
+			return -EINVAL;
+		}
+	} else if (insn->opcode.bytes[1] == 0x0) {
+		if (X86_MODRM_REG(insn->modrm.value) == 0)
+			return UMIP_SLDT;
+		else if (X86_MODRM_REG(insn->modrm.value) == 1)
+			return UMIP_STR;
+		else
+			return -EINVAL;
+	}
+}
+
+static int __emulate_umip_insn(struct insn *insn, enum umip_insn umip_inst,
+			       unsigned char *data, int *data_size)
+{
+	unsigned long const *dummy_base_addr;
+	unsigned short dummy_limit = 0;
+	unsigned short dummy_value = 0;
+
+	switch (umip_inst) {
+	/*
+	 * These two instructions return the base address and limit of the
+	 * global and interrupt descriptor table. The base address can be
+	 * 32-bit or 64-bit. Limit is always 16-bit.
+	 */
+	case UMIP_SGDT:
+	case UMIP_SIDT:
+		if (umip_inst == UMIP_SGDT)
+			dummy_base_addr = &umip_dummy_gdt_base;
+		else
+			dummy_base_addr = &umip_dummy_idt_base;
+		if (X86_MODRM_MOD(insn->modrm.value) == 3) {
+			WARN_ONCE(1, "SGDT cannot take register as argument!\n");
+			return -EINVAL;
+		}
+		/* 16-bit operand. fill most significant byte with zeros */
+		if (insn->opnd_bytes == 2)
+			dummy_base_addr = (unsigned long *)
+					  ((unsigned long)
+					   dummy_base_addr & 0xffffff);
+		memcpy(data + 2, &dummy_base_addr, sizeof(dummy_base_addr));
+		memcpy(data, &dummy_limit, sizeof(dummy_limit));
+		*data_size = sizeof(dummy_base_addr) + sizeof(dummy_limit);
+		break;
+	/*
+	 * These three instructions return a 16-bit value. We return
+	 * all zeros. This is equivalent to a null descriptor for
+	 * str and sldt. For smsw, is equivalent to an all-zero CR0.
+	 */
+	case UMIP_SLDT:
+	case UMIP_SMSW:
+	case UMIP_STR:
+		/* if operand is a register, it is zero-extended*/
+		if (X86_MODRM_MOD(insn->modrm.value) == 3) {
+			memset(data, 0, insn->opnd_bytes);
+			*data_size = insn->opnd_bytes;
+		} else
+			*data_size = sizeof(dummy_value);
+		memcpy(data, &dummy_value, sizeof(dummy_value));
+		break;
+	default:
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+int fixup_umip_exception(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+	struct insn insn;
+	unsigned char buf[MAX_INSN_SIZE];
+	/* 10 bytes is the maximum size of the result of UMIP instructions */
+	unsigned char dummy_data[10] = {0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0};
+	int x86_64 = !test_thread_flag(TIF_IA32);
+	int not_copied, nr_copied, reg_offset, dummy_data_size;
+	void __user *uaddr;
+	unsigned long *reg_addr;
+	enum umip_insn umip_inst;
+
+	not_copied = copy_from_user(buf, (void __user *)regs->ip, sizeof(buf));
+	nr_copied = sizeof(buf) - not_copied;
+	/*
+	 * The decoder _should_ fail nicely if we pass it a short buffer.
+	 * But, let's not depend on that implementation detail.  If we
+	 * did not get anything, just error out now.
+	 */
+	if (!nr_copied)
+		return -EFAULT;
+	insn_init(&insn, buf, nr_copied, x86_64);
+	insn_get_length(&insn);
+	if (nr_copied < insn.length)
+		return -EFAULT;
+
+	umip_inst = __identify_insn(&insn);
+	/* Check if we found an instruction protected by UMIP */
+	if (umip_inst < 0)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (__emulate_umip_insn(&insn, umip_inst, dummy_data, &dummy_data_size))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	/* If operand is a register, write directly to it */
+	if (X86_MODRM_MOD(insn.modrm.value) == 3) {
+		reg_offset = get_reg_offset_rm(&insn, regs);
+		reg_addr = (unsigned long *)((unsigned long)regs + reg_offset);
+		memcpy(reg_addr, dummy_data, dummy_data_size);
+	} else {
+		uaddr = insn_get_addr_ref(&insn, regs);
+		nr_copied = copy_to_user(uaddr, dummy_data, dummy_data_size);
+		if (nr_copied  > 0)
+			return -EFAULT;
+	}
+
+	/* increase IP to let the program keep going */
+	regs->ip += insn.length;
+	return 0;
+}
-- 
2.9.3

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