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Date:   Sun,  8 Jan 2017 23:58:09 +0900
From:   Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@...nel.org>
To:     Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>,
        Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@...hat.com>
Cc:     Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@...nel.org>,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>,
        Ananth N Mavinakayanahalli <ananth@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>,
        Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        "H . Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>,
        Andrey Konovalov <andreyknvl@...gle.com>
Subject: [PATCH tip/master v4] kprobes: extable: Identify kprobes' insn-slots as kernel text area

Make __kernel_text_address()/kernel_text_address() returns
true if the given address is on a kprobe's instruction slot,
which is generated by kprobes as a trampoline code.
This can help stacktraces to determine the address is on a
text area or not.

To implement this without any sleep in is_kprobe_*_slot(),
this also modify insn_cache page list as a rcu list. It may
increase processing deley (not processing time) for garbage
slot collection, because it requires to wait an additional
rcu grance period when freeing a page from the list.
However, since it is not a hot path, we may not take care of it.

Note: this can give a small overhead to stack unwinders because
this adds 2 checks in __kernel_text_address(). However, the
impact should be very small, kprobe_insn_pages list has 1 entry
per 256 probes(on x86, on arm/arm64 it will be 1024 probes),
and kprobe_optinsn_pages has 1 entry per 32 probes(on x86).
In most use cases, the number of kprobe events may be less
than 20, this means is_kprobe_*_slot() will check just 1 entry.

Signed-off-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@...nel.org>

---
 V4:
  - Add a performance note on patch description.
  - Update for the latest tip/master.
---
 include/linux/kprobes.h |   30 ++++++++++++++++++++
 kernel/extable.c        |    9 +++++-
 kernel/kprobes.c        |   69 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
 3 files changed, 89 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/kprobes.h b/include/linux/kprobes.h
index 8f68490..16ddfb8 100644
--- a/include/linux/kprobes.h
+++ b/include/linux/kprobes.h
@@ -278,9 +278,13 @@ struct kprobe_insn_cache {
 	int nr_garbage;
 };
 
+#ifdef __ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT
 extern kprobe_opcode_t *__get_insn_slot(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c);
 extern void __free_insn_slot(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c,
 			     kprobe_opcode_t *slot, int dirty);
+/* sleep-less address checking routine  */
+extern bool __is_insn_slot_addr(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c,
+				unsigned long addr);
 
 #define DEFINE_INSN_CACHE_OPS(__name)					\
 extern struct kprobe_insn_cache kprobe_##__name##_slots;		\
@@ -294,6 +298,18 @@ static inline void free_##__name##_slot(kprobe_opcode_t *slot, int dirty)\
 {									\
 	__free_insn_slot(&kprobe_##__name##_slots, slot, dirty);	\
 }									\
+									\
+static inline bool is_kprobe_##__name##_slot(unsigned long addr)	\
+{									\
+	return __is_insn_slot_addr(&kprobe_##__name##_slots, addr);	\
+}
+#else /* __ARCH_WANT_KPROBES_INSN_SLOT */
+#define DEFINE_INSN_CACHE_OPS(__name)					\
+static inline bool is_kprobe_##__name##_slot(unsigned long addr)	\
+{									\
+	return 0;							\
+}
+#endif
 
 DEFINE_INSN_CACHE_OPS(insn);
 
@@ -330,7 +346,6 @@ extern int proc_kprobes_optimization_handler(struct ctl_table *table,
 					     int write, void __user *buffer,
 					     size_t *length, loff_t *ppos);
 #endif
-
 #endif /* CONFIG_OPTPROBES */
 #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE
 extern void kprobe_ftrace_handler(unsigned long ip, unsigned long parent_ip,
@@ -481,6 +496,19 @@ static inline int enable_jprobe(struct jprobe *jp)
 	return enable_kprobe(&jp->kp);
 }
 
+#ifndef CONFIG_KPROBES
+static inline bool is_kprobe_insn_slot(unsigned long addr)
+{
+	return false;
+}
+#endif
+#ifndef CONFIG_OPTPROBES
+static inline bool is_kprobe_optinsn_slot(unsigned long addr)
+{
+	return false;
+}
+#endif
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES
 /*
  * Blacklist ganerating macro. Specify functions which is not probed
diff --git a/kernel/extable.c b/kernel/extable.c
index e3beec4..e135947 100644
--- a/kernel/extable.c
+++ b/kernel/extable.c
@@ -20,6 +20,7 @@
 #include <linux/module.h>
 #include <linux/mutex.h>
 #include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/kprobes.h>
 
 #include <asm/sections.h>
 #include <linux/uaccess.h>
@@ -104,6 +105,8 @@ int __kernel_text_address(unsigned long addr)
 		return 1;
 	if (is_ftrace_trampoline(addr))
 		return 1;
+	if (is_kprobe_optinsn_slot(addr) || is_kprobe_insn_slot(addr))
+		return 1;
 	/*
 	 * There might be init symbols in saved stacktraces.
 	 * Give those symbols a chance to be printed in
@@ -123,7 +126,11 @@ int kernel_text_address(unsigned long addr)
 		return 1;
 	if (is_module_text_address(addr))
 		return 1;
-	return is_ftrace_trampoline(addr);
+	if (is_ftrace_trampoline(addr))
+		return 1;
+	if (is_kprobe_optinsn_slot(addr) || is_kprobe_insn_slot(addr))
+		return 1;
+	return 0;
 }
 
 /*
diff --git a/kernel/kprobes.c b/kernel/kprobes.c
index 4346010..e7e3f18 100644
--- a/kernel/kprobes.c
+++ b/kernel/kprobes.c
@@ -149,9 +149,11 @@ kprobe_opcode_t *__get_insn_slot(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c)
 	struct kprobe_insn_page *kip;
 	kprobe_opcode_t *slot = NULL;
 
+	/* Since the slot array is not protected by rcu, we need a mutex */
 	mutex_lock(&c->mutex);
  retry:
-	list_for_each_entry(kip, &c->pages, list) {
+	rcu_read_lock();
+	list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) {
 		if (kip->nused < slots_per_page(c)) {
 			int i;
 			for (i = 0; i < slots_per_page(c); i++) {
@@ -159,6 +161,7 @@ kprobe_opcode_t *__get_insn_slot(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c)
 					kip->slot_used[i] = SLOT_USED;
 					kip->nused++;
 					slot = kip->insns + (i * c->insn_size);
+					rcu_read_unlock();
 					goto out;
 				}
 			}
@@ -167,6 +170,7 @@ kprobe_opcode_t *__get_insn_slot(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c)
 			WARN_ON(1);
 		}
 	}
+	rcu_read_unlock();
 
 	/* If there are any garbage slots, collect it and try again. */
 	if (c->nr_garbage && collect_garbage_slots(c) == 0)
@@ -193,7 +197,7 @@ kprobe_opcode_t *__get_insn_slot(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c)
 	kip->nused = 1;
 	kip->ngarbage = 0;
 	kip->cache = c;
-	list_add(&kip->list, &c->pages);
+	list_add_rcu(&kip->list, &c->pages);
 	slot = kip->insns;
 out:
 	mutex_unlock(&c->mutex);
@@ -213,7 +217,8 @@ static int collect_one_slot(struct kprobe_insn_page *kip, int idx)
 		 * next time somebody inserts a probe.
 		 */
 		if (!list_is_singular(&kip->list)) {
-			list_del(&kip->list);
+			list_del_rcu(&kip->list);
+			synchronize_rcu();
 			kip->cache->free(kip->insns);
 			kfree(kip);
 		}
@@ -248,29 +253,59 @@ void __free_insn_slot(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c,
 		      kprobe_opcode_t *slot, int dirty)
 {
 	struct kprobe_insn_page *kip;
+	long idx;
 
 	mutex_lock(&c->mutex);
-	list_for_each_entry(kip, &c->pages, list) {
-		long idx = ((long)slot - (long)kip->insns) /
-				(c->insn_size * sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t));
-		if (idx >= 0 && idx < slots_per_page(c)) {
-			WARN_ON(kip->slot_used[idx] != SLOT_USED);
-			if (dirty) {
-				kip->slot_used[idx] = SLOT_DIRTY;
-				kip->ngarbage++;
-				if (++c->nr_garbage > slots_per_page(c))
-					collect_garbage_slots(c);
-			} else
-				collect_one_slot(kip, idx);
+	rcu_read_lock();
+	list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) {
+		idx = ((long)slot - (long)kip->insns) /
+			(c->insn_size * sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t));
+		if (idx >= 0 && idx < slots_per_page(c))
 			goto out;
-		}
 	}
-	/* Could not free this slot. */
+	/* Could not find this slot. */
 	WARN_ON(1);
+	kip = NULL;
 out:
+	rcu_read_unlock();
+	/* Mark and sweep: this may sleep */
+	if (kip) {
+		/* Check double free */
+		WARN_ON(kip->slot_used[idx] != SLOT_USED);
+		if (dirty) {
+			kip->slot_used[idx] = SLOT_DIRTY;
+			kip->ngarbage++;
+			if (++c->nr_garbage > slots_per_page(c))
+				collect_garbage_slots(c);
+		} else
+			collect_one_slot(kip, idx);
+	}
 	mutex_unlock(&c->mutex);
 }
 
+/*
+ * Check given address is on the page of kprobe instruction slots.
+ * This will be used for checking whether the address on a stack
+ * is on a text area or not.
+ */
+bool __is_insn_slot_addr(struct kprobe_insn_cache *c, unsigned long addr)
+{
+	struct kprobe_insn_page *kip;
+	bool ret = false;
+
+	rcu_read_lock();
+	list_for_each_entry_rcu(kip, &c->pages, list) {
+		if (addr >= (unsigned long)kip->insns &&
+		    addr < (unsigned long)kip->insns + PAGE_SIZE) {
+			ret = true;
+			break;
+		}
+	}
+	rcu_read_unlock();
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_OPTPROBES
 /* For optimized_kprobe buffer */
 struct kprobe_insn_cache kprobe_optinsn_slots = {

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