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Date:   Fri, 13 Jan 2017 10:57:43 -0600
From:   Rob Herring <robh@...nel.org>
To:     "Gautham R. Shenoy" <ego@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc:     Michael Ellerman <mpe@...erman.id.au>,
        Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@...nel.crashing.org>,
        Paul Mackerras <paulus@...ba.org>,
        "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@...ysocki.net>,
        Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@...aro.org>,
        Michael Neuling <mikey@...ling.org>,
        Vaidyanathan Srinivasan <svaidy@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>,
        "Shreyas B. Prabhu" <shreyasbp@...il.com>,
        Shilpasri G Bhat <shilpa.bhat@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>,
        Stewart Smith <stewart@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>,
        Balbir Singh <bsingharora@...il.com>,
        Oliver O'Halloran <oohall@...il.com>,
        linuxppc-dev@...ts.ozlabs.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-pm@...r.kernel.org, devicetree@...r.kernel.org,
        mark.rutland@....com
Subject: Re: [PATCH v5 5/5] Documentation:powerpc: Add device-tree bindings
 for power-mgt

On Tue, Jan 10, 2017 at 02:37:04PM +0530, Gautham R. Shenoy wrote:
> From: "Gautham R. Shenoy" <ego@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
> 
> Document the device-tree bindings defining the the properties under
> the @power-mgt node in the device tree that describe the idle states
> for Linux running on baremetal POWER servers.
> 

We have "common" idle state bindings. Perhaps some explanation why those 
can't be used.

> Signed-off-by: Gautham R. Shenoy <ego@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
> ---
> [v4]-> [v5]: Fixed a couple of typos.
> 
>  .../devicetree/bindings/powerpc/opal/power-mgt.txt | 125 +++++++++++++++++++++
>  1 file changed, 125 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/opal/power-mgt.txt
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/opal/power-mgt.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/opal/power-mgt.txt
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..4967831
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/powerpc/opal/power-mgt.txt
> @@ -0,0 +1,125 @@
> +IBM Power-Management Bindings
> +=============================
> +
> +Linux running on baremetal POWER machines has access to the processor
> +idle states. The description of these idle states is exposed via the
> +node @power-mgt in the device-tree by the firmware.
> +
> +Definitions:
> +----------------
> +Typically each idle state has the following associated properties:
> +
> +- name: The name of the idle state as defined by the firmware.
> +
> +- flags: indicating some aspects of this idle states such as the
> +         extent of state-loss, whether timebase is stopped on this
> +         idle states and so on. The flag bits are as follows:
> +
> +- exit-latency: The latency involved in transitioning the state of the
> +		CPU from idle to running.
> +
> +- target-residency: The minimum time that the CPU needs to reside in
> +		    this idle state in order to accrue power-savings
> +		    benefit.
> +
> +Properties
> +----------------
> +The following properties provide details about the idle states. These
> +properties are optional unless mentioned otherwise below.

-names is optional but everything else seems to require it. It is not 
clear what the binding looks like if -names is not present.

> +
> +- ibm,cpu-idle-state-names:
> +	Array of strings containing the names of the idle states.
> +
> +- ibm,cpu-idle-state-flags:
> +	Array of unsigned 32-bit values containing the values of the
> +	flags associated with the the aforementioned idle-states. This
> +	property is required on POWER9 whenever
> +	ibm,cpu-idle-state-names is defined and the length of this
> +	property array should be the same as
> +	ibm,-cpu-idle-state-names.The flag bits are as follows:

s/ibm,-cpu/ibm,cpu/

Needs a space after the period.

> +		0x00000001 /* Decrementer would stop */
> +		0x00000002 /* Needs timebase restore */
> +		0x00001000 /* Restore GPRs like nap */
> +		0x00002000 /* Restore hypervisor resource from PACA pointer */
> +		0x00004000 /* Program PORE to restore PACA pointer */
> +		0x00010000 /* This is a nap state */
> +		0x00020000 /* This is a fast-sleep state */
> +		0x00040000 /* This is a winkle state */
> +		0x00080000 /* This is a fast-sleep state which requires a */
> +			   /* software workaround for restoring the timebase*/
> +		0x00800000 /* This state uses SPR PMICR instruction */
> +		0x00100000 /* This is a fast stop state */
> +		0x00200000 /* This is a deep-stop state */
> +
> +- ibm,cpu-idle-state-latencies-ns:
> +	Array of unsigned 32-bit values containing the values of the
> +	exit-latencies (in ns) for the idle states in
> +	ibm,cpu-idle-state-names. This property is required whenever
> +	ibm,cpu-idle-state-names is defined and the length of this
> +	property array should be the same as
> +	ibm,-cpu-idle-state-names.

Same typo.

> +
> +- ibm,cpu-idle-state-residency-ns:
> +	Array of unsigned 32-bit values containing the values of the
> +	target-residency (in ns) for the idle states in
> +	ibm,cpu-idle-state-names. On POWER8 this is an optional
> +	property. If the property is absent, the target residency for
> +	the "Nap", "FastSleep" are defined to 10000 and 300000000
> +	respectively. On POWER9 this property must be defined if
> +	ibm,cpu-idle-state-names is defined and the length should be
> +	same as that of ibm,cpu-idle-state-names.
> +
> +- ibm,cpu-idle-state-psscr:
> +	Array of unsigned 64-bit values containing the values for the
> +	PSSCR for each of the idle states in ibm,cpu-idle-state-names.
> +	This property is required on POWER9 whenever
> +	ibm,cpu-idle-state-names is defined and the length of this
> +	property array should be the same as
> +	ibm,cpu-idle-state-names.
> +
> +- ibm,cpu-idle-state-psscr-mask:
> +	Array of unsigned 64-bit values containing the masks
> +	indicating which psscr fields are set in the corresponding
> +	entries of ibm,cpu-idle-state-psscr.  This property is
> +	required on POWER9 whenever ibm,cpu-idle-state-names is
> +	defined and the length of this property array should be the
> +	same as ibm,cpu-idle-state-names.
> +
> +	Whenever the firmware sets an entry in
> +	ibm,cpu-idle-state-psscr-mask value to 0xf, it implies that
> +	only the Requested Level (RL) field of the corresponding entry
> +	in ibm,cpu-idle-state-psscr should be considered by the
> +	kernel. For such idle states, the kernel would set the
> +	remaining fields of the psscr to the following sane-default
> +	values.
> +
> +		- ESL and EC bits are to 1. So wakeup from any stop
> +		  state will be at vector 0x100.
> +
> +		- MTL and PSLL are set to the maximum allowed value as
> +		  per the ISA, i.e. 15.
> +
> +		- The Transition Rate, TR is set to the Maximum value
> +                  3.
> +
> +	For all the other values of the entry in
> +	ibm,cpu-idle-state-psscr-mask, the Kernel expects all the
> +	psscr fields of the corresponding entry in
> +	ibm,cpu-idle-state-psscr to be correctly set by the firmware.
> +
> +- ibm,cpu-idle-state-pmicr:
> +	Array of unsigned 64-bit values containing the pmicr values
> +	for the idle states in ibm,cpu-idle-state-names. This 64-bit
> +	register value is to be set in pmicr for the corresponding
> +	state if the flag indicates that pmicr SPR should be set. This
> +	is an optional property on POWER8 and is absent on
> +	POWER9. When present on POWER8, the length of this property
> +	array should be the same as ibm,cpu-idle-state-names.
> +
> +- ibm,cpu-idle-state-pmicr:-mask
> +	Array of unsigned 64-bit values containing the mask indicating
> +	which of the fields of the PMICR are set in the corresponding
> +	entries in ibm,cpu-idle-state-pmicr. This is an optional
> +	property on POWER8 and is absent on POWER9. When present on
> +	POWER8, the length of this property array should be the same
> +	as ibm,cpu-idle-state-names.
> -- 
> 1.9.4
> 

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