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Date:   Tue, 14 Feb 2017 14:13:54 -0600
From:   Zi Yan <zi.yan@...rutgers.edu>
To:     <kirill.shutemov@...ux.intel.com>
CC:     <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>, <minchan@...nel.org>,
        <vbabka@...e.cz>, <mgorman@...hsingularity.net>,
        <n-horiguchi@...jp.nec.com>, <khandual@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>,
        <zi.yan@...rutgers.edu>, <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        <linux-mm@...ck.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3 08/14] mm: thp: enable thp migration in generic path

Hi Kirill,

I just wonder if you have time to take a look at this
patch, since it is based on your page_vma_mapped_walk()
function and I also changed your page_vma_mapped_walk()
code to beware of pmd_migration_entry.

Thanks.


On 5 Feb 2017, at 10:12, Zi Yan wrote:

> From: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@...jp.nec.com>
>
> This patch adds thp migration's core code, including conversions
> between a PMD entry and a swap entry, setting PMD migration entry,
> removing PMD migration entry, and waiting on PMD migration entries.
>
> This patch makes it possible to support thp migration.
> If you fail to allocate a destination page as a thp, you just split
> the source thp as we do now, and then enter the normal page migration.
> If you succeed to allocate destination thp, you enter thp migration.
> Subsequent patches actually enable thp migration for each caller of
> page migration by allowing its get_new_page() callback to
> allocate thps.
>
> ChangeLog v1 -> v2:
> - support pte-mapped thp, doubly-mapped thp
>
> Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@...jp.nec.com>
>
> ChangeLog v2 -> v3:
> - use page_vma_mapped_walk()
>
> Signed-off-by: Zi Yan <zi.yan@...rutgers.edu>
> ---
>  arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64.h |   2 +
>  include/linux/swapops.h           |  70 +++++++++++++++++-
>  mm/huge_memory.c                  | 151 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
>  mm/migrate.c                      |  29 +++++++-
>  mm/page_vma_mapped.c              |  13 +++-
>  mm/pgtable-generic.c              |   3 +-
>  mm/rmap.c                         |  14 +++-
>  7 files changed, 259 insertions(+), 23 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64.h
> index 768eccc85553..0277f7755f3a 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64.h
> @@ -182,7 +182,9 @@ static inline int pgd_large(pgd_t pgd) { return 0; }
>  					 ((type) << (SWP_TYPE_FIRST_BIT)) \
>  					 | ((offset) << SWP_OFFSET_FIRST_BIT) })
>  #define __pte_to_swp_entry(pte)		((swp_entry_t) { pte_val((pte)) })
> +#define __pmd_to_swp_entry(pmd)		((swp_entry_t) { pmd_val((pmd)) })
>  #define __swp_entry_to_pte(x)		((pte_t) { .pte = (x).val })
> +#define __swp_entry_to_pmd(x)		((pmd_t) { .pmd = (x).val })
>
>  extern int kern_addr_valid(unsigned long addr);
>  extern void cleanup_highmap(void);
> diff --git a/include/linux/swapops.h b/include/linux/swapops.h
> index 5c3a5f3e7eec..6625bea13869 100644
> --- a/include/linux/swapops.h
> +++ b/include/linux/swapops.h
> @@ -103,7 +103,8 @@ static inline void *swp_to_radix_entry(swp_entry_t entry)
>  #ifdef CONFIG_MIGRATION
>  static inline swp_entry_t make_migration_entry(struct page *page, int write)
>  {
> -	BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
> +	BUG_ON(!PageLocked(compound_head(page)));
> +
>  	return swp_entry(write ? SWP_MIGRATION_WRITE : SWP_MIGRATION_READ,
>  			page_to_pfn(page));
>  }
> @@ -126,7 +127,7 @@ static inline struct page *migration_entry_to_page(swp_entry_t entry)
>  	 * Any use of migration entries may only occur while the
>  	 * corresponding page is locked
>  	 */
> -	BUG_ON(!PageLocked(p));
> +	BUG_ON(!PageLocked(compound_head(p)));
>  	return p;
>  }
>
> @@ -163,6 +164,71 @@ static inline int is_write_migration_entry(swp_entry_t entry)
>
>  #endif
>
> +struct page_vma_mapped_walk;
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_THP_MIGRATION
> +extern void set_pmd_migration_entry(struct page_vma_mapped_walk *pvmw,
> +		struct page *page);
> +
> +extern void remove_migration_pmd(struct page_vma_mapped_walk *pvmw,
> +		struct page *new);
> +
> +extern void pmd_migration_entry_wait(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd);
> +
> +static inline swp_entry_t pmd_to_swp_entry(pmd_t pmd)
> +{
> +	swp_entry_t arch_entry;
> +
> +	arch_entry = __pmd_to_swp_entry(pmd);
> +	return swp_entry(__swp_type(arch_entry), __swp_offset(arch_entry));
> +}
> +
> +static inline pmd_t swp_entry_to_pmd(swp_entry_t entry)
> +{
> +	swp_entry_t arch_entry;
> +
> +	arch_entry = __swp_entry(swp_type(entry), swp_offset(entry));
> +	return __swp_entry_to_pmd(arch_entry);
> +}
> +
> +static inline int is_pmd_migration_entry(pmd_t pmd)
> +{
> +	return !pmd_present(pmd) && is_migration_entry(pmd_to_swp_entry(pmd));
> +}
> +#else
> +static inline void set_pmd_migration_entry(struct page_vma_mapped_walk *pvmw,
> +		struct page *page)
> +{
> +	BUILD_BUG();
> +}
> +
> +static inline void remove_migration_pmd(struct page_vma_mapped_walk *pvmw,
> +		struct page *new)
> +{
> +	BUILD_BUG();
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static inline void pmd_migration_entry_wait(struct mm_struct *m, pmd_t *p) { }
> +
> +static inline swp_entry_t pmd_to_swp_entry(pmd_t pmd)
> +{
> +	BUILD_BUG();
> +	return swp_entry(0, 0);
> +}
> +
> +static inline pmd_t swp_entry_to_pmd(swp_entry_t entry)
> +{
> +	BUILD_BUG();
> +	return (pmd_t){ 0 };
> +}
> +
> +static inline int is_pmd_migration_entry(pmd_t pmd)
> +{
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +#endif
> +
>  #ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_FAILURE
>
>  extern atomic_long_t num_poisoned_pages __read_mostly;
> diff --git a/mm/huge_memory.c b/mm/huge_memory.c
> index 6893c47428b6..fd54bbdc16cf 100644
> --- a/mm/huge_memory.c
> +++ b/mm/huge_memory.c
> @@ -1613,20 +1613,51 @@ int __zap_huge_pmd_locked(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
>  		atomic_long_dec(&tlb->mm->nr_ptes);
>  		tlb_remove_page_size(tlb, pmd_page(orig_pmd), HPAGE_PMD_SIZE);
>  	} else {
> -		struct page *page = pmd_page(orig_pmd);
> -		page_remove_rmap(page, true);
> -		VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_mapcount(page) < 0, page);
> -		VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageHead(page), page);
> -		if (PageAnon(page)) {
> -			pgtable_t pgtable;
> -			pgtable = pgtable_trans_huge_withdraw(tlb->mm, pmd);
> -			pte_free(tlb->mm, pgtable);
> -			atomic_long_dec(&tlb->mm->nr_ptes);
> -			add_mm_counter(tlb->mm, MM_ANONPAGES, -HPAGE_PMD_NR);
> +		struct page *page;
> +		int migration = 0;
> +
> +		if (!is_pmd_migration_entry(orig_pmd)) {
> +			page = pmd_page(orig_pmd);
> +			VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page_mapcount(page) < 0, page);
> +			VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageHead(page), page);
> +			page_remove_rmap(page, true);
> +			if (PageAnon(page)) {
> +				pgtable_t pgtable;
> +
> +				pgtable = pgtable_trans_huge_withdraw(tlb->mm,
> +								      pmd);
> +				pte_free(tlb->mm, pgtable);
> +				atomic_long_dec(&tlb->mm->nr_ptes);
> +				add_mm_counter(tlb->mm, MM_ANONPAGES,
> +					       -HPAGE_PMD_NR);
> +			} else {
> +				if (arch_needs_pgtable_deposit())
> +					zap_deposited_table(tlb->mm, pmd);
> +				add_mm_counter(tlb->mm, MM_FILEPAGES,
> +					       -HPAGE_PMD_NR);
> +			}
>  		} else {
> -			if (arch_needs_pgtable_deposit())
> -				zap_deposited_table(tlb->mm, pmd);
> -			add_mm_counter(tlb->mm, MM_FILEPAGES, -HPAGE_PMD_NR);
> +			swp_entry_t entry;
> +
> +			entry = pmd_to_swp_entry(orig_pmd);
> +			page = pfn_to_page(swp_offset(entry));
> +			if (PageAnon(page)) {
> +				pgtable_t pgtable;
> +
> +				pgtable = pgtable_trans_huge_withdraw(tlb->mm,
> +								      pmd);
> +				pte_free(tlb->mm, pgtable);
> +				atomic_long_dec(&tlb->mm->nr_ptes);
> +				add_mm_counter(tlb->mm, MM_ANONPAGES,
> +					       -HPAGE_PMD_NR);
> +			} else {
> +				if (arch_needs_pgtable_deposit())
> +					zap_deposited_table(tlb->mm, pmd);
> +				add_mm_counter(tlb->mm, MM_FILEPAGES,
> +					       -HPAGE_PMD_NR);
> +			}
> +			free_swap_and_cache(entry); /* waring in failure? */
> +			migration = 1;
>  		}
>  		tlb_remove_page_size(tlb, page, HPAGE_PMD_SIZE);
>  	}
> @@ -2634,3 +2665,97 @@ static int __init split_huge_pages_debugfs(void)
>  }
>  late_initcall(split_huge_pages_debugfs);
>  #endif
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_THP_MIGRATION
> +void set_pmd_migration_entry(struct page_vma_mapped_walk *pvmw,
> +		struct page *page)
> +{
> +	struct vm_area_struct *vma = pvmw->vma;
> +	struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
> +	unsigned long address = pvmw->address;
> +	pmd_t pmdval;
> +	swp_entry_t entry;
> +
> +	if (pvmw->pmd && !pvmw->pte) {
> +		pmd_t pmdswp;
> +
> +		mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(mm, address,
> +				address + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE);
> +
> +		flush_cache_range(vma, address, address + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE);
> +		pmdval = pmdp_huge_clear_flush(vma, address, pvmw->pmd);
> +		if (pmd_dirty(pmdval))
> +			set_page_dirty(page);
> +		entry = make_migration_entry(page, pmd_write(pmdval));
> +		pmdswp = swp_entry_to_pmd(entry);
> +		set_pmd_at(mm, address, pvmw->pmd, pmdswp);
> +		page_remove_rmap(page, true);
> +		put_page(page);
> +
> +		mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(mm, address,
> +				address + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE);
> +	} else { /* pte-mapped thp */
> +		pte_t pteval;
> +		struct page *subpage = page - page_to_pfn(page) + pte_pfn(*pvmw->pte);
> +		pte_t swp_pte;
> +
> +		pteval = ptep_clear_flush(vma, address, pvmw->pte);
> +		if (pte_dirty(pteval))
> +			set_page_dirty(subpage);
> +		entry = make_migration_entry(subpage, pte_write(pteval));
> +		swp_pte = swp_entry_to_pte(entry);
> +		set_pte_at(mm, address, pvmw->pte, swp_pte);
> +		page_remove_rmap(subpage, false);
> +		put_page(subpage);
> +	}
> +}
> +
> +void remove_migration_pmd(struct page_vma_mapped_walk *pvmw, struct page *new)
> +{
> +	struct vm_area_struct *vma = pvmw->vma;
> +	struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
> +	unsigned long address = pvmw->address;
> +	swp_entry_t entry;
> +
> +	/* PMD-mapped THP  */
> +	if (pvmw->pmd && !pvmw->pte) {
> +		unsigned long mmun_start = address & HPAGE_PMD_MASK;
> +		unsigned long mmun_end = mmun_start + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE;
> +		pmd_t pmde;
> +
> +		entry = pmd_to_swp_entry(*pvmw->pmd);
> +		get_page(new);
> +		pmde = pmd_mkold(mk_huge_pmd(new, vma->vm_page_prot));
> +		if (is_write_migration_entry(entry))
> +			pmde = maybe_pmd_mkwrite(pmde, vma);
> +
> +		flush_cache_range(vma, mmun_start, mmun_end);
> +		page_add_anon_rmap(new, vma, mmun_start, true);
> +		pmdp_huge_clear_flush_notify(vma, mmun_start, pvmw->pmd);
> +		set_pmd_at(mm, mmun_start, pvmw->pmd, pmde);
> +		flush_tlb_range(vma, mmun_start, mmun_end);
> +		if (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)
> +			mlock_vma_page(new);
> +		update_mmu_cache_pmd(vma, address, pvmw->pmd);
> +
> +	} else { /* pte-mapped thp */
> +		pte_t pte;
> +		pte_t *ptep = pvmw->pte;
> +
> +		entry = pte_to_swp_entry(*pvmw->pte);
> +		get_page(new);
> +		pte = pte_mkold(mk_pte(new, READ_ONCE(vma->vm_page_prot)));
> +		if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(*pvmw->pte))
> +			pte = pte_mksoft_dirty(pte);
> +		if (is_write_migration_entry(entry))
> +			pte = maybe_mkwrite(pte, vma);
> +		flush_dcache_page(new);
> +		set_pte_at(mm, address, ptep, pte);
> +		if (PageAnon(new))
> +			page_add_anon_rmap(new, vma, address, false);
> +		else
> +			page_add_file_rmap(new, false);
> +		update_mmu_cache(vma, address, ptep);
> +	}
> +}
> +#endif
> diff --git a/mm/migrate.c b/mm/migrate.c
> index 95e8580dc902..84181a3668c6 100644
> --- a/mm/migrate.c
> +++ b/mm/migrate.c
> @@ -214,6 +214,12 @@ static int remove_migration_pte(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
>  		new = page - pvmw.page->index +
>  			linear_page_index(vma, pvmw.address);
>
> +		/* PMD-mapped THP migration entry */
> +		if (!PageHuge(page) && PageTransCompound(page)) {
> +			remove_migration_pmd(&pvmw, new);
> +			continue;
> +		}
> +
>  		get_page(new);
>  		pte = pte_mkold(mk_pte(new, READ_ONCE(vma->vm_page_prot)));
>  		if (pte_swp_soft_dirty(*pvmw.pte))
> @@ -327,6 +333,27 @@ void migration_entry_wait_huge(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
>  	__migration_entry_wait(mm, pte, ptl);
>  }
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_ENABLE_THP_MIGRATION
> +void pmd_migration_entry_wait(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd)
> +{
> +	spinlock_t *ptl;
> +	struct page *page;
> +
> +	ptl = pmd_lock(mm, pmd);
> +	if (!is_pmd_migration_entry(*pmd))
> +		goto unlock;
> +	page = migration_entry_to_page(pmd_to_swp_entry(*pmd));
> +	if (!get_page_unless_zero(page))
> +		goto unlock;
> +	spin_unlock(ptl);
> +	wait_on_page_locked(page);
> +	put_page(page);
> +	return;
> +unlock:
> +	spin_unlock(ptl);
> +}
> +#endif
> +
>  #ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
>  /* Returns true if all buffers are successfully locked */
>  static bool buffer_migrate_lock_buffers(struct buffer_head *head,
> @@ -1085,7 +1112,7 @@ static ICE_noinline int unmap_and_move(new_page_t get_new_page,
>  		goto out;
>  	}
>
> -	if (unlikely(PageTransHuge(page))) {
> +	if (unlikely(PageTransHuge(page) && !PageTransHuge(newpage))) {
>  		lock_page(page);
>  		rc = split_huge_page(page);
>  		unlock_page(page);
> diff --git a/mm/page_vma_mapped.c b/mm/page_vma_mapped.c
> index a23001a22c15..0ed3aee62d50 100644
> --- a/mm/page_vma_mapped.c
> +++ b/mm/page_vma_mapped.c
> @@ -137,16 +137,23 @@ bool page_vma_mapped_walk(struct page_vma_mapped_walk *pvmw)
>  	if (!pud_present(*pud))
>  		return false;
>  	pvmw->pmd = pmd_offset(pud, pvmw->address);
> -	if (pmd_trans_huge(*pvmw->pmd)) {
> +	if (pmd_trans_huge(*pvmw->pmd) || is_pmd_migration_entry(*pvmw->pmd)) {
>  		pvmw->ptl = pmd_lock(mm, pvmw->pmd);
> -		if (!pmd_present(*pvmw->pmd))
> -			return not_found(pvmw);
>  		if (likely(pmd_trans_huge(*pvmw->pmd))) {
>  			if (pvmw->flags & PVMW_MIGRATION)
>  				return not_found(pvmw);
>  			if (pmd_page(*pvmw->pmd) != page)
>  				return not_found(pvmw);
>  			return true;
> +		} else if (!pmd_present(*pvmw->pmd)) {
> +			if (unlikely(is_migration_entry(pmd_to_swp_entry(*pvmw->pmd)))) {
> +				swp_entry_t entry = pmd_to_swp_entry(*pvmw->pmd);
> +
> +				if (migration_entry_to_page(entry) != page)
> +					return not_found(pvmw);
> +				return true;
> +			}
> +			return not_found(pvmw);
>  		} else {
>  			/* THP pmd was split under us: handle on pte level */
>  			spin_unlock(pvmw->ptl);
> diff --git a/mm/pgtable-generic.c b/mm/pgtable-generic.c
> index 4ed5908c65b0..9d550a8a0c71 100644
> --- a/mm/pgtable-generic.c
> +++ b/mm/pgtable-generic.c
> @@ -118,7 +118,8 @@ pmd_t pmdp_huge_clear_flush(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
>  {
>  	pmd_t pmd;
>  	VM_BUG_ON(address & ~HPAGE_PMD_MASK);
> -	VM_BUG_ON(!pmd_trans_huge(*pmdp) && !pmd_devmap(*pmdp));
> +	VM_BUG_ON(pmd_present(*pmdp) && !pmd_trans_huge(*pmdp) &&
> +		  !pmd_devmap(*pmdp));
>  	pmd = pmdp_huge_get_and_clear(vma->vm_mm, address, pmdp);
>  	flush_pmd_tlb_range(vma, address, address + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE);
>  	return pmd;
> diff --git a/mm/rmap.c b/mm/rmap.c
> index 16789b936e3a..b33216668fa4 100644
> --- a/mm/rmap.c
> +++ b/mm/rmap.c
> @@ -1304,6 +1304,7 @@ static int try_to_unmap_one(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
>  	struct rmap_private *rp = arg;
>  	enum ttu_flags flags = rp->flags;
>
> +
>  	/* munlock has nothing to gain from examining un-locked vmas */
>  	if ((flags & TTU_MUNLOCK) && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED))
>  		return SWAP_AGAIN;
> @@ -1314,12 +1315,19 @@ static int try_to_unmap_one(struct page *page, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
>  	}
>
>  	while (page_vma_mapped_walk(&pvmw)) {
> +		/* THP migration */
> +		if (flags & TTU_MIGRATION) {
> +			if (!PageHuge(page) && PageTransCompound(page)) {
> +				set_pmd_migration_entry(&pvmw, page);
> +				continue;
> +			}
> +		}
> +		/* Unexpected PMD-mapped THP */
> +		VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!pvmw.pte, page);
> +
>  		subpage = page - page_to_pfn(page) + pte_pfn(*pvmw.pte);
>  		address = pvmw.address;
>
> -		/* Unexpected PMD-mapped THP? */
> -		VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!pvmw.pte, page);
> -
>  		/*
>  		 * If the page is mlock()d, we cannot swap it out.
>  		 * If it's recently referenced (perhaps page_referenced
> -- 
> 2.11.0


--
Best Regards
Yan Zi

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