lists  /  announce  owl-users  owl-dev  john-users  john-dev  passwdqc-users  yescrypt  popa3d-users  /  oss-security  kernel-hardening  musl  sabotage  tlsify  passwords  /  crypt-dev  xvendor  /  Bugtraq  Full-Disclosure  linux-kernel  linux-netdev  linux-ext4  linux-hardening  PHC 
Open Source and information security mailing list archives
Hash Suite: Windows password security audit tool. GUI, reports in PDF.
[<prev] [next>] [thread-next>] [day] [month] [year] [list]
Date:   Mon, 20 Feb 2017 08:39:17 +0530
From:   Hemant Kumar <>
        Hemant Kumar <>,
        Madhavan Srinivasan <>,
        Michael Ellerman <>,
        Benjamin Herrenschmidt <>,
        Paul Mackerras <>,
        Anton Blanchard <>,
        Sukadev Bhattiprolu <>,
        Michael Neuling <>,
        Stewart Smith <>,
        Daniel Axtens <>,
        Stephane Eranian <>,
        Balbir Singh <>,
        Anju T Sudhakar <>
Subject: [PATCH v4 00/10] IMC Instrumentation Support

Power 9 has In-Memory-Collection (IMC) infrastructure which contains
various Performance Monitoring Units (PMUs) at Nest level (these are
on-chip but off-core), Core level and Thread level.

The Nest PMU counters are handled by a Nest IMC microcode which runs
in the OCC (On-Chip Controller) complex. The microcode collects the
counter data and moves the nest IMC counter data to memory.

The Core and Thread IMC PMU counters are handled in the core. Core
level PMU counters give us the IMC counters' data per core and thread
level PMU counters give us the IMC counters' data per CPU thread.

This patchset enables the nest IMC, core IMC and thread IMC
PMUs and is based on the initial work done by Madhavan Srinivasan.
"Nest Instrumentation Support" :

v1 for this patchset can be found here :

Nest events:
Per-chip nest instrumentation provides various per-chip metrics
such as memory, powerbus, Xlink and Alink bandwidth.

Core events:
Per-core IMC instrumentation provides various per-core metrics
such as non-idle cycles, non-idle instructions, various cache and
memory related metrics etc.

Thread events:
All the events for thread level are same as core level with the
difference being in the domain. These are per-cpu metrics.

PMU Events' Information:
OPAL obtains the IMC PMU and event information from the IMC Catalog
and passes on to the kernel via the device tree. The events' information
contains :
 - Event name
 - Event Offset
 - Event description
and, maybe :
 - Event scale
 - Event unit

Some PMUs may have a common scale and unit values for all their
supported events. For those cases, the scale and unit properties for
those events must be inherited from the PMU.

The event offset in the memory is where the counter data gets

The OPAL-side patches are posted upstream :

The kernel discovers the IMC counters information in the device tree
at the "imc-counters" device node which has a compatible field

Parsing of the Events' information:
To parse the IMC PMUs and events information, the kernel has to
discover the "imc-counters" node and walk through the pmu and event

Here is an excerpt of the dt showing the imc-counters with
mcs0 (nest), core and thread node:

/ {
        name = "";
        compatible = "ibm,opal-in-memory-counters";
        #address-cells = <0x1>;
        #size-cells = <0x1>;
        imc-nest-offset = <0x320000>;
        imc-nest-size = <0x30000>;
        version-id = "";
        NEST_MCS: nest-mcs-events {
                #address-cells = <0x1>;
                #size-cells = <0x1>;
                event@0 {
                        event-name = "RRTO_QFULL_NO_DISP" ;
                        reg = <0x0 0x8>;
                        desc = "RRTO not dispatched in MCS0 due to capacity - pulses once for each time a valid RRTO op is not dispatched due to a command list full condition" ;
                event@8 {
                        event-name = "WRTO_QFULL_NO_DISP" ;
                        reg = <0x8 0x8>;
                        desc = "WRTO not dispatched in MCS0 due to capacity - pulses once for each time a valid WRTO op is not dispatched due to a command list full condition" ;
	mcs0 {
                compatible = "ibm,imc-counters-nest";
                events-prefix = "PM_MCS0_";
                unit = "";
                scale = "";
                reg = <0x118 0x8>;
                events = < &NEST_MCS >;
        mcs1 {
                compatible = "ibm,imc-counters-nest";
                events-prefix = "PM_MCS1_";
                unit = "";
                scale = "";
                reg = <0x198 0x8>;
                events = < &NEST_MCS >;

	CORE_EVENTS: core-events {
                #address-cells = <0x1>;
                #size-cells = <0x1>;
                event@e0 {
                        event-name = "0THRD_NON_IDLE_PCYC" ;
                        reg = <0xe0 0x8>;
                        desc = "The number of processor cycles when all threads are idle" ;
                event@120 {
                        event-name = "1THRD_NON_IDLE_PCYC" ;
                        reg = <0x120 0x8>;
                        desc = "The number of processor cycles when exactly one SMT thread is executing non-idle code" ;
       core {
                compatible = "ibm,imc-counters-core";
                events-prefix = "CPM_";
                unit = "";
                scale = "";
                reg = <0x0 0x8>;
                events = < &CORE_EVENTS >;
        thread {
                compatible = "ibm,imc-counters-core";
                events-prefix = "CPM_";
                unit = "";
                scale = "";
                reg = <0x0 0x8>;
                events = < &CORE_EVENTS >;

>From the device tree, the kernel parses the PMUs and their events'

After parsing the IMC PMUs and their events, the PMUs and their
attributes are registered in the kernel.

This patchset (patches 9 and 10) configure the thread level IMC PMUs
to count for tasks, which give us the thread level metric values per

Example Usage :
 # perf list

  nest_mcs0/PM_MCS_DOWN_128B_DATA_XFER_MC0/           [Kernel PMU event]
  nest_mcs0/PM_MCS_DOWN_128B_DATA_XFER_MC0_LAST_SAMPLE/ [Kernel PMU event]
  core_imc/CPM_NON_IDLE_INST/                        [Kernel PMU event]
  core_imc/CPM_NON_IDLE_PCYC/                        [Kernel PMU event]
  thread_imc/CPM_NON_IDLE_INST/                      [Kernel PMU event]
  thread_imc/CPM_NON_IDLE_PCYC/                      [Kernel PMU event]

To see per chip data for nest_mcs0/PM_MCS_DOWN_128B_DATA_XFER_MC0/ :
 # perf stat -e "nest_mcs0/PM_MCS_DOWN_128B_DATA_XFER_MC0/" -a --per-socket

To see non-idle instructions for core 0 :
 # ./perf stat -e "core_imc/CPM_NON_IDLE_INST/" -C 0 -I 1000

To see non-idle instructions for a "make" :
 # ./perf stat -e "thread_imc/CPM_NON_IDLE_PCYC/" make

Comments/feedback/suggestions are welcome.

 v3 -> v4 :
 - Changed the events parser code to discover the PMU and events because
   of the changed format of the IMC DTS file (Patch 3).
 - Implemented the two TODOs to include core and thread IMC support with
   this patchset (Patches 7 through 10).
 - Changed the CPU hotplug code of Nest IMC PMUs to include a new state
 v2 -> v3 :
 - Changed all references for IMA (In-Memory Accumulation) to IMC (In-Memory
 v1 -> v2 :
 - Account for the cases where a PMU can have a common scale and unit
   values for all its supported events (Patch 3/6).
 - Fixed a Build error (for maple_defconfig) by enabling imc_pmu.o
   only for CONFIG_PPC_POWERNV=y (Patch 4/6)
 - Read from the "event-name" property instead of "name" for an event
   node (Patch 3/6).

Cc: Madhavan Srinivasan <>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <>
Cc: Anton Blanchard <>
Cc: Sukadev Bhattiprolu <>
Cc: Michael Neuling <>
Cc: Stewart Smith <>
Cc: Daniel Axtens <>
Cc: Stephane Eranian <>
Cc: Balbir Singh <>
Cc: Anju T Sudhakar <>
Signed-off-by: Hemant Kumar <>

Hemant Kumar (10):
  powerpc/powernv: Data structure and macros definitions
  powerpc/powernv: Autoload IMC device driver module
  powerpc/powernv: Detect supported IMC units and its events
  powerpc/perf: Add event attribute and group to IMC pmus
  powerpc/perf: Generic imc pmu event functions
  powerpc/perf: IMC pmu cpumask and cpu hotplug support
  powerpc/powernv: Core IMC events detection
  powerpc/perf: PMU functions for Core IMC and hotplugging
  powerpc/powernv: Thread IMC events detection
  powerpc/perf: Thread IMC PMU functions

 arch/powerpc/include/asm/imc-pmu.h             |  83 +++
 arch/powerpc/include/asm/opal-api.h            |  11 +-
 arch/powerpc/include/asm/opal.h                |   5 +
 arch/powerpc/perf/Makefile                     |   6 +-
 arch/powerpc/perf/imc-pmu.c                    | 775 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/Makefile        |   2 +-
 arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/opal-imc.c      | 553 ++++++++++++++++++
 arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/opal-wrappers.S |   2 +
 arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/opal.c          |  13 +
 include/linux/cpuhotplug.h                     |   2 +
 10 files changed, 1449 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/include/asm/imc-pmu.h
 create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/perf/imc-pmu.c
 create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/opal-imc.c


Powered by blists - more mailing lists