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Date:   Thu, 23 Feb 2017 06:56:39 +0000
From:   "Nicholas A. Bellinger" <nab@...ux-iscsi.org>
To:     target-devel <target-devel@...r.kernel.org>
Cc:     linux-scsi <linux-scsi@...r.kernel.org>,
        lkml <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        Nicholas Bellinger <nab@...ux-iscsi.org>,
        Rob Millner <rlm@...erainc.com>, Vaibhav Tandon <vst@...era.io>
Subject: [PATCH] target: Fix NULL dereference during LUN lookup + active I/O shutdown

From: Nicholas Bellinger <nab@...ux-iscsi.org>

When transport_clear_lun_ref() is shutting down a se_lun via
configfs with new I/O in-flight, it's possible to trigger a
NULL pointer dereference in transport_lookup_cmd_lun() due
to the fact percpu_ref_get() doesn't do any __PERCPU_REF_DEAD
checking before incrementing lun->lun_ref.count after
lun->lun_ref has switched to atomic_t mode.

This results in a NULL pointer dereference as LUN shutdown
code in core_tpg_remove_lun() continues running after the
existing ->release() -> core_tpg_lun_ref_release() callback
completes, and clears the RCU protected se_lun->lun_se_dev
pointer.

During the OOPs, the state of lun->lun_ref in the process
which triggered the NULL pointer dereference looks like
the following on v4.1.y stable code:

struct se_lun {
  lun_link_magic = 4294932337,
  lun_status = TRANSPORT_LUN_STATUS_FREE,

  .....

  lun_se_dev = 0x0,
  lun_sep = 0x0,

  .....

  lun_ref = {
    count = {
      counter = 1
    },
    percpu_count_ptr = 3,
    release = 0xffffffffa02fa1e0 <core_tpg_lun_ref_release>,
    confirm_switch = 0x0,
    force_atomic = false,
    rcu = {
      next = 0xffff88154fa1a5d0,
      func = 0xffffffff8137c4c0 <percpu_ref_switch_to_atomic_rcu>
    }
  }
}

To address this bug, use percpu_ref_tryget_live() to ensure
once __PERCPU_REF_DEAD is visable on all CPUs and ->lun_ref
has switched to atomic_t, all new I/Os will fail to obtain
a new lun->lun_ref reference.

Also use an explicit percpu_ref_kill_and_confirm() callback
to block on ->lun_ref_comp to allow the first stage and
associated RCU grace period to complete, and then block on
->lun_ref_shutdown waiting for the final percpu_ref_put()
to drop the last reference via transport_lun_remove_cmd()
before continuing with core_tpg_remove_lun() shutdown.

Reported-by: Rob Millner <rlm@...erainc.com>
Tested-by: Rob Millner <rlm@...erainc.com>
Cc: Rob Millner <rlm@...erainc.com>
Tested-by: Vaibhav Tandon <vst@...era.io>
Cc: Vaibhav Tandon <vst@...era.io>
Signed-off-by: Nicholas Bellinger <nab@...ux-iscsi.org>
---
 drivers/target/target_core_device.c    | 10 ++++++++--
 drivers/target/target_core_tpg.c       |  3 ++-
 drivers/target/target_core_transport.c | 31 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 include/target/target_core_base.h      |  1 +
 4 files changed, 41 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/target/target_core_device.c b/drivers/target/target_core_device.c
index cb7047d..c754ae3 100644
--- a/drivers/target/target_core_device.c
+++ b/drivers/target/target_core_device.c
@@ -78,12 +78,16 @@
 					&deve->read_bytes);
 
 		se_lun = rcu_dereference(deve->se_lun);
+
+		if (!percpu_ref_tryget_live(&se_lun->lun_ref)) {
+			se_lun = NULL;
+			goto out_unlock;
+		}
+
 		se_cmd->se_lun = rcu_dereference(deve->se_lun);
 		se_cmd->pr_res_key = deve->pr_res_key;
 		se_cmd->orig_fe_lun = unpacked_lun;
 		se_cmd->se_cmd_flags |= SCF_SE_LUN_CMD;
-
-		percpu_ref_get(&se_lun->lun_ref);
 		se_cmd->lun_ref_active = true;
 
 		if ((se_cmd->data_direction == DMA_TO_DEVICE) &&
@@ -97,6 +101,7 @@
 			goto ref_dev;
 		}
 	}
+out_unlock:
 	rcu_read_unlock();
 
 	if (!se_lun) {
@@ -815,6 +820,7 @@ struct se_device *target_alloc_device(struct se_hba *hba, const char *name)
 	xcopy_lun = &dev->xcopy_lun;
 	rcu_assign_pointer(xcopy_lun->lun_se_dev, dev);
 	init_completion(&xcopy_lun->lun_ref_comp);
+	init_completion(&xcopy_lun->lun_shutdown_comp);
 	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&xcopy_lun->lun_deve_list);
 	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&xcopy_lun->lun_dev_link);
 	mutex_init(&xcopy_lun->lun_tg_pt_md_mutex);
diff --git a/drivers/target/target_core_tpg.c b/drivers/target/target_core_tpg.c
index d99752c..2744251 100644
--- a/drivers/target/target_core_tpg.c
+++ b/drivers/target/target_core_tpg.c
@@ -445,7 +445,7 @@ static void core_tpg_lun_ref_release(struct percpu_ref *ref)
 {
 	struct se_lun *lun = container_of(ref, struct se_lun, lun_ref);
 
-	complete(&lun->lun_ref_comp);
+	complete(&lun->lun_shutdown_comp);
 }
 
 int core_tpg_register(
@@ -571,6 +571,7 @@ struct se_lun *core_tpg_alloc_lun(
 	lun->lun_link_magic = SE_LUN_LINK_MAGIC;
 	atomic_set(&lun->lun_acl_count, 0);
 	init_completion(&lun->lun_ref_comp);
+	init_completion(&lun->lun_shutdown_comp);
 	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&lun->lun_deve_list);
 	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&lun->lun_dev_link);
 	atomic_set(&lun->lun_tg_pt_secondary_offline, 0);
diff --git a/drivers/target/target_core_transport.c b/drivers/target/target_core_transport.c
index efb9e6f..434d9d6 100644
--- a/drivers/target/target_core_transport.c
+++ b/drivers/target/target_core_transport.c
@@ -2700,10 +2700,39 @@ void target_wait_for_sess_cmds(struct se_session *se_sess)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(target_wait_for_sess_cmds);
 
+static void target_lun_confirm(struct percpu_ref *ref)
+{
+	struct se_lun *lun = container_of(ref, struct se_lun, lun_ref);
+
+	complete(&lun->lun_ref_comp);
+}
+
 void transport_clear_lun_ref(struct se_lun *lun)
 {
-	percpu_ref_kill(&lun->lun_ref);
+	/*
+	 * Mark the percpu-ref as DEAD, switch to atomic_t mode, drop
+	 * the initial reference and schedule confirm kill to be
+	 * executed after one full RCU grace period has completed.
+	 */
+	percpu_ref_kill_and_confirm(&lun->lun_ref, target_lun_confirm);
+	/*
+	 * The first completion waits for percpu_ref_switch_to_atomic_rcu()
+	 * to call target_lun_confirm after lun->lun_ref has been marked
+	 * as __PERCPU_REF_DEAD on all CPUs, and switches to atomic_t
+	 * mode so that percpu_ref_tryget_live() lookup of lun->lun_ref
+	 * fails for all new incoming I/O.
+	 */
 	wait_for_completion(&lun->lun_ref_comp);
+	/*
+	 * The second completion waits for percpu_ref_put_many() to
+	 * invoke ->release() after lun->lun_ref has switched to
+	 * atomic_t mode, and lun->lun_ref.count has reached zero.
+	 *
+	 * At this point all target-core lun->lun_ref references have
+	 * been dropped via transport_lun_remove_cmd(), and it's safe
+	 * to proceed with the remaining LUN shutdown.
+	 */
+	wait_for_completion(&lun->lun_shutdown_comp);
 }
 
 static bool
diff --git a/include/target/target_core_base.h b/include/target/target_core_base.h
index d7336f3..16d3be8 100644
--- a/include/target/target_core_base.h
+++ b/include/target/target_core_base.h
@@ -730,6 +730,7 @@ struct se_lun {
 	struct config_group	lun_group;
 	struct se_port_stat_grps port_stat_grps;
 	struct completion	lun_ref_comp;
+	struct completion	lun_shutdown_comp;
 	struct percpu_ref	lun_ref;
 	struct list_head	lun_dev_link;
 	struct hlist_node	link;
-- 
1.9.1

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