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Date:   Thu, 23 Feb 2017 11:09:17 +0200
From:   Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkinen@...ux.intel.com>
To:     tpmdd-devel@...ts.sourceforge.net
Cc:     linux-security-module@...r.kernel.org,
        James.Bottomley@...senPartnership.com, dhowells@...hat.com,
        Peter Huewe <peterhuewe@....de>,
        Marcel Selhorst <tpmdd@...horst.net>,
        Jason Gunthorpe <jgunthorpe@...idianresearch.com>,
        open list <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 6/7] tpm: expose spaces via a device link /dev/tpms<n>

On Thu, Feb 16, 2017 at 09:25:19PM +0200, Jarkko Sakkinen wrote:
> From: James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@...senPartnership.com>
> 
> Currently the tpm spaces are not exposed to userspace.  Make this
> exposure via a separate device, which can now be opened multiple times
> because each read/write transaction goes separately via the space.
> 
> Concurrency is protected by the chip->tpm_mutex for each read/write
> transaction separately.  The TPM is cleared of all transient objects
> by the time the mutex is dropped, so there should be no interference
> between the kernel and userspace.
> 
> Signed-off-by: James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@...senPartnership.com>

Reviewed-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkine@...ux.intel.com>
Tested-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkine@...ux.intel.com>

Nitpicking but I've been thinking about naming. What about calling the
device as tpmrc0 as in resource context. I think that would be a better
name than TPM space. You do not mix it up with namespaces and/or
virtualization. With resource in front it cannot be easily mixed up with
TPM contexts either.

This does not require any effort from your side. I could do the
renaming.

PS. Could you go through my commits and test and review them at some
point so we would have the whole patch set peer tested?

/Jarkko

> ---
>  drivers/char/tpm/Makefile        |  3 +-
>  drivers/char/tpm/tpm-chip.c      | 73 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
>  drivers/char/tpm/tpm-interface.c | 13 +++++--
>  drivers/char/tpm/tpm.h           |  4 +++
>  drivers/char/tpm/tpms-dev.c      | 65 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  5 files changed, 152 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)
>  create mode 100644 drivers/char/tpm/tpms-dev.c
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/char/tpm/Makefile b/drivers/char/tpm/Makefile
> index 10e5827..bbe6531 100644
> --- a/drivers/char/tpm/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/char/tpm/Makefile
> @@ -3,7 +3,8 @@
>  #
>  obj-$(CONFIG_TCG_TPM) += tpm.o
>  tpm-y := tpm-interface.o tpm-dev.o tpm-sysfs.o tpm-chip.o tpm2-cmd.o \
> -	 tpm-dev-common.o tpm1_eventlog.o tpm2_eventlog.o tpm2-space.o
> +	 tpm-dev-common.o tpms-dev.o tpm1_eventlog.o tpm2_eventlog.o \
> +         tpm2-space.o
>  tpm-$(CONFIG_ACPI) += tpm_ppi.o tpm_acpi.o
>  tpm-$(CONFIG_OF) += tpm_of.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_TCG_TIS_CORE) += tpm_tis_core.o
> diff --git a/drivers/char/tpm/tpm-chip.c b/drivers/char/tpm/tpm-chip.c
> index 993b9ae..c71c353 100644
> --- a/drivers/char/tpm/tpm-chip.c
> +++ b/drivers/char/tpm/tpm-chip.c
> @@ -33,6 +33,7 @@ DEFINE_IDR(dev_nums_idr);
>  static DEFINE_MUTEX(idr_lock);
>  
>  struct class *tpm_class;
> +struct class *tpms_class;
>  dev_t tpm_devt;
>  
>  /**
> @@ -132,6 +133,14 @@ static void tpm_dev_release(struct device *dev)
>  	kfree(chip);
>  }
>  
> +static void tpm_devs_release(struct device *dev)
> +{
> +	struct tpm_chip *chip = container_of(dev, struct tpm_chip, devs);
> +
> +	/* release the master device reference */
> +	put_device(&chip->dev);
> +}
> +
>  /**
>   * tpm_chip_alloc() - allocate a new struct tpm_chip instance
>   * @pdev: device to which the chip is associated
> @@ -168,27 +177,47 @@ struct tpm_chip *tpm_chip_alloc(struct device *pdev,
>  	chip->dev_num = rc;
>  
>  	device_initialize(&chip->dev);
> +	device_initialize(&chip->devs);
>  
>  	chip->dev.class = tpm_class;
>  	chip->dev.release = tpm_dev_release;
>  	chip->dev.parent = pdev;
>  	chip->dev.groups = chip->groups;
>  
> +	chip->devs.parent = pdev;
> +	chip->devs.class = tpms_class;
> +	chip->devs.release = tpm_devs_release;
> +	/* get extra reference on main device to hold on
> +	 * behalf of devs.  This holds the chip structure
> +	 * while cdevs is in use.  The corresponding put
> +	 * is in the tpm_devs_release
> +	 */
> +	get_device(&chip->dev);
> +
>  	if (chip->dev_num == 0)
>  		chip->dev.devt = MKDEV(MISC_MAJOR, TPM_MINOR);
>  	else
>  		chip->dev.devt = MKDEV(MAJOR(tpm_devt), chip->dev_num);
>  
> +	chip->devs.devt =
> +		MKDEV(MAJOR(tpm_devt), chip->dev_num + TPM_NUM_DEVICES);
> +
>  	rc = dev_set_name(&chip->dev, "tpm%d", chip->dev_num);
>  	if (rc)
>  		goto out;
> +	rc = dev_set_name(&chip->devs, "tpms%d", chip->dev_num);
> +	if (rc)
> +		goto out;
>  
>  	if (!pdev)
>  		chip->flags |= TPM_CHIP_FLAG_VIRTUAL;
>  
>  	cdev_init(&chip->cdev, &tpm_fops);
> +	cdev_init(&chip->cdevs, &tpms_fops);
>  	chip->cdev.owner = THIS_MODULE;
> +	chip->cdevs.owner = THIS_MODULE;
>  	chip->cdev.kobj.parent = &chip->dev.kobj;
> +	chip->cdevs.kobj.parent = &chip->devs.kobj;
>  
>  	chip->work_space.context_buf = kzalloc(PAGE_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
>  	if (!chip->work_space.context_buf) {
> @@ -199,6 +228,7 @@ struct tpm_chip *tpm_chip_alloc(struct device *pdev,
>  	return chip;
>  
>  out:
> +	put_device(&chip->devs);
>  	put_device(&chip->dev);
>  	return ERR_PTR(rc);
>  }
> @@ -244,7 +274,7 @@ static int tpm_add_char_device(struct tpm_chip *chip)
>  			dev_name(&chip->dev), MAJOR(chip->dev.devt),
>  			MINOR(chip->dev.devt), rc);
>  
> -		return rc;
> +		goto err_1;
>  	}
>  
>  	rc = device_add(&chip->dev);
> @@ -254,16 +284,44 @@ static int tpm_add_char_device(struct tpm_chip *chip)
>  			dev_name(&chip->dev), MAJOR(chip->dev.devt),
>  			MINOR(chip->dev.devt), rc);
>  
> -		cdev_del(&chip->cdev);
> -		return rc;
> +		goto err_2;
> +	}
> +
> +	if (chip->flags & TPM_CHIP_FLAG_TPM2)
> +		rc = cdev_add(&chip->cdevs, chip->devs.devt, 1);
> +	if (rc) {
> +		dev_err(&chip->dev,
> +			"unable to cdev_add() %s, major %d, minor %d, err=%d\n",
> +			dev_name(&chip->devs), MAJOR(chip->devs.devt),
> +			MINOR(chip->devs.devt), rc);
> +
> +		goto err_3;
>  	}
>  
> +	if (chip->flags & TPM_CHIP_FLAG_TPM2)
> +		rc = device_add(&chip->devs);
> +	if (rc) {
> +		dev_err(&chip->dev,
> +			"unable to device_register() %s, major %d, minor %d, err=%d\n",
> +			dev_name(&chip->devs), MAJOR(chip->devs.devt),
> +			MINOR(chip->devs.devt), rc);
> +
> +		goto err_4;
> +	}
>  	/* Make the chip available. */
>  	mutex_lock(&idr_lock);
>  	idr_replace(&dev_nums_idr, chip, chip->dev_num);
>  	mutex_unlock(&idr_lock);
>  
>  	return rc;
> + err_4:
> +	cdev_del(&chip->cdevs);
> + err_3:
> +	device_del(&chip->dev);
> + err_2:
> +	cdev_del(&chip->cdev);
> + err_1:
> +	return rc;
>  }
>  
>  static void tpm_del_char_device(struct tpm_chip *chip)
> @@ -271,6 +329,11 @@ static void tpm_del_char_device(struct tpm_chip *chip)
>  	cdev_del(&chip->cdev);
>  	device_del(&chip->dev);
>  
> +	if (chip->flags & TPM_CHIP_FLAG_TPM2) {
> +		cdev_del(&chip->cdevs);
> +		device_del(&chip->devs);
> +	}
> +
>  	/* Make the chip unavailable. */
>  	mutex_lock(&idr_lock);
>  	idr_replace(&dev_nums_idr, NULL, chip->dev_num);
> @@ -282,6 +345,10 @@ static void tpm_del_char_device(struct tpm_chip *chip)
>  		tpm2_shutdown(chip, TPM2_SU_CLEAR);
>  	chip->ops = NULL;
>  	up_write(&chip->ops_sem);
> +	/* will release the devs reference to the chip->dev unless
> +	 * something has cdevs open
> +	 */
> +	put_device(&chip->devs);
>  }
>  
>  static void tpm_del_legacy_sysfs(struct tpm_chip *chip)
> diff --git a/drivers/char/tpm/tpm-interface.c b/drivers/char/tpm/tpm-interface.c
> index db5ffe9..deb2021 100644
> --- a/drivers/char/tpm/tpm-interface.c
> +++ b/drivers/char/tpm/tpm-interface.c
> @@ -1257,9 +1257,17 @@ static int __init tpm_init(void)
>  		return PTR_ERR(tpm_class);
>  	}
>  
> -	rc = alloc_chrdev_region(&tpm_devt, 0, TPM_NUM_DEVICES, "tpm");
> +	tpms_class = class_create(THIS_MODULE, "tpms");
> +	if (IS_ERR(tpms_class)) {
> +		pr_err("couldn't create tpms class\n");
> +		class_destroy(tpm_class);
> +		return PTR_ERR(tpms_class);
> +	}
> +
> +	rc = alloc_chrdev_region(&tpm_devt, 0, 2*TPM_NUM_DEVICES, "tpm");
>  	if (rc < 0) {
>  		pr_err("tpm: failed to allocate char dev region\n");
> +		class_destroy(tpms_class);
>  		class_destroy(tpm_class);
>  		return rc;
>  	}
> @@ -1271,7 +1279,8 @@ static void __exit tpm_exit(void)
>  {
>  	idr_destroy(&dev_nums_idr);
>  	class_destroy(tpm_class);
> -	unregister_chrdev_region(tpm_devt, TPM_NUM_DEVICES);
> +	class_destroy(tpms_class);
> +	unregister_chrdev_region(tpm_devt, 2*TPM_NUM_DEVICES);
>  }
>  
>  subsys_initcall(tpm_init);
> diff --git a/drivers/char/tpm/tpm.h b/drivers/char/tpm/tpm.h
> index 97e48a4..822ca67 100644
> --- a/drivers/char/tpm/tpm.h
> +++ b/drivers/char/tpm/tpm.h
> @@ -182,7 +182,9 @@ struct tpm_chip_seqops {
>  
>  struct tpm_chip {
>  	struct device dev;
> +	struct device devs;
>  	struct cdev cdev;
> +	struct cdev cdevs;
>  
>  	/* A driver callback under ops cannot be run unless ops_sem is held
>  	 * (sometimes implicitly, eg for the sysfs code). ops becomes null
> @@ -510,8 +512,10 @@ static inline void tpm_buf_append_u32(struct tpm_buf *buf, const u32 value)
>  }
>  
>  extern struct class *tpm_class;
> +extern struct class *tpms_class;
>  extern dev_t tpm_devt;
>  extern const struct file_operations tpm_fops;
> +extern const struct file_operations tpms_fops;
>  extern struct idr dev_nums_idr;
>  
>  enum tpm_transmit_flags {
> diff --git a/drivers/char/tpm/tpms-dev.c b/drivers/char/tpm/tpms-dev.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..5720885
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/char/tpm/tpms-dev.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,65 @@
> +/*
> + * Copyright (C) 2017 James.Bottomley@...senPartnership.com
> + *
> + * GPLv2
> + */
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include "tpm-dev.h"
> +
> +struct tpms_priv {
> +	struct file_priv priv;
> +	struct tpm_space space;
> +};
> +
> +static int tpms_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
> +{
> +	struct tpm_chip *chip;
> +	struct tpms_priv *priv;
> +	int rc;
> +
> +	chip = container_of(inode->i_cdev, struct tpm_chip, cdevs);
> +	priv = kzalloc(sizeof(*priv), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (priv == NULL)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	rc = tpm2_init_space(&priv->space);
> +	if (rc) {
> +		kfree(priv);
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +	}
> +
> +	tpm_common_open(file, chip, &priv->priv);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int tpms_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
> +{
> +	struct file_priv *fpriv = file->private_data;
> +	struct tpms_priv *priv = container_of(fpriv, struct tpms_priv, priv);
> +
> +	tpm_common_release(file, fpriv);
> +	tpm2_del_space(&priv->space);
> +	kfree(priv);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +ssize_t tpms_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
> +		   size_t size, loff_t *off)
> +{
> +	struct file_priv *fpriv = file->private_data;
> +	struct tpms_priv *priv = container_of(fpriv, struct tpms_priv, priv);
> +
> +	return tpm_common_write(file, buf, size, off, &priv->space);
> +}
> +
> +const struct file_operations tpms_fops = {
> +	.owner = THIS_MODULE,
> +	.llseek = no_llseek,
> +	.open = tpms_open,
> +	.read = tpm_common_read,
> +	.write = tpms_write,
> +	.release = tpms_release,
> +};
> +
> -- 
> 2.9.3
> 

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