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Date:   Thu, 23 Feb 2017 14:26:03 -0800
From:   Dave Hansen <>
Cc:, Dave Hansen <>,,,,
Subject: [PATCH 1/2] x86, pkeys: check against max pkey to avoid overflows

From: Dave Hansen <>

Kirill got a warning from UBSAN about undefined behavior when using
protection keys.  He is running on hardware that actually has support
for it, which is not widely available.

The warning was because we did some very large shifts of integers when
doing a pkey_free() of a large, invalid value because we never check
that the pkey "fits" into the mm_pkey_allocation_map().

I do not believe there is any danger here of anything bad happening
other than some aliasing issues where somebody could do:


and the kernel would effectively execute:


While this might be confusing to an app that was doing something
stupid, it has to do something stupid and the effects are limited to
the app shooting itself in the foot.

Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <>
Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <>
Cc: Shuah Khan <>

 b/arch/x86/include/asm/pkeys.h |   15 +++++++++------
 1 file changed, 9 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff -puN arch/x86/include/asm/pkeys.h~do-max-pkey-check arch/x86/include/asm/pkeys.h
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pkeys.h~do-max-pkey-check	2017-02-23 14:17:33.291953218 -0800
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pkeys.h	2017-02-23 14:24:32.573666333 -0800
@@ -46,6 +46,15 @@ extern int __arch_set_user_pkey_access(s
 static inline
 bool mm_pkey_is_allocated(struct mm_struct *mm, int pkey)
+	/*
+	 * "Allocated" pkeys are those that have been returned
+	 * from pkey_alloc().  pkey 0 is special, and never
+	 * returned from pkey_alloc().
+	 */
+	if (pkey <= 0)
+		return false;
+	if (pkey >= arch_max_pkey())
+		return false;
 	return mm_pkey_allocation_map(mm) & (1U << pkey);
@@ -82,12 +91,6 @@ int mm_pkey_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm)
 static inline
 int mm_pkey_free(struct mm_struct *mm, int pkey)
-	/*
-	 * pkey 0 is special, always allocated and can never
-	 * be freed.
-	 */
-	if (!pkey)
-		return -EINVAL;
 	if (!mm_pkey_is_allocated(mm, pkey))
 		return -EINVAL;

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