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Date:   Fri, 31 Mar 2017 11:28:54 +0200
From:   Jacek Anaszewski <jacek.anaszewski@...il.com>
To:     Pavel Machek <pavel@....cz>,
        Bjorn Andersson <bjorn.andersson@...aro.org>
Cc:     Rob Herring <robh@...nel.org>, Richard Purdie <rpurdie@...ys.net>,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, linux-leds@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-arm-msm@...r.kernel.org, Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@....com>,
        devicetree@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH 1/2] leds: Add driver for Qualcomm LPG

Hi Bjorn and Pavel,

On 03/30/2017 09:43 AM, Pavel Machek wrote:
> Hi!
> 
>>>> There is a binding for ti,lp55xx, but there's nothing I can reuse from
>>>> that binding...because it's completely different hardware.
>>>
>>> Agreed, if you drop the pattern stuff from the binding, at least for now. 
>>
>> I do not have a strong preference to expose these knobs in devicetree
>> and I do fear that finding some common "pattern" bindings that suits
>> everyone will be very difficult.
>>
>> So I'll drop them from the binding for now.
> 
> Ok.
> 
>>> If you want driver merged quickly, I believe the best way would be to
>>> leave out pattern support for now. We can merge the basic driver
>>> easily to 4.12.
>>>
>>
>> I'm not that much in a hurry and would rather see that we resolve any
>> outstanding issues with the implementation of the pattern handling.
> 
> Ok, good.
> 
>> But regardless of this we still have the problem that the typical
>> Qualcomm PMIC has 8 LPG-blocks and any triple could be driving a
>> RGB-LED. So we would have to create some sort of in-driver-wrapper
>> around any three instances exposing them as a single LED to the user.
> 
> Yes, I believe we should do the wrapping. In N900 case, 
> 
>> I rather expose the individual channels and make sure that when we
>> trigger a blink operation or enable a pattern (i.e. the two operations
>> that do require synchronization) we will perform that synchronization
>> under the hood.
> 
> First, we need a way to tell userspace which LEDs are synchronized,
> because otherwise it will be confusing.

There is one year old discussion [0] about the possible approaches
to RGB sub-LEDs synchronization problem and patterns in general.
My last message with API design proposal has been left unanswered.

Probably we continue that discussion here.

Generally Bjorn's drivers touch two yet to be addressed issues:
- RGB LED support
- Generic support for patterns

It is likely that both issues can be solved by utilizing trigger
mechanism. The possible solution to the problem Bjorn tried to
address with /sys/class/leds/<led>/pattern comma separated list
could be a trigger with adjustable number of pattern intervals.

The trigger once activated would create a directory with the
number of files corresponding to the number of requested intervals,
and then user could write an interval value by writing it to the
corresponding file. Somehow related approach has been implemented
for USB port LED trigger:

0f247626cbbf ('usb: core: Introduce a USB port LED trigger")

In both RGB and pattern approaches we should assess
if it is acceptable to provide a pattern for trigger name,
e.g. blink-pattern-{num_intervals}.

If so, then "echo transition-pattern-15" would create a directory
e.g. transition_intervals with files interval_0 to interval_14,
that could be adjusted by userspace.

> Second, there are more issues than just patterns with the RGB
> LED. Most important is ability to set particular colors. You want to
> set the RGB LED to "white", but that does not mean you can set
> red=green=blue=1.0. You want color to look the same on LCD and on the
> LED, which means coefficients for white and some kind of function for
> brightness-to-PWM conversion.

Shouldn't we leave that entirely to the userspace? Can we come up
with coefficients that will guarantee the same result on all existing
LCD devices?

>>> Incremental patches sound like a good idea, yes.
>>>
>>> I'd say that testing with actual RGB LED is not a requirement... as
>>> long as we design reasonable interface where the synchronizaction will
>>> be easy.
>>>
>>
>> As this relates to the board layout (which LPG-channels are hooked to a
>> RGB) I think it makes sense to expose a mechanism in devicetree to
>> indicate which channels should have their pattern/blink synchronized.
>>
>> We should be able to extend the LUT (the hardware that actually
>> implements the pattern-walker logic) with a DT-property like:
>>
>>   qcom,synchronize-group-0 = <1, 2, 3>;
>>   qcom,synchronize-group-1 = <5, 6, 7>;
>>
>> And whenever we configure a pattern involving one of the affected LEDs
>> from a group we start all of them.
> 
> Yes we need some kind of grouping.
> 
> Additional complexity in the N900 case... groups can actually be
> configured at run time. Original Maemo used that ability to group 6
> keyboard backlight leds, and then run pattern on them. OTOH... I don't
> think we _need_ to support that functionality.
> 
> Best regards,
> 									Pavel
> 

[0] https://lkml.org/lkml/2016/4/18/179

-- 
Best regards,
Jacek Anaszewski

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