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Date:   Sun, 2 Apr 2017 04:48:59 -0700
From:   Guenter Roeck <linux@...ck-us.net>
To:     Yannick Fertre <yannick.fertre@...com>,
        Wim Van Sebroeck <wim@...ana.be>,
        Rob Herring <robh+dt@...nel.org>,
        Alexandre TORGUE <alexandre.torgue@...com>,
        Benjamin Gaignard <benjamin.gaignard@...com>,
        Maxime Coquelin <mcoquelin.stm32@...il.com>
Cc:     linux-watchdog@...r.kernel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        Philippe Cornu <philippe.cornu@...com>,
        Gabriel FERNANDEZ <gabriel.fernandez@...com>,
        devicetree@...r.kernel.org, linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH v4 2/5] drivers: watchdog: Add STM32 IWDG driver

On 03/30/2017 08:15 AM, Yannick Fertre wrote:
> This patch adds IWDG (Independent WatchDoG) support for STM32 platform.
>
> Signed-off-by: Yannick FERTRE <yannick.fertre@...com>
> ---
>  drivers/watchdog/Kconfig      |  12 ++
>  drivers/watchdog/Makefile     |   1 +
>  drivers/watchdog/stm32_iwdg.c | 260 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  3 files changed, 273 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 drivers/watchdog/stm32_iwdg.c
>
> diff --git a/drivers/watchdog/Kconfig b/drivers/watchdog/Kconfig
> index 52a70ee..d014deb 100644
> --- a/drivers/watchdog/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/watchdog/Kconfig
> @@ -744,6 +744,18 @@ config ZX2967_WATCHDOG
>  	  To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the
>  	  module will be called zx2967_wdt.
>
> +config STM32_WATCHDOG
> +	tristate "STM32 Independent WatchDoG (IWDG) support"
> +	depends on ARCH_STM32
> +	select WATCHDOG_CORE
> +	default y
> +	help
> +	  Say Y here to include support for the watchdog timer
> +	  in stm32 SoCs.
> +
> +	  To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the
> +	  module will be called stm32_iwdg.
> +
>  # AVR32 Architecture
>
>  config AT32AP700X_WDT
> diff --git a/drivers/watchdog/Makefile b/drivers/watchdog/Makefile
> index a2126e2..a35e423 100644
> --- a/drivers/watchdog/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/watchdog/Makefile
> @@ -84,6 +84,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_ATLAS7_WATCHDOG) += atlas7_wdt.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_RENESAS_WDT) += renesas_wdt.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_ASPEED_WATCHDOG) += aspeed_wdt.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_ZX2967_WATCHDOG) += zx2967_wdt.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_STM32_WATCHDOG) += stm32_iwdg.o
>
>  # AVR32 Architecture
>  obj-$(CONFIG_AT32AP700X_WDT) += at32ap700x_wdt.o
> diff --git a/drivers/watchdog/stm32_iwdg.c b/drivers/watchdog/stm32_iwdg.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..629c305
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/watchdog/stm32_iwdg.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,260 @@
> +/*
> + * Driver for STM32 Independent Watchdog
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) Yannick Fertre 2017
> + * Author: Yannick Fertre <yannick.fertre@...com>
> + *
> + * This driver is based on tegra_wdt.c
> + *
> + * License terms:  GNU General Public License (GPL), version 2
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/clk.h>
> +#include <linux/delay.h>
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/interrupt.h>
> +#include <linux/io.h>
> +#include <linux/iopoll.h>
> +#include <linux/of.h>
> +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
> +#include <linux/watchdog.h>
> +
> +/* watchdog trigger timeout, in seconds */
> +#define WDT_MIN_TIMEOUT		1
> +#define WDT_MAX_TIMEOUT		32
> +#define WDT_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT	30
> +
> +/* IWDG registers */
> +#define IWDG_KR		0x00 /* Key register */
> +#define IWDG_PR		0x04 /* Prescaler Register */
> +#define IWDG_RLR	0x08 /* ReLoad Register */
> +#define IWDG_SR		0x0C /* Status Register */
> +#define IWDG_WINR	0x10 /* Windows Register */
> +
> +/* IWDG_KR register bit mask */
> +#define KR_KEY_RELOAD	0xAAAA /* reload counter enable */
> +#define KR_KEY_ENABLE	0xCCCC /* peripheral enable */
> +#define KR_KEY_EWA	0x5555 /* write access enable */
> +#define KR_KEY_DWA	0x0000 /* write access disable */
> +
> +/* IWDG_PR register bit values */
> +#define PR_4		0x00 /* prescaler set to 4 */
> +#define PR_8		0x01 /* prescaler set to 8 */
> +#define PR_16		0x02 /* prescaler set to 16 */
> +#define PR_32		0x03 /* prescaler set to 32 */
> +#define PR_64		0x04 /* prescaler set to 64 */
> +#define PR_128		0x05 /* prescaler set to 128 */
> +#define PR_256		0x06 /* prescaler set to 256 */
> +
> +/* IWDG_RLR register values */
> +#define RLR_MAX		0xFFF /* max value supported by reload register */
> +
> +/* IWDG_SR register bit mask */
> +#define FLAG_PVU	BIT(0) /* Watchdog prescaler value update */
> +#define FLAG_RVU	BIT(1) /* Watchdog counter reload value update */
> +
> +/* set timeout to 100000 us */
> +#define TIMEOUT_US	100000
> +#define SLEEP_US	1000
> +
> +struct stm32_iwdg {
> +	struct watchdog_device	wdd;
> +	void __iomem		*regs;
> +	struct clk		*clk;
> +	unsigned int		rate;
> +};
> +
> +static inline u32 reg_read(void __iomem *base, u32 reg)
> +{
> +	return readl_relaxed(base + reg);
> +}
> +
> +static inline void reg_write(void __iomem *base, u32 reg, u32 val)
> +{
> +	writel_relaxed(val, base + reg);
> +}
> +
> +static int stm32_iwdg_start(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
> +{
> +	struct stm32_iwdg *wdt = watchdog_get_drvdata(wdd);
> +	u32 val = FLAG_PVU | FLAG_RVU;
> +	u32 reload;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	dev_dbg(wdd->parent, "%s\n", __func__);
> +
> +	/* enable watchdog */
> +	reg_write(wdt->regs, IWDG_KR, KR_KEY_EWA);
> +	reg_write(wdt->regs, IWDG_KR, KR_KEY_ENABLE);
> +
> +	/* prescaler fixed to 256 */
> +	reload = (wdd->timeout * wdt->rate) / 256;
> +	if (reload > RLR_MAX + 1)
> +		reload = RLR_MAX + 1;
> +
> +	/* set prescaler & reload registers */
> +	reg_write(wdt->regs, IWDG_PR, PR_256); /* prescaler fix to 256 */
> +	reg_write(wdt->regs, IWDG_RLR, reload - 1);
> +
> +	/* wait for the registers to be updated (max 100ms) */
> +	ret = readl_relaxed_poll_timeout(wdt->regs + IWDG_SR, val,
> +					 !(val & (FLAG_PVU | FLAG_RVU)),
> +					 SLEEP_US, TIMEOUT_US);
> +	if (ret) {
> +		dev_err(wdd->parent,
> +			"Fail to set prescaler or reload registers\n");
> +		return ret;
> +	}
> +
> +	/* reload watchdog */
> +	reg_write(wdt->regs, IWDG_KR, KR_KEY_RELOAD);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int stm32_iwdg_ping(struct watchdog_device *wdd)
> +{
> +	struct stm32_iwdg *wdt = watchdog_get_drvdata(wdd);
> +
> +	dev_dbg(wdd->parent, "%s\n", __func__);
> +
> +	/* reload watchdog */
> +	reg_write(wdt->regs, IWDG_KR, KR_KEY_RELOAD);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int stm32_iwdg_set_timeout(struct watchdog_device *wdd,
> +				  unsigned int timeout)
> +{
> +	dev_dbg(wdd->parent, "%s timeout: %d sec\n", __func__, timeout);
> +
> +	wdd->timeout = timeout;
> +
> +	if (watchdog_active(wdd))
> +		return stm32_iwdg_start(wdd);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct watchdog_info stm32_iwdg_info = {
> +	.options	= WDIOF_SETTIMEOUT |
> +			  WDIOF_MAGICCLOSE |
> +			  WDIOF_KEEPALIVEPING,
> +	.identity	= "STM32 Independent Watchdog",
> +};
> +
> +static struct watchdog_ops stm32_iwdg_ops = {
> +	.owner		= THIS_MODULE,
> +	.start		= stm32_iwdg_start,
> +	.ping		= stm32_iwdg_ping,
> +	.set_timeout	= stm32_iwdg_set_timeout,
> +};
> +
> +static int stm32_iwdg_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> +{
> +	struct watchdog_device *wdd;
> +	struct stm32_iwdg *wdt;
> +	struct resource *res;
> +	void __iomem *regs;
> +	struct clk *clk;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	/* This is the timer base. */
> +	res = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
> +	regs = devm_ioremap_resource(&pdev->dev, res);
> +	if (IS_ERR(regs)) {
> +		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Could not get resource\n");
> +		return PTR_ERR(regs);
> +	}
> +
> +	clk = devm_clk_get(&pdev->dev, NULL);
> +	if (IS_ERR(clk)) {
> +		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Unable to get clock\n");
> +		return PTR_ERR(clk);
> +	}
> +
> +	ret = clk_prepare_enable(clk);
> +	if (ret) {
> +		dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Unable to prepare clock %p\n", clk);
> +		return ret;
> +	}
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * Allocate our watchdog driver data, which has the
> +	 * struct watchdog_device nested within it.
> +	 */
> +	wdt = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev, sizeof(*wdt), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!wdt) {
> +		ret = -ENOMEM;
> +		goto err;
> +	}
> +
> +	/* Initialize struct stm32_iwdg. */
> +	wdt->regs = regs;
> +	wdt->clk = clk;
> +	wdt->rate = clk_get_rate(clk);
> +
> +	/* Initialize struct watchdog_device. */
> +	wdd = &wdt->wdd;
> +	wdd->info = &stm32_iwdg_info;
> +	wdd->ops = &stm32_iwdg_ops;
> +	wdd->min_timeout = WDT_MIN_TIMEOUT;
> +	wdd->max_timeout = WDT_MAX_TIMEOUT;
> +	wdd->max_hw_heartbeat_ms = WDT_MAX_TIMEOUT;

This would have to be in milli-seconds. Also only provide max_timeout
or max_hw_heartbeat_ms, but not both.

> +	wdd->parent = &pdev->dev;
> +
> +	watchdog_set_drvdata(wdd, wdt);
> +	watchdog_set_nowayout(wdd, true);
> +
> +	ret = watchdog_init_timeout(wdd, WDT_DEFAULT_TIMEOUT, &pdev->dev);

Timeout parameter should be 0 to give the core a chance to pick up a timeout
from fdt if specified. Otherwise the call is quite useless.

> +	if (ret)
> +		dev_warn(&pdev->dev,
> +			 "unable to set timeout value, using default\n");
> +
> +	ret = watchdog_register_device(wdd);
> +	if (ret) {
> +		dev_err(&pdev->dev,
> +			"failed to register watchdog device\n");
> +		goto err;
> +	}
> +
> +	platform_set_drvdata(pdev, wdt);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +err:
> +	clk_disable_unprepare(clk);
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int stm32_iwdg_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
> +{
> +	struct stm32_iwdg *wdt = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
> +
> +	watchdog_unregister_device(&wdt->wdd);
> +	clk_disable_unprepare(wdt->clk);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct of_device_id stm32_iwdg_of_match[] = {
> +	{ .compatible = "st,stm32-iwdg" },
> +	{ /* end node */ }
> +};
> +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, stm32_iwdg_of_match);
> +
> +static struct platform_driver stm32_iwdg_driver = {
> +	.probe		= stm32_iwdg_probe,
> +	.remove		= stm32_iwdg_remove,
> +	.driver = {
> +		.name	= "iwdg",
> +		.of_match_table = stm32_iwdg_of_match,
> +	},
> +};
> +module_platform_driver(stm32_iwdg_driver);
> +
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Yannick Fertre <yannick.fertre@...com>");
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("STMicroelectronics STM32 Independent Watchdog Driver");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
>

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