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Date:   Tue, 4 Apr 2017 23:52:53 +0800
From:   "Jin, Yao" <yao.jin@...ux.intel.com>
To:     Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@...nel.org>
Cc:     Jiri Olsa <jolsa@...nel.org>, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        ak@...ux.intel.com, kan.liang@...el.com, yao.jin@...el.com,
        Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>,
        Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@...ux.intel.com>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...nel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v1 1/5] perf/core: Define the common branch type
 classification



On 4/4/2017 10:18 PM, Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo wrote:
> Adding the perf kernel maintainers to the CC list.
>
> Em Fri, Mar 31, 2017 at 11:18:38PM +0800, Jin Yao escreveu:
>> It is often useful to know the branch types while analyzing branch
>> data. For example, a call is very different from a conditional branch.
>>
>> Currently we have to look it up in binary while the binary may later
>> not be available and even the binary is available but user has to take
>> some time. It is very useful for user to check it directly in perf
>> report.
>>
>> Perf already has support for disassembling the branch instruction
>> to get the branch type. The branch type is defined in lbr.c.
>>
>> To keep consistent on kernel and userspace and make the classification
>> more common, the patch adds the common branch type classification
>> in perf_event.h.
>>
>> Since the disassembling of branch instruction needs some overhead,
>> a new PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_TYPE_SAVE is introduced to indicate if it
>> needs to disassemble the branch instruction and record the branch
>> type.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Jin Yao <yao.jin@...ux.intel.com>
>> ---
>>   include/uapi/linux/perf_event.h       | 24 +++++++++++++++++++++++-
>>   tools/include/uapi/linux/perf_event.h | 24 +++++++++++++++++++++++-
>>   2 files changed, 46 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/perf_event.h b/include/uapi/linux/perf_event.h
>> index d09a9cd..4d731fd 100644
>> --- a/include/uapi/linux/perf_event.h
>> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/perf_event.h
>> @@ -174,6 +174,8 @@ enum perf_branch_sample_type_shift {
>>   	PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_NO_FLAGS_SHIFT	= 14, /* no flags */
>>   	PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_NO_CYCLES_SHIFT	= 15, /* no cycles */
>>   
>> +	PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_TYPE_SAVE_SHIFT	= 16, /* save branch type */
>> +
>>   	PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_MAX_SHIFT		/* non-ABI */
>>   };
>>   
>> @@ -198,9 +200,27 @@ enum perf_branch_sample_type {
>>   	PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_NO_FLAGS	= 1U << PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_NO_FLAGS_SHIFT,
>>   	PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_NO_CYCLES	= 1U << PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_NO_CYCLES_SHIFT,
>>   
>> +	PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_TYPE_SAVE	=
>> +		1U << PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_TYPE_SAVE_SHIFT,
>> +
>>   	PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_MAX		= 1U << PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_MAX_SHIFT,
>>   };
>>   
>> +/*
>> + * Common flow change classification
>> + */
>> +enum {
>> +	PERF_BR_NONE		= 0,		/* unknown */
>> +	PERF_BR_JCC_FWD		= 1 << 1,	/* conditional forward jump */
>> +	PERF_BR_JCC_BWD		= 1 << 2,	/* conditional backward jump */
>> +	PERF_BR_JMP		= 1 << 3,	/* jump */
>> +	PERF_BR_IND_JMP		= 1 << 4,	/* indirect jump */
>> +	PERF_BR_CALL		= 1 << 5,	/* call */
>> +	PERF_BR_IND_CALL	= 1 << 6,	/* indirect call */
>> +	PERF_BR_RET		= 1 << 7,	/* return */
>> +	PERF_BR_FAR_BRANCH	= 1 << 8,	/* SYSCALL,SYSRET,IRQ,... */
> Humm, wouldn't be better to have those in separate buckets? I.e.
>
>    PERF_BR_SYSCALL
>    PERF_BR_SYSRET,
>    PERF_BR_IRQ
>
> etc?

There are also other types. I.e. abort, ..... I use FAR_BRANCH is 
because I just want to differentiate between basic branch types and 
others. (others may be too much and platform specific).

>
> And why a bitmask? /me reads a bit more...  couldn't find a reason for
> this:
>
> +             type:9,     /* branch type */
>
> Do you have a reason to use 9 bits? Why not just:
>
> enum {
> 	PERF_BR_NONE		= 0,	/* unknown */
> 	PERF_BR_JCC_FWD		= 1,	/* conditional forward jump */
> 	PERF_BR_JCC_BWD		= 2,	/* conditional backward jump */
> 	PERF_BR_JMP		= 3,	/* jump */
> 	PERF_BR_IND_JMP		= 4,	/* indirect jump */
> 	PERF_BR_CALL		= 5,	/* call */
> 	PERF_BR_IND_CALL	= 6,	/* indirect call */
> 	PERF_BR_RET		= 7,	/* return */
> 	PERF_BR_FAR_BRANCH	= 8,	/* SYSCALL,SYSRET,IRQ,... */
>
> And then use, say, 4 or 5 bits for that type field?
>
> I must be missing something trivial ;-\
>
> - Arnaldo

You are right. I made things more complicated. Yes, the definitions 
should be clear and simple. I will redefine them in v2.

Thanks
Jin Yao

>
>> +};
>> +
>>   #define PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_PLM_ALL \
>>   	(PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_USER|\
>>   	 PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_KERNEL|\
>> @@ -999,6 +1019,7 @@ union perf_mem_data_src {
>>    *     in_tx: running in a hardware transaction
>>    *     abort: aborting a hardware transaction
>>    *    cycles: cycles from last branch (or 0 if not supported)
>> + *      type: branch type
>>    */
>>   struct perf_branch_entry {
>>   	__u64	from;
>> @@ -1008,7 +1029,8 @@ struct perf_branch_entry {
>>   		in_tx:1,    /* in transaction */
>>   		abort:1,    /* transaction abort */
>>   		cycles:16,  /* cycle count to last branch */
>> -		reserved:44;
>> +		type:9,     /* branch type */
>> +		reserved:35;
>>   };
>>   
>>   #endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_PERF_EVENT_H */
>> diff --git a/tools/include/uapi/linux/perf_event.h b/tools/include/uapi/linux/perf_event.h
>> index d09a9cd..4d731fd 100644
>> --- a/tools/include/uapi/linux/perf_event.h
>> +++ b/tools/include/uapi/linux/perf_event.h
>> @@ -174,6 +174,8 @@ enum perf_branch_sample_type_shift {
>>   	PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_NO_FLAGS_SHIFT	= 14, /* no flags */
>>   	PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_NO_CYCLES_SHIFT	= 15, /* no cycles */
>>   
>> +	PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_TYPE_SAVE_SHIFT	= 16, /* save branch type */
>> +
>>   	PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_MAX_SHIFT		/* non-ABI */
>>   };
>>   
>> @@ -198,9 +200,27 @@ enum perf_branch_sample_type {
>>   	PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_NO_FLAGS	= 1U << PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_NO_FLAGS_SHIFT,
>>   	PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_NO_CYCLES	= 1U << PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_NO_CYCLES_SHIFT,
>>   
>> +	PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_TYPE_SAVE	=
>> +		1U << PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_TYPE_SAVE_SHIFT,
>> +
>>   	PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_MAX		= 1U << PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_MAX_SHIFT,
>>   };
>>   
>> +/*
>> + * Common flow change classification
>> + */
>> +enum {
>> +	PERF_BR_NONE		= 0,		/* unknown */
>> +	PERF_BR_JCC_FWD		= 1 << 1,	/* conditional forward jump */
>> +	PERF_BR_JCC_BWD		= 1 << 2,	/* conditional backward jump */
>> +	PERF_BR_JMP		= 1 << 3,	/* jump */
>> +	PERF_BR_IND_JMP		= 1 << 4,	/* indirect jump */
>> +	PERF_BR_CALL		= 1 << 5,	/* call */
>> +	PERF_BR_IND_CALL	= 1 << 6,	/* indirect call */
>> +	PERF_BR_RET		= 1 << 7,	/* return */
>> +	PERF_BR_FAR_BRANCH	= 1 << 8,	/* SYSCALL,SYSRET,IRQ,... */
>> +};
>> +
>>   #define PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_PLM_ALL \
>>   	(PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_USER|\
>>   	 PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_KERNEL|\
>> @@ -999,6 +1019,7 @@ union perf_mem_data_src {
>>    *     in_tx: running in a hardware transaction
>>    *     abort: aborting a hardware transaction
>>    *    cycles: cycles from last branch (or 0 if not supported)
>> + *      type: branch type
>>    */
>>   struct perf_branch_entry {
>>   	__u64	from;
>> @@ -1008,7 +1029,8 @@ struct perf_branch_entry {
>>   		in_tx:1,    /* in transaction */
>>   		abort:1,    /* transaction abort */
>>   		cycles:16,  /* cycle count to last branch */
>> -		reserved:44;
>> +		type:9,     /* branch type */
>> +		reserved:35;
>>   };
>>   
>>   #endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_PERF_EVENT_H */
>> -- 
>> 2.7.4

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