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Date:   Thu, 13 Apr 2017 11:04:46 -0700 (PDT)
From:   Stefano Stabellini <sstabellini@...nel.org>
To:     Julien Grall <julien.grall@....com>
cc:     Stefano Stabellini <sstabellini@...nel.org>,
        Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@....com>,
        Bart Van Assche <Bart.VanAssche@...disk.com>,
        "boris.ostrovsky@...cle.com" <boris.ostrovsky@...cle.com>,
        "jgross@...e.com" <jgross@...e.com>,
        "benh@...nel.crashing.org" <benh@...nel.crashing.org>,
        "dwmw2@...radead.org" <dwmw2@...radead.org>,
        "hpa@...or.com" <hpa@...or.com>,
        "mingo@...hat.com" <mingo@...hat.com>,
        "linux@...linux.org.uk" <linux@...linux.org.uk>,
        "linux-arch@...r.kernel.org" <linux-arch@...r.kernel.org>,
        "linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        "x86@...nel.org" <x86@...nel.org>,
        linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org
Subject: Re: "Consolidate get_dma_ops" breaks Xen on ARM

On Thu, 13 Apr 2017, Julien Grall wrote:
> Hi Stefano,
> 
> Sorry for the late answer.
> 
> On 12/04/17 00:39, Stefano Stabellini wrote:
> > On Tue, 11 Apr 2017, Catalin Marinas wrote:
> > > On Tue, Apr 11, 2017 at 01:43:28PM +0100, Julien Grall wrote:
> > > > On 11/04/17 02:14, Bart Van Assche wrote:
> > > > > On 04/10/17 17:31, Stefano Stabellini wrote:
> > > > > > I think the reason is that, as you can see, if (dev &&
> > > > > > dev->dma_ops),
> > > > > > dev->dma_ops is returned, while before this changes, xen_dma_ops was
> > > > > > returned on Xen on ARM.
> > > > > > 
> > > > > > Unfortunately DMA cannot work properly without using the appropriate
> > > > > > xen_dma_ops. See drivers/xen/swiotlb-xen.c and arch/arm/xen/mm.c for
> > > > > > more details. (The problem is easy to spot, but I wasn't CC'ed on
> > > > > > the
> > > > > > patch.)
> > > > > > 
> > > > > > I don't know how to solve this problem without introducing some sort
> > > > > > of
> > > > > > if (xen()) in include/linux/dma-mapping.h.
> > > > > 
> > > > > Sorry but I don't have access to an ARM development system. Does your
> > > > > comment apply to dev == NULL only, dev != NULL only or perhaps to
> > > > > both?
> > > > > If your comment applies to dev != NULL only, can you check whether
> > > > > adding something like set_dma_ops(dev, get_arch_dma_ops(NULL)) to the
> > > > > appropriate ARM arch_setup_dma_ops() function is sufficient?
> > > > 
> > > > If I understand correctly, set_dma_ops will replace dev->dma_ops with
> > > > Xen DMA ops.
> > > > 
> > > > However, Xen DMA ops will need in some places to call the device
> > > > specific DMA ops (see __generic_dma_ops(...)). So I think replacing
> > > > dev->dma_ops is not a solution here.
> > > > 
> > > > The hackish patch below is fixing the problem for both ARM64 and ARM32.
> > > > 
> > > > diff --git a/include/linux/dma-mapping.h b/include/linux/dma-mapping.h
> > > > index 0977317c6835..43a73ddeec7a 100644
> > > > --- a/include/linux/dma-mapping.h
> > > > +++ b/include/linux/dma-mapping.h
> > > > @@ -174,6 +174,8 @@ int dma_mmap_from_coherent(struct device *dev,
> > > > struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> > > >  #include <asm/dma-mapping.h>
> > > >  static inline const struct dma_map_ops *get_dma_ops(struct device *dev)
> > > >  {
> > > > +       if (xen_initial_domain())
> > > > +              return xen_dma_ops;
> > > >         if (dev && dev->dma_ops)
> > > >                 return dev->dma_ops;
> > > >         return get_arch_dma_ops(dev ? dev->bus : NULL);
> > > 
> > > If we do this, I guess there is no need to check for
> > > xen_initial_domain() in the get_arch_dma_ops() function. Anyway, this
> > > hunk would break the other architectures since xen_dma_ops is only
> > > defined for arm and arm64.
> > > 
> > > > It is not nice as this is common code, but I can't find a better
> > > > solution
> > > > so far. Any opinions?
> > > 
> > > A different hack would be to avoid the generic get_dma_ops
> > > implementation on arm with some #ifdef hacks above.
> > > 
> > > Yet another way would be for dom0 to always set dev->dma_ops to
> > > xen_dma_ops and preserve the real dma_ops somewhere under dev->archdata.
> > > You could intercept the arch_setup_dma_ops() function for this or use
> > > bus_register_notifier() (though I think the former is easier). The Xen
> > > code making use of the real dma_ops would have to dig them out from
> > > dev->archdata.
> > 
> > This is a good suggestion, Catalin. Thank you. See below. Is that what
> > you have in mind? Julien could you test it, please? If it is the right
> > approach, I'll submit the patch properly and rename __generic_dma_ops to
> > xen_generic_dma_ops or something.
> 
> This patch is fixing the bug I encountered.

I'll add your tested-by.

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