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Date:   Fri, 21 Apr 2017 23:30:32 -0400
From:   Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@...hat.com>
To:     akpm@...ux-foundation.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-mm@...ck.org
Cc:     John Hubbard <jhubbard@...dia.com>,
        Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@...el.com>,
        Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@...jp.nec.com>,
        David Nellans <dnellans@...dia.com>,
        Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@...hat.com>,
        Evgeny Baskakov <ebaskakov@...dia.com>,
        Mark Hairgrove <mhairgrove@...dia.com>,
        Sherry Cheung <SCheung@...dia.com>,
        Subhash Gutti <sgutti@...dia.com>
Subject: [HMM 10/15] mm/hmm/mirror: device page fault handler

This handle page fault on behalf of device driver, unlike handle_mm_fault()
it does not trigger migration back to system memory for device memory.

Signed-off-by: Jérôme Glisse <jglisse@...hat.com>
Signed-off-by: Evgeny Baskakov <ebaskakov@...dia.com>
Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <jhubbard@...dia.com>
Signed-off-by: Mark Hairgrove <mhairgrove@...dia.com>
Signed-off-by: Sherry Cheung <SCheung@...dia.com>
Signed-off-by: Subhash Gutti <sgutti@...dia.com>
---
 include/linux/hmm.h |  27 ++++++
 mm/hmm.c            | 243 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 2 files changed, 256 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/hmm.h b/include/linux/hmm.h
index defa7cd..d267989 100644
--- a/include/linux/hmm.h
+++ b/include/linux/hmm.h
@@ -292,6 +292,33 @@ int hmm_vma_get_pfns(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
 		     unsigned long end,
 		     hmm_pfn_t *pfns);
 bool hmm_vma_range_done(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct hmm_range *range);
+
+
+/*
+ * Fault memory on behalf of device driver. Unlike handle_mm_fault(), this will
+ * not migrate any device memory back to system memory. The hmm_pfn_t array will
+ * be updated with the fault result and current snapshot of the CPU page table
+ * for the range.
+ *
+ * The mmap_sem must be taken in read mode before entering and it might be
+ * dropped by the function if the block argument is false. In that case, the
+ * function returns -EAGAIN.
+ *
+ * Return value does not reflect if the fault was successful for every single
+ * address or not. Therefore, the caller must to inspect the hmm_pfn_t array to
+ * determine fault status for each address.
+ *
+ * Trying to fault inside an invalid vma will result in -EINVAL.
+ *
+ * See the function description in mm/hmm.c for further documentation.
+ */
+int hmm_vma_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+		  struct hmm_range *range,
+		  unsigned long start,
+		  unsigned long end,
+		  hmm_pfn_t *pfns,
+		  bool write,
+		  bool block);
 #endif /* IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HMM_MIRROR) */
 
 
diff --git a/mm/hmm.c b/mm/hmm.c
index 4828b97..be88807 100644
--- a/mm/hmm.c
+++ b/mm/hmm.c
@@ -235,6 +235,36 @@ void hmm_mirror_unregister(struct hmm_mirror *mirror)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(hmm_mirror_unregister);
 
+struct hmm_vma_walk {
+	struct hmm_range	*range;
+	unsigned long		last;
+	bool			fault;
+	bool			block;
+	bool			write;
+};
+
+static int hmm_vma_do_fault(struct mm_walk *walk,
+			    unsigned long addr,
+			    hmm_pfn_t *pfn)
+{
+	unsigned int flags = FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY | FAULT_FLAG_REMOTE;
+	struct hmm_vma_walk *hmm_vma_walk = walk->private;
+	struct vm_area_struct *vma = walk->vma;
+	int r;
+
+	flags |= hmm_vma_walk->block ? 0 : FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY;
+	flags |= hmm_vma_walk->write ? FAULT_FLAG_WRITE : 0;
+	r = handle_mm_fault(vma, addr, flags);
+	if (r & VM_FAULT_RETRY)
+		return -EBUSY;
+	if (r & VM_FAULT_ERROR) {
+		*pfn = HMM_PFN_ERROR;
+		return -EFAULT;
+	}
+
+	return -EAGAIN;
+}
+
 static void hmm_pfns_special(hmm_pfn_t *pfns,
 			     unsigned long addr,
 			     unsigned long end)
@@ -243,34 +273,62 @@ static void hmm_pfns_special(hmm_pfn_t *pfns,
 		*pfns = HMM_PFN_SPECIAL;
 }
 
+static void hmm_pfns_clear(hmm_pfn_t *pfns,
+			   unsigned long addr,
+			   unsigned long end)
+{
+	for (; addr < end; addr += PAGE_SIZE, pfns++)
+		*pfns = 0;
+}
+
 static int hmm_vma_walk_hole(unsigned long addr,
 			     unsigned long end,
 			     struct mm_walk *walk)
 {
-	struct hmm_range *range = walk->private;
+	struct hmm_vma_walk *hmm_vma_walk = walk->private;
+	struct hmm_range *range = hmm_vma_walk->range;
 	hmm_pfn_t *pfns = range->pfns;
 	unsigned long i;
 
+	hmm_vma_walk->last = addr;
 	i = (addr - range->start) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
-	for (; addr < end; addr += PAGE_SIZE, i++)
+	for (; addr < end; addr += PAGE_SIZE, i++) {
 		pfns[i] = HMM_PFN_EMPTY;
+		if (hmm_vma_walk->fault) {
+			int ret;
 
-	return 0;
+			ret = hmm_vma_do_fault(walk, addr, &pfns[i]);
+			if (ret != -EAGAIN)
+				return ret;
+		}
+	}
+
+	return hmm_vma_walk->fault ? -EAGAIN : 0;
 }
 
 static int hmm_vma_walk_clear(unsigned long addr,
 			      unsigned long end,
 			      struct mm_walk *walk)
 {
-	struct hmm_range *range = walk->private;
+	struct hmm_vma_walk *hmm_vma_walk = walk->private;
+	struct hmm_range *range = hmm_vma_walk->range;
 	hmm_pfn_t *pfns = range->pfns;
 	unsigned long i;
 
+	hmm_vma_walk->last = addr;
 	i = (addr - range->start) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
-	for (; addr < end; addr += PAGE_SIZE, i++)
+	for (; addr < end; addr += PAGE_SIZE, i++) {
 		pfns[i] = 0;
+		if (hmm_vma_walk->fault) {
+			int ret;
 
-	return 0;
+			ret = hmm_vma_do_fault(walk, addr, &pfns[i]);
+			if (ret != -EAGAIN)
+				return ret;
+		}
+	}
+
+	return hmm_vma_walk->fault ? -EAGAIN : 0;
 }
 
 static int hmm_vma_walk_pmd(pmd_t *pmdp,
@@ -278,15 +336,18 @@ static int hmm_vma_walk_pmd(pmd_t *pmdp,
 			    unsigned long end,
 			    struct mm_walk *walk)
 {
-	struct hmm_range *range = walk->private;
+	struct hmm_vma_walk *hmm_vma_walk = walk->private;
+	struct hmm_range *range = hmm_vma_walk->range;
 	struct vm_area_struct *vma = walk->vma;
 	hmm_pfn_t *pfns = range->pfns;
 	unsigned long addr = start, i;
+	bool write_fault;
 	hmm_pfn_t flag;
 	pte_t *ptep;
 
 	i = (addr - range->start) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
 	flag = vma->vm_flags & VM_READ ? HMM_PFN_READ : 0;
+	write_fault = hmm_vma_walk->fault & hmm_vma_walk->write;
 
 	if (pmd_none(*pmdp) || pmd_trans_unstable(pmdp)) {
 		pmd_t pmd;
@@ -302,6 +363,9 @@ static int hmm_vma_walk_pmd(pmd_t *pmdp,
 		if (pmd_trans_huge(pmd) || pmd_devmap(pmd)) {
 			unsigned long pfn = pmd_pfn(pmd) + pte_index(addr);
 
+			if (write_fault && !pmd_write(pmd))
+				return hmm_vma_walk_clear(start, end, walk);
+
 			flag |= pmd_write(pmd) ? HMM_PFN_WRITE : 0;
 			for (; addr < end; addr += PAGE_SIZE, i++, pfn++)
 				pfns[i] = hmm_pfn_t_from_pfn(pfn) | flag;
@@ -325,14 +389,19 @@ static int hmm_vma_walk_pmd(pmd_t *pmdp,
 
 		if (pte_none(pte)) {
 			pfns[i] = HMM_PFN_EMPTY;
+			if (hmm_vma_walk->fault)
+				goto fault;
 			continue;
 		}
 
 		if (!pte_present(pte)) {
 			swp_entry_t entry;
 
-			if (!non_swap_entry(entry))
+			if (!non_swap_entry(entry)) {
+				if (hmm_vma_walk->fault)
+					goto fault;
 				continue;
+			}
 			entry = pte_to_swp_entry(pte);
 
 			/*
@@ -341,18 +410,38 @@ static int hmm_vma_walk_pmd(pmd_t *pmdp,
 			 */
 			if (is_device_entry(entry)) {
 				pfns[i] = hmm_pfn_t_from_pfn(swp_offset(entry));
-				if (is_write_device_entry(entry))
+				if (is_write_device_entry(entry)) {
 					pfns[i] |= HMM_PFN_WRITE;
+				} else if (write_fault)
+					goto fault;
 				pfns[i] |= HMM_PFN_DEVICE_UNADDRESSABLE;
 				pfns[i] |= flag;
-			} else if (!is_migration_entry(entry)) {
+			} else if (is_migration_entry(entry)) {
+				if (hmm_vma_walk->fault) {
+					pte_unmap(ptep - 1);
+					hmm_vma_walk->last = addr;
+					migration_entry_wait(vma->vm_mm,
+							     pmdp, addr);
+					return -EAGAIN;
+				}
+				continue;
+			} else {
+				/* Report error for everything else */
 				pfns[i] = HMM_PFN_ERROR;
 			}
 			continue;
 		}
 
+		if (write_fault && !pte_write(pte))
+			goto fault;
 		pfns[i] = hmm_pfn_t_from_pfn(pte_pfn(pte)) | flag;
 		pfns[i] |= pte_write(pte) ? HMM_PFN_WRITE : 0;
+		continue;
+
+fault:
+		pte_unmap(ptep - 1);
+		/* Fault all pages in range */
+		return hmm_vma_walk_clear(start, end, walk);
 	}
 	pte_unmap(ptep - 1);
 
@@ -385,6 +474,7 @@ int hmm_vma_get_pfns(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
 		     unsigned long end,
 		     hmm_pfn_t *pfns)
 {
+	struct hmm_vma_walk hmm_vma_walk;
 	struct mm_walk mm_walk;
 	struct hmm *hmm;
 
@@ -416,9 +506,12 @@ int hmm_vma_get_pfns(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
 	list_add_rcu(&range->list, &hmm->ranges);
 	spin_unlock(&hmm->lock);
 
+	hmm_vma_walk.fault = false;
+	hmm_vma_walk.range = range;
+	mm_walk.private = &hmm_vma_walk;
+
 	mm_walk.vma = vma;
 	mm_walk.mm = vma->vm_mm;
-	mm_walk.private = range;
 	mm_walk.pte_entry = NULL;
 	mm_walk.test_walk = NULL;
 	mm_walk.hugetlb_entry = NULL;
@@ -426,7 +519,6 @@ int hmm_vma_get_pfns(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
 	mm_walk.pte_hole = hmm_vma_walk_hole;
 
 	walk_page_range(start, end, &mm_walk);
-
 	return 0;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(hmm_vma_get_pfns);
@@ -453,7 +545,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(hmm_vma_get_pfns);
  *
  * There are two ways to use this :
  * again:
- *   hmm_vma_get_pfns(vma, range, start, end, pfns);
+ *   hmm_vma_get_pfns(vma, range, start, end, pfns); or hmm_vma_fault(...);
  *   trans = device_build_page_table_update_transaction(pfns);
  *   device_page_table_lock();
  *   if (!hmm_vma_range_done(vma, range)) {
@@ -464,7 +556,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(hmm_vma_get_pfns);
  *   device_page_table_unlock();
  *
  * Or:
- *   hmm_vma_get_pfns(vma, range, start, end, pfns);
+ *   hmm_vma_get_pfns(vma, range, start, end, pfns); or hmm_vma_fault(...);
  *   device_page_table_lock();
  *   hmm_vma_range_done(vma, range);
  *   device_update_page_table(pfns);
@@ -493,4 +585,127 @@ bool hmm_vma_range_done(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct hmm_range *range)
 	return range->valid;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(hmm_vma_range_done);
+
+/*
+ * hmm_vma_fault() - try to fault some address in a virtual address range
+ * @vma: virtual memory area containing the virtual address range
+ * @range: use to track pfns array content validity
+ * @start: fault range virtual start address (inclusive)
+ * @end: fault range virtual end address (exclusive)
+ * @pfns: array of hmm_pfn_t, only entry with fault flag set will be faulted
+ * @write: is it a write fault
+ * @block: allow blocking on fault (if true it sleeps and do not drop mmap_sem)
+ * Returns: 0 success, error otherwise (-EAGAIN means mmap_sem have been drop)
+ *
+ * This is similar to a regular CPU page fault except that it will not trigger
+ * any memory migration if the memory being faulted is not accessible by CPUs.
+ *
+ * On error, for one virtual address in the range, the function will set the
+ * hmm_pfn_t error flag for the corresponding pfn entry.
+ *
+ * Expected use pattern:
+ * retry:
+ *   down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
+ *   // Find vma and address device wants to fault, initialize hmm_pfn_t
+ *   // array accordingly
+ *   ret = hmm_vma_fault(vma, start, end, pfns, allow_retry);
+ *   switch (ret) {
+ *   case -EAGAIN:
+ *     hmm_vma_range_done(vma, range);
+ *     // You might want to rate limit or yield to play nicely, you may
+ *     // also commit any valid pfn in the array assuming that you are
+ *     // getting true from hmm_vma_range_monitor_end()
+ *     goto retry;
+ *   case 0:
+ *     break;
+ *   default:
+ *     // Handle error !
+ *     up_read(&mm->mmap_sem)
+ *     return;
+ *   }
+ *   // Take device driver lock that serialize device page table update
+ *   driver_lock_device_page_table_update();
+ *   hmm_vma_range_done(vma, range);
+ *   // Commit pfns we got from hmm_vma_fault()
+ *   driver_unlock_device_page_table_update();
+ *   up_read(&mm->mmap_sem)
+ *
+ * YOU MUST CALL hmm_vma_range_done() AFTER THIS FUNCTION RETURN SUCCESS (0)
+ * BEFORE FREEING THE range struct OR YOU WILL HAVE SERIOUS MEMORY CORRUPTION !
+ *
+ * YOU HAVE BEEN WARNED !
+ */
+int hmm_vma_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
+		  struct hmm_range *range,
+		  unsigned long start,
+		  unsigned long end,
+		  hmm_pfn_t *pfns,
+		  bool write,
+		  bool block)
+{
+	struct hmm_vma_walk hmm_vma_walk;
+	struct mm_walk mm_walk;
+	struct hmm *hmm;
+	int ret;
+
+	/* Sanity check, this really should not happen ! */
+	if (start < vma->vm_start || start >= vma->vm_end)
+		return -EINVAL;
+	if (end < vma->vm_start || end > vma->vm_end)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	hmm = hmm_register(vma->vm_mm);
+	if (!hmm) {
+		hmm_pfns_clear(pfns, start, end);
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+	/* Caller must have registered a mirror using hmm_mirror_register() */
+	if (!hmm->mmu_notifier.ops)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	/* Initialize range to track CPU page table update */
+	range->start = start;
+	range->pfns = pfns;
+	range->end = end;
+	spin_lock(&hmm->lock);
+	range->valid = true;
+	list_add_rcu(&range->list, &hmm->ranges);
+	spin_unlock(&hmm->lock);
+
+	/* FIXME support hugetlb fs */
+	if (is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma) || (vma->vm_flags & VM_SPECIAL)) {
+		hmm_pfns_special(pfns, start, end);
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	hmm_vma_walk.fault = true;
+	hmm_vma_walk.write = write;
+	hmm_vma_walk.block = block;
+	hmm_vma_walk.range = range;
+	mm_walk.private = &hmm_vma_walk;
+	hmm_vma_walk.last = range->start;
+
+	mm_walk.vma = vma;
+	mm_walk.mm = vma->vm_mm;
+	mm_walk.pte_entry = NULL;
+	mm_walk.test_walk = NULL;
+	mm_walk.hugetlb_entry = NULL;
+	mm_walk.pmd_entry = hmm_vma_walk_pmd;
+	mm_walk.pte_hole = hmm_vma_walk_hole;
+
+	do {
+		ret = walk_page_range(start, end, &mm_walk);
+		start = hmm_vma_walk.last;
+	} while (ret == -EAGAIN);
+
+	if (ret) {
+		unsigned long i;
+
+		i = (hmm_vma_walk.last - range->start) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+		hmm_pfns_clear(&pfns[i], hmm_vma_walk.last, end);
+		hmm_vma_range_done(vma, range);
+	}
+	return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(hmm_vma_fault);
 #endif /* IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HMM_MIRROR) */
-- 
2.9.3

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