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Date:   Sat, 13 May 2017 08:10:55 -0300
From:   Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@...pensource.com>
To:     Linux Doc Mailing List <linux-doc@...r.kernel.org>
Cc:     Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@...pensource.com>,
        Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@...radead.org>,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, Jonathan Corbet <corbet@....net>,
        Jani Nikula <jani.nikula@...el.com>,
        Takashi Iwai <tiwai@...e.de>,
        Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>,
        Markus Heiser <markus.heiser@...marit.de>,
        "Herton R. Krzesinski" <herton@...hat.com>
Subject: [PATCH 2/5] docs-rst: convert mtdnand book to ReST

Use pandoc to convert documentation to ReST by calling
Documentation/sphinx/tmplcvt script.

The tables were manually adjusted to fit into 80 columns.

Signed-off-by: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@...pensource.com>
---
 Documentation/DocBook/Makefile       |    1 -
 Documentation/DocBook/mtdnand.tmpl   | 1291 ----------------------------------
 Documentation/driver-api/index.rst   |    1 +
 Documentation/driver-api/mtdnand.rst | 1020 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 4 files changed, 1021 insertions(+), 1292 deletions(-)
 delete mode 100644 Documentation/DocBook/mtdnand.tmpl
 create mode 100644 Documentation/driver-api/mtdnand.rst

diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/Makefile b/Documentation/DocBook/Makefile
index 0a82f6253682..226e5e9fc801 100644
--- a/Documentation/DocBook/Makefile
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/Makefile
@@ -8,7 +8,6 @@
 
 DOCBOOKS := \
 	    lsm.xml \
-	    mtdnand.xml \
 	    sh.xml
 
 ifeq ($(DOCBOOKS),)
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/mtdnand.tmpl b/Documentation/DocBook/mtdnand.tmpl
deleted file mode 100644
index b442921bca54..000000000000
--- a/Documentation/DocBook/mtdnand.tmpl
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,1291 +0,0 @@
-<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
-<!DOCTYPE book PUBLIC "-//OASIS//DTD DocBook XML V4.1.2//EN"
-	"http://www.oasis-open.org/docbook/xml/4.1.2/docbookx.dtd" []>
-
-<book id="MTD-NAND-Guide">
- <bookinfo>
-  <title>MTD NAND Driver Programming Interface</title>
-  
-  <authorgroup>
-   <author>
-    <firstname>Thomas</firstname>
-    <surname>Gleixner</surname>
-    <affiliation>
-     <address>
-      <email>tglx@...utronix.de</email>
-     </address>
-    </affiliation>
-   </author>
-  </authorgroup>
-
-  <copyright>
-   <year>2004</year>
-   <holder>Thomas Gleixner</holder>
-  </copyright>
-
-  <legalnotice>
-   <para>
-     This documentation is free software; you can redistribute
-     it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public
-     License version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
-   </para>
-      
-   <para>
-     This program is distributed in the hope that it will be
-     useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied
-     warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
-     See the GNU General Public License for more details.
-   </para>
-      
-   <para>
-     You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public
-     License along with this program; if not, write to the Free
-     Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston,
-     MA 02111-1307 USA
-   </para>
-      
-   <para>
-     For more details see the file COPYING in the source
-     distribution of Linux.
-   </para>
-  </legalnotice>
- </bookinfo>
-
-<toc></toc>
-
-  <chapter id="intro">
-      <title>Introduction</title>
-  <para>
-  	The generic NAND driver supports almost all NAND and AG-AND based
-	chips and connects them to the Memory Technology Devices (MTD)
-	subsystem of the Linux Kernel.
-  </para>
-  <para>
-  	This documentation is provided for developers who want to implement
-	board drivers or filesystem drivers suitable for NAND devices.
-  </para>
-  </chapter>
-  
-  <chapter id="bugs">
-     <title>Known Bugs And Assumptions</title>
-  <para>
-	None.	
-  </para>
-  </chapter>
-
-  <chapter id="dochints">
-     <title>Documentation hints</title>
-     <para>
-     The function and structure docs are autogenerated. Each function and 
-     struct member has a short description which is marked with an [XXX] identifier.
-     The following chapters explain the meaning of those identifiers.
-     </para>
-     <sect1 id="Function_identifiers_XXX">
-	<title>Function identifiers [XXX]</title>
-     	<para>
-	The functions are marked with [XXX] identifiers in the short
-	comment. The identifiers explain the usage and scope of the
-	functions. Following identifiers are used:
-     	</para>
-	<itemizedlist>
-		<listitem><para>
-	  	[MTD Interface]</para><para>
-		These functions provide the interface to the MTD kernel API. 
-		They are not replaceable and provide functionality
-		which is complete hardware independent.
-		</para></listitem>
-		<listitem><para>
-	  	[NAND Interface]</para><para>
-		These functions are exported and provide the interface to the NAND kernel API. 
-		</para></listitem>
-		<listitem><para>
-	  	[GENERIC]</para><para>
-		Generic functions are not replaceable and provide functionality
-		which is complete hardware independent.
-		</para></listitem>
-		<listitem><para>
-	  	[DEFAULT]</para><para>
-		Default functions provide hardware related functionality which is suitable
-		for most of the implementations. These functions can be replaced by the
-		board driver if necessary. Those functions are called via pointers in the
-		NAND chip description structure. The board driver can set the functions which
-		should be replaced by board dependent functions before calling nand_scan().
-		If the function pointer is NULL on entry to nand_scan() then the pointer
-		is set to the default function which is suitable for the detected chip type.
-		</para></listitem>
-	</itemizedlist>
-     </sect1>
-     <sect1 id="Struct_member_identifiers_XXX">
-	<title>Struct member identifiers [XXX]</title>
-     	<para>
-	The struct members are marked with [XXX] identifiers in the 
-	comment. The identifiers explain the usage and scope of the
-	members. Following identifiers are used:
-     	</para>
-	<itemizedlist>
-		<listitem><para>
-	  	[INTERN]</para><para>
-		These members are for NAND driver internal use only and must not be
-		modified. Most of these values are calculated from the chip geometry
-		information which is evaluated during nand_scan().
-		</para></listitem>
-		<listitem><para>
-	  	[REPLACEABLE]</para><para>
-		Replaceable members hold hardware related functions which can be 
-		provided by the board driver. The board driver can set the functions which
-		should be replaced by board dependent functions before calling nand_scan().
-		If the function pointer is NULL on entry to nand_scan() then the pointer
-		is set to the default function which is suitable for the detected chip type.
-		</para></listitem>
-		<listitem><para>
-	  	[BOARDSPECIFIC]</para><para>
-		Board specific members hold hardware related information which must
-		be provided by the board driver. The board driver must set the function
-		pointers and datafields before calling nand_scan().
-		</para></listitem>
-		<listitem><para>
-	  	[OPTIONAL]</para><para>
-		Optional members can hold information relevant for the board driver. The
-		generic NAND driver code does not use this information.
-		</para></listitem>
-	</itemizedlist>
-     </sect1>
-  </chapter>   
-
-  <chapter id="basicboarddriver">
-     	<title>Basic board driver</title>
-	<para>
-		For most boards it will be sufficient to provide just the
-		basic functions and fill out some really board dependent
-		members in the nand chip description structure.
-	</para>
-	<sect1 id="Basic_defines">
-		<title>Basic defines</title>
-		<para>
-			At least you have to provide a nand_chip structure
-			and a storage for the ioremap'ed chip address.
-			You can allocate the nand_chip structure using
-			kmalloc or you can allocate it statically.
-			The NAND chip structure embeds an mtd structure
-			which will be registered to the MTD subsystem.
-			You can extract a pointer to the mtd structure
-			from a nand_chip pointer using the nand_to_mtd()
-			helper.
-		</para>
-		<para>
-			Kmalloc based example
-		</para>
-		<programlisting>
-static struct mtd_info *board_mtd;
-static void __iomem *baseaddr;
-		</programlisting>
-		<para>
-			Static example
-		</para>
-		<programlisting>
-static struct nand_chip board_chip;
-static void __iomem *baseaddr;
-		</programlisting>
-	</sect1>
-	<sect1 id="Partition_defines">
-		<title>Partition defines</title>
-		<para>
-			If you want to divide your device into partitions, then
-			define a partitioning scheme suitable to your board.
-		</para>
-		<programlisting>
-#define NUM_PARTITIONS 2
-static struct mtd_partition partition_info[] = {
-	{ .name = "Flash partition 1",
-	  .offset =  0,
-	  .size =    8 * 1024 * 1024 },
-	{ .name = "Flash partition 2",
-	  .offset =  MTDPART_OFS_NEXT,
-	  .size =    MTDPART_SIZ_FULL },
-};
-		</programlisting>
-	</sect1>
-	<sect1 id="Hardware_control_functions">
-		<title>Hardware control function</title>
-		<para>
-			The hardware control function provides access to the 
-			control pins of the NAND chip(s). 
-			The access can be done by GPIO pins or by address lines.
-			If you use address lines, make sure that the timing
-			requirements are met.
-		</para>
-		<para>
-			<emphasis>GPIO based example</emphasis>
-		</para>
-		<programlisting>
-static void board_hwcontrol(struct mtd_info *mtd, int cmd)
-{
-	switch(cmd){
-		case NAND_CTL_SETCLE: /* Set CLE pin high */ break;
-		case NAND_CTL_CLRCLE: /* Set CLE pin low */ break;
-		case NAND_CTL_SETALE: /* Set ALE pin high */ break;
-		case NAND_CTL_CLRALE: /* Set ALE pin low */ break;
-		case NAND_CTL_SETNCE: /* Set nCE pin low */ break;
-		case NAND_CTL_CLRNCE: /* Set nCE pin high */ break;
-	}
-}
-		</programlisting>
-		<para>
-			<emphasis>Address lines based example.</emphasis> It's assumed that the
-			nCE pin is driven by a chip select decoder.
-		</para>
-		<programlisting>
-static void board_hwcontrol(struct mtd_info *mtd, int cmd)
-{
-	struct nand_chip *this = mtd_to_nand(mtd);
-	switch(cmd){
-		case NAND_CTL_SETCLE: this->IO_ADDR_W |= CLE_ADRR_BIT;  break;
-		case NAND_CTL_CLRCLE: this->IO_ADDR_W &amp;= ~CLE_ADRR_BIT; break;
-		case NAND_CTL_SETALE: this->IO_ADDR_W |= ALE_ADRR_BIT;  break;
-		case NAND_CTL_CLRALE: this->IO_ADDR_W &amp;= ~ALE_ADRR_BIT; break;
-	}
-}
-		</programlisting>
-	</sect1>
-	<sect1 id="Device_ready_function">
-		<title>Device ready function</title>
-		<para>
-			If the hardware interface has the ready busy pin of the NAND chip connected to a
-			GPIO or other accessible I/O pin, this function is used to read back the state of the
-			pin. The function has no arguments and should return 0, if the device is busy (R/B pin 
-			is low) and 1, if the device is ready (R/B pin is high).
-			If the hardware interface does not give access to the ready busy pin, then
-			the function must not be defined and the function pointer this->dev_ready is set to NULL.		
-		</para>
-	</sect1>
-	<sect1 id="Init_function">
-		<title>Init function</title>
-		<para>
-			The init function allocates memory and sets up all the board
-			specific parameters and function pointers. When everything
-			is set up nand_scan() is called. This function tries to
-			detect and identify then chip. If a chip is found all the
-			internal data fields are initialized accordingly.
-			The structure(s) have to be zeroed out first and then filled with the necessary
-			information about the device.
-		</para>
-		<programlisting>
-static int __init board_init (void)
-{
-	struct nand_chip *this;
-	int err = 0;
-
-	/* Allocate memory for MTD device structure and private data */
-	this = kzalloc(sizeof(struct nand_chip), GFP_KERNEL);
-	if (!this) {
-		printk ("Unable to allocate NAND MTD device structure.\n");
-		err = -ENOMEM;
-		goto out;
-	}
-
-	board_mtd = nand_to_mtd(this);
-
-	/* map physical address */
-	baseaddr = ioremap(CHIP_PHYSICAL_ADDRESS, 1024);
-	if (!baseaddr) {
-		printk("Ioremap to access NAND chip failed\n");
-		err = -EIO;
-		goto out_mtd;
-	}
-
-	/* Set address of NAND IO lines */
-	this->IO_ADDR_R = baseaddr;
-	this->IO_ADDR_W = baseaddr;
-	/* Reference hardware control function */
-	this->hwcontrol = board_hwcontrol;
-	/* Set command delay time, see datasheet for correct value */
-	this->chip_delay = CHIP_DEPENDEND_COMMAND_DELAY;
-	/* Assign the device ready function, if available */
-	this->dev_ready = board_dev_ready;
-	this->eccmode = NAND_ECC_SOFT;
-
-	/* Scan to find existence of the device */
-	if (nand_scan (board_mtd, 1)) {
-		err = -ENXIO;
-		goto out_ior;
-	}
-	
-	add_mtd_partitions(board_mtd, partition_info, NUM_PARTITIONS);
-	goto out;
-
-out_ior:
-	iounmap(baseaddr);
-out_mtd:
-	kfree (this);
-out:
-	return err;
-}
-module_init(board_init);
-		</programlisting>
-	</sect1>
-	<sect1 id="Exit_function">
-		<title>Exit function</title>
-		<para>
-			The exit function is only necessary if the driver is
-			compiled as a module. It releases all resources which
-			are held by the chip driver and unregisters the partitions
-			in the MTD layer.
-		</para>
-		<programlisting>
-#ifdef MODULE
-static void __exit board_cleanup (void)
-{
-	/* Release resources, unregister device */
-	nand_release (board_mtd);
-
-	/* unmap physical address */
-	iounmap(baseaddr);
-	
-	/* Free the MTD device structure */
-	kfree (mtd_to_nand(board_mtd));
-}
-module_exit(board_cleanup);
-#endif
-		</programlisting>
-	</sect1>
-  </chapter>
-
-  <chapter id="boarddriversadvanced">
-     	<title>Advanced board driver functions</title>
-	<para>
-		This chapter describes the advanced functionality of the NAND
-		driver. For a list of functions which can be overridden by the board
-		driver see the documentation of the nand_chip structure.
-	</para>
-	<sect1 id="Multiple_chip_control">
-		<title>Multiple chip control</title>
-		<para>
-			The nand driver can control chip arrays. Therefore the
-			board driver must provide an own select_chip function. This
-			function must (de)select the requested chip.
-			The function pointer in the nand_chip structure must
-			be set before calling nand_scan(). The maxchip parameter
-			of nand_scan() defines the maximum number of chips to
-			scan for. Make sure that the select_chip function can
-			handle the requested number of chips.
-		</para>
-		<para>
-			The nand driver concatenates the chips to one virtual
-			chip and provides this virtual chip to the MTD layer.
-		</para>
-		<para>
-			<emphasis>Note: The driver can only handle linear chip arrays
-			of equally sized chips. There is no support for
-			parallel arrays which extend the buswidth.</emphasis>
-		</para>
-		<para>
-			<emphasis>GPIO based example</emphasis>
-		</para>
-		<programlisting>
-static void board_select_chip (struct mtd_info *mtd, int chip)
-{
-	/* Deselect all chips, set all nCE pins high */
-	GPIO(BOARD_NAND_NCE) |= 0xff;	
-	if (chip >= 0)
-		GPIO(BOARD_NAND_NCE) &amp;= ~ (1 &lt;&lt; chip);
-}
-		</programlisting>
-		<para>
-			<emphasis>Address lines based example.</emphasis>
-			Its assumed that the nCE pins are connected to an
-			address decoder.
-		</para>
-		<programlisting>
-static void board_select_chip (struct mtd_info *mtd, int chip)
-{
-	struct nand_chip *this = mtd_to_nand(mtd);
-	
-	/* Deselect all chips */
-	this->IO_ADDR_R &amp;= ~BOARD_NAND_ADDR_MASK;
-	this->IO_ADDR_W &amp;= ~BOARD_NAND_ADDR_MASK;
-	switch (chip) {
-	case 0:
-		this->IO_ADDR_R |= BOARD_NAND_ADDR_CHIP0;
-		this->IO_ADDR_W |= BOARD_NAND_ADDR_CHIP0;
-		break;
-	....	
-	case n:
-		this->IO_ADDR_R |= BOARD_NAND_ADDR_CHIPn;
-		this->IO_ADDR_W |= BOARD_NAND_ADDR_CHIPn;
-		break;
-	}	
-}
-		</programlisting>
-	</sect1>
-	<sect1 id="Hardware_ECC_support">
-		<title>Hardware ECC support</title>
-		<sect2 id="Functions_and_constants">
-			<title>Functions and constants</title>
-			<para>
-				The nand driver supports three different types of
-				hardware ECC.
-				<itemizedlist>
-				<listitem><para>NAND_ECC_HW3_256</para><para>
-				Hardware ECC generator providing 3 bytes ECC per
-				256 byte.
-				</para>	</listitem>
-				<listitem><para>NAND_ECC_HW3_512</para><para>
-				Hardware ECC generator providing 3 bytes ECC per
-				512 byte.
-				</para>	</listitem>
-				<listitem><para>NAND_ECC_HW6_512</para><para>
-				Hardware ECC generator providing 6 bytes ECC per
-				512 byte.
-				</para>	</listitem>
-				<listitem><para>NAND_ECC_HW8_512</para><para>
-				Hardware ECC generator providing 6 bytes ECC per
-				512 byte.
-				</para>	</listitem>
-				</itemizedlist>
-				If your hardware generator has a different functionality
-				add it at the appropriate place in nand_base.c
-			</para>
-			<para>
-				The board driver must provide following functions:
-				<itemizedlist>
-				<listitem><para>enable_hwecc</para><para>
-				This function is called before reading / writing to
-				the chip. Reset or initialize the hardware generator
-				in this function. The function is called with an
-				argument which let you distinguish between read 
-				and write operations.
-				</para>	</listitem>
-				<listitem><para>calculate_ecc</para><para>
-				This function is called after read / write from / to
-				the chip. Transfer the ECC from the hardware to
-				the buffer. If the option NAND_HWECC_SYNDROME is set
-				then the function is only called on write. See below.
-				</para>	</listitem>
-				<listitem><para>correct_data</para><para>
-				In case of an ECC error this function is called for
-				error detection and correction. Return 1 respectively 2
-				in case the error can be corrected. If the error is
-				not correctable return -1. If your hardware generator
-				matches the default algorithm of the nand_ecc software
-				generator then use the correction function provided
-				by nand_ecc instead of implementing duplicated code.
-				</para>	</listitem>
-				</itemizedlist>
-			</para>
-		</sect2>
-		<sect2 id="Hardware_ECC_with_syndrome_calculation">
-		<title>Hardware ECC with syndrome calculation</title>
-			<para>
-				Many hardware ECC implementations provide Reed-Solomon
-				codes and calculate an error syndrome on read. The syndrome
-				must be converted to a standard Reed-Solomon syndrome
-				before calling the error correction code in the generic
-				Reed-Solomon library.
-			</para>
-			<para>
-				The ECC bytes must be placed immediately after the data
-				bytes in order to make the syndrome generator work. This
-				is contrary to the usual layout used by software ECC. The
-				separation of data and out of band area is not longer
-				possible. The nand driver code handles this layout and
-				the remaining free bytes in the oob area are managed by 
-				the autoplacement code. Provide a matching oob-layout
-				in this case. See rts_from4.c and diskonchip.c for 
-				implementation reference. In those cases we must also
-				use bad block tables on FLASH, because the ECC layout is
-				interfering with the bad block marker positions.
-				See bad block table support for details.
-			</para>
-		</sect2>
-	</sect1>
-	<sect1 id="Bad_Block_table_support">
-		<title>Bad block table support</title>
-		<para>
-			Most NAND chips mark the bad blocks at a defined
-			position in the spare area. Those blocks must 
-			not be erased under any circumstances as the bad 
-			block information would be lost.
-			It is possible to check the bad block mark each
-			time when the blocks are accessed by reading the
-			spare area of the first page in the block. This
-			is time consuming so a bad block table is used.
-		</para>
-		<para>
-			The nand driver supports various types of bad block
-			tables.
-			<itemizedlist>
-			<listitem><para>Per device</para><para>
-			The bad block table contains all bad block information
-			of the device which can consist of multiple chips.
-			</para>	</listitem>
-			<listitem><para>Per chip</para><para>
-			A bad block table is used per chip and contains the
-			bad block information for this particular chip.
-			</para>	</listitem>
-			<listitem><para>Fixed offset</para><para>
-			The bad block table is located at a fixed offset
-			in the chip (device). This applies to various
-			DiskOnChip devices.
-			</para>	</listitem>
-			<listitem><para>Automatic placed</para><para>
-			The bad block table is automatically placed and
-			detected either at the end or at the beginning
-			of a chip (device)
-			</para>	</listitem>
-			<listitem><para>Mirrored tables</para><para>
-			The bad block table is mirrored on the chip (device) to
-			allow updates of the bad block table without data loss.
-			</para>	</listitem>
-			</itemizedlist>
-		</para>
-		<para>	
-			nand_scan() calls the function nand_default_bbt(). 
-			nand_default_bbt() selects appropriate default
-			bad block table descriptors depending on the chip information
-			which was retrieved by nand_scan().
-		</para>
-		<para>
-			The standard policy is scanning the device for bad 
-			blocks and build a ram based bad block table which
-			allows faster access than always checking the
-			bad block information on the flash chip itself.
-		</para>
-		<sect2 id="Flash_based_tables">
-			<title>Flash based tables</title>
-			<para>
-				It may be desired or necessary to keep a bad block table in FLASH.
-				For AG-AND chips this is mandatory, as they have no factory marked
-				bad blocks. They have factory marked good blocks. The marker pattern
-				is erased when the block is erased to be reused. So in case of
-				powerloss before writing the pattern back to the chip this block 
-				would be lost and added to the bad blocks. Therefore we scan the 
-				chip(s) when we detect them the first time for good blocks and 
-				store this information in a bad block table before erasing any 
-				of the blocks.
-			</para>
-			<para>
-				The blocks in which the tables are stored are protected against
-				accidental access by marking them bad in the memory bad block
-				table. The bad block table management functions are allowed
-				to circumvent this protection.
-			</para>
-			<para>
-				The simplest way to activate the FLASH based bad block table support 
-				is to set the option NAND_BBT_USE_FLASH in the bbt_option field of
-				the nand chip structure before calling nand_scan(). For AG-AND
-				chips is this done by default.
-				This activates the default FLASH based bad block table functionality 
-				of the NAND driver. The default bad block table options are
-				<itemizedlist>
-				<listitem><para>Store bad block table per chip</para></listitem>
-				<listitem><para>Use 2 bits per block</para></listitem>
-				<listitem><para>Automatic placement at the end of the chip</para></listitem>
-				<listitem><para>Use mirrored tables with version numbers</para></listitem>
-				<listitem><para>Reserve 4 blocks at the end of the chip</para></listitem>
-				</itemizedlist>
-			</para>
-		</sect2>
-		<sect2 id="User_defined_tables">
-			<title>User defined tables</title>
-			<para>
-				User defined tables are created by filling out a 
-				nand_bbt_descr structure and storing the pointer in the
-				nand_chip structure member bbt_td before calling nand_scan(). 
-				If a mirror table is necessary a second structure must be
-				created and a pointer to this structure must be stored
-				in bbt_md inside the nand_chip structure. If the bbt_md 
-				member is set to NULL then only the main table is used
-				and no scan for the mirrored table is performed.
-			</para>
-			<para>
-				The most important field in the nand_bbt_descr structure
-				is the options field. The options define most of the 
-				table properties. Use the predefined constants from
-				nand.h to define the options.
-				<itemizedlist>
-				<listitem><para>Number of bits per block</para>
-				<para>The supported number of bits is 1, 2, 4, 8.</para></listitem>
-				<listitem><para>Table per chip</para>
-				<para>Setting the constant NAND_BBT_PERCHIP selects that
-				a bad block table is managed for each chip in a chip array.
-				If this option is not set then a per device bad block table
-				is used.</para></listitem>
-				<listitem><para>Table location is absolute</para>
-				<para>Use the option constant NAND_BBT_ABSPAGE and
-				define the absolute page number where the bad block
-				table starts in the field pages. If you have selected bad block
-				tables per chip and you have a multi chip array then the start page
-				must be given for each chip in the chip array. Note: there is no scan
-				for a table ident pattern performed, so the fields 
-				pattern, veroffs, offs, len can be left uninitialized</para></listitem>
-				<listitem><para>Table location is automatically detected</para>
-				<para>The table can either be located in the first or the last good
-				blocks of the chip (device). Set NAND_BBT_LASTBLOCK to place
-				the bad block table at the end of the chip (device). The
-				bad block tables are marked and identified by a pattern which
-				is stored in the spare area of the first page in the block which
-				holds the bad block table. Store a pointer to the pattern  
-				in the pattern field. Further the length of the pattern has to be 
-				stored in len and the offset in the spare area must be given
-				in the offs member of the nand_bbt_descr structure. For mirrored
-				bad block tables different patterns are mandatory.</para></listitem>
-				<listitem><para>Table creation</para>
-				<para>Set the option NAND_BBT_CREATE to enable the table creation
-				if no table can be found during the scan. Usually this is done only 
-				once if a new chip is found. </para></listitem>
-				<listitem><para>Table write support</para>
-				<para>Set the option NAND_BBT_WRITE to enable the table write support.
-				This allows the update of the bad block table(s) in case a block has
-				to be marked bad due to wear. The MTD interface function block_markbad
-				is calling the update function of the bad block table. If the write
-				support is enabled then the table is updated on FLASH.</para>
-				<para>
-				Note: Write support should only be enabled for mirrored tables with
-				version control.
-				</para></listitem>
-				<listitem><para>Table version control</para>
-				<para>Set the option NAND_BBT_VERSION to enable the table version control.
-				It's highly recommended to enable this for mirrored tables with write
-				support. It makes sure that the risk of losing the bad block
-				table information is reduced to the loss of the information about the
-				one worn out block which should be marked bad. The version is stored in
-				4 consecutive bytes in the spare area of the device. The position of
-				the version number is defined by the member veroffs in the bad block table
-				descriptor.</para></listitem>
-				<listitem><para>Save block contents on write</para>
-				<para>
-				In case that the block which holds the bad block table does contain
-				other useful information, set the option NAND_BBT_SAVECONTENT. When
-				the bad block table is written then the whole block is read the bad
-				block table is updated and the block is erased and everything is 
-				written back. If this option is not set only the bad block table
-				is written and everything else in the block is ignored and erased.
-				</para></listitem>
-				<listitem><para>Number of reserved blocks</para>
-				<para>
-				For automatic placement some blocks must be reserved for
-				bad block table storage. The number of reserved blocks is defined 
-				in the maxblocks member of the bad block table description structure.
-				Reserving 4 blocks for mirrored tables should be a reasonable number. 
-				This also limits the number of blocks which are scanned for the bad
-				block table ident pattern.
-				</para></listitem>
-				</itemizedlist>
-			</para>
-		</sect2>
-	</sect1>
-	<sect1 id="Spare_area_placement">
-		<title>Spare area (auto)placement</title>
-		<para>
-			The nand driver implements different possibilities for
-			placement of filesystem data in the spare area, 
-			<itemizedlist>
-			<listitem><para>Placement defined by fs driver</para></listitem>
-			<listitem><para>Automatic placement</para></listitem>
-			</itemizedlist>
-			The default placement function is automatic placement. The
-			nand driver has built in default placement schemes for the
-			various chiptypes. If due to hardware ECC functionality the
-			default placement does not fit then the board driver can
-			provide a own placement scheme.
-		</para>
-		<para>
-			File system drivers can provide a own placement scheme which
-			is used instead of the default placement scheme.
-		</para>
-		<para>
-			Placement schemes are defined by a nand_oobinfo structure
-	     		<programlisting>
-struct nand_oobinfo {
-	int	useecc;
-	int	eccbytes;
-	int	eccpos[24];
-	int	oobfree[8][2];
-};
-	     		</programlisting>
-			<itemizedlist>
-			<listitem><para>useecc</para><para>
-				The useecc member controls the ecc and placement function. The header
-				file include/mtd/mtd-abi.h contains constants to select ecc and
-				placement. MTD_NANDECC_OFF switches off the ecc complete. This is
-				not recommended and available for testing and diagnosis only.
-				MTD_NANDECC_PLACE selects caller defined placement, MTD_NANDECC_AUTOPLACE
-				selects automatic placement.
-			</para></listitem>
-			<listitem><para>eccbytes</para><para>
-				The eccbytes member defines the number of ecc bytes per page.
-			</para></listitem>
-			<listitem><para>eccpos</para><para>
-				The eccpos array holds the byte offsets in the spare area where
-				the ecc codes are placed.
-			</para></listitem>
-			<listitem><para>oobfree</para><para>
-				The oobfree array defines the areas in the spare area which can be
-				used for automatic placement. The information is given in the format
-				{offset, size}. offset defines the start of the usable area, size the
-				length in bytes. More than one area can be defined. The list is terminated
-				by an {0, 0} entry.
-			</para></listitem>
-			</itemizedlist>
-		</para>
-		<sect2 id="Placement_defined_by_fs_driver">
-			<title>Placement defined by fs driver</title>
-			<para>
-				The calling function provides a pointer to a nand_oobinfo
-				structure which defines the ecc placement. For writes the
-				caller must provide a spare area buffer along with the
-				data buffer. The spare area buffer size is (number of pages) *
-				(size of spare area). For reads the buffer size is
-				(number of pages) * ((size of spare area) + (number of ecc
-				steps per page) * sizeof (int)). The driver stores the
-				result of the ecc check for each tuple in the spare buffer.
-				The storage sequence is 
-			</para>
-			<para>
-				&lt;spare data page 0&gt;&lt;ecc result 0&gt;...&lt;ecc result n&gt;
-			</para>
-			<para>
-				...
-			</para>
-			<para>
-				&lt;spare data page n&gt;&lt;ecc result 0&gt;...&lt;ecc result n&gt;
-			</para>
-			<para>
-				This is a legacy mode used by YAFFS1.
-			</para>
-			<para>
-				If the spare area buffer is NULL then only the ECC placement is
-				done according to the given scheme in the nand_oobinfo structure.
-			</para>
-		</sect2>
-		<sect2 id="Automatic_placement">
-			<title>Automatic placement</title>
-			<para>
-				Automatic placement uses the built in defaults to place the
-				ecc bytes in the spare area. If filesystem data have to be stored /
-				read into the spare area then the calling function must provide a
-				buffer. The buffer size per page is determined by the oobfree array in
-				the nand_oobinfo structure.
-			</para>
-			<para>
-				If the spare area buffer is NULL then only the ECC placement is
-				done according to the default builtin scheme.
-			</para>
-		</sect2>
-	</sect1>	
-	<sect1 id="Spare_area_autoplacement_default">
-		<title>Spare area autoplacement default schemes</title>
-		<sect2 id="pagesize_256">
-			<title>256 byte pagesize</title>
-<informaltable><tgroup cols="3"><tbody>
-<row>
-<entry>Offset</entry>
-<entry>Content</entry>
-<entry>Comment</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x00</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 0</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 0</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x01</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 1</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 1</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x02</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 2</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 2</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x03</entry>
-<entry>Autoplace 0</entry>
-<entry></entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x04</entry>
-<entry>Autoplace 1</entry>
-<entry></entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x05</entry>
-<entry>Bad block marker</entry>
-<entry>If any bit in this byte is zero, then this block is bad.
-This applies only to the first page in a block. In the remaining
-pages this byte is reserved</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x06</entry>
-<entry>Autoplace 2</entry>
-<entry></entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x07</entry>
-<entry>Autoplace 3</entry>
-<entry></entry>
-</row>
-</tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
-		</sect2>
-		<sect2 id="pagesize_512">
-			<title>512 byte pagesize</title>
-<informaltable><tgroup cols="3"><tbody>
-<row>
-<entry>Offset</entry>
-<entry>Content</entry>
-<entry>Comment</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x00</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 0</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 0 of the lower 256 Byte data in
-this page</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x01</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 1</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 1 of the lower 256 Bytes of data
-in this page</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x02</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 2</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 2 of the lower 256 Bytes of data
-in this page</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x03</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 3</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 0 of the upper 256 Bytes of data
-in this page</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x04</entry>
-<entry>reserved</entry>
-<entry>reserved</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x05</entry>
-<entry>Bad block marker</entry>
-<entry>If any bit in this byte is zero, then this block is bad.
-This applies only to the first page in a block. In the remaining
-pages this byte is reserved</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x06</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 4</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 1 of the upper 256 Bytes of data
-in this page</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x07</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 5</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 2 of the upper 256 Bytes of data
-in this page</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x08 - 0x0F</entry>
-<entry>Autoplace 0 - 7</entry>
-<entry></entry>
-</row>
-</tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
-		</sect2>
-		<sect2 id="pagesize_2048">
-			<title>2048 byte pagesize</title>
-<informaltable><tgroup cols="3"><tbody>
-<row>
-<entry>Offset</entry>
-<entry>Content</entry>
-<entry>Comment</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x00</entry>
-<entry>Bad block marker</entry>
-<entry>If any bit in this byte is zero, then this block is bad.
-This applies only to the first page in a block. In the remaining
-pages this byte is reserved</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x01</entry>
-<entry>Reserved</entry>
-<entry>Reserved</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x02-0x27</entry>
-<entry>Autoplace 0 - 37</entry>
-<entry></entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x28</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 0</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 0 of the first 256 Byte data in
-this page</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x29</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 1</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 1 of the first 256 Bytes of data
-in this page</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x2A</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 2</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 2 of the first 256 Bytes data in
-this page</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x2B</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 3</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 0 of the second 256 Bytes of data
-in this page</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x2C</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 4</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 1 of the second 256 Bytes of data
-in this page</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x2D</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 5</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 2 of the second 256 Bytes of data
-in this page</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x2E</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 6</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 0 of the third 256 Bytes of data
-in this page</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x2F</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 7</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 1 of the third 256 Bytes of data
-in this page</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x30</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 8</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 2 of the third 256 Bytes of data
-in this page</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x31</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 9</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 0 of the fourth 256 Bytes of data
-in this page</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x32</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 10</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 1 of the fourth 256 Bytes of data
-in this page</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x33</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 11</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 2 of the fourth 256 Bytes of data
-in this page</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x34</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 12</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 0 of the fifth 256 Bytes of data
-in this page</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x35</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 13</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 1 of the fifth 256 Bytes of data
-in this page</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x36</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 14</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 2 of the fifth 256 Bytes of data
-in this page</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x37</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 15</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 0 of the sixt 256 Bytes of data
-in this page</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x38</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 16</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 1 of the sixt 256 Bytes of data
-in this page</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x39</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 17</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 2 of the sixt 256 Bytes of data
-in this page</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x3A</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 18</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 0 of the seventh 256 Bytes of
-data in this page</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x3B</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 19</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 1 of the seventh 256 Bytes of
-data in this page</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x3C</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 20</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 2 of the seventh 256 Bytes of
-data in this page</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x3D</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 21</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 0 of the eighth 256 Bytes of data
-in this page</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x3E</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 22</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 1 of the eighth 256 Bytes of data
-in this page</entry>
-</row>
-<row>
-<entry>0x3F</entry>
-<entry>ECC byte 23</entry>
-<entry>Error correction code byte 2 of the eighth 256 Bytes of data
-in this page</entry>
-</row>
-</tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
-		</sect2>
-     	</sect1>
-  </chapter>
-
-  <chapter id="filesystems">
-     	<title>Filesystem support</title>
-	<para>
-		The NAND driver provides all necessary functions for a
-		filesystem via the MTD interface.
-	</para>
-	<para>
-		Filesystems must be aware of the NAND peculiarities and
-		restrictions. One major restrictions of NAND Flash is, that you cannot 
-		write as often as you want to a page. The consecutive writes to a page, 
-		before erasing it again, are restricted to 1-3 writes, depending on the 
-		manufacturers specifications. This applies similar to the spare area. 
-	</para>
-	<para>
-		Therefore NAND aware filesystems must either write in page size chunks
-		or hold a writebuffer to collect smaller writes until they sum up to 
-		pagesize. Available NAND aware filesystems: JFFS2, YAFFS. 		
-	</para>
-	<para>
-		The spare area usage to store filesystem data is controlled by
-		the spare area placement functionality which is described in one
-		of the earlier chapters.
-	</para>
-  </chapter>	
-  <chapter id="tools">
-     	<title>Tools</title>
-	<para>
-		The MTD project provides a couple of helpful tools to handle NAND Flash.
-		<itemizedlist>
-		<listitem><para>flasherase, flasheraseall: Erase and format FLASH partitions</para></listitem>
-		<listitem><para>nandwrite: write filesystem images to NAND FLASH</para></listitem>
-		<listitem><para>nanddump: dump the contents of a NAND FLASH partitions</para></listitem>
-		</itemizedlist>
-	</para>
-	<para>
-		These tools are aware of the NAND restrictions. Please use those tools
-		instead of complaining about errors which are caused by non NAND aware
-		access methods.
-	</para>
-  </chapter>	
-
-  <chapter id="defines">
-     <title>Constants</title>
-     <para>
-     This chapter describes the constants which might be relevant for a driver developer.
-     </para>
-     <sect1 id="Chip_option_constants">
-	<title>Chip option constants</title>
-     	<sect2 id="Constants_for_chip_id_table">
-		<title>Constants for chip id table</title>
-     		<para>
-		These constants are defined in nand.h. They are ored together to describe
-		the chip functionality.
-     		<programlisting>
-/* Buswitdh is 16 bit */
-#define NAND_BUSWIDTH_16	0x00000002
-/* Device supports partial programming without padding */
-#define NAND_NO_PADDING		0x00000004
-/* Chip has cache program function */
-#define NAND_CACHEPRG		0x00000008
-/* Chip has copy back function */
-#define NAND_COPYBACK		0x00000010
-/* AND Chip which has 4 banks and a confusing page / block 
- * assignment. See Renesas datasheet for further information */
-#define NAND_IS_AND		0x00000020
-/* Chip has a array of 4 pages which can be read without
- * additional ready /busy waits */
-#define NAND_4PAGE_ARRAY	0x00000040 
-		</programlisting>
-     		</para>
-     	</sect2>
-     	<sect2 id="Constants_for_runtime_options">
-		<title>Constants for runtime options</title>
-     		<para>
-		These constants are defined in nand.h. They are ored together to describe
-		the functionality.
-     		<programlisting>
-/* The hw ecc generator provides a syndrome instead a ecc value on read 
- * This can only work if we have the ecc bytes directly behind the 
- * data bytes. Applies for DOC and AG-AND Renesas HW Reed Solomon generators */
-#define NAND_HWECC_SYNDROME	0x00020000
-		</programlisting>
-     		</para>
-     	</sect2>
-     </sect1>	
-
-     <sect1 id="EEC_selection_constants">
-	<title>ECC selection constants</title>
-	<para>
-	Use these constants to select the ECC algorithm.
-  	<programlisting>
-/* No ECC. Usage is not recommended ! */
-#define NAND_ECC_NONE		0
-/* Software ECC 3 byte ECC per 256 Byte data */
-#define NAND_ECC_SOFT		1
-/* Hardware ECC 3 byte ECC per 256 Byte data */
-#define NAND_ECC_HW3_256	2
-/* Hardware ECC 3 byte ECC per 512 Byte data */
-#define NAND_ECC_HW3_512	3
-/* Hardware ECC 6 byte ECC per 512 Byte data */
-#define NAND_ECC_HW6_512	4
-/* Hardware ECC 6 byte ECC per 512 Byte data */
-#define NAND_ECC_HW8_512	6
-	</programlisting>
-	</para>
-     </sect1>	
-
-     <sect1 id="Hardware_control_related_constants">
-	<title>Hardware control related constants</title>
-	<para>
-	These constants describe the requested hardware access function when
-	the boardspecific hardware control function is called
-  	<programlisting>
-/* Select the chip by setting nCE to low */
-#define NAND_CTL_SETNCE 	1
-/* Deselect the chip by setting nCE to high */
-#define NAND_CTL_CLRNCE		2
-/* Select the command latch by setting CLE to high */
-#define NAND_CTL_SETCLE		3
-/* Deselect the command latch by setting CLE to low */
-#define NAND_CTL_CLRCLE		4
-/* Select the address latch by setting ALE to high */
-#define NAND_CTL_SETALE		5
-/* Deselect the address latch by setting ALE to low */
-#define NAND_CTL_CLRALE		6
-/* Set write protection by setting WP to high. Not used! */
-#define NAND_CTL_SETWP		7
-/* Clear write protection by setting WP to low. Not used! */
-#define NAND_CTL_CLRWP		8
-	</programlisting>
-	</para>
-     </sect1>	
-
-     <sect1 id="Bad_block_table_constants">
-	<title>Bad block table related constants</title>
-	<para>
-	These constants describe the options used for bad block
-	table descriptors.
-  	<programlisting>
-/* Options for the bad block table descriptors */
-
-/* The number of bits used per block in the bbt on the device */
-#define NAND_BBT_NRBITS_MSK	0x0000000F
-#define NAND_BBT_1BIT		0x00000001
-#define NAND_BBT_2BIT		0x00000002
-#define NAND_BBT_4BIT		0x00000004
-#define NAND_BBT_8BIT		0x00000008
-/* The bad block table is in the last good block of the device */
-#define	NAND_BBT_LASTBLOCK	0x00000010
-/* The bbt is at the given page, else we must scan for the bbt */
-#define NAND_BBT_ABSPAGE	0x00000020
-/* bbt is stored per chip on multichip devices */
-#define NAND_BBT_PERCHIP	0x00000080
-/* bbt has a version counter at offset veroffs */
-#define NAND_BBT_VERSION	0x00000100
-/* Create a bbt if none axists */
-#define NAND_BBT_CREATE		0x00000200
-/* Write bbt if necessary */
-#define NAND_BBT_WRITE		0x00001000
-/* Read and write back block contents when writing bbt */
-#define NAND_BBT_SAVECONTENT	0x00002000
-	</programlisting>
-	</para>
-     </sect1>	
-
-  </chapter>
-  	
-  <chapter id="structs">
-     <title>Structures</title>
-     <para>
-     This chapter contains the autogenerated documentation of the structures which are
-     used in the NAND driver and might be relevant for a driver developer. Each  
-     struct member has a short description which is marked with an [XXX] identifier.
-     See the chapter "Documentation hints" for an explanation.
-     </para>
-!Iinclude/linux/mtd/nand.h
-  </chapter>
-
-  <chapter id="pubfunctions">
-     <title>Public Functions Provided</title>
-     <para>
-     This chapter contains the autogenerated documentation of the NAND kernel API functions
-      which are exported. Each function has a short description which is marked with an [XXX] identifier.
-     See the chapter "Documentation hints" for an explanation.
-     </para>
-!Edrivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c
-!Edrivers/mtd/nand/nand_bbt.c
-!Edrivers/mtd/nand/nand_ecc.c
-  </chapter>
-  
-  <chapter id="intfunctions">
-     <title>Internal Functions Provided</title>
-     <para>
-     This chapter contains the autogenerated documentation of the NAND driver internal functions.
-     Each function has a short description which is marked with an [XXX] identifier.
-     See the chapter "Documentation hints" for an explanation.
-     The functions marked with [DEFAULT] might be relevant for a board driver developer.
-     </para>
-!Idrivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c
-!Idrivers/mtd/nand/nand_bbt.c
-<!-- No internal functions for kernel-doc:
-X!Idrivers/mtd/nand/nand_ecc.c
--->
-  </chapter>
-
-  <chapter id="credits">
-     <title>Credits</title>
-	<para>
-		The following people have contributed to the NAND driver:
-		<orderedlist>
-			<listitem><para>Steven J. Hill<email>sjhill@...litydiluted.com</email></para></listitem>
-			<listitem><para>David Woodhouse<email>dwmw2@...radead.org</email></para></listitem>
-			<listitem><para>Thomas Gleixner<email>tglx@...utronix.de</email></para></listitem>
-		</orderedlist>
-		A lot of users have provided bugfixes, improvements and helping hands for testing.
-		Thanks a lot.
-	</para>
-	<para>
-		The following people have contributed to this document:
-		<orderedlist>
-			<listitem><para>Thomas Gleixner<email>tglx@...utronix.de</email></para></listitem>
-		</orderedlist>
-	</para>
-  </chapter>
-</book>
diff --git a/Documentation/driver-api/index.rst b/Documentation/driver-api/index.rst
index 1f8517db39c7..3cf1acebc4ee 100644
--- a/Documentation/driver-api/index.rst
+++ b/Documentation/driver-api/index.rst
@@ -34,6 +34,7 @@ available subsections can be seen below.
    edac
    scsi
    libata
+   mtdnand
    miscellaneous
    w1
    rapidio
diff --git a/Documentation/driver-api/mtdnand.rst b/Documentation/driver-api/mtdnand.rst
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..8723175f955e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/driver-api/mtdnand.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,1020 @@
+=====================================
+MTD NAND Driver Programming Interface
+=====================================
+
+:Author: Thomas Gleixner
+
+Introduction
+============
+
+The generic NAND driver supports almost all NAND and AG-AND based chips
+and connects them to the Memory Technology Devices (MTD) subsystem of
+the Linux Kernel.
+
+This documentation is provided for developers who want to implement
+board drivers or filesystem drivers suitable for NAND devices.
+
+Known Bugs And Assumptions
+==========================
+
+None.
+
+Documentation hints
+===================
+
+The function and structure docs are autogenerated. Each function and
+struct member has a short description which is marked with an [XXX]
+identifier. The following chapters explain the meaning of those
+identifiers.
+
+Function identifiers [XXX]
+--------------------------
+
+The functions are marked with [XXX] identifiers in the short comment.
+The identifiers explain the usage and scope of the functions. Following
+identifiers are used:
+
+-  [MTD Interface]
+
+   These functions provide the interface to the MTD kernel API. They are
+   not replaceable and provide functionality which is complete hardware
+   independent.
+
+-  [NAND Interface]
+
+   These functions are exported and provide the interface to the NAND
+   kernel API.
+
+-  [GENERIC]
+
+   Generic functions are not replaceable and provide functionality which
+   is complete hardware independent.
+
+-  [DEFAULT]
+
+   Default functions provide hardware related functionality which is
+   suitable for most of the implementations. These functions can be
+   replaced by the board driver if necessary. Those functions are called
+   via pointers in the NAND chip description structure. The board driver
+   can set the functions which should be replaced by board dependent
+   functions before calling nand_scan(). If the function pointer is
+   NULL on entry to nand_scan() then the pointer is set to the default
+   function which is suitable for the detected chip type.
+
+Struct member identifiers [XXX]
+-------------------------------
+
+The struct members are marked with [XXX] identifiers in the comment. The
+identifiers explain the usage and scope of the members. Following
+identifiers are used:
+
+-  [INTERN]
+
+   These members are for NAND driver internal use only and must not be
+   modified. Most of these values are calculated from the chip geometry
+   information which is evaluated during nand_scan().
+
+-  [REPLACEABLE]
+
+   Replaceable members hold hardware related functions which can be
+   provided by the board driver. The board driver can set the functions
+   which should be replaced by board dependent functions before calling
+   nand_scan(). If the function pointer is NULL on entry to
+   nand_scan() then the pointer is set to the default function which is
+   suitable for the detected chip type.
+
+-  [BOARDSPECIFIC]
+
+   Board specific members hold hardware related information which must
+   be provided by the board driver. The board driver must set the
+   function pointers and datafields before calling nand_scan().
+
+-  [OPTIONAL]
+
+   Optional members can hold information relevant for the board driver.
+   The generic NAND driver code does not use this information.
+
+Basic board driver
+==================
+
+For most boards it will be sufficient to provide just the basic
+functions and fill out some really board dependent members in the nand
+chip description structure.
+
+Basic defines
+-------------
+
+At least you have to provide a nand_chip structure and a storage for
+the ioremap'ed chip address. You can allocate the nand_chip structure
+using kmalloc or you can allocate it statically. The NAND chip structure
+embeds an mtd structure which will be registered to the MTD subsystem.
+You can extract a pointer to the mtd structure from a nand_chip pointer
+using the nand_to_mtd() helper.
+
+Kmalloc based example
+
+::
+
+    static struct mtd_info *board_mtd;
+    static void __iomem *baseaddr;
+
+
+Static example
+
+::
+
+    static struct nand_chip board_chip;
+    static void __iomem *baseaddr;
+
+
+Partition defines
+-----------------
+
+If you want to divide your device into partitions, then define a
+partitioning scheme suitable to your board.
+
+::
+
+    #define NUM_PARTITIONS 2
+    static struct mtd_partition partition_info[] = {
+        { .name = "Flash partition 1",
+          .offset =  0,
+          .size =    8 * 1024 * 1024 },
+        { .name = "Flash partition 2",
+          .offset =  MTDPART_OFS_NEXT,
+          .size =    MTDPART_SIZ_FULL },
+    };
+
+
+Hardware control function
+-------------------------
+
+The hardware control function provides access to the control pins of the
+NAND chip(s). The access can be done by GPIO pins or by address lines.
+If you use address lines, make sure that the timing requirements are
+met.
+
+*GPIO based example*
+
+::
+
+    static void board_hwcontrol(struct mtd_info *mtd, int cmd)
+    {
+        switch(cmd){
+            case NAND_CTL_SETCLE: /* Set CLE pin high */ break;
+            case NAND_CTL_CLRCLE: /* Set CLE pin low */ break;
+            case NAND_CTL_SETALE: /* Set ALE pin high */ break;
+            case NAND_CTL_CLRALE: /* Set ALE pin low */ break;
+            case NAND_CTL_SETNCE: /* Set nCE pin low */ break;
+            case NAND_CTL_CLRNCE: /* Set nCE pin high */ break;
+        }
+    }
+
+
+*Address lines based example.* It's assumed that the nCE pin is driven
+by a chip select decoder.
+
+::
+
+    static void board_hwcontrol(struct mtd_info *mtd, int cmd)
+    {
+        struct nand_chip *this = mtd_to_nand(mtd);
+        switch(cmd){
+            case NAND_CTL_SETCLE: this->IO_ADDR_W |= CLE_ADRR_BIT;  break;
+            case NAND_CTL_CLRCLE: this->IO_ADDR_W &= ~CLE_ADRR_BIT; break;
+            case NAND_CTL_SETALE: this->IO_ADDR_W |= ALE_ADRR_BIT;  break;
+            case NAND_CTL_CLRALE: this->IO_ADDR_W &= ~ALE_ADRR_BIT; break;
+        }
+    }
+
+
+Device ready function
+---------------------
+
+If the hardware interface has the ready busy pin of the NAND chip
+connected to a GPIO or other accessible I/O pin, this function is used
+to read back the state of the pin. The function has no arguments and
+should return 0, if the device is busy (R/B pin is low) and 1, if the
+device is ready (R/B pin is high). If the hardware interface does not
+give access to the ready busy pin, then the function must not be defined
+and the function pointer this->dev_ready is set to NULL.
+
+Init function
+-------------
+
+The init function allocates memory and sets up all the board specific
+parameters and function pointers. When everything is set up nand_scan()
+is called. This function tries to detect and identify then chip. If a
+chip is found all the internal data fields are initialized accordingly.
+The structure(s) have to be zeroed out first and then filled with the
+necessary information about the device.
+
+::
+
+    static int __init board_init (void)
+    {
+        struct nand_chip *this;
+        int err = 0;
+
+        /* Allocate memory for MTD device structure and private data */
+        this = kzalloc(sizeof(struct nand_chip), GFP_KERNEL);
+        if (!this) {
+            printk ("Unable to allocate NAND MTD device structure.\n");
+            err = -ENOMEM;
+            goto out;
+        }
+
+        board_mtd = nand_to_mtd(this);
+
+        /* map physical address */
+        baseaddr = ioremap(CHIP_PHYSICAL_ADDRESS, 1024);
+        if (!baseaddr) {
+            printk("Ioremap to access NAND chip failed\n");
+            err = -EIO;
+            goto out_mtd;
+        }
+
+        /* Set address of NAND IO lines */
+        this->IO_ADDR_R = baseaddr;
+        this->IO_ADDR_W = baseaddr;
+        /* Reference hardware control function */
+        this->hwcontrol = board_hwcontrol;
+        /* Set command delay time, see datasheet for correct value */
+        this->chip_delay = CHIP_DEPENDEND_COMMAND_DELAY;
+        /* Assign the device ready function, if available */
+        this->dev_ready = board_dev_ready;
+        this->eccmode = NAND_ECC_SOFT;
+
+        /* Scan to find existence of the device */
+        if (nand_scan (board_mtd, 1)) {
+            err = -ENXIO;
+            goto out_ior;
+        }
+
+        add_mtd_partitions(board_mtd, partition_info, NUM_PARTITIONS);
+        goto out;
+
+    out_ior:
+        iounmap(baseaddr);
+    out_mtd:
+        kfree (this);
+    out:
+        return err;
+    }
+    module_init(board_init);
+
+
+Exit function
+-------------
+
+The exit function is only necessary if the driver is compiled as a
+module. It releases all resources which are held by the chip driver and
+unregisters the partitions in the MTD layer.
+
+::
+
+    #ifdef MODULE
+    static void __exit board_cleanup (void)
+    {
+        /* Release resources, unregister device */
+        nand_release (board_mtd);
+
+        /* unmap physical address */
+        iounmap(baseaddr);
+
+        /* Free the MTD device structure */
+        kfree (mtd_to_nand(board_mtd));
+    }
+    module_exit(board_cleanup);
+    #endif
+
+
+Advanced board driver functions
+===============================
+
+This chapter describes the advanced functionality of the NAND driver.
+For a list of functions which can be overridden by the board driver see
+the documentation of the nand_chip structure.
+
+Multiple chip control
+---------------------
+
+The nand driver can control chip arrays. Therefore the board driver must
+provide an own select_chip function. This function must (de)select the
+requested chip. The function pointer in the nand_chip structure must be
+set before calling nand_scan(). The maxchip parameter of nand_scan()
+defines the maximum number of chips to scan for. Make sure that the
+select_chip function can handle the requested number of chips.
+
+The nand driver concatenates the chips to one virtual chip and provides
+this virtual chip to the MTD layer.
+
+*Note: The driver can only handle linear chip arrays of equally sized
+chips. There is no support for parallel arrays which extend the
+buswidth.*
+
+*GPIO based example*
+
+::
+
+    static void board_select_chip (struct mtd_info *mtd, int chip)
+    {
+        /* Deselect all chips, set all nCE pins high */
+        GPIO(BOARD_NAND_NCE) |= 0xff;
+        if (chip >= 0)
+            GPIO(BOARD_NAND_NCE) &= ~ (1 << chip);
+    }
+
+
+*Address lines based example.* Its assumed that the nCE pins are
+connected to an address decoder.
+
+::
+
+    static void board_select_chip (struct mtd_info *mtd, int chip)
+    {
+        struct nand_chip *this = mtd_to_nand(mtd);
+
+        /* Deselect all chips */
+        this->IO_ADDR_R &= ~BOARD_NAND_ADDR_MASK;
+        this->IO_ADDR_W &= ~BOARD_NAND_ADDR_MASK;
+        switch (chip) {
+        case 0:
+            this->IO_ADDR_R |= BOARD_NAND_ADDR_CHIP0;
+            this->IO_ADDR_W |= BOARD_NAND_ADDR_CHIP0;
+            break;
+        ....
+        case n:
+            this->IO_ADDR_R |= BOARD_NAND_ADDR_CHIPn;
+            this->IO_ADDR_W |= BOARD_NAND_ADDR_CHIPn;
+            break;
+        }
+    }
+
+
+Hardware ECC support
+--------------------
+
+Functions and constants
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+The nand driver supports three different types of hardware ECC.
+
+-  NAND_ECC_HW3_256
+
+   Hardware ECC generator providing 3 bytes ECC per 256 byte.
+
+-  NAND_ECC_HW3_512
+
+   Hardware ECC generator providing 3 bytes ECC per 512 byte.
+
+-  NAND_ECC_HW6_512
+
+   Hardware ECC generator providing 6 bytes ECC per 512 byte.
+
+-  NAND_ECC_HW8_512
+
+   Hardware ECC generator providing 6 bytes ECC per 512 byte.
+
+If your hardware generator has a different functionality add it at the
+appropriate place in nand_base.c
+
+The board driver must provide following functions:
+
+-  enable_hwecc
+
+   This function is called before reading / writing to the chip. Reset
+   or initialize the hardware generator in this function. The function
+   is called with an argument which let you distinguish between read and
+   write operations.
+
+-  calculate_ecc
+
+   This function is called after read / write from / to the chip.
+   Transfer the ECC from the hardware to the buffer. If the option
+   NAND_HWECC_SYNDROME is set then the function is only called on
+   write. See below.
+
+-  correct_data
+
+   In case of an ECC error this function is called for error detection
+   and correction. Return 1 respectively 2 in case the error can be
+   corrected. If the error is not correctable return -1. If your
+   hardware generator matches the default algorithm of the nand_ecc
+   software generator then use the correction function provided by
+   nand_ecc instead of implementing duplicated code.
+
+Hardware ECC with syndrome calculation
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+Many hardware ECC implementations provide Reed-Solomon codes and
+calculate an error syndrome on read. The syndrome must be converted to a
+standard Reed-Solomon syndrome before calling the error correction code
+in the generic Reed-Solomon library.
+
+The ECC bytes must be placed immediately after the data bytes in order
+to make the syndrome generator work. This is contrary to the usual
+layout used by software ECC. The separation of data and out of band area
+is not longer possible. The nand driver code handles this layout and the
+remaining free bytes in the oob area are managed by the autoplacement
+code. Provide a matching oob-layout in this case. See rts_from4.c and
+diskonchip.c for implementation reference. In those cases we must also
+use bad block tables on FLASH, because the ECC layout is interfering
+with the bad block marker positions. See bad block table support for
+details.
+
+Bad block table support
+-----------------------
+
+Most NAND chips mark the bad blocks at a defined position in the spare
+area. Those blocks must not be erased under any circumstances as the bad
+block information would be lost. It is possible to check the bad block
+mark each time when the blocks are accessed by reading the spare area of
+the first page in the block. This is time consuming so a bad block table
+is used.
+
+The nand driver supports various types of bad block tables.
+
+-  Per device
+
+   The bad block table contains all bad block information of the device
+   which can consist of multiple chips.
+
+-  Per chip
+
+   A bad block table is used per chip and contains the bad block
+   information for this particular chip.
+
+-  Fixed offset
+
+   The bad block table is located at a fixed offset in the chip
+   (device). This applies to various DiskOnChip devices.
+
+-  Automatic placed
+
+   The bad block table is automatically placed and detected either at
+   the end or at the beginning of a chip (device)
+
+-  Mirrored tables
+
+   The bad block table is mirrored on the chip (device) to allow updates
+   of the bad block table without data loss.
+
+nand_scan() calls the function nand_default_bbt().
+nand_default_bbt() selects appropriate default bad block table
+descriptors depending on the chip information which was retrieved by
+nand_scan().
+
+The standard policy is scanning the device for bad blocks and build a
+ram based bad block table which allows faster access than always
+checking the bad block information on the flash chip itself.
+
+Flash based tables
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+It may be desired or necessary to keep a bad block table in FLASH. For
+AG-AND chips this is mandatory, as they have no factory marked bad
+blocks. They have factory marked good blocks. The marker pattern is
+erased when the block is erased to be reused. So in case of powerloss
+before writing the pattern back to the chip this block would be lost and
+added to the bad blocks. Therefore we scan the chip(s) when we detect
+them the first time for good blocks and store this information in a bad
+block table before erasing any of the blocks.
+
+The blocks in which the tables are stored are protected against
+accidental access by marking them bad in the memory bad block table. The
+bad block table management functions are allowed to circumvent this
+protection.
+
+The simplest way to activate the FLASH based bad block table support is
+to set the option NAND_BBT_USE_FLASH in the bbt_option field of the
+nand chip structure before calling nand_scan(). For AG-AND chips is
+this done by default. This activates the default FLASH based bad block
+table functionality of the NAND driver. The default bad block table
+options are
+
+-  Store bad block table per chip
+
+-  Use 2 bits per block
+
+-  Automatic placement at the end of the chip
+
+-  Use mirrored tables with version numbers
+
+-  Reserve 4 blocks at the end of the chip
+
+User defined tables
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+User defined tables are created by filling out a nand_bbt_descr
+structure and storing the pointer in the nand_chip structure member
+bbt_td before calling nand_scan(). If a mirror table is necessary a
+second structure must be created and a pointer to this structure must be
+stored in bbt_md inside the nand_chip structure. If the bbt_md member
+is set to NULL then only the main table is used and no scan for the
+mirrored table is performed.
+
+The most important field in the nand_bbt_descr structure is the
+options field. The options define most of the table properties. Use the
+predefined constants from nand.h to define the options.
+
+-  Number of bits per block
+
+   The supported number of bits is 1, 2, 4, 8.
+
+-  Table per chip
+
+   Setting the constant NAND_BBT_PERCHIP selects that a bad block
+   table is managed for each chip in a chip array. If this option is not
+   set then a per device bad block table is used.
+
+-  Table location is absolute
+
+   Use the option constant NAND_BBT_ABSPAGE and define the absolute
+   page number where the bad block table starts in the field pages. If
+   you have selected bad block tables per chip and you have a multi chip
+   array then the start page must be given for each chip in the chip
+   array. Note: there is no scan for a table ident pattern performed, so
+   the fields pattern, veroffs, offs, len can be left uninitialized
+
+-  Table location is automatically detected
+
+   The table can either be located in the first or the last good blocks
+   of the chip (device). Set NAND_BBT_LASTBLOCK to place the bad block
+   table at the end of the chip (device). The bad block tables are
+   marked and identified by a pattern which is stored in the spare area
+   of the first page in the block which holds the bad block table. Store
+   a pointer to the pattern in the pattern field. Further the length of
+   the pattern has to be stored in len and the offset in the spare area
+   must be given in the offs member of the nand_bbt_descr structure.
+   For mirrored bad block tables different patterns are mandatory.
+
+-  Table creation
+
+   Set the option NAND_BBT_CREATE to enable the table creation if no
+   table can be found during the scan. Usually this is done only once if
+   a new chip is found.
+
+-  Table write support
+
+   Set the option NAND_BBT_WRITE to enable the table write support.
+   This allows the update of the bad block table(s) in case a block has
+   to be marked bad due to wear. The MTD interface function
+   block_markbad is calling the update function of the bad block table.
+   If the write support is enabled then the table is updated on FLASH.
+
+   Note: Write support should only be enabled for mirrored tables with
+   version control.
+
+-  Table version control
+
+   Set the option NAND_BBT_VERSION to enable the table version
+   control. It's highly recommended to enable this for mirrored tables
+   with write support. It makes sure that the risk of losing the bad
+   block table information is reduced to the loss of the information
+   about the one worn out block which should be marked bad. The version
+   is stored in 4 consecutive bytes in the spare area of the device. The
+   position of the version number is defined by the member veroffs in
+   the bad block table descriptor.
+
+-  Save block contents on write
+
+   In case that the block which holds the bad block table does contain
+   other useful information, set the option NAND_BBT_SAVECONTENT. When
+   the bad block table is written then the whole block is read the bad
+   block table is updated and the block is erased and everything is
+   written back. If this option is not set only the bad block table is
+   written and everything else in the block is ignored and erased.
+
+-  Number of reserved blocks
+
+   For automatic placement some blocks must be reserved for bad block
+   table storage. The number of reserved blocks is defined in the
+   maxblocks member of the bad block table description structure.
+   Reserving 4 blocks for mirrored tables should be a reasonable number.
+   This also limits the number of blocks which are scanned for the bad
+   block table ident pattern.
+
+Spare area (auto)placement
+--------------------------
+
+The nand driver implements different possibilities for placement of
+filesystem data in the spare area,
+
+-  Placement defined by fs driver
+
+-  Automatic placement
+
+The default placement function is automatic placement. The nand driver
+has built in default placement schemes for the various chiptypes. If due
+to hardware ECC functionality the default placement does not fit then
+the board driver can provide a own placement scheme.
+
+File system drivers can provide a own placement scheme which is used
+instead of the default placement scheme.
+
+Placement schemes are defined by a nand_oobinfo structure
+
+::
+
+    struct nand_oobinfo {
+        int useecc;
+        int eccbytes;
+        int eccpos[24];
+        int oobfree[8][2];
+    };
+
+
+-  useecc
+
+   The useecc member controls the ecc and placement function. The header
+   file include/mtd/mtd-abi.h contains constants to select ecc and
+   placement. MTD_NANDECC_OFF switches off the ecc complete. This is
+   not recommended and available for testing and diagnosis only.
+   MTD_NANDECC_PLACE selects caller defined placement,
+   MTD_NANDECC_AUTOPLACE selects automatic placement.
+
+-  eccbytes
+
+   The eccbytes member defines the number of ecc bytes per page.
+
+-  eccpos
+
+   The eccpos array holds the byte offsets in the spare area where the
+   ecc codes are placed.
+
+-  oobfree
+
+   The oobfree array defines the areas in the spare area which can be
+   used for automatic placement. The information is given in the format
+   {offset, size}. offset defines the start of the usable area, size the
+   length in bytes. More than one area can be defined. The list is
+   terminated by an {0, 0} entry.
+
+Placement defined by fs driver
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+The calling function provides a pointer to a nand_oobinfo structure
+which defines the ecc placement. For writes the caller must provide a
+spare area buffer along with the data buffer. The spare area buffer size
+is (number of pages) \* (size of spare area). For reads the buffer size
+is (number of pages) \* ((size of spare area) + (number of ecc steps per
+page) \* sizeof (int)). The driver stores the result of the ecc check
+for each tuple in the spare buffer. The storage sequence is::
+
+	<spare data page 0><ecc result 0>...<ecc result n>
+
+	...
+
+	<spare data page n><ecc result 0>...<ecc result n>
+
+This is a legacy mode used by YAFFS1.
+
+If the spare area buffer is NULL then only the ECC placement is done
+according to the given scheme in the nand_oobinfo structure.
+
+Automatic placement
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+Automatic placement uses the built in defaults to place the ecc bytes in
+the spare area. If filesystem data have to be stored / read into the
+spare area then the calling function must provide a buffer. The buffer
+size per page is determined by the oobfree array in the nand_oobinfo
+structure.
+
+If the spare area buffer is NULL then only the ECC placement is done
+according to the default builtin scheme.
+
+Spare area autoplacement default schemes
+----------------------------------------
+
+256 byte pagesize
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+======== ================== ===================================================
+Offset   Content            Comment
+======== ================== ===================================================
+0x00     ECC byte 0         Error correction code byte 0
+0x01     ECC byte 1         Error correction code byte 1
+0x02     ECC byte 2         Error correction code byte 2
+0x03     Autoplace 0
+0x04     Autoplace 1
+0x05     Bad block marker   If any bit in this byte is zero, then this
+			    block is bad. This applies only to the first
+			    page in a block. In the remaining pages this
+			    byte is reserved
+0x06     Autoplace 2
+0x07     Autoplace 3
+======== ================== ===================================================
+
+512 byte pagesize
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+
+============= ================== ==============================================
+Offset        Content            Comment
+============= ================== ==============================================
+0x00          ECC byte 0         Error correction code byte 0 of the lower
+				 256 Byte data in this page
+0x01          ECC byte 1         Error correction code byte 1 of the lower
+				 256 Bytes of data in this page
+0x02          ECC byte 2         Error correction code byte 2 of the lower
+				 256 Bytes of data in this page
+0x03          ECC byte 3         Error correction code byte 0 of the upper
+				 256 Bytes of data in this page
+0x04          reserved           reserved
+0x05          Bad block marker   If any bit in this byte is zero, then this
+				 block is bad. This applies only to the first
+				 page in a block. In the remaining pages this
+				 byte is reserved
+0x06          ECC byte 4         Error correction code byte 1 of the upper
+				 256 Bytes of data in this page
+0x07          ECC byte 5         Error correction code byte 2 of the upper
+				 256 Bytes of data in this page
+0x08 - 0x0F   Autoplace 0 - 7
+============= ================== ==============================================
+
+2048 byte pagesize
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+=========== ================== ================================================
+Offset      Content            Comment
+=========== ================== ================================================
+0x00        Bad block marker   If any bit in this byte is zero, then this block
+			       is bad. This applies only to the first page in a
+			       block. In the remaining pages this byte is
+			       reserved
+0x01        Reserved           Reserved
+0x02-0x27   Autoplace 0 - 37
+0x28        ECC byte 0         Error correction code byte 0 of the first
+			       256 Byte data in this page
+0x29        ECC byte 1         Error correction code byte 1 of the first
+			       256 Bytes of data in this page
+0x2A        ECC byte 2         Error correction code byte 2 of the first
+			       256 Bytes data in this page
+0x2B        ECC byte 3         Error correction code byte 0 of the second
+			       256 Bytes of data in this page
+0x2C        ECC byte 4         Error correction code byte 1 of the second
+			       256 Bytes of data in this page
+0x2D        ECC byte 5         Error correction code byte 2 of the second
+			       256 Bytes of data in this page
+0x2E        ECC byte 6         Error correction code byte 0 of the third
+			       256 Bytes of data in this page
+0x2F        ECC byte 7         Error correction code byte 1 of the third
+			       256 Bytes of data in this page
+0x30        ECC byte 8         Error correction code byte 2 of the third
+			       256 Bytes of data in this page
+0x31        ECC byte 9         Error correction code byte 0 of the fourth
+			       256 Bytes of data in this page
+0x32        ECC byte 10        Error correction code byte 1 of the fourth
+			       256 Bytes of data in this page
+0x33        ECC byte 11        Error correction code byte 2 of the fourth
+			       256 Bytes of data in this page
+0x34        ECC byte 12        Error correction code byte 0 of the fifth
+			       256 Bytes of data in this page
+0x35        ECC byte 13        Error correction code byte 1 of the fifth
+			       256 Bytes of data in this page
+0x36        ECC byte 14        Error correction code byte 2 of the fifth
+			       256 Bytes of data in this page
+0x37        ECC byte 15        Error correction code byte 0 of the sixth
+			       256 Bytes of data in this page
+0x38        ECC byte 16        Error correction code byte 1 of the sixth
+			       256 Bytes of data in this page
+0x39        ECC byte 17        Error correction code byte 2 of the sixth
+			       256 Bytes of data in this page
+0x3A        ECC byte 18        Error correction code byte 0 of the seventh
+			       256 Bytes of data in this page
+0x3B        ECC byte 19        Error correction code byte 1 of the seventh
+			       256 Bytes of data in this page
+0x3C        ECC byte 20        Error correction code byte 2 of the seventh
+			       256 Bytes of data in this page
+0x3D        ECC byte 21        Error correction code byte 0 of the eighth
+			       256 Bytes of data in this page
+0x3E        ECC byte 22        Error correction code byte 1 of the eighth
+			       256 Bytes of data in this page
+0x3F        ECC byte 23        Error correction code byte 2 of the eighth
+			       256 Bytes of data in this page
+=========== ================== ================================================
+
+Filesystem support
+==================
+
+The NAND driver provides all necessary functions for a filesystem via
+the MTD interface.
+
+Filesystems must be aware of the NAND peculiarities and restrictions.
+One major restrictions of NAND Flash is, that you cannot write as often
+as you want to a page. The consecutive writes to a page, before erasing
+it again, are restricted to 1-3 writes, depending on the manufacturers
+specifications. This applies similar to the spare area.
+
+Therefore NAND aware filesystems must either write in page size chunks
+or hold a writebuffer to collect smaller writes until they sum up to
+pagesize. Available NAND aware filesystems: JFFS2, YAFFS.
+
+The spare area usage to store filesystem data is controlled by the spare
+area placement functionality which is described in one of the earlier
+chapters.
+
+Tools
+=====
+
+The MTD project provides a couple of helpful tools to handle NAND Flash.
+
+-  flasherase, flasheraseall: Erase and format FLASH partitions
+
+-  nandwrite: write filesystem images to NAND FLASH
+
+-  nanddump: dump the contents of a NAND FLASH partitions
+
+These tools are aware of the NAND restrictions. Please use those tools
+instead of complaining about errors which are caused by non NAND aware
+access methods.
+
+Constants
+=========
+
+This chapter describes the constants which might be relevant for a
+driver developer.
+
+Chip option constants
+---------------------
+
+Constants for chip id table
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+These constants are defined in nand.h. They are ored together to
+describe the chip functionality.
+
+::
+
+    /* Buswitdh is 16 bit */
+    #define NAND_BUSWIDTH_16    0x00000002
+    /* Device supports partial programming without padding */
+    #define NAND_NO_PADDING     0x00000004
+    /* Chip has cache program function */
+    #define NAND_CACHEPRG       0x00000008
+    /* Chip has copy back function */
+    #define NAND_COPYBACK       0x00000010
+    /* AND Chip which has 4 banks and a confusing page / block
+     * assignment. See Renesas datasheet for further information */
+    #define NAND_IS_AND     0x00000020
+    /* Chip has a array of 4 pages which can be read without
+     * additional ready /busy waits */
+    #define NAND_4PAGE_ARRAY    0x00000040
+
+
+Constants for runtime options
+~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+
+These constants are defined in nand.h. They are ored together to
+describe the functionality.
+
+::
+
+    /* The hw ecc generator provides a syndrome instead a ecc value on read
+     * This can only work if we have the ecc bytes directly behind the
+     * data bytes. Applies for DOC and AG-AND Renesas HW Reed Solomon generators */
+    #define NAND_HWECC_SYNDROME 0x00020000
+
+
+ECC selection constants
+-----------------------
+
+Use these constants to select the ECC algorithm.
+
+::
+
+    /* No ECC. Usage is not recommended ! */
+    #define NAND_ECC_NONE       0
+    /* Software ECC 3 byte ECC per 256 Byte data */
+    #define NAND_ECC_SOFT       1
+    /* Hardware ECC 3 byte ECC per 256 Byte data */
+    #define NAND_ECC_HW3_256    2
+    /* Hardware ECC 3 byte ECC per 512 Byte data */
+    #define NAND_ECC_HW3_512    3
+    /* Hardware ECC 6 byte ECC per 512 Byte data */
+    #define NAND_ECC_HW6_512    4
+    /* Hardware ECC 6 byte ECC per 512 Byte data */
+    #define NAND_ECC_HW8_512    6
+
+
+Hardware control related constants
+----------------------------------
+
+These constants describe the requested hardware access function when the
+boardspecific hardware control function is called
+
+::
+
+    /* Select the chip by setting nCE to low */
+    #define NAND_CTL_SETNCE     1
+    /* Deselect the chip by setting nCE to high */
+    #define NAND_CTL_CLRNCE     2
+    /* Select the command latch by setting CLE to high */
+    #define NAND_CTL_SETCLE     3
+    /* Deselect the command latch by setting CLE to low */
+    #define NAND_CTL_CLRCLE     4
+    /* Select the address latch by setting ALE to high */
+    #define NAND_CTL_SETALE     5
+    /* Deselect the address latch by setting ALE to low */
+    #define NAND_CTL_CLRALE     6
+    /* Set write protection by setting WP to high. Not used! */
+    #define NAND_CTL_SETWP      7
+    /* Clear write protection by setting WP to low. Not used! */
+    #define NAND_CTL_CLRWP      8
+
+
+Bad block table related constants
+---------------------------------
+
+These constants describe the options used for bad block table
+descriptors.
+
+::
+
+    /* Options for the bad block table descriptors */
+
+    /* The number of bits used per block in the bbt on the device */
+    #define NAND_BBT_NRBITS_MSK 0x0000000F
+    #define NAND_BBT_1BIT       0x00000001
+    #define NAND_BBT_2BIT       0x00000002
+    #define NAND_BBT_4BIT       0x00000004
+    #define NAND_BBT_8BIT       0x00000008
+    /* The bad block table is in the last good block of the device */
+    #define NAND_BBT_LASTBLOCK  0x00000010
+    /* The bbt is at the given page, else we must scan for the bbt */
+    #define NAND_BBT_ABSPAGE    0x00000020
+    /* bbt is stored per chip on multichip devices */
+    #define NAND_BBT_PERCHIP    0x00000080
+    /* bbt has a version counter at offset veroffs */
+    #define NAND_BBT_VERSION    0x00000100
+    /* Create a bbt if none axists */
+    #define NAND_BBT_CREATE     0x00000200
+    /* Write bbt if necessary */
+    #define NAND_BBT_WRITE      0x00001000
+    /* Read and write back block contents when writing bbt */
+    #define NAND_BBT_SAVECONTENT    0x00002000
+
+
+Structures
+==========
+
+This chapter contains the autogenerated documentation of the structures
+which are used in the NAND driver and might be relevant for a driver
+developer. Each struct member has a short description which is marked
+with an [XXX] identifier. See the chapter "Documentation hints" for an
+explanation.
+
+.. kernel-doc:: include/linux/mtd/nand.h
+   :internal:
+
+Public Functions Provided
+=========================
+
+This chapter contains the autogenerated documentation of the NAND kernel
+API functions which are exported. Each function has a short description
+which is marked with an [XXX] identifier. See the chapter "Documentation
+hints" for an explanation.
+
+.. kernel-doc:: drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c
+   :export:
+
+.. kernel-doc:: drivers/mtd/nand/nand_bbt.c
+   :export:
+
+.. kernel-doc:: drivers/mtd/nand/nand_ecc.c
+   :export:
+
+Internal Functions Provided
+===========================
+
+This chapter contains the autogenerated documentation of the NAND driver
+internal functions. Each function has a short description which is
+marked with an [XXX] identifier. See the chapter "Documentation hints"
+for an explanation. The functions marked with [DEFAULT] might be
+relevant for a board driver developer.
+
+.. kernel-doc:: drivers/mtd/nand/nand_base.c
+   :internal:
+
+.. kernel-doc:: drivers/mtd/nand/nand_bbt.c
+   :internal:
+
+Credits
+=======
+
+The following people have contributed to the NAND driver:
+
+1. Steven J. Hill\ sjhill@...litydiluted.com
+
+2. David Woodhouse\ dwmw2@...radead.org
+
+3. Thomas Gleixner\ tglx@...utronix.de
+
+A lot of users have provided bugfixes, improvements and helping hands
+for testing. Thanks a lot.
+
+The following people have contributed to this document:
+
+1. Thomas Gleixner\ tglx@...utronix.de
-- 
2.9.3

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