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Date:   Mon, 15 May 2017 14:23:22 +0100
From:   Matt Fleming <matt@...eblueprint.co.uk>
To:     Sai Praneeth Prakhya <sai.praneeth.prakhya@...el.com>
Cc:     linux-efi@...r.kernel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        Borislav Petkov <bp@...en8.de>,
        Ricardo Neri <ricardo.neri@...el.com>,
        Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@...aro.org>,
        Ravi Shankar <ravi.v.shankar@...el.com>,
        Dave Young <dyoung@...hat.com>, joeyli <jlee@...e.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] x86/efi: Fix kexec kernel panic when efi=old_map is
 enabled

(Pulling in Dave, Mr. Kexec on EFI)

On Mon, 08 May, at 12:25:23PM, Sai Praneeth Prakhya wrote:
> From: Sai Praneeth <sai.praneeth.prakhya@...el.com>
> 
> Booting kexec kernel with "efi=old_map" in kernel command line hits
> kernel panic as shown below.
> 
> [    0.001000] BUG: unable to handle kernel paging request at ffff88007fe78070
> [    0.001000] IP: virt_efi_set_variable.part.7+0x63/0x1b0
> [    0.001000] PGD 7ea28067
> [    0.001000] PUD 7ea2b067
> [    0.001000] PMD 7ea2d067
> [    0.001000] PTE 0
> [    0.001000]
> [    0.001000] Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP
> [    0.001000] Modules linked in:
> [    0.001000] CPU: 0 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 4.11.0-rc2-yocto-standard+ #229
> [    0.001000] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 0.0.0 02/06/2015
> [    0.001000] task: ffffffff82022500 task.stack: ffffffff82000000
> [    0.001000] RIP: 0010:virt_efi_set_variable.part.7+0x63/0x1b0
> [    0.001000] RSP: 0000:ffffffff82003dc0 EFLAGS: 00010246
> [    0.001000] RAX: ffff88007fe78018 RBX: ffffffff82050300 RCX: 0000000000000007
> [    0.001000] RDX: ffffffff82003e50 RSI: ffffffff82050300 RDI: ffffffff82050300
> [    0.001000] RBP: ffffffff82003e08 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: 0000000000000000
> [    0.001000] R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: ffffffff82003e50
> [    0.001000] R13: 0000000000000007 R14: 0000000000000246 R15: 0000000000000000
> [    0.001000] FS:  0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffff88007fa00000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
> [    0.001000] CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
> [    0.001000] CR2: ffff88007fe78070 CR3: 000000007da1d000 CR4: 00000000000006b0
> [    0.001000] DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
> [    0.001000] DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
> [    0.001000] Call Trace:
> [    0.001000]  virt_efi_set_variable+0x5d/0x70
> [    0.001000]  efi_delete_dummy_variable+0x7a/0x80
> [    0.001000]  efi_enter_virtual_mode+0x3f6/0x4a7
> [    0.001000]  start_kernel+0x375/0x400
> [    0.001000]  x86_64_start_reservations+0x2a/0x2c
> [    0.001000]  x86_64_start_kernel+0x168/0x176
> [    0.001000]  start_cpu+0x14/0x14
> [    0.001000] Code: 04 b0 84 ff 80 3d c5 56 b3 00 00 4c 8b 44 24 08 75
> 6b 9c 41 5e 48 8b 05 9c 78 99 00 4d 89 c1 48 89 de 4d 89 f8 44 89 e9 4c
> 89 e2 <48> 8b 40 58 48 8b 78 58 e8 b0 2d 88 ff 48 c7 c6 b6 1d f4 81 4c
> [    0.001000] RIP: virt_efi_set_variable.part.7+0x63/0x1b0 RSP: ffffffff82003dc0
> [    0.001000] CR2: ffff88007fe78070
> [    0.001000] ---[ end trace 0000000000000000 ]---
> [    0.001000] Kernel panic - not syncing: Attempted to kill the idle task!
> [    0.001000] ---[ end Kernel panic - not syncing: Attempted to kill the idle task!
> 
> This happens because efi=old_map doesn't use efi_pgd but rather it uses
> kernel's pgd. We don't hit the same panic in a regular kernel because
> it uses old_map_region() and not __map_region().
> 
> Signed-off-by: Sai Praneeth Prakhya <sai.praneeth.prakhya@...el.com>
> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@...en8.de>
> Cc: Ricardo Neri <ricardo.neri@...el.com>
> Cc: Matt Fleming <matt@...eblueprint.co.uk>
> Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@...aro.org>
> Cc: Ravi Shankar <ravi.v.shankar@...el.com>
> ---
>  arch/x86/platform/efi/efi_64.c | 3 +++
>  1 file changed, 3 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi_64.c b/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi_64.c
> index 4e043a8c8556..76e1cd6b74dd 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi_64.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/platform/efi/efi_64.c
> @@ -320,6 +320,9 @@ static void __init __map_region(efi_memory_desc_t *md, u64 va)
>  	unsigned long pfn;
>  	pgd_t *pgd = efi_pgd;
>  
> +	if (efi_enabled(EFI_OLD_MEMMAP))
> +		pgd = swapper_pg_dir;
> +
>  	if (!(md->attribute & EFI_MEMORY_WB))
>  		flags |= _PAGE_PCD;
>  

The thing is, efi=old_map was never intended to work with kexec.

Part of the reason for introducing the new EFI runtime services
mapping scheme was so that we could kexec on EFI. See commit
d2f7cbe7b26a ("x86/efi: Runtime services virtual mapping").

The problem with using efi=old_map is that the virtual addresses are
assigned from the memory region used by other kernel mappings;
vmalloc() space.

Potentially there could be collisions when booting kexec if something
else is mapped at the virtual address we allocated for runtime service
regions in the initial boot.

So, while this patch may work for you and Joey, I don't think it's
reliable.

Dave, did I miss anything?

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