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Date:   Sun, 4 Jun 2017 06:22:31 -0700
From:   tip-bot for Thomas Gleixner <>
Subject: [tip:timers/urgent] alarmtimer: Rate limit periodic intervals

Commit-ID:  a90b040d8a7a206dd1863c60a47ace5319c99321
Author:     Thomas Gleixner <>
AuthorDate: Tue, 30 May 2017 23:15:35 +0200
Committer:  Thomas Gleixner <>
CommitDate: Sun, 4 Jun 2017 15:18:28 +0200

alarmtimer: Rate limit periodic intervals

The alarmtimer code has another source of potentially rearming itself too
fast. Interval timers with a very samll interval have a similar CPU hog
effect as the previously fixed overflow issue.

The reason is that alarmtimers do not implement the normal protection
against this kind of problem which the other posix timer use:

  timer expires -> queue signal -> deliver signal -> rearm timer

This scheme brings the rearming under scheduler control and prevents
permanently firing timers which hog the CPU.

Bringing this scheme to the alarm timer code is a major overhaul because it
lacks all the necessary mechanisms completely.

So for a quick fix limit the interval to one jiffie. This is not
problematic in practice as alarmtimers are usually backed by an RTC for
suspend which have 1 second resolution. It could be therefor argued that
the resolution of this clock should be set to 1 second in general, but
that's outside the scope of this fix.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <>
Cc: Kostya Serebryany <>
Cc: syzkaller <>
Cc: John Stultz <>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <>

 kernel/time/alarmtimer.c | 8 ++++++++
 1 file changed, 8 insertions(+)

diff --git a/kernel/time/alarmtimer.c b/kernel/time/alarmtimer.c
index 2b2e032..ee2f420 100644
--- a/kernel/time/alarmtimer.c
+++ b/kernel/time/alarmtimer.c
@@ -660,6 +660,14 @@ static int alarm_timer_set(struct k_itimer *timr, int flags,
 	/* start the timer */
 	timr->it.alarm.interval = timespec64_to_ktime(new_setting->it_interval);
+	/*
+	 * Rate limit to the tick as a hot fix to prevent DOS. Will be
+	 * mopped up later.
+	 */
+	if (timr->it.alarm.interval < TICK_NSEC)
+		timr->it.alarm.interval = TICK_NSEC;
 	exp = timespec64_to_ktime(new_setting->it_value);
 	/* Convert (if necessary) to absolute time */
 	if (flags != TIMER_ABSTIME) {

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