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Date:   Mon, 31 Jul 2017 22:54:50 +0530
From:   Prateek Sood <prsood@...eaurora.org>
To:     peterz@...radead.org, mingo@...hat.com
Cc:     Prateek Sood <prsood@...eaurora.org>, sramana@...eaurora.org,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH] osq_lock: fix osq_lock queue corruption

Fix ordering of link creation between node->prev and prev->next in
osq_lock(). A case in which the status of optimistic spin queue is
CPU6->CPU2 in which CPU6 has acquired the lock.

        tail
          v
  ,-. <- ,-.
  |6|    |2|
  `-' -> `-'

At this point if CPU0 comes in to acquire osq_lock, it will update the
tail count.

  CPU2			CPU0
  ----------------------------------

				       tail
				         v
			  ,-. <- ,-.    ,-.
			  |6|    |2|    |0|
			  `-' -> `-'    `-'

After tail count update if CPU2 starts to unqueue itself from
optimistic spin queue, it will find updated tail count with CPU0 and
update CPU2 node->next to NULL in osq_wait_next().

  unqueue-A

	       tail
	         v
  ,-. <- ,-.    ,-.
  |6|    |2|    |0|
  `-'    `-'    `-'

  unqueue-B

  ->tail != curr && !node->next

If reordering of following stores happen then
prev->next where prev being CPU2 would be updated to point to CPU0 node:

				       tail
				         v
			  ,-. <- ,-.    ,-.
			  |6|    |2|    |0|
			  `-' -> `-' -> `-'

  osq_wait_next()
    node->next <- 0
    xchg(node->next, NULL)

	       tail
	         v
  ,-. <- ,-.    ,-.
  |6|    |2|    |0|
  `-'    `-'    `-'

  unqueue-C

At this point if next instruction
WRITE_ONCE(next->prev, prev);
in CPU2 path is committed before the update of CPU0 node->prev = prev then
CPU0 node->prev will point to CPU6 node.

	       tail
    V----------. v
  ,-. <- ,-.    ,-.
  |6|    |2|    |0|
  `-'    `-'    `-'
     `----------^

At this point if CPU0 path's node->prev = prev is committed resulting
in change of CPU0 prev back to CPU2 node. CPU2 node->next is NULL
currently,

				       tail
			                 v
			  ,-. <- ,-. <- ,-.
			  |6|    |2|    |0|
			  `-'    `-'    `-'
			     `----------^

so if CPU0 gets into unqueue path of osq_lock it will keep spinning
in infinite loop as condition prev->next == node will never be true.

Signed-off-by: Prateek Sood <prsood@...eaurora.org>
---
 kernel/locking/osq_lock.c | 13 +++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 13 insertions(+)

diff --git a/kernel/locking/osq_lock.c b/kernel/locking/osq_lock.c
index a316794..9f4afa3 100644
--- a/kernel/locking/osq_lock.c
+++ b/kernel/locking/osq_lock.c
@@ -109,6 +109,19 @@ bool osq_lock(struct optimistic_spin_queue *lock)
 
 	prev = decode_cpu(old);
 	node->prev = prev;
+
+	/*
+	 * osq_lock()			unqueue
+	 *
+	 * node->prev = prev            osq_wait_next()
+	 * WMB                          MB
+	 * prev->next = node            next->prev = prev //unqueue-C
+	 *
+	 * Here 'node->prev' and 'next->prev' are the same variable and we need
+	 * to ensure these stores happen in-order to avoid corrupting the list.
+	 */
+	smp_wmb();
+
 	WRITE_ONCE(prev->next, node);
 
 	/*
-- 
Qualcomm India Private Limited, on behalf of Qualcomm Innovation Center, Inc., 
is a member of Code Aurora Forum, a Linux Foundation Collaborative Project.

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