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Date:   Wed, 30 Aug 2017 15:22:44 +0300
From:   Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@...el.com>
To:     linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org, peterz@...radead.org,
        gregkh@...uxfoundation.org, viro@...iv.linux.org.uk, tj@...nel.org,
        mingo@...hat.com, hannes@...xchg.org, lizefan@...wei.com,
        acme@...nel.org, alexander.shishkin@...ux.intel.com,
        eparis@...hat.com, akpm@...ux-foundation.org, arnd@...db.de,
        luto@...nel.org, keescook@...omium.org, tglx@...utronix.de,
        dvhart@...radead.org, ebiederm@...ssion.com,
        Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@...el.com>
Subject: [PATCH 06/15] sched/task_struct: convert task_struct.stack_refcount to refcount_t

atomic_t variables are currently used to implement reference
counters with the following properties:
 - counter is initialized to 1 using atomic_set()
 - a resource is freed upon counter reaching zero
 - once counter reaches zero, its further
   increments aren't allowed
 - counter schema uses basic atomic operations
   (set, inc, inc_not_zero, dec_and_test, etc.)

Such atomic variables should be converted to a newly provided
refcount_t type and API that prevents accidental counter overflows
and underflows. This is important since overflows and underflows
can lead to use-after-free situation and be exploitable.

The variable task_struct.stack_refcount is used as pure reference counter.
Convert it to refcount_t and fix up the operations.

Suggested-by: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
Reviewed-by: David Windsor <dwindsor@...il.com>
Reviewed-by: Hans Liljestrand <ishkamiel@...il.com>
Signed-off-by: Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@...el.com>
---
 include/linux/init_task.h        | 3 ++-
 include/linux/sched.h            | 2 +-
 include/linux/sched/task_stack.h | 2 +-
 kernel/fork.c                    | 6 +++---
 4 files changed, 7 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/init_task.h b/include/linux/init_task.h
index d312376..af2ebe6 100644
--- a/include/linux/init_task.h
+++ b/include/linux/init_task.h
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@
 #include <linux/securebits.h>
 #include <linux/seqlock.h>
 #include <linux/rbtree.h>
+#include <linux/refcount.h>
 #include <linux/sched/autogroup.h>
 #include <net/net_namespace.h>
 #include <linux/sched/rt.h>
@@ -207,7 +208,7 @@ extern struct cred init_cred;
 #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK
 # define INIT_TASK_TI(tsk)			\
 	.thread_info = INIT_THREAD_INFO(tsk),	\
-	.stack_refcount = ATOMIC_INIT(1),
+	.stack_refcount = REFCOUNT_INIT(1),
 #else
 # define INIT_TASK_TI(tsk)
 #endif
diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index 1eeb300..3d21012 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -1089,7 +1089,7 @@ struct task_struct {
 #endif
 #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK
 	/* A live task holds one reference: */
-	atomic_t			stack_refcount;
+	refcount_t			stack_refcount;
 #endif
 #ifdef CONFIG_LIVEPATCH
 	int patch_state;
diff --git a/include/linux/sched/task_stack.h b/include/linux/sched/task_stack.h
index df6ea66..aab3809 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched/task_stack.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched/task_stack.h
@@ -60,7 +60,7 @@ static inline unsigned long *end_of_stack(struct task_struct *p)
 #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK
 static inline void *try_get_task_stack(struct task_struct *tsk)
 {
-	return atomic_inc_not_zero(&tsk->stack_refcount) ?
+	return refcount_inc_not_zero(&tsk->stack_refcount) ?
 		task_stack_page(tsk) : NULL;
 }
 
diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
index 1e54683..4208c79 100644
--- a/kernel/fork.c
+++ b/kernel/fork.c
@@ -355,7 +355,7 @@ static void release_task_stack(struct task_struct *tsk)
 #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK
 void put_task_stack(struct task_struct *tsk)
 {
-	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&tsk->stack_refcount))
+	if (refcount_dec_and_test(&tsk->stack_refcount))
 		release_task_stack(tsk);
 }
 #endif
@@ -373,7 +373,7 @@ void free_task(struct task_struct *tsk)
 	 * If the task had a separate stack allocation, it should be gone
 	 * by now.
 	 */
-	WARN_ON_ONCE(atomic_read(&tsk->stack_refcount) != 0);
+	WARN_ON_ONCE(refcount_read(&tsk->stack_refcount) != 0);
 #endif
 	rt_mutex_debug_task_free(tsk);
 	ftrace_graph_exit_task(tsk);
@@ -535,7 +535,7 @@ static struct task_struct *dup_task_struct(struct task_struct *orig, int node)
 	tsk->stack_vm_area = stack_vm_area;
 #endif
 #ifdef CONFIG_THREAD_INFO_IN_TASK
-	atomic_set(&tsk->stack_refcount, 1);
+	refcount_set(&tsk->stack_refcount, 1);
 #endif
 
 	if (err)
-- 
2.7.4

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