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Date:   Wed, 30 Aug 2017 15:22:52 +0300
From:   Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@...el.com>
To:     linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org, peterz@...radead.org,
        gregkh@...uxfoundation.org, viro@...iv.linux.org.uk, tj@...nel.org,
        mingo@...hat.com, hannes@...xchg.org, lizefan@...wei.com,
        acme@...nel.org, alexander.shishkin@...ux.intel.com,
        eparis@...hat.com, akpm@...ux-foundation.org, arnd@...db.de,
        luto@...nel.org, keescook@...omium.org, tglx@...utronix.de,
        dvhart@...radead.org, ebiederm@...ssion.com,
        Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@...el.com>
Subject: [PATCH 14/15] futex: convert futex_pi_state.refcount to refcount_t

atomic_t variables are currently used to implement reference
counters with the following properties:
 - counter is initialized to 1 using atomic_set()
 - a resource is freed upon counter reaching zero
 - once counter reaches zero, its further
   increments aren't allowed
 - counter schema uses basic atomic operations
   (set, inc, inc_not_zero, dec_and_test, etc.)

Such atomic variables should be converted to a newly provided
refcount_t type and API that prevents accidental counter overflows
and underflows. This is important since overflows and underflows
can lead to use-after-free situation and be exploitable.

The variable futex_pi_state.refcount is used as pure
reference counter. Convert it to refcount_t and fix up
the operations.

Suggested-by: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
Reviewed-by: David Windsor <dwindsor@...il.com>
Reviewed-by: Hans Liljestrand <ishkamiel@...il.com>
Signed-off-by: Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@...el.com>
---
 kernel/futex.c | 13 +++++++------
 1 file changed, 7 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/futex.c b/kernel/futex.c
index 0939255..65460b4 100644
--- a/kernel/futex.c
+++ b/kernel/futex.c
@@ -67,6 +67,7 @@
 #include <linux/freezer.h>
 #include <linux/bootmem.h>
 #include <linux/fault-inject.h>
+#include <linux/refcount.h>
 
 #include <asm/futex.h>
 
@@ -209,7 +210,7 @@ struct futex_pi_state {
 	struct rt_mutex pi_mutex;
 
 	struct task_struct *owner;
-	atomic_t refcount;
+	refcount_t refcount;
 
 	union futex_key key;
 } __randomize_layout;
@@ -795,7 +796,7 @@ static int refill_pi_state_cache(void)
 	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&pi_state->list);
 	/* pi_mutex gets initialized later */
 	pi_state->owner = NULL;
-	atomic_set(&pi_state->refcount, 1);
+	refcount_set(&pi_state->refcount, 1);
 	pi_state->key = FUTEX_KEY_INIT;
 
 	current->pi_state_cache = pi_state;
@@ -815,7 +816,7 @@ static struct futex_pi_state *alloc_pi_state(void)
 
 static void get_pi_state(struct futex_pi_state *pi_state)
 {
-	WARN_ON_ONCE(!atomic_inc_not_zero(&pi_state->refcount));
+	WARN_ON_ONCE(!refcount_inc_not_zero(&pi_state->refcount));
 }
 
 /*
@@ -829,7 +830,7 @@ static void put_pi_state(struct futex_pi_state *pi_state)
 	if (!pi_state)
 		return;
 
-	if (!atomic_dec_and_test(&pi_state->refcount))
+	if (!refcount_dec_and_test(&pi_state->refcount))
 		return;
 
 	/*
@@ -853,7 +854,7 @@ static void put_pi_state(struct futex_pi_state *pi_state)
 		 * refcount is at 0 - put it back to 1.
 		 */
 		pi_state->owner = NULL;
-		atomic_set(&pi_state->refcount, 1);
+		refcount_set(&pi_state->refcount, 1);
 		current->pi_state_cache = pi_state;
 	}
 }
@@ -1051,7 +1052,7 @@ static int attach_to_pi_state(u32 __user *uaddr, u32 uval,
 	 * and futex_wait_requeue_pi() as it cannot go to 0 and consequently
 	 * free pi_state before we can take a reference ourselves.
 	 */
-	WARN_ON(!atomic_read(&pi_state->refcount));
+	WARN_ON(!refcount_read(&pi_state->refcount));
 
 	/*
 	 * Now that we have a pi_state, we can acquire wait_lock
-- 
2.7.4

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