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Date:   Wed, 30 Aug 2017 15:22:47 +0300
From:   Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@...el.com>
To:     linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org, peterz@...radead.org,
        gregkh@...uxfoundation.org, viro@...iv.linux.org.uk, tj@...nel.org,
        mingo@...hat.com, hannes@...xchg.org, lizefan@...wei.com,
        acme@...nel.org, alexander.shishkin@...ux.intel.com,
        eparis@...hat.com, akpm@...ux-foundation.org, arnd@...db.de,
        luto@...nel.org, keescook@...omium.org, tglx@...utronix.de,
        dvhart@...radead.org, ebiederm@...ssion.com,
        Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@...el.com>
Subject: [PATCH 09/15] perf/ring_buffer: convert ring_buffer.aux_refcount to refcount_t

atomic_t variables are currently used to implement reference
counters with the following properties:
 - counter is initialized to 1 using atomic_set()
 - a resource is freed upon counter reaching zero
 - once counter reaches zero, its further
   increments aren't allowed
 - counter schema uses basic atomic operations
   (set, inc, inc_not_zero, dec_and_test, etc.)

Such atomic variables should be converted to a newly provided
refcount_t type and API that prevents accidental counter overflows
and underflows. This is important since overflows and underflows
can lead to use-after-free situation and be exploitable.

The variable ring_buffer.aux_refcount is used as pure reference counter.
Convert it to refcount_t and fix up the operations.

Suggested-by: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
Reviewed-by: David Windsor <dwindsor@...il.com>
Reviewed-by: Hans Liljestrand <ishkamiel@...il.com>
Signed-off-by: Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@...el.com>
---
 kernel/events/core.c        | 2 +-
 kernel/events/internal.h    | 2 +-
 kernel/events/ring_buffer.c | 6 +++---
 3 files changed, 5 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/events/core.c b/kernel/events/core.c
index 43da16ef..09c6704 100644
--- a/kernel/events/core.c
+++ b/kernel/events/core.c
@@ -5164,7 +5164,7 @@ static void perf_mmap_close(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
 
 		/* this has to be the last one */
 		rb_free_aux(rb);
-		WARN_ON_ONCE(atomic_read(&rb->aux_refcount));
+		WARN_ON_ONCE(refcount_read(&rb->aux_refcount));
 
 		mutex_unlock(&event->mmap_mutex);
 	}
diff --git a/kernel/events/internal.h b/kernel/events/internal.h
index b8e6fdf..fb55716 100644
--- a/kernel/events/internal.h
+++ b/kernel/events/internal.h
@@ -48,7 +48,7 @@ struct ring_buffer {
 	atomic_t			aux_mmap_count;
 	unsigned long			aux_mmap_locked;
 	void				(*free_aux)(void *);
-	atomic_t			aux_refcount;
+	refcount_t			aux_refcount;
 	void				**aux_pages;
 	void				*aux_priv;
 
diff --git a/kernel/events/ring_buffer.c b/kernel/events/ring_buffer.c
index 3353572..ba12fd2 100644
--- a/kernel/events/ring_buffer.c
+++ b/kernel/events/ring_buffer.c
@@ -357,7 +357,7 @@ void *perf_aux_output_begin(struct perf_output_handle *handle,
 	if (!atomic_read(&rb->aux_mmap_count))
 		goto err;
 
-	if (!atomic_inc_not_zero(&rb->aux_refcount))
+	if (!refcount_inc_not_zero(&rb->aux_refcount))
 		goto err;
 
 	/*
@@ -648,7 +648,7 @@ int rb_alloc_aux(struct ring_buffer *rb, struct perf_event *event,
 	 * we keep a refcount here to make sure either of the two can
 	 * reference them safely.
 	 */
-	atomic_set(&rb->aux_refcount, 1);
+	refcount_set(&rb->aux_refcount, 1);
 
 	rb->aux_overwrite = overwrite;
 	rb->aux_watermark = watermark;
@@ -667,7 +667,7 @@ int rb_alloc_aux(struct ring_buffer *rb, struct perf_event *event,
 
 void rb_free_aux(struct ring_buffer *rb)
 {
-	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&rb->aux_refcount))
+	if (refcount_dec_and_test(&rb->aux_refcount))
 		__rb_free_aux(rb);
 }
 
-- 
2.7.4

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