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Date:   Sun, 15 Oct 2017 14:01:25 +0200
From:   Vincent Guittot <vincent.guittot@...aro.org>
To:     Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>
Cc:     Ingo Molnar <mingo@...nel.org>,
        linux-kernel <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        Tejun Heo <tj@...nel.org>, Josef Bacik <josef@...icpanda.com>,
        Linus Torvalds <torvalds@...ux-foundation.org>,
        Mike Galbraith <efault@....de>, Paul Turner <pjt@...gle.com>,
        Chris Mason <clm@...com>,
        Dietmar Eggemann <dietmar.eggemann@....com>,
        Morten Rasmussen <morten.rasmussen@....com>,
        Ben Segall <bsegall@...gle.com>,
        Yuyang Du <yuyang.du@...el.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH -v2 12/18] sched/fair: Rewrite PELT migration propagation

On 13 October 2017 at 22:41, Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org> wrote:
> On Fri, Oct 13, 2017 at 05:22:54PM +0200, Vincent Guittot wrote:
>>
>> I have studied a bit more how to improve the propagation formula and the
>> changes below is doing the job for the UCs that I have tested.
>>
>> Unlike running, we can't directly propagate the runnable through hierarchy
>> when we migrate a task. Instead we must ensure that we will not
>> over/underestimate the impact of the migration thanks to several rules:
>>  - ge->avg.runnable_sum can't be higher than LOAD_AVG_MAX
>>  - ge->avg.runnable_sum can't be lower than ge->avg.running_sum (once scaled to
>>    the same range)
>>  - we can't directly propagate a negative delta of runnable_sum because part of
>>    this runnable time can be "shared" with others sched_entities and stays on the
>>    gcfs_rq.
>
> Right, that's about how far I got.
>
>>  - ge->avg.runnable_sum can't increase when we detach a task.
>
> Yeah, that would be fairly broken.
>
>> Instead, we can't estimate the new runnable_sum of the gcfs_rq with
>
>  s/can't/can/ ?

yes it's can

>
>> the formula:
>>
>>   gcfs_rq's runnable sum = gcfs_rq's load_sum / gcfs_rq's weight.
>
> That might be the best we can do.. its wrong, but then its less wrong
> that what we have now. The comments can be much improved though. Not to
> mention that the big comment on top needs a little help.

I'm going to update the comment

>
>> ---
>>  kernel/sched/fair.c | 56 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
>>  1 file changed, 45 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
>> index 350dbec0..a063b048 100644
>> --- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
>> +++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
>> @@ -3489,33 +3489,67 @@ update_tg_cfs_util(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se, struct cfs_rq
>>  static inline void
>>  update_tg_cfs_runnable(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se, struct cfs_rq *gcfs_rq)
>>  {
>> +     long running_sum, runnable_sum = gcfs_rq->prop_runnable_sum;
>> +     long runnable_load_avg, delta_avg, load_avg;
>> +     s64 runnable_load_sum, delta_sum, load_sum = 0;
>>
>>       if (!runnable_sum)
>>               return;
>>
>>       gcfs_rq->prop_runnable_sum = 0;
>>
>> +     /*
>> +      * Get a rough estimate of gcfs_rq's runnable
>> +      * This is a low guess as it assumes that tasks are equally
>> +      * runnable which is not true but we can't really do better
>> +      */
>> +     if (scale_load_down(gcfs_rq->load.weight)) {
>> +             load_sum = div_s64(gcfs_rq->avg.load_sum,
>> +                             scale_load_down(gcfs_rq->load.weight));
>         }
>> +
>> +     /*
>> +      * Propating a delta of runnable is not just adding it to ge's
>> +      * runnable_sum:
>> +      * - Adding a delta runnable can't make ge's runnable_sum higher than
>> +      *   LOAD_AVG_MAX
>> +      * - We can't directly remove a delta of runnable from
>> +      *   ge's runnable_sum but we can only guest estimate what runnable
>> +      *   will become thanks to few simple rules:
>> +      *   - gcfs_rq's runnable is a good estimate
>> +      *   - ge's runnable_sum can't increase when we remove runnable
>> +      *   - runnable_sum can't be lower than running_sum
>> +      */
>> +     if (runnable_sum >= 0) {
>> +             runnable_sum += se->avg.load_sum;
>> +             runnable_sum = min(runnable_sum, LOAD_AVG_MAX);
>> +     } else {
>> +             runnable_sum = min(se->avg.load_sum, load_sum);
>         }
>> +
>> +     running_sum = se->avg.util_sum >> SCHED_CAPACITY_SHIFT;
>> +     runnable_sum = max(runnable_sum, running_sum);
>> +
>>       load_sum = (s64)se_weight(se) * runnable_sum;
>>       load_avg = div_s64(load_sum, LOAD_AVG_MAX);
>>
>> +     delta_sum = load_sum - (s64)se_weight(se) * se->avg.load_sum;
>> +     delta_avg = load_avg - se->avg.load_avg;
>>
>> +     se->avg.load_sum = runnable_sum;
>> +     se->avg.load_avg = load_avg;
>> +     add_positive(&cfs_rq->avg.load_avg, delta_avg);
>> +     add_positive(&cfs_rq->avg.load_sum, delta_sum);
>>
>>       runnable_load_sum = (s64)se_runnable(se) * runnable_sum;
>>       runnable_load_avg = div_s64(runnable_load_sum, LOAD_AVG_MAX);
>> +     delta_sum = runnable_load_sum - se_weight(se) * se->avg.runnable_load_sum;
>> +     delta_avg = runnable_load_avg - se->avg.runnable_load_avg;
>>
>> +     se->avg.runnable_load_sum = runnable_sum;
>> +     se->avg.runnable_load_avg = runnable_load_avg;
>>
>>       if (se->on_rq) {
>> +             add_positive(&cfs_rq->avg.runnable_load_avg, delta_avg);
>> +             add_positive(&cfs_rq->avg.runnable_load_sum, delta_sum);
>>       }
>>  }
>>
>> --
>> 2.7.4
>>

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