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Date:   Wed, 25 Oct 2017 15:34:16 +1030
From:   Andrew Jeffery <andrew@...id.au>
To:     linux-gpio@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     Andrew Jeffery <andrew@...id.au>, linus.walleij@...aro.org,
        robh+dt@...nel.org, mark.rutland@....com, frowand.list@...il.com,
        joel@....id.au, ckeepax@...nsource.wolfsonmicro.com,
        ldewangan@...dia.com, ryan_chen@...eedtech.com,
        bgolaszewski@...libre.com, mwelling@...cinc.com,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, devicetree@...r.kernel.org,
        openbmc@...ts.ozlabs.org, linux-aspeed@...ts.ozlabs.org
Subject: [PATCH 1/2] gpio: gpiolib: Expand sleep tolerance to include controller reset

Reset tolerance is added to gpiolib with the introduction of a new
pinconf parameter propagating the request to hardware. The existing
persistence support for sleep is augmented to include reset tolerance
if the GPIO driver provides it. Persistence continues to be enabled by
default; in-kernel consumers can opt out, but userspace (currently) does
not have a choice.

The *_SLEEP_MAY_LOSE_VALUE and *_SLEEP_MAINTAIN_VALUE symbols are
renamed, dropping the SLEEP prefix to reflect that the concept is no
longer sleep-specific.  I feel that renaming to just *_MAY_LOSE_VALUE
could initially be misinterpreted, so I've further changed the symbols
to *_TRANSITORY and *_PERSISTENT to address this.

The sysfs interface is modified only to keep consistency with the
chardev interface in enforcing persistence for userspace exports.

Signed-off-by: Andrew Jeffery <andrew@...id.au>
---
I'm not wedded to the names 'transitory' and 'persistent', so feel free to
paint the bikeshed some other colour.

 drivers/gpio/gpiolib-of.c               |  6 ++--
 drivers/gpio/gpiolib-sysfs.c            | 14 +++++---
 drivers/gpio/gpiolib.c                  | 58 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 drivers/gpio/gpiolib.h                  |  2 +-
 include/dt-bindings/gpio/gpio.h         |  6 ++--
 include/linux/gpio/consumer.h           |  8 +++++
 include/linux/gpio/machine.h            |  4 +--
 include/linux/of_gpio.h                 |  2 +-
 include/linux/pinctrl/pinconf-generic.h |  2 ++
 9 files changed, 84 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/gpio/gpiolib-of.c b/drivers/gpio/gpiolib-of.c
index e0d59e61b52f..4a2b8d3397c7 100644
--- a/drivers/gpio/gpiolib-of.c
+++ b/drivers/gpio/gpiolib-of.c
@@ -153,8 +153,8 @@ struct gpio_desc *of_find_gpio(struct device *dev, const char *con_id,
 			*flags |= GPIO_OPEN_SOURCE;
 	}
 
-	if (of_flags & OF_GPIO_SLEEP_MAY_LOSE_VALUE)
-		*flags |= GPIO_SLEEP_MAY_LOSE_VALUE;
+	if (of_flags & OF_GPIO_TRANSITORY)
+		*flags |= GPIO_TRANSITORY;
 
 	return desc;
 }
@@ -214,6 +214,8 @@ static struct gpio_desc *of_parse_own_gpio(struct device_node *np,
 
 	if (xlate_flags & OF_GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW)
 		*lflags |= GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW;
+	if (xlate_flags & OF_GPIO_TRANSITORY)
+		*lflags |= GPIO_TRANSITORY;
 
 	if (of_property_read_bool(np, "input"))
 		*dflags |= GPIOD_IN;
diff --git a/drivers/gpio/gpiolib-sysfs.c b/drivers/gpio/gpiolib-sysfs.c
index 3f454eaf2101..0bd472ffb072 100644
--- a/drivers/gpio/gpiolib-sysfs.c
+++ b/drivers/gpio/gpiolib-sysfs.c
@@ -474,11 +474,15 @@ static ssize_t export_store(struct class *class,
 			status = -ENODEV;
 		goto done;
 	}
-	status = gpiod_export(desc, true);
-	if (status < 0)
-		gpiod_free(desc);
-	else
-		set_bit(FLAG_SYSFS, &desc->flags);
+
+	status = gpiod_set_transitory(desc, false);
+	if (!status) {
+		status = gpiod_export(desc, true);
+		if (status < 0)
+			gpiod_free(desc);
+		else
+			set_bit(FLAG_SYSFS, &desc->flags);
+	}
 
 done:
 	if (status)
diff --git a/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.c b/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.c
index 3827f0767101..fb29c81225f3 100644
--- a/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.c
+++ b/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.c
@@ -503,6 +503,10 @@ static int linehandle_create(struct gpio_device *gdev, void __user *ip)
 		if (lflags & GPIOHANDLE_REQUEST_OPEN_SOURCE)
 			set_bit(FLAG_OPEN_SOURCE, &desc->flags);
 
+		ret = gpiod_set_transitory(desc, false);
+		if (ret < 0)
+			goto out_free_descs;
+
 		/*
 		 * Lines have to be requested explicitly for input
 		 * or output, else the line will be treated "as is".
@@ -2424,6 +2428,46 @@ int gpiod_set_debounce(struct gpio_desc *desc, unsigned debounce)
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_set_debounce);
 
 /**
+ * gpiod_set_transitory - Lose or retain GPIO state on suspend or reset
+ * @desc: descriptor of the GPIO for which to configure persistence
+ * @transitory: True to lose state on suspend or reset, false for persistence
+ *
+ * Returns:
+ * 0 on success, otherwise a negative error code.
+ */
+int gpiod_set_transitory(struct gpio_desc *desc, bool transitory)
+{
+	struct gpio_chip *chip;
+	unsigned long packed;
+	int gpio;
+	int rc;
+
+	/* Handle FLAG_TRANSITORY first for suspend case */
+	if (transitory)
+		set_bit(FLAG_TRANSITORY, &desc->flags);
+	else
+		clear_bit(FLAG_TRANSITORY, &desc->flags);
+
+	/* Configure reset persistence if the controller supports it */
+	chip = desc->gdev->chip;
+	if (!chip->set_config)
+		return 0;
+
+	packed = pinconf_to_config_packed(PIN_CONFIG_RESET_TOLERANT,
+					  !transitory);
+	gpio = gpio_chip_hwgpio(desc);
+	rc = chip->set_config(chip, gpio, packed);
+	if (rc == -ENOTSUPP) {
+		dev_dbg(&desc->gdev->dev, "Reset tolerance not supported for GPIO %d\n",
+				gpio);
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	return rc;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_set_transitory);
+
+/**
  * gpiod_is_active_low - test whether a GPIO is active-low or not
  * @desc: the gpio descriptor to test
  *
@@ -3010,8 +3054,7 @@ bool gpiochip_line_is_persistent(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned int offset)
 	if (offset >= chip->ngpio)
 		return false;
 
-	return !test_bit(FLAG_SLEEP_MAY_LOSE_VALUE,
-			 &chip->gpiodev->descs[offset].flags);
+	return !test_bit(FLAG_TRANSITORY, &chip->gpiodev->descs[offset].flags);
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiochip_line_is_persistent);
 
@@ -3435,8 +3478,10 @@ int gpiod_configure_flags(struct gpio_desc *desc, const char *con_id,
 		set_bit(FLAG_OPEN_DRAIN, &desc->flags);
 	if (lflags & GPIO_OPEN_SOURCE)
 		set_bit(FLAG_OPEN_SOURCE, &desc->flags);
-	if (lflags & GPIO_SLEEP_MAY_LOSE_VALUE)
-		set_bit(FLAG_SLEEP_MAY_LOSE_VALUE, &desc->flags);
+
+	status = gpiod_set_transitory(desc, (lflags & GPIO_TRANSITORY));
+	if (status < 0)
+		return status;
 
 	/* No particular flag request, return here... */
 	if (!(dflags & GPIOD_FLAGS_BIT_DIR_SET)) {
@@ -3550,6 +3595,7 @@ struct gpio_desc *fwnode_get_named_gpiod(struct fwnode_handle *fwnode,
 	bool active_low = false;
 	bool single_ended = false;
 	bool open_drain = false;
+	bool transitory = false;
 	int ret;
 
 	if (!fwnode)
@@ -3564,6 +3610,7 @@ struct gpio_desc *fwnode_get_named_gpiod(struct fwnode_handle *fwnode,
 			active_low = flags & OF_GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW;
 			single_ended = flags & OF_GPIO_SINGLE_ENDED;
 			open_drain = flags & OF_GPIO_OPEN_DRAIN;
+			transitory = flags & OF_GPIO_TRANSITORY;
 		}
 	} else if (is_acpi_node(fwnode)) {
 		struct acpi_gpio_info info;
@@ -3594,6 +3641,9 @@ struct gpio_desc *fwnode_get_named_gpiod(struct fwnode_handle *fwnode,
 			lflags |= GPIO_OPEN_SOURCE;
 	}
 
+	if (transitory)
+		lflags |= GPIO_TRANSITORY;
+
 	ret = gpiod_configure_flags(desc, propname, lflags, dflags);
 	if (ret < 0) {
 		gpiod_put(desc);
diff --git a/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.h b/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.h
index af48322839c3..736b189d1bb5 100644
--- a/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.h
+++ b/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.h
@@ -205,7 +205,7 @@ struct gpio_desc {
 #define FLAG_OPEN_SOURCE 8	/* Gpio is open source type */
 #define FLAG_USED_AS_IRQ 9	/* GPIO is connected to an IRQ */
 #define FLAG_IS_HOGGED	11	/* GPIO is hogged */
-#define FLAG_SLEEP_MAY_LOSE_VALUE 12	/* GPIO may lose value in sleep */
+#define FLAG_TRANSITORY 12	/* GPIO may lose value in sleep or reset */
 
 	/* Connection label */
 	const char		*label;
diff --git a/include/dt-bindings/gpio/gpio.h b/include/dt-bindings/gpio/gpio.h
index 70de5b7a6c9b..43dc230d3921 100644
--- a/include/dt-bindings/gpio/gpio.h
+++ b/include/dt-bindings/gpio/gpio.h
@@ -28,8 +28,8 @@
 #define GPIO_OPEN_DRAIN (GPIO_SINGLE_ENDED | GPIO_LINE_OPEN_DRAIN)
 #define GPIO_OPEN_SOURCE (GPIO_SINGLE_ENDED | GPIO_LINE_OPEN_SOURCE)
 
-/* Bit 3 express GPIO suspend/resume persistence */
-#define GPIO_SLEEP_MAINTAIN_VALUE 0
-#define GPIO_SLEEP_MAY_LOSE_VALUE 8
+/* Bit 3 express GPIO suspend/resume and reset persistence */
+#define GPIO_PERSISTENT 0
+#define GPIO_TRANSITORY 8
 
 #endif
diff --git a/include/linux/gpio/consumer.h b/include/linux/gpio/consumer.h
index d4920ec1f1da..d77e88c96f38 100644
--- a/include/linux/gpio/consumer.h
+++ b/include/linux/gpio/consumer.h
@@ -132,6 +132,7 @@ void gpiod_set_raw_array_value_cansleep(unsigned int array_size,
 					int *value_array);
 
 int gpiod_set_debounce(struct gpio_desc *desc, unsigned debounce);
+int gpiod_set_transitory(struct gpio_desc *desc, bool transitory);
 
 int gpiod_is_active_low(const struct gpio_desc *desc);
 int gpiod_cansleep(const struct gpio_desc *desc);
@@ -424,6 +425,13 @@ static inline int gpiod_set_debounce(struct gpio_desc *desc, unsigned debounce)
 	return -ENOSYS;
 }
 
+static inline int gpiod_set_transitory(struct gpio_desc *desc, bool transitory)
+{
+	/* GPIO can never have been requested */
+	WARN_ON(1);
+	return -ENOSYS;
+}
+
 static inline int gpiod_is_active_low(const struct gpio_desc *desc)
 {
 	/* GPIO can never have been requested */
diff --git a/include/linux/gpio/machine.h b/include/linux/gpio/machine.h
index 5e9f294c29eb..33a97ede6404 100644
--- a/include/linux/gpio/machine.h
+++ b/include/linux/gpio/machine.h
@@ -9,8 +9,8 @@ enum gpio_lookup_flags {
 	GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW = (1 << 0),
 	GPIO_OPEN_DRAIN = (1 << 1),
 	GPIO_OPEN_SOURCE = (1 << 2),
-	GPIO_SLEEP_MAINTAIN_VALUE = (0 << 3),
-	GPIO_SLEEP_MAY_LOSE_VALUE = (1 << 3),
+	GPIO_PERSISTENT = (0 << 3),
+	GPIO_TRANSITORY = (1 << 3),
 };
 
 /**
diff --git a/include/linux/of_gpio.h b/include/linux/of_gpio.h
index 1fe205582111..18a7f03e1182 100644
--- a/include/linux/of_gpio.h
+++ b/include/linux/of_gpio.h
@@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ enum of_gpio_flags {
 	OF_GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW = 0x1,
 	OF_GPIO_SINGLE_ENDED = 0x2,
 	OF_GPIO_OPEN_DRAIN = 0x4,
-	OF_GPIO_SLEEP_MAY_LOSE_VALUE = 0x8,
+	OF_GPIO_TRANSITORY = 0x8,
 };
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_OF_GPIO
diff --git a/include/linux/pinctrl/pinconf-generic.h b/include/linux/pinctrl/pinconf-generic.h
index 5d8bc7f21c2a..487cc863cb36 100644
--- a/include/linux/pinctrl/pinconf-generic.h
+++ b/include/linux/pinctrl/pinconf-generic.h
@@ -90,6 +90,7 @@
  * @PIN_CONFIG_SLEW_RATE: if the pin can select slew rate, the argument to
  *	this parameter (on a custom format) tells the driver which alternative
  *	slew rate to use.
+ * @PIN_CONFIG_RESET_TOLERANT: retains the pin state across a system reset
  * @PIN_CONFIG_END: this is the last enumerator for pin configurations, if
  *	you need to pass in custom configurations to the pin controller, use
  *	PIN_CONFIG_END+1 as the base offset.
@@ -117,6 +118,7 @@ enum pin_config_param {
 	PIN_CONFIG_POWER_SOURCE,
 	PIN_CONFIG_SLEEP_HARDWARE_STATE,
 	PIN_CONFIG_SLEW_RATE,
+	PIN_CONFIG_RESET_TOLERANT,
 	PIN_CONFIG_END = 0x7F,
 	PIN_CONFIG_MAX = 0xFF,
 };
-- 
2.11.0

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