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Date:   Wed, 25 Oct 2017 15:09:23 -0700
From:   kan.liang@...el.com
To:     acme@...nel.org, peterz@...radead.org, mingo@...hat.com,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     jolsa@...nel.org, eranian@...gle.com, ak@...ux.intel.com,
        dan.j.williams@...el.com, Kan Liang <Kan.liang@...el.com>
Subject: [PATCH V2] perf script: add script to profile and resolve physical mem type

From: Kan Liang <Kan.liang@...el.com>

There could be different types of memory in the system. E.g normal
System Memory, Persistent Memory. To understand how the workload maps to
those memories, it's important to know the I/O statistics of them.
Perf can collect physical addresses, but those are raw data.
It still needs extra work to resolve the physical addresses.
Provide a script to facilitate the physical addresses resolving and
I/O statistics.

Profile with MEM_INST_RETIRED.ALL_LOADS or MEM_UOPS_RETIRED.ALL_LOADS
event if any of them is available.
Look up the /proc/iomem and resolve the physical address.
Provide memory type summary.

Here is an example output.
 #perf script report mem-phys-addr
Event: mem_inst_retired.all_loads:P
Memory type                                    count   percentage
----------------------------------------  -----------  -----------
System RAM                                        74        53.2%
Persistent Memory                                 55        39.6%
N/A                                               10         7.2%

Signed-off-by: Kan Liang <Kan.liang@...el.com>
---

Changes since V1:
 - Do not mix DLA and Load Latency. Do not compare the loads and stores.
   Only profile the loads.
 - Use event name to replace the RAW event

 tools/perf/scripts/python/bin/mem-phys-addr-record | 19 +++++
 tools/perf/scripts/python/bin/mem-phys-addr-report |  3 +
 tools/perf/scripts/python/mem-phys-addr.py         | 97 ++++++++++++++++++++++
 .../util/scripting-engines/trace-event-python.c    |  2 +
 4 files changed, 121 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 tools/perf/scripts/python/bin/mem-phys-addr-record
 create mode 100644 tools/perf/scripts/python/bin/mem-phys-addr-report
 create mode 100644 tools/perf/scripts/python/mem-phys-addr.py

diff --git a/tools/perf/scripts/python/bin/mem-phys-addr-record b/tools/perf/scripts/python/bin/mem-phys-addr-record
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..5a87512
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/perf/scripts/python/bin/mem-phys-addr-record
@@ -0,0 +1,19 @@
+#!/bin/bash
+
+#
+# Profiling physical memory by all retired load instructions/uops event
+# MEM_INST_RETIRED.ALL_LOADS or MEM_UOPS_RETIRED.ALL_LOADS
+#
+
+load=`perf list | grep mem_inst_retired.all_loads`
+if [ -z "$load" ]; then
+	load=`perf list | grep mem_uops_retired.all_loads`
+fi
+if [ -z "$load" ]; then
+	echo "There is no event to count all retired load instructions/uops."
+	exit 1
+fi
+
+arg=$(echo $load | tr -d ' ')
+arg="$arg:P"
+perf record --phys-data -e $arg $@
diff --git a/tools/perf/scripts/python/bin/mem-phys-addr-report b/tools/perf/scripts/python/bin/mem-phys-addr-report
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..3f2b847
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/perf/scripts/python/bin/mem-phys-addr-report
@@ -0,0 +1,3 @@
+#!/bin/bash
+# description: resolve physical address samples
+perf script $@ -s "$PERF_EXEC_PATH"/scripts/python/mem-phys-addr.py
diff --git a/tools/perf/scripts/python/mem-phys-addr.py b/tools/perf/scripts/python/mem-phys-addr.py
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..1d1f757
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/perf/scripts/python/mem-phys-addr.py
@@ -0,0 +1,97 @@
+# mem-phys-addr.py: Resolve physical address samples
+# Copyright (c) 2017, Intel Corporation.
+#
+# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+# under the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License,
+# version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+#
+# This program is distributed in the hope it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+# ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+# FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for
+# more details.
+
+from __future__ import division
+import os
+import sys
+import struct
+import re
+import bisect
+import collections
+
+sys.path.append(os.environ['PERF_EXEC_PATH'] + \
+	'/scripts/python/Perf-Trace-Util/lib/Perf/Trace')
+
+system_ram = []
+pmem = []
+f = None
+load_mem_type_cnt = collections.Counter()
+event_name = None
+
+def parse_iomem():
+	global f
+	f = open('/proc/iomem', 'r')
+	for i, j in enumerate(f):
+		m = re.split('-|:',j,2)
+		if m[2].strip() == 'System RAM':
+			system_ram.append(long(m[0], 16))
+			system_ram.append(long(m[1], 16))
+		if m[2].strip() == 'Persistent Memory':
+			pmem.append(long(m[0], 16))
+			pmem.append(long(m[1], 16))
+
+def print_memory_type():
+	print "Event: %s" % (event_name)
+	print "%-40s  %10s  %10s\n" % ("Memory type", "count", "percentage"),
+	print "%-40s  %10s  %10s\n" % ("----------------------------------------", \
+					"-----------", "-----------"),
+	total = sum(load_mem_type_cnt.values())
+	for mem_type, count in sorted(load_mem_type_cnt.most_common(), \
+					key = lambda(k, v): (v, k), reverse = True):
+		print "%-40s  %10d  %10.1f%%\n" % (mem_type, count, 100 * count / total),
+
+def trace_begin():
+	parse_iomem()
+
+def trace_end():
+	print_memory_type()
+	f.close()
+
+def is_system_ram(phys_addr):
+	#/proc/iomem is sorted
+	position = bisect.bisect(system_ram, phys_addr)
+	if position % 2 == 0:
+		return False
+	return True
+
+def is_persistent_mem(phys_addr):
+	position = bisect.bisect(pmem, phys_addr)
+	if position % 2 == 0:
+		return False
+	return True
+
+def find_memory_type(phys_addr):
+	if phys_addr == 0:
+		return "N/A"
+	if is_system_ram(phys_addr):
+		return "System RAM"
+
+	if is_persistent_mem(phys_addr):
+		return "Persistent Memory"
+
+	#slow path, search all
+	f.seek(0, 0)
+	for j in f:
+		m = re.split('-|:',j,2)
+		if long(m[0], 16) <= phys_addr <= long(m[1], 16):
+			return m[2]
+	return "N/A"
+
+def process_event(param_dict):
+	name       = param_dict["ev_name"]
+	sample     = param_dict["sample"]
+	phys_addr  = sample["phys_addr"]
+
+	global event_name
+	if event_name == None:
+		event_name = name
+	load_mem_type_cnt[find_memory_type(phys_addr)] += 1
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/scripting-engines/trace-event-python.c b/tools/perf/util/scripting-engines/trace-event-python.c
index c7187f0..8cd6317 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/scripting-engines/trace-event-python.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/scripting-engines/trace-event-python.c
@@ -500,6 +500,8 @@ static PyObject *get_perf_sample_dict(struct perf_sample *sample,
 			PyLong_FromUnsignedLongLong(sample->time));
 	pydict_set_item_string_decref(dict_sample, "period",
 			PyLong_FromUnsignedLongLong(sample->period));
+	pydict_set_item_string_decref(dict_sample, "phys_addr",
+			PyLong_FromUnsignedLongLong(sample->phys_addr));
 	set_sample_read_in_dict(dict_sample, sample, evsel);
 	pydict_set_item_string_decref(dict, "sample", dict_sample);
 
-- 
2.7.4

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