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Date:   Thu, 02 Nov 2017 00:03:54 +0100
From:   "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@...ysocki.net>
To:     Linux PM <linux-pm@...r.kernel.org>
Cc:     LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        Ulf Hansson <ulf.hansson@...aro.org>,
        Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@...ux-m68k.org>,
        Tero Kristo <t-kristo@...com>,
        Reinette Chatre <reinette.chatre@...el.com>,
        Ramesh Thomas <ramesh.thomas@...el.com>,
        Alex Shi <alex.shi@...aro.org>
Subject: [RFT][PATCH 2/2] PM / QoS: Fix device resume latency framework

From: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@...el.com>

The special value of 0 for device resume latency PM QoS means
"no restriction", but there are two problems with that.

First, device resume latency PM QoS requests with 0 as the
value are always put in front of requests with positive
values in the priority lists used internally by the PM QoS
framework, causing 0 to be chosen as an effective constraint
value.  However, that 0 is then interpreted as "no restriction"
effectively overriding the other requests with specific
restrictions which is incorrect.

Second, the users of device resume latency PM QoS have no
way to specify that *any* resume latency at all should be
avoided, which is an artificial limitation in general.

To address these issues, modify device resume latency PM QoS to
use S32_MAX as the "no constraint" value and 0 as the "no
latency at all" one and rework its users (the cpuidle menu
governor, the genpd QoS governor and the runtime PM framework)
to follow these changes.

Also add a special "n/a" value to the corresponding user space I/F
to allow user space to indicate that it cannot accept any resume
latencies at all for the given device.

Fixes: 85dc0b8a4019 (PM / QoS: Make it possible to expose PM QoS latency constraints)
Link: https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=197323
Reported-by: Reinette Chatre <reinette.chatre@...el.com>
Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@...el.com>
---
 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-power |    4 ++-
 drivers/base/cpu.c                            |    3 +-
 drivers/base/power/domain.c                   |    2 -
 drivers/base/power/domain_governor.c          |   27 ++++++++++++--------------
 drivers/base/power/qos.c                      |    5 +++-
 drivers/base/power/runtime.c                  |    2 -
 drivers/base/power/sysfs.c                    |   25 ++++++++++++++++++++----
 drivers/cpuidle/governors/menu.c              |    4 +--
 include/linux/pm_qos.h                        |   24 +++++++++++++++--------
 9 files changed, 63 insertions(+), 33 deletions(-)

Index: linux-pm/drivers/base/power/sysfs.c
===================================================================
--- linux-pm.orig/drivers/base/power/sysfs.c
+++ linux-pm/drivers/base/power/sysfs.c
@@ -218,7 +218,14 @@ static ssize_t pm_qos_resume_latency_sho
 					  struct device_attribute *attr,
 					  char *buf)
 {
-	return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", dev_pm_qos_requested_resume_latency(dev));
+	s32 value = dev_pm_qos_requested_resume_latency(dev);
+
+	if (value == 0)
+		return sprintf(buf, "n/a\n");
+	else if (value == PM_QOS_RESUME_LATENCY_NO_CONSTRAINT)
+		value = 0;
+
+	return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", value);
 }
 
 static ssize_t pm_qos_resume_latency_store(struct device *dev,
@@ -228,11 +235,21 @@ static ssize_t pm_qos_resume_latency_sto
 	s32 value;
 	int ret;
 
-	if (kstrtos32(buf, 0, &value))
-		return -EINVAL;
+	if (!kstrtos32(buf, 0, &value)) {
+		/*
+		 * Prevent users from writing negative or "no constraint" values
+		 * directly.
+		 */
+		if (value < 0 || value == PM_QOS_RESUME_LATENCY_NO_CONSTRAINT)
+			return -EINVAL;
 
-	if (value < 0)
+		if (value == 0)
+			value = PM_QOS_RESUME_LATENCY_NO_CONSTRAINT;
+	} else if (!strcmp(buf, "n/a") || !strcmp(buf, "n/a\n")) {
+		value = 0;
+	} else {
 		return -EINVAL;
+	}
 
 	ret = dev_pm_qos_update_request(dev->power.qos->resume_latency_req,
 					value);
Index: linux-pm/include/linux/pm_qos.h
===================================================================
--- linux-pm.orig/include/linux/pm_qos.h
+++ linux-pm/include/linux/pm_qos.h
@@ -27,16 +27,17 @@ enum pm_qos_flags_status {
 	PM_QOS_FLAGS_ALL,
 };
 
-#define PM_QOS_DEFAULT_VALUE -1
+#define PM_QOS_DEFAULT_VALUE	(-1)
+#define PM_QOS_LATENCY_ANY	S32_MAX
 
 #define PM_QOS_CPU_DMA_LAT_DEFAULT_VALUE	(2000 * USEC_PER_SEC)
 #define PM_QOS_NETWORK_LAT_DEFAULT_VALUE	(2000 * USEC_PER_SEC)
 #define PM_QOS_NETWORK_THROUGHPUT_DEFAULT_VALUE	0
 #define PM_QOS_MEMORY_BANDWIDTH_DEFAULT_VALUE	0
-#define PM_QOS_RESUME_LATENCY_DEFAULT_VALUE	0
+#define PM_QOS_RESUME_LATENCY_DEFAULT_VALUE	PM_QOS_LATENCY_ANY
+#define PM_QOS_RESUME_LATENCY_NO_CONSTRAINT	PM_QOS_LATENCY_ANY
 #define PM_QOS_LATENCY_TOLERANCE_DEFAULT_VALUE	0
 #define PM_QOS_LATENCY_TOLERANCE_NO_CONSTRAINT	(-1)
-#define PM_QOS_LATENCY_ANY			((s32)(~(__u32)0 >> 1))
 
 #define PM_QOS_FLAG_NO_POWER_OFF	(1 << 0)
 
@@ -173,7 +174,8 @@ static inline s32 dev_pm_qos_requested_f
 static inline s32 dev_pm_qos_raw_read_value(struct device *dev)
 {
 	return IS_ERR_OR_NULL(dev->power.qos) ?
-		0 : pm_qos_read_value(&dev->power.qos->resume_latency);
+		PM_QOS_RESUME_LATENCY_NO_CONSTRAINT :
+		pm_qos_read_value(&dev->power.qos->resume_latency);
 }
 #else
 static inline enum pm_qos_flags_status __dev_pm_qos_flags(struct device *dev,
@@ -183,9 +185,9 @@ static inline enum pm_qos_flags_status d
 							s32 mask)
 			{ return PM_QOS_FLAGS_UNDEFINED; }
 static inline s32 __dev_pm_qos_read_value(struct device *dev)
-			{ return 0; }
+			{ return PM_QOS_RESUME_LATENCY_NO_CONSTRAINT; }
 static inline s32 dev_pm_qos_read_value(struct device *dev)
-			{ return 0; }
+			{ return PM_QOS_RESUME_LATENCY_NO_CONSTRAINT; }
 static inline int dev_pm_qos_add_request(struct device *dev,
 					 struct dev_pm_qos_request *req,
 					 enum dev_pm_qos_req_type type,
@@ -231,9 +233,15 @@ static inline int dev_pm_qos_expose_late
 			{ return 0; }
 static inline void dev_pm_qos_hide_latency_tolerance(struct device *dev) {}
 
-static inline s32 dev_pm_qos_requested_resume_latency(struct device *dev) { return 0; }
+static inline s32 dev_pm_qos_requested_resume_latency(struct device *dev)
+{
+	return PM_QOS_RESUME_LATENCY_NO_CONSTRAINT;
+}
 static inline s32 dev_pm_qos_requested_flags(struct device *dev) { return 0; }
-static inline s32 dev_pm_qos_raw_read_value(struct device *dev) { return 0; }
+static inline s32 dev_pm_qos_raw_read_value(struct device *dev)
+{
+	return PM_QOS_RESUME_LATENCY_NO_CONSTRAINT;
+}
 #endif
 
 #endif
Index: linux-pm/drivers/cpuidle/governors/menu.c
===================================================================
--- linux-pm.orig/drivers/cpuidle/governors/menu.c
+++ linux-pm/drivers/cpuidle/governors/menu.c
@@ -298,8 +298,8 @@ static int menu_select(struct cpuidle_dr
 		data->needs_update = 0;
 	}
 
-	/* resume_latency is 0 means no restriction */
-	if (resume_latency && resume_latency < latency_req)
+	if (resume_latency < latency_req &&
+	    resume_latency != PM_QOS_RESUME_LATENCY_NO_CONSTRAINT)
 		latency_req = resume_latency;
 
 	/* Special case when user has set very strict latency requirement */
Index: linux-pm/drivers/base/power/runtime.c
===================================================================
--- linux-pm.orig/drivers/base/power/runtime.c
+++ linux-pm/drivers/base/power/runtime.c
@@ -253,7 +253,7 @@ static int rpm_check_suspend_allowed(str
 	    || (dev->power.request_pending
 			&& dev->power.request == RPM_REQ_RESUME))
 		retval = -EAGAIN;
-	else if (__dev_pm_qos_read_value(dev) < 0)
+	else if (__dev_pm_qos_read_value(dev) == 0)
 		retval = -EPERM;
 	else if (dev->power.runtime_status == RPM_SUSPENDED)
 		retval = 1;
Index: linux-pm/drivers/base/cpu.c
===================================================================
--- linux-pm.orig/drivers/base/cpu.c
+++ linux-pm/drivers/base/cpu.c
@@ -377,7 +377,8 @@ int register_cpu(struct cpu *cpu, int nu
 
 	per_cpu(cpu_sys_devices, num) = &cpu->dev;
 	register_cpu_under_node(num, cpu_to_node(num));
-	dev_pm_qos_expose_latency_limit(&cpu->dev, 0);
+	dev_pm_qos_expose_latency_limit(&cpu->dev,
+					PM_QOS_RESUME_LATENCY_NO_CONSTRAINT);
 
 	return 0;
 }
Index: linux-pm/drivers/base/power/qos.c
===================================================================
--- linux-pm.orig/drivers/base/power/qos.c
+++ linux-pm/drivers/base/power/qos.c
@@ -139,6 +139,9 @@ static int apply_constraint(struct dev_p
 
 	switch(req->type) {
 	case DEV_PM_QOS_RESUME_LATENCY:
+		if (WARN_ON(value < 0))
+			value = 0;
+
 		ret = pm_qos_update_target(&qos->resume_latency,
 					   &req->data.pnode, action, value);
 		break;
@@ -189,7 +192,7 @@ static int dev_pm_qos_constraints_alloca
 	plist_head_init(&c->list);
 	c->target_value = PM_QOS_RESUME_LATENCY_DEFAULT_VALUE;
 	c->default_value = PM_QOS_RESUME_LATENCY_DEFAULT_VALUE;
-	c->no_constraint_value = PM_QOS_RESUME_LATENCY_DEFAULT_VALUE;
+	c->no_constraint_value = PM_QOS_RESUME_LATENCY_NO_CONSTRAINT;
 	c->type = PM_QOS_MIN;
 	c->notifiers = n;
 
Index: linux-pm/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-power
===================================================================
--- linux-pm.orig/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-power
+++ linux-pm/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-power
@@ -211,7 +211,9 @@ Description:
 		device, after it has been suspended at run time, from a resume
 		request to the moment the device will be ready to process I/O,
 		in microseconds.  If it is equal to 0, however, this means that
-		the PM QoS resume latency may be arbitrary.
+		the PM QoS resume latency may be arbitrary and the special value
+		"n/a" means that user space cannot accept any resume latency at
+		all for the given device.
 
 		Not all drivers support this attribute.  If it isn't supported,
 		it is not present.
Index: linux-pm/drivers/base/power/domain.c
===================================================================
--- linux-pm.orig/drivers/base/power/domain.c
+++ linux-pm/drivers/base/power/domain.c
@@ -1331,7 +1331,7 @@ static struct generic_pm_domain_data *ge
 
 	gpd_data->base.dev = dev;
 	gpd_data->td.constraint_changed = true;
-	gpd_data->td.effective_constraint_ns = 0;
+	gpd_data->td.effective_constraint_ns = PM_QOS_RESUME_LATENCY_NO_CONSTRAINT;
 	gpd_data->nb.notifier_call = genpd_dev_pm_qos_notifier;
 
 	spin_lock_irq(&dev->power.lock);
Index: linux-pm/drivers/base/power/domain_governor.c
===================================================================
--- linux-pm.orig/drivers/base/power/domain_governor.c
+++ linux-pm/drivers/base/power/domain_governor.c
@@ -26,11 +26,11 @@ static int dev_update_qos_constraint(str
 	 * to take effect, the device has to be resumed and suspended again.
 	 */
 	constraint_ns = dev_gpd_data(dev)->td.effective_constraint_ns;
-	/* 0 means "no constraint" */
-	if (constraint_ns == 0)
+	if (constraint_ns == PM_QOS_RESUME_LATENCY_NO_CONSTRAINT)
 		return 0;
 
-	if (constraint_ns < *constraint_ns_p || *constraint_ns_p == 0)
+	if (constraint_ns < *constraint_ns_p ||
+	    *constraint_ns_p == PM_QOS_RESUME_LATENCY_NO_CONSTRAINT)
 		*constraint_ns_p = constraint_ns;
 
 	return 0;
@@ -58,12 +58,12 @@ static bool default_suspend_ok(struct de
 	}
 	td->constraint_changed = false;
 	td->cached_suspend_ok = false;
-	td->effective_constraint_ns = -1;
+	td->effective_constraint_ns = 0;
 	constraint_ns = __dev_pm_qos_read_value(dev);
 
 	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dev->power.lock, flags);
 
-	if (constraint_ns < 0)
+	if (constraint_ns == 0)
 		return false;
 
 	constraint_ns *= NSEC_PER_USEC;
@@ -76,14 +76,14 @@ static bool default_suspend_ok(struct de
 		device_for_each_child(dev, &constraint_ns,
 				      dev_update_qos_constraint);
 
-	if (constraint_ns == 0) {
+	if (constraint_ns == PM_QOS_RESUME_LATENCY_NO_CONSTRAINT) {
 		/* "No restriction", so the device is allowed to suspend. */
-		td->effective_constraint_ns = 0;
+		td->effective_constraint_ns = PM_QOS_RESUME_LATENCY_NO_CONSTRAINT;
 		td->cached_suspend_ok = true;
-	} else if (WARN_ON(constraint_ns < 0)) {
+	} else if (WARN_ON(constraint_ns == 0)) {
 		/*
-		 * effective_constraint_ns is negative already and
-		 * cached_suspend_ok is false, so return right away.
+		 * effective_constraint_ns is 0 already and cached_suspend_ok is
+		 * false, so return right away.
 		 */
 		return false;
 	} else {
@@ -156,12 +156,11 @@ static bool __default_power_down_ok(stru
 		 */
 		td = &to_gpd_data(pdd)->td;
 		constraint_ns = td->effective_constraint_ns;
-		/* Negative values mean "no suspend at all" */
-		if (WARN_ON(constraint_ns < 0))
+		/* 0 mean "no suspend at all" */
+		if (WARN_ON(constraint_ns == 0))
 			return false;
 
-		/* 0 means "no constraint" */
-		if (constraint_ns == 0)
+		if (constraint_ns == PM_QOS_RESUME_LATENCY_NO_CONSTRAINT)
 			continue;
 
 		if (constraint_ns <= off_on_time_ns)

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