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Date:   Thu, 2 Nov 2017 11:31:39 +1100
From:   "Edward O'Callaghan" <quasisec@...gle.com>
To:     Mario Limonciello <mario.limonciello@...l.com>
Cc:     dvhart@...radead.org, Andy Shevchenko <andy.shevchenko@...il.com>,
        LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        platform-driver-x86@...r.kernel.org,
        Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org>, pali.rohar@...il.com,
        rjw@...ysocki.net, Matthew Garrett <mjg59@...gle.com>, hch@....de,
        Greg KH <greg@...ah.com>, Alan Cox <gnomes@...rguk.ukuu.org.uk>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v12 14/16] platform/x86: wmi: create userspace interface
 for drivers

Reviewed-by: Edward O'Callaghan <quasisec@...gle.com>

On Thu, Nov 2, 2017 at 6:25 AM, Mario Limonciello
<mario.limonciello@...l.com> wrote:
> For WMI operations that are only Set or Query readable and writable sysfs
> attributes created by WMI vendor drivers or the bus driver makes sense.
>
> For other WMI operations that are run on Method, there needs to be a
> way to guarantee to userspace that the results from the method call
> belong to the data request to the method call.  Sysfs attributes don't
> work well in this scenario because two userspace processes may be
> competing at reading/writing an attribute and step on each other's
> data.
>
> When a WMI vendor driver declares a callback method in the wmi_driver
> the WMI bus driver will create a character device that maps to that
> function.  This callback method will be responsible for filtering
> invalid requests and performing the actual call.
>
> That character device will correspond to this path:
> /dev/wmi/$driver
>
> Performing read() on this character device will provide the size
> of the buffer that the character device needs to perform calls.
> This buffer size can be set by vendor drivers through a new symbol
> or when MOF parsing is available by the MOF.
>
> Performing ioctl() on this character device will be interpretd
> by the WMI bus driver. It will perform sanity tests for size of
> data, test them for a valid instance, copy the data from userspace
> and pass iton to the vendor driver to further process and run.
>
> This creates an implicit policy that each driver will only be allowed
> a single character device.  If a module matches multiple GUID's,
> the wmi_devices will need to be all handled by the same wmi_driver.
>
> The WMI vendor drivers will be responsible for managing inappropriate
> access to this character device and proper locking on data used by
> it.
>
> When a WMI vendor driver is unloaded the WMI bus driver will clean
> up the character device and any memory allocated for the call.
>
> Signed-off-by: Mario Limonciello <mario.limonciello@...l.com>
> ---
>  MAINTAINERS                |   1 +
>  drivers/platform/x86/wmi.c | 189 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>  include/linux/wmi.h        |   5 ++
>  include/uapi/linux/wmi.h   |  26 +++++++
>  4 files changed, 219 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>  create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/wmi.h
>
> diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
> index 0d7061c05b15..203958d18aec 100644
> --- a/MAINTAINERS
> +++ b/MAINTAINERS
> @@ -384,6 +384,7 @@ ACPI WMI DRIVER
>  L:     platform-driver-x86@...r.kernel.org
>  S:     Orphan
>  F:     drivers/platform/x86/wmi.c
> +F:     include/uapi/linux/wmi.h
>
>  AD1889 ALSA SOUND DRIVER
>  M:     Thibaut Varene <T-Bone@...isc-linux.org>
> diff --git a/drivers/platform/x86/wmi.c b/drivers/platform/x86/wmi.c
> index bcb41c1c7f52..8c31ed4f0e1b 100644
> --- a/drivers/platform/x86/wmi.c
> +++ b/drivers/platform/x86/wmi.c
> @@ -38,12 +38,15 @@
>  #include <linux/init.h>
>  #include <linux/kernel.h>
>  #include <linux/list.h>
> +#include <linux/miscdevice.h>
>  #include <linux/module.h>
>  #include <linux/platform_device.h>
>  #include <linux/slab.h>
>  #include <linux/types.h>
> +#include <linux/uaccess.h>
>  #include <linux/uuid.h>
>  #include <linux/wmi.h>
> +#include <uapi/linux/wmi.h>
>
>  ACPI_MODULE_NAME("wmi");
>  MODULE_AUTHOR("Carlos Corbacho");
> @@ -69,9 +72,12 @@ struct wmi_block {
>         struct wmi_device dev;
>         struct list_head list;
>         struct guid_block gblock;
> +       struct miscdevice char_dev;
> +       struct mutex char_mutex;
>         struct acpi_device *acpi_device;
>         wmi_notify_handler handler;
>         void *handler_data;
> +       u64 req_buf_size;
>
>         bool read_takes_no_args;
>  };
> @@ -188,6 +194,25 @@ static acpi_status wmi_method_enable(struct wmi_block *wblock, int enable)
>  /*
>   * Exported WMI functions
>   */
> +
> +/**
> + * set_required_buffer_size - Sets the buffer size needed for performing IOCTL
> + * @wdev: A wmi bus device from a driver
> + * @instance: Instance index
> + *
> + * Allocates memory needed for buffer, stores the buffer size in that memory
> + */
> +int set_required_buffer_size(struct wmi_device *wdev, u64 length)
> +{
> +       struct wmi_block *wblock;
> +
> +       wblock = container_of(wdev, struct wmi_block, dev);
> +       wblock->req_buf_size = length;
> +
> +       return 0;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(set_required_buffer_size);
> +
>  /**
>   * wmi_evaluate_method - Evaluate a WMI method
>   * @guid_string: 36 char string of the form fa50ff2b-f2e8-45de-83fa-65417f2f49ba
> @@ -764,6 +789,111 @@ static int wmi_dev_match(struct device *dev, struct device_driver *driver)
>
>         return 0;
>  }
> +static int wmi_char_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
> +{
> +       const char *driver_name = filp->f_path.dentry->d_iname;
> +       struct wmi_block *wblock = NULL;
> +       struct wmi_block *next = NULL;
> +
> +       list_for_each_entry_safe(wblock, next, &wmi_block_list, list) {
> +               if (!wblock->dev.dev.driver)
> +                       continue;
> +               if (strcmp(driver_name, wblock->dev.dev.driver->name) == 0) {
> +                       filp->private_data = wblock;
> +                       break;
> +               }
> +       }
> +
> +       if (!filp->private_data)
> +               return -ENODEV;
> +
> +       return nonseekable_open(inode, filp);
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t wmi_char_read(struct file *filp, char __user *buffer,
> +       size_t length, loff_t *offset)
> +{
> +       struct wmi_block *wblock = filp->private_data;
> +
> +       return simple_read_from_buffer(buffer, length, offset,
> +                                      &wblock->req_buf_size,
> +                                      sizeof(wblock->req_buf_size));
> +}
> +
> +static long wmi_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
> +{
> +       struct wmi_ioctl_buffer __user *input =
> +               (struct wmi_ioctl_buffer __user *) arg;
> +       struct wmi_block *wblock = filp->private_data;
> +       struct wmi_ioctl_buffer *buf = NULL;
> +       struct wmi_driver *wdriver = NULL;
> +       int ret;
> +
> +       if (_IOC_TYPE(cmd) != WMI_IOC)
> +               return -ENOTTY;
> +
> +       /* make sure we're not calling a higher instance than exists*/
> +       if (_IOC_NR(cmd) >= wblock->gblock.instance_count)
> +               return -EINVAL;
> +
> +       mutex_lock(&wblock->char_mutex);
> +       buf = wblock->handler_data;
> +       if (get_user(buf->length, &input->length)) {
> +               dev_dbg(&wblock->dev.dev, "Read length from user failed\n");
> +               ret = -EFAULT;
> +               goto out_ioctl;
> +       }
> +       /* if it's too small, abort */
> +       if (buf->length < wblock->req_buf_size) {
> +               dev_err(&wblock->dev.dev,
> +                       "Buffer %lld too small, need at least %lld\n",
> +                       buf->length, wblock->req_buf_size);
> +               ret = -EINVAL;
> +               goto out_ioctl;
> +       }
> +       /* if it's too big, warn, driver will only use what is needed */
> +       if (buf->length > wblock->req_buf_size)
> +               dev_warn(&wblock->dev.dev,
> +                       "Buffer %lld is bigger than required %lld\n",
> +                       buf->length, wblock->req_buf_size);
> +
> +       /* copy the structure from userspace */
> +       if (copy_from_user(buf, input, wblock->req_buf_size)) {
> +               dev_dbg(&wblock->dev.dev, "Copy %llu from user failed\n",
> +                       wblock->req_buf_size);
> +               ret = -EFAULT;
> +               goto out_ioctl;
> +       }
> +
> +       /* let the driver do any filtering and do the call */
> +       wdriver = container_of(wblock->dev.dev.driver,
> +                              struct wmi_driver, driver);
> +       if (!try_module_get(wdriver->driver.owner))
> +               return -EBUSY;
> +       ret = wdriver->filter_callback(&wblock->dev, cmd, buf);
> +       module_put(wdriver->driver.owner);
> +       if (ret)
> +               goto out_ioctl;
> +
> +       /* return the result (only up to our internal buffer size) */
> +       if (copy_to_user(input, buf, wblock->req_buf_size)) {
> +               dev_dbg(&wblock->dev.dev, "Copy %llu to user failed\n",
> +                       wblock->req_buf_size);
> +               ret = -EFAULT;
> +       }
> +
> +out_ioctl:
> +       mutex_unlock(&wblock->char_mutex);
> +       return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct file_operations wmi_fops = {
> +       .owner          = THIS_MODULE,
> +       .read           = wmi_char_read,
> +       .open           = wmi_char_open,
> +       .unlocked_ioctl = wmi_ioctl,
> +       .compat_ioctl   = wmi_ioctl,
> +};
>
>  static int wmi_dev_probe(struct device *dev)
>  {
> @@ -771,16 +901,63 @@ static int wmi_dev_probe(struct device *dev)
>         struct wmi_driver *wdriver =
>                 container_of(dev->driver, struct wmi_driver, driver);
>         int ret = 0;
> +       int count;
> +       char *buf;
>
>         if (ACPI_FAILURE(wmi_method_enable(wblock, 1)))
>                 dev_warn(dev, "failed to enable device -- probing anyway\n");
>
>         if (wdriver->probe) {
>                 ret = wdriver->probe(dev_to_wdev(dev));
> -               if (ret != 0 && ACPI_FAILURE(wmi_method_enable(wblock, 0)))
> -                       dev_warn(dev, "failed to disable device\n");
> +               if (ret != 0)
> +                       goto probe_failure;
>         }
>
> +       /* driver wants a character device made */
> +       if (wdriver->filter_callback) {
> +               /* check that required buffer size declared by driver or MOF */
> +               if (!wblock->req_buf_size) {
> +                       dev_err(&wblock->dev.dev,
> +                               "Required buffer size not set\n");
> +                       ret = -EINVAL;
> +                       goto probe_failure;
> +               }
> +
> +               count = get_order(wblock->req_buf_size);
> +               wblock->handler_data = (void *)__get_free_pages(GFP_KERNEL,
> +                                                               count);
> +               if (!wblock->handler_data) {
> +                       ret = -ENOMEM;
> +                       goto probe_failure;
> +               }
> +
> +               buf = kmalloc(strlen(wdriver->driver.name) + 4, GFP_KERNEL);
> +               if (!buf) {
> +                       ret = -ENOMEM;
> +                       goto probe_string_failure;
> +               }
> +               sprintf(buf, "wmi/%s", wdriver->driver.name);
> +               wblock->char_dev.minor = MISC_DYNAMIC_MINOR;
> +               wblock->char_dev.name = buf;
> +               wblock->char_dev.fops = &wmi_fops;
> +               wblock->char_dev.mode = 0444;
> +               ret = misc_register(&wblock->char_dev);
> +               if (ret) {
> +                       dev_warn(dev, "failed to register char dev: %d", ret);
> +                       ret = -ENOMEM;
> +                       goto probe_misc_failure;
> +               }
> +       }
> +
> +       return 0;
> +
> +probe_misc_failure:
> +       kfree(buf);
> +probe_string_failure:
> +       kfree(wblock->handler_data);
> +probe_failure:
> +       if (ACPI_FAILURE(wmi_method_enable(wblock, 0)))
> +               dev_warn(dev, "failed to disable device\n");
>         return ret;
>  }
>
> @@ -791,6 +968,13 @@ static int wmi_dev_remove(struct device *dev)
>                 container_of(dev->driver, struct wmi_driver, driver);
>         int ret = 0;
>
> +       if (wdriver->filter_callback) {
> +               misc_deregister(&wblock->char_dev);
> +               kfree(wblock->char_dev.name);
> +               free_pages((unsigned long)wblock->handler_data,
> +                          get_order(wblock->req_buf_size));
> +       }
> +
>         if (wdriver->remove)
>                 ret = wdriver->remove(dev_to_wdev(dev));
>
> @@ -847,6 +1031,7 @@ static int wmi_create_device(struct device *wmi_bus_dev,
>
>         if (gblock->flags & ACPI_WMI_METHOD) {
>                 wblock->dev.dev.type = &wmi_type_method;
> +               mutex_init(&wblock->char_mutex);
>                 goto out_init;
>         }
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/wmi.h b/include/linux/wmi.h
> index ddee427e0721..4757cb5077e5 100644
> --- a/include/linux/wmi.h
> +++ b/include/linux/wmi.h
> @@ -18,6 +18,7 @@
>
>  #include <linux/device.h>
>  #include <linux/acpi.h>
> +#include <uapi/linux/wmi.h>
>
>  struct wmi_device {
>         struct device dev;
> @@ -36,6 +37,8 @@ extern acpi_status wmidev_evaluate_method(struct wmi_device *wdev,
>  extern union acpi_object *wmidev_block_query(struct wmi_device *wdev,
>                                              u8 instance);
>
> +extern int set_required_buffer_size(struct wmi_device *wdev, u64 length);
> +
>  struct wmi_device_id {
>         const char *guid_string;
>  };
> @@ -47,6 +50,8 @@ struct wmi_driver {
>         int (*probe)(struct wmi_device *wdev);
>         int (*remove)(struct wmi_device *wdev);
>         void (*notify)(struct wmi_device *device, union acpi_object *data);
> +       long (*filter_callback)(struct wmi_device *wdev, unsigned int cmd,
> +                               struct wmi_ioctl_buffer *arg);
>  };
>
>  extern int __must_check __wmi_driver_register(struct wmi_driver *driver,
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/wmi.h b/include/uapi/linux/wmi.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..7e52350ac9b3
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/wmi.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,26 @@
> +/*
> + *  User API methods for ACPI-WMI mapping driver
> + *
> + *  Copyright (C) 2017 Dell, Inc.
> + *
> + *  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + *  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
> + *  published by the Free Software Foundation.
> + */
> +#ifndef _UAPI_LINUX_WMI_H
> +#define _UAPI_LINUX_WMI_H
> +
> +#include <linux/types.h>
> +
> +/* WMI bus will filter all WMI vendor driver requests through this IOC */
> +#define WMI_IOC 'W'
> +
> +/* All ioctl requests through WMI should declare their size followed by
> + * relevant data objects
> + */
> +struct wmi_ioctl_buffer {
> +       __u64   length;
> +       __u8    data[];
> +};
> +
> +#endif
> --
> 2.14.1
>

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