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Date:   Thu,  2 Nov 2017 11:15:54 -0700
From:   Stephane Eranian <eranian@...gle.com>
To:     linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     acme@...hat.com, peterz@...radead.org, mingo@...e.hu,
        ak@...ux.intel.com, kan.liang@...el.com, jolsa@...hat.com
Subject: [PATCH v2 0/5] perf: add support for capturing skid IP

This patchs adds a new sample record type called
PERF_SAMPLE_SKID_IP. The goal is to record the
unmodified interrupted instruction pointer (IP) as
seen by the kernel and reflected in the machine state.

On some architectures, it is possible to avoid the IP skid using
hardware support. For instance, on Intel x86, the use of PEBS helps
eliminate the skid on Haswell and later processors. On older Intel
processor, software, i.e., the kernel,  may succeed in eliminating
the skid.

Without this patch, on Haswell processors, if you set:
 - attr.precise = 0, then you get the skid IP
 - attr.precise = 1, then you get the skid PEBS ip (off-by-1)
 - attr.precise = 2, then you get the skidless PEBS ip

The IP is captured when the event has PERF_SAMPLE_IP set in sample_type.
However, there are certain measurements where you need to have BOTH
the skidless IP and the skid IP. For instance, when studying branches,
the skid IP usually points to the target of the branch while the skidless
IP points to the branch instruction itself. Today, it is not possible to retrieve
both at the same time. This patch makes this possible by specifying
PERF_SAMPLE_IP|PERF_SAMPLE_SKID_IP.

As an example, consider the following code snipet:
 37.51 42c2ed    je     42c2f3
       42c2ef    add    $0x1,%rdx
       42c2f3    sub    $0x1,%rax

When using PEBS (precise=2) and sampling on BR_INST_RETIRED.CONDITIONAL,
the IP always points to 0x42c2ed. With precise=1, the IP would point to
0x42c2f3. It is interesting to collect both IPs in a single run to determine
how often the conditional branch is taken vs. non-taken.

Understanding the skid is also interesting for other precise events.

In V2, we rebased to 10d94ff4d558 (v4.14-rc7).

Stephane Eranian (5):
  perf/core: add PERF_RECORD_SAMPLE_SKID_IP record type
  perf/x86: add PERF_SAMPLE_SKID_IP support for X86 PEBS
  perf/tools: add support for PERF_SAMPLE_SKID_IP
  perf/record: add support for sampling skid ip
  perf/script: add support for skid ip

 arch/x86/events/intel/ds.c               |  7 +++++++
 include/linux/perf_event.h               |  2 ++
 include/uapi/linux/perf_event.h          |  4 +++-
 kernel/events/core.c                     | 14 ++++++++++++++
 tools/include/uapi/linux/perf_event.h    |  4 +++-
 tools/perf/Documentation/perf-record.txt |  8 ++++++++
 tools/perf/builtin-record.c              |  2 ++
 tools/perf/builtin-script.c              |  6 ++++++
 tools/perf/perf.h                        |  1 +
 tools/perf/util/event.h                  |  1 +
 tools/perf/util/evsel.c                  | 10 ++++++++++
 tools/perf/util/session.c                |  3 +++
 12 files changed, 60 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

-- 
2.7.4

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