lists.openwall.net   lists  /  announce  owl-users  owl-dev  john-users  john-dev  passwdqc-users  yescrypt  popa3d-users  /  oss-security  kernel-hardening  musl  sabotage  tlsify  passwords  /  crypt-dev  xvendor  /  Bugtraq  Full-Disclosure  linux-kernel  linux-netdev  linux-ext4  linux-hardening  PHC 
Open Source and information security mailing list archives
 
Hash Suite: Windows password security audit tool. GUI, reports in PDF.
[<prev] [next>] [<thread-prev] [thread-next>] [day] [month] [year] [list]
Date:   Fri, 03 Nov 2017 18:29:53 +0800
From:   Fan Li <fanofcode.li@...sung.com>
To:     'Chao Yu' <yuchao0@...wei.com>, 'Chao Yu' <chao@...nel.org>,
        'Jaegeuk Kim' <jaegeuk@...nel.org>
Cc:     linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-f2fs-devel@...ts.sourceforge.net
Subject: RE: [f2fs-dev] [PATCH RESEND] f2fs: modify the procedure of scan
 free nid



> -----Original Message-----
> From: Chao Yu [mailto:yuchao0@...wei.com]
> Sent: Friday, November 03, 2017 4:54 PM
> To: Fan Li; 'Chao Yu'; 'Jaegeuk Kim'
> Cc: linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org; linux-f2fs-devel@...ts.sourceforge.net
> Subject: Re: [f2fs-dev] [PATCH RESEND] f2fs: modify the procedure of scan free nid
> 
> On 2017/11/3 15:31, Fan Li wrote:
> > In current version, we preserve 8 pages of nat blocks as free nids, we
> > build bitmaps for it and use them to allocate nids until its number
> > drops below NAT_ENTRY_PER_BLOCK.
> >
> > After that, we have a problem, scan_free_nid_bits will scan the same
> > 8 pages trying to find more free nids, but in most cases the free nids
> > in these bitmaps are already in free list, scan them won't get us any
> > new nids.
> > Further more, after scan_free_nid_bits, the scan is over if
> > nid_cnt[FREE_NID] != 0.
> > It causes that we scan the same pages over and over again, and no new
> > free nids are found until nid_cnt[FREE_NID]==0. While the scanned
> > pages increase, the problem grows worse.
> >
> > This patch mark the range where new free nids could exist and keep
> > scan for free nids until nid_cnt[FREE_NID] >= NAT_ENTRY_PER_BLOCK.
> > The new vairable first_scan_block marks the start of the range, it's
> > initialized with NEW_ADDR, which means all free nids before
> > next_scan_nid are already in free list; and use next_scan_nid as the
> > end of the range since all free nids which are scanned in
> > scan_free_nid_bits must be smaller next_scan_nid.
> 
> Think over again, IMO, we can add an variable for stating total count of free nids in bitamp, if there is no free nid, just
skipping scanning all
> existed bitmap.
> 
> And if there is only few free nid scattered in bitmap, the cost will be limited because we will skip scanning
nm_i::free_nid_bitmap if
> nm_i::free_nid_count is zero. Once we find one free nid, let's skip out.
> 
> Since there shouldn't be very heavy overhead for CPU during traveling nm_i::nat_block_bitmap, I expect below change could be more
> simple for maintaining and being with the same effect.
> 
> How do you think?
> 

I think if you need this to work, check total_bitmap_free_nid may not be sufficient enough.
The problem this patch presents is  that even all the free nids are already in the free list,
we still scan all the pages.
The scan proceeds once free nid count is below NAT_ENTRY_PER_BLOCK. 
So in most cases, there are still free nids in the bitmap during the scan, and
current codes will check every one of them to see if they are actually in free list.
If only check total_bitmap_free_nid == 0 won't take this overhead away.

I considered a lot of ways to fix this problem before I submit this patch,
One of my idea is quite similar to yours, but I use
"if (total_bitmap_free_nid == nm_i->nid_cnt[FREE_NID])" to decide whether
skip or not. 
If you insist, I can submit this simpler one instead, but some follow upgrade
would be unavailable, for example, use smaller granularity for tracking 
last-scanned-position that we talked about.

I know sometimes I can be obsessed with the performance, I usually
choose the faster way over simpler ones. If you think it's too much,
please tell me, I'm sure we can find some middle ground.

Thank you


> diff --git a/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h b/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h index cb3f10bc8723..238d95e89dec 100644
> --- a/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
> +++ b/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
> @@ -729,6 +729,7 @@ struct f2fs_nm_info {
>  	unsigned char (*free_nid_bitmap)[NAT_ENTRY_BITMAP_SIZE];
>  	unsigned char *nat_block_bitmap;
>  	unsigned short *free_nid_count;	/* free nid count of NAT block */
> +	unsigned int total_bitmap_free_nid;	/* total free nid count in bitmap */
> 
>  	/* for checkpoint */
>  	char *nat_bitmap;		/* NAT bitmap pointer */
> diff --git a/fs/f2fs/node.c b/fs/f2fs/node.c index fef5c68886b1..e4861908a396 100644
> --- a/fs/f2fs/node.c
> +++ b/fs/f2fs/node.c
> @@ -1911,10 +1911,13 @@ static void update_free_nid_bitmap(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, nid_t nid,
>  	else
>  		__clear_bit_le(nid_ofs, nm_i->free_nid_bitmap[nat_ofs]);
> 
> -	if (set)
> +	if (set) {
>  		nm_i->free_nid_count[nat_ofs]++;
> -	else if (!build)
> +		nm_i->total_bitmap_free_nid++;
> +	} else if (!build) {
>  		nm_i->free_nid_count[nat_ofs]--;
> +		nm_i->total_bitmap_free_nid--;
> +	}
>  }
> 
>  static void scan_nat_page(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, @@ -1958,6 +1961,9 @@ static void scan_free_nid_bits(struct f2fs_sb_info
*sbi)
> 
>  	down_read(&nm_i->nat_tree_lock);
> 
> +	if (!nm_i->total_bitmap_free_nid)
> +		goto out;
> +
>  	for (i = 0; i < nm_i->nat_blocks; i++) {
>  		if (!test_bit_le(i, nm_i->nat_block_bitmap))
>  			continue;
> @@ -1972,7 +1978,7 @@ static void scan_free_nid_bits(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
>  			nid = i * NAT_ENTRY_PER_BLOCK + idx;
>  			add_free_nid(sbi, nid, true);
> 
> -			if (nm_i->nid_cnt[FREE_NID] >= MAX_FREE_NIDS)
> +			if (nm_i->nid_cnt[FREE_NID])
>  				goto out;
>  		}
>  	}
> 
> Thanks,
> 
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Fan li <fanofcode.li@...sung.com>
> > ---
> >  fs/f2fs/f2fs.h |  1 +
> >  fs/f2fs/node.c | 42 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
> >  2 files changed, 36 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h b/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h index e0ef31c..ae1cf91
> > 100644
> > --- a/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
> > +++ b/fs/f2fs/f2fs.h
> > @@ -705,6 +705,7 @@ struct f2fs_nm_info {
> >  	nid_t max_nid;			/* maximum possible node ids */
> >  	nid_t available_nids;		/* # of available node ids */
> >  	nid_t next_scan_nid;		/* the next nid to be scanned */
> > +	block_t first_scan_block;       /* the first NAT block to be scanned */
> >  	unsigned int ram_thresh;	/* control the memory footprint */
> >  	unsigned int ra_nid_pages;	/* # of nid pages to be readaheaded */
> >  	unsigned int dirty_nats_ratio;	/* control dirty nats ratio threshold */
> > diff --git a/fs/f2fs/node.c b/fs/f2fs/node.c index 3d0d1be..f921e0c
> > 100644
> > --- a/fs/f2fs/node.c
> > +++ b/fs/f2fs/node.c
> > @@ -1812,7 +1812,7 @@ static bool add_free_nid(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, nid_t nid, bool build)
> >  	struct f2fs_nm_info *nm_i = NM_I(sbi);
> >  	struct free_nid *i, *e;
> >  	struct nat_entry *ne;
> > -	int err = -EINVAL;
> > +	int need_free = 1;
> >  	bool ret = false;
> >
> >  	/* 0 nid should not be used */
> > @@ -1863,13 +1863,25 @@ static bool add_free_nid(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, nid_t nid, bool build)
> >  		}
> >  	}
> >  	ret = true;
> > -	err = __insert_free_nid(sbi, i, FREE_NID);
> > +	need_free = __insert_free_nid(sbi, i, FREE_NID);
> >  err_out:
> >  	spin_unlock(&nm_i->nid_list_lock);
> >  	radix_tree_preload_end();
> >  err:
> > -	if (err)
> > +	if (need_free)
> >  		kmem_cache_free(free_nid_slab, i);
> > +	/*
> > +	 * For nid that should be free but not in the free
> > +	 * structure, update the scan range in hope of adding
> > +	 * it in the next scan.
> > +	 */
> > +	if (!ret || need_free < 0) {
> > +		block_t tmp_block = NAT_BLOCK_OFFSET(nid);
> > +
> > +		if (tmp_block < nm_i->first_scan_block)
> > +			nm_i->first_scan_block = tmp_block;
> > +	}
> > +
> >  	return ret;
> >  }
> >
> > @@ -1950,10 +1962,17 @@ static void scan_free_nid_bits(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
> >  	struct curseg_info *curseg = CURSEG_I(sbi, CURSEG_HOT_DATA);
> >  	struct f2fs_journal *journal = curseg->journal;
> >  	unsigned int i, idx;
> > +	unsigned int max_blocks = NAT_BLOCK_OFFSET(nm_i->next_scan_nid);
> >
> > -	down_read(&nm_i->nat_tree_lock);
> > +	/* every free nid in blocks scanned previously is in the free list */
> > +	if (nm_i->first_scan_block == NEW_ADDR)
> > +		return;
> >
> > -	for (i = 0; i < nm_i->nat_blocks; i++) {
> > +	if (max_blocks == 0)
> > +		max_blocks = nm_i->nat_blocks;
> > +
> > +	down_read(&nm_i->nat_tree_lock);
> > +	for (i = nm_i->first_scan_block; i < max_blocks; i++) {
> >  		if (!test_bit_le(i, nm_i->nat_block_bitmap))
> >  			continue;
> >  		if (!nm_i->free_nid_count[i])
> > @@ -1967,10 +1986,13 @@ static void scan_free_nid_bits(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
> >  			nid = i * NAT_ENTRY_PER_BLOCK + idx;
> >  			add_free_nid(sbi, nid, true);
> >
> > -			if (nm_i->nid_cnt[FREE_NID] >= MAX_FREE_NIDS)
> > +			if (nm_i->nid_cnt[FREE_NID] >= MAX_FREE_NIDS) {
> > +				nm_i->first_scan_block = i;
> >  				goto out;
> > +			}
> >  		}
> >  	}
> > +	nm_i->first_scan_block = NEW_ADDR;
> >  out:
> >  	down_read(&curseg->journal_rwsem);
> >  	for (i = 0; i < nats_in_cursum(journal); i++) { @@ -2010,7 +2032,7
> > @@ static void __build_free_nids(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, bool sync, bool mount)
> >  		/* try to find free nids in free_nid_bitmap */
> >  		scan_free_nid_bits(sbi);
> >
> > -		if (nm_i->nid_cnt[FREE_NID])
> > +		if (nm_i->nid_cnt[FREE_NID] >= NAT_ENTRY_PER_BLOCK)
> >  			return;
> >  	}
> >
> > @@ -2163,6 +2185,7 @@ int try_to_free_nids(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, int nr_shrink)
> >  	struct f2fs_nm_info *nm_i = NM_I(sbi);
> >  	struct free_nid *i, *next;
> >  	int nr = nr_shrink;
> > +	nid_t min_nid = nm_i->max_nid;
> >
> >  	if (nm_i->nid_cnt[FREE_NID] <= MAX_FREE_NIDS)
> >  		return 0;
> > @@ -2176,11 +2199,15 @@ int try_to_free_nids(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi, int nr_shrink)
> >  				nm_i->nid_cnt[FREE_NID] <= MAX_FREE_NIDS)
> >  			break;
> >
> > +		if (i->nid < min_nid)
> > +			min_nid = i->nid;
> >  		__remove_free_nid(sbi, i, FREE_NID);
> >  		kmem_cache_free(free_nid_slab, i);
> >  		nr_shrink--;
> >  	}
> >  	spin_unlock(&nm_i->nid_list_lock);
> > +	if (min_nid != nm_i->max_nid)
> > +		nm_i->first_scan_block = NAT_BLOCK_OFFSET(min_nid);
> >  	mutex_unlock(&nm_i->build_lock);
> >
> >  	return nr - nr_shrink;
> > @@ -2674,6 +2701,7 @@ static int init_node_manager(struct f2fs_sb_info *sbi)
> >  	init_rwsem(&nm_i->nat_tree_lock);
> >
> >  	nm_i->next_scan_nid = le32_to_cpu(sbi->ckpt->next_free_nid);
> > +	nm_i->first_scan_block = NEW_ADDR;
> >  	nm_i->bitmap_size = __bitmap_size(sbi, NAT_BITMAP);
> >  	version_bitmap = __bitmap_ptr(sbi, NAT_BITMAP);
> >  	if (!version_bitmap)
> >
> 


Powered by blists - more mailing lists