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Date:   Thu, 9 Nov 2017 23:40:13 +0000
From:   Song Liu <songliubraving@...com>
To:     Steven Rostedt <rostedt@...dmis.org>
CC:     Alexei Starovoitov <alexei.starovoitov@...il.com>,
        Yafang Shao <laoar.shao@...il.com>,
        David Miller <davem@...emloft.net>,
        "mingo@...hat.com" <mingo@...hat.com>,
        "netdev@...r.kernel.org" <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
        "linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] net/tcp: introduce TRACE_EVENT for TCP/IPv4 state
 transition


> On Nov 9, 2017, at 10:34 AM, Song Liu <songliubraving@...com> wrote:
> 
>> 
>> On Nov 9, 2017, at 10:18 AM, Steven Rostedt <rostedt@...dmis.org> wrote:
>> 
>> On Thu, 9 Nov 2017 15:43:29 +0900
>> Alexei Starovoitov <alexei.starovoitov@...il.com> wrote:
>> 
>>>> +TRACE_EVENT(tcp_set_state,
>>>> +	TP_PROTO(struct sock *sk, int oldstate, int newstate),
>>>> +	TP_ARGS(sk, oldstate, newstate),
>>>> +
>>>> +	TP_STRUCT__entry(
>>>> +		__field(__be32, dst)
>>>> +		__field(__be32, src)
>>>> +		__field(__u16, dport)
>>>> +		__field(__u16, sport)
>>>> +		__field(int, oldstate)
>>>> +		__field(int, newstate)
>>>> +	),
>>>> +
>>>> +	TP_fast_assign(
>>>> +		if (oldstate == TCP_TIME_WAIT) {
>>>> +			__entry->dst = inet_twsk(sk)->tw_daddr;
>>>> +			__entry->src = inet_twsk(sk)->tw_rcv_saddr;
>>>> +			__entry->dport = ntohs(inet_twsk(sk)->tw_dport);
>>>> +			__entry->sport = ntohs(inet_twsk(sk)->tw_sport);
>>>> +		} else if (oldstate == TCP_NEW_SYN_RECV) {
>>>> +			__entry->dst = inet_rsk(inet_reqsk(sk))->ir_rmt_addr;
>>>> +			__entry->src = inet_rsk(inet_reqsk(sk))->ir_loc_addr;
>>>> +			__entry->dport =
>>>> +				ntohs(inet_rsk(inet_reqsk(sk))->ir_rmt_port);
>>>> +			__entry->sport = inet_rsk(inet_reqsk(sk))->ir_num;
>>>> +		} else {
>>>> +			__entry->dst = inet_sk(sk)->inet_daddr;
>>>> +			__entry->src = inet_sk(sk)->inet_rcv_saddr;
>>>> +			__entry->dport = ntohs(inet_sk(sk)->inet_dport);
>>>> +			__entry->sport = ntohs(inet_sk(sk)->inet_sport);
>>>> +		}
>>>> +
>>>> +		__entry->oldstate = oldstate;
>>>> +		__entry->newstate = newstate;
>>>> +	),
>>>> +
>>>> +	TP_printk("%08X:%04X %08X:%04X, %02x %02x",
>>>> +		__entry->src, __entry->sport, __entry->dst, __entry->dport,
>>>> +		__entry->oldstate, __entry->newstate)  
>>> 
>>> direct %x of state is not allowed.
>>> This has to use show_tcp_state_name() like it's done in trace_tcp_set_state
>> 
>> Hmm, I need to look at trace_tcp_set_state. I'm guessing it is in
>> net-next too?
> 
> Yes, in net-next. There are 6 tracepoints under tcp group:
> 
>  tcp_destroy_sock  
>  tcp_receive_reset  
>  tcp_retransmit_skb  
>  tcp_retransmit_synack  
>  tcp_send_reset  
>  tcp_set_state
> 
> They are all added recently.
> 
>> 
>>> 
>>> Also I'm missing the reason to introduce another tracepoint
>>> that looks just like trace_tcp_set_state.
>> 
>> I want to make sure that perf and trace-cmd can parse the TP_printk(),
>> if it is having helper functions like that in the TP_printk() part,
>> then the libtraceevent needs to be aware of that.
>> 
> 
> tcp_set_state uses __print_symbolic to show state in text format. I found
> trace-cmd cannot parse that part:
> 
> [011] 147338.660560: tcp_set_state:        sport=16262 dport=48346 \
>    saddr=127.0.0.6 daddr=127.0.0.6 saddrv6=2401:db00:30:317e:face:0:1f:0 \
>    daddrv6=2401:db00:30:31e5:face:0:7f:0 oldstate= newstate=
> 
> Other parts of the output looks good to me.
> 
> Thanks,
> Song

I am not sure whether this is the best approach, but the following patch 
fixes the output of perf:

     0.44%  sport=16262 dport=39362 saddr=127.0.0.6 daddr=127.0.0.6 \
saddrv6=2401:db00:30:317e:face:0:1f:0 daddrv6=2401:db00:30:31e5:face:0:7f:0 \
oldstate=TCP_CLOSE_WAIT newstate=TCP_LAST_ACK

Thanks,
Song


>From 4b7e27631a4c7df96a38223a95ee3ede2f5f2d19 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Song Liu <songliubraving@...com>
Date: Thu, 9 Nov 2017 15:30:07 -0800
Subject: [PATCH] libtraceevent: add flags for tcp state names

Names of TCP states are added to flags in event-parse.c.

The names are used to print symbolic names in tracepoint:
tcp/tcp_set_state.

Signed-off-by: Song Liu <songliubraving@...com>
---
 tools/lib/traceevent/event-parse.c | 14 ++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 14 insertions(+)

diff --git a/tools/lib/traceevent/event-parse.c b/tools/lib/traceevent/event-parse.c
index 7ce724f..4972dc2 100644
--- a/tools/lib/traceevent/event-parse.c
+++ b/tools/lib/traceevent/event-parse.c
@@ -3790,6 +3790,20 @@ static const struct flag flags[] = {

        { "HRTIMER_NORESTART", 0 },
        { "HRTIMER_RESTART", 1 },
+
+       /* tcp state names, see include/net/tcp_states.h */
+       { "TCP_ESTABLISHED", 1 },
+       { "TCP_SYN_SENT", 2 },
+       { "TCP_SYN_RECV", 3 },
+       { "TCP_FIN_WAIT1", 4 },
+       { "TCP_FIN_WAIT2", 5 },
+       { "TCP_TIME_WAIT", 6 },
+       { "TCP_CLOSE", 7 },
+       { "TCP_CLOSE_WAIT", 8 },
+       { "TCP_LAST_ACK", 9 },
+       { "TCP_LISTEN", 10 },
+       { "TCP_CLOSING", 11 },
+       { "TCP_NEW_SYN_RECV", 12 },
 };

 static long long eval_flag(const char *flag)
--
2.9.5







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