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Date:   Thu, 9 Nov 2017 15:17:33 +0100
From:   Radim Krčmář <rkrcmar@...hat.com>
To:     Eduardo Valentin <eduval@...zon.com>
Cc:     Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@...hat.com>, Matt Wilson <msw@...zon.com>,
        Jonathan Corbet <corbet@....net>,
        Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>,
        "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>, x86@...nel.org,
        Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>,
        Waiman Long <longman@...hat.com>, kvm@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-doc@...r.kernel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        "Jan H . Schoenherr" <jschoenh@...zon.de>,
        Anthony Liguori <aliguori@...zon.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCHv3 1/1] locking/qspinlock/x86: Avoid test-and-set when
 PV_DEDICATED is set

2017-11-09 00:55-0800, Eduardo Valentin:
> Hello,
> 
> On Wed, Nov 08, 2017 at 06:36:52PM +0100, Radim Krčmář wrote:
> > 2017-11-06 12:26-0800, Eduardo Valentin:
> > > Currently, the existing qspinlock implementation will fallback to
> > > test-and-set if the hypervisor has not set the PV_UNHALT flag.
> > > 
> > > This patch gives the opportunity to guest kernels to select
> > > between test-and-set and the regular queueu fair lock implementation
> > > based on the PV_DEDICATED KVM feature flag. When the PV_DEDICATED
> > > flag is not set, the code will still fall back to test-and-set,
> > > but when the PV_DEDICATED flag is set, the code will use
> > > the regular queue spinlock implementation.
> > > 
> > > With this patch, when in autoselect mode, the guest will
> > > use the default spinlock implementation based on host feature
> > > flags as follows:
> > > 
> > > PV_DEDICATED = 1, PV_UNHALT = anything: default is qspinlock
> > > PV_DEDICATED = 0, PV_UNHALT = 1: default is pvqspinlock
> > > PV_DEDICATED = 0, PV_UNHALT = 0: default is tas
> > > 
> > > Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@...hat.com>
> > > Cc: "Radim Krčmář" <rkrcmar@...hat.com>
> > > Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@....net>
> > > Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>
> > > Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>
> > > Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>
> > > Cc: x86@...nel.org
> > > Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>
> > > Cc: Waiman Long <longman@...hat.com>
> > > Cc: kvm@...r.kernel.org
> > > Cc: linux-doc@...r.kernel.org
> > > Cc: linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
> > > Cc: Jan H. Schoenherr <jschoenh@...zon.de>
> > > Cc: Anthony Liguori <aliguori@...zon.com>
> > > Suggested-by: Matt Wilson <msw@...zon.com>
> > > Signed-off-by: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@...zon.com>
> > > ---
> > > V3:
> > >  - When PV_DEDICATED is set (1), qspinlock is selected,
> > >    regardless of the value of PV_UNHAULT. Suggested by Paolo Bonzini. 
> > >  - Refreshed on top of tip/master.
> > > V2:
> > >  - rebase on top of tip/master
> > > 
> > >  Documentation/virtual/kvm/cpuid.txt  | 6 ++++++
> > >  arch/x86/include/asm/qspinlock.h     | 4 ++++
> > >  arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/kvm_para.h | 1 +
> > >  arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c                | 2 ++
> > >  4 files changed, 13 insertions(+)
> > > 
> > > diff --git a/Documentation/virtual/kvm/cpuid.txt b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/cpuid.txt
> > > index 3c65feb..117066a 100644
> > > --- a/Documentation/virtual/kvm/cpuid.txt
> > > +++ b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/cpuid.txt
> > > @@ -54,6 +54,12 @@ KVM_FEATURE_PV_UNHALT              ||     7 || guest checks this feature bit
> > >                                     ||       || before enabling paravirtualized
> > >                                     ||       || spinlock support.
> > >  ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
> > > +KVM_FEATURE_PV_DEDICATED           ||     8 || guest checks this feature bit
> > > +                                   ||       || to determine if they run on
> > > +                                   ||       || dedicated vCPUs, allowing opti-
> > > +                                   ||       || mizations such as usage of
> > > +                                   ||       || qspinlocks.
> > > +------------------------------------------------------------------------------
> > >  KVM_FEATURE_CLOCKSOURCE_STABLE_BIT ||    24 || host will warn if no guest-side
> > >                                     ||       || per-cpu warps are expected in
> > >                                     ||       || kvmclock.
> > > diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/qspinlock.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/qspinlock.h
> > > index 5e16b5d..de42694 100644
> > > --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/qspinlock.h
> > > +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/qspinlock.h
> > > @@ -3,6 +3,8 @@
> > >  #define _ASM_X86_QSPINLOCK_H
> > >  
> > >  #include <linux/jump_label.h>
> > > +#include <linux/kvm_para.h>
> > > +
> > >  #include <asm/cpufeature.h>
> > >  #include <asm-generic/qspinlock_types.h>
> > >  #include <asm/paravirt.h>
> > > @@ -58,6 +60,8 @@ static inline bool virt_spin_lock(struct qspinlock *lock)
> > >  	if (!static_branch_likely(&virt_spin_lock_key))
> > >  		return false;
> > >  
> > > +	if (kvm_para_has_feature(KVM_FEATURE_PV_DEDICATED))
> > > +		return false;
> > 
> > Hm, every spinlock slowpath calls cpuid, which causes a VM exit, so I
> > wouldn't expect it to be faster than the existing implementations.
> > (Using the static key would be better.)
> > 
> > How does this patch perform compared to user-forced qspinlock and hybrid
> > pvqspinlock?
> 
> This patch should have same effect as user-forced qspinlock.

This is what I'm doubting, because the patch is adding about two
thousand cycles to every spinlock-taken path.
Doesn't this patch yield better results?

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c b/arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c
index 3df743b60c80..d9225e48c11a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/kvm.c
@@ -676,6 +676,12 @@ void __init kvm_spinlock_init(void)
 {
 	if (!kvm_para_available())
 		return;
+
+	if (kvm_para_has_feature(KVM_FEATURE_PV_DEDICATED)) {
+		static_branch_disable(&virt_spin_lock_key);
+		return;
+	}
+
 	/* Does host kernel support KVM_FEATURE_PV_UNHALT? */
 	if (!kvm_para_has_feature(KVM_FEATURE_PV_UNHALT))
 		return;

>                                                              However, the key aspect
> here is this patch gives a way for the host to instruct the guest to use qspinlock.
> Even with Longman's patch which allows guest to select the spinlock implementation,
> there should still be the auto-select mode. In such mode, PV_DEDICATED should
> allow the host to get the guest to use qspinlock, without, the guest will fallback
> to tas when PV_UNHALT == 0.

I agree that a flag can be useful for certains setups.

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