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Date:   Thu, 9 Nov 2017 19:35:25 +0000 (UTC)
From:   Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@...icios.com>
To:     Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org>
Cc:     "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>,
        linux-kernel <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        linux-api <linux-api@...r.kernel.org>,
        Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>,
        Boqun Feng <boqun.feng@...il.com>,
        Andrew Hunter <ahh@...gle.com>,
        maged michael <maged.michael@...il.com>,
        gromer <gromer@...gle.com>, Avi Kivity <avi@...lladb.com>,
        Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@...nel.crashing.org>,
        Paul Mackerras <paulus@...ba.org>,
        Michael Ellerman <mpe@...erman.id.au>,
        Dave Watson <davejwatson@...com>,
        Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>,
        "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>,
        Andrea Parri <parri.andrea@...il.com>, x86 <x86@...nel.org>
Subject: Re: [RFC PATCH for 4.15 5/6] membarrier: x86: Provide core
 serializing command

----- On Nov 9, 2017, at 2:07 PM, Andy Lutomirski luto@...nel.org wrote:

> On Wed, Nov 8, 2017 at 10:35 AM, Mathieu Desnoyers
> <mathieu.desnoyers@...icios.com> wrote:
> 
>> +/*
>> + * x86-64 implements return to user-space through sysret, which is not a
>> + * core-serializing instruction. Therefore, we need an explicit core
>> + * serializing instruction after going from kernel thread back to
>> + * user-space thread (active_mm moved back to current mm).
>> + */
>> +static inline void membarrier_arch_mm_sync_core(struct mm_struct *mm)
>> +{
>> +       if (likely(!(atomic_read(&mm->membarrier_state) &
>> +                       MEMBARRIER_STATE_SYNC_CORE)))
>> +               return;
>> +       sync_core();
>> +}
> 
> IMO there should be an extremely clear specification somewhere for
> what this function is supposed to do.
> 
> If I remember correctly, it's supposed to promise that the icache is
> synced before the next time we return to usermode for the current mm
> on this CPU.  If that's correct, then let's document it very
> explicitly and let's also drop the "membarrier" from the name -- it's
> a primitive we'll need anyway given the existing migration bug.

I understand that on x86 (specifically), synchronizing the icache and
doing a core serializing instruction may mean the same thing.

However, on architectures like ARM, icache sync differs from core
serialization. Those architectures typically have either a user-space
accessible instruction or a system call to perform the icache flush.
The missing part for JIT is core serialization (also called context
synchronization). icache flush is already handled by pre-existing
means.

So the promise here given by membarrier_arch_mm_sync_core() is that
a core serializing instruction is issued before the next time we return
to usermode on the current thread. However, we only need that guarantee
if the current thread's mm is a registered MEMBARRIER_{...}_SYNC_CORE user.

Regarding the existing migration bug, what I think you want is a kind
of weaker "sync_core()", which ensures that a core serializing
instruction is issued before the next time the current thread returns
to usermode.

It could be e.g.: set_tsk_need_core_sync() which would set a
TIF_NEED_CORE_SYNC thread flag on the current thread.

Clearly, when this kind of thread flag is introduced as an
optimization over sync_core(), I would like to use that. However,
I don't think it replaces the membarrier_arch_mm_sync_core() entirely,
given that it would not check for the mm membarrier "SYNC_CORE"
registration state. It appears to me to be merely an optimization over
directly invoking sync_core.

What I suggest is that I update the comment above
membarrier_arch_mm_sync_core to spell out more clearly that all we
need is to have a core serializing instruction issued before the next
time the current thread returns to user-space. I can still use
sync_core for now, and we can then improve the implementation
whenever a new thread flag is introduced. The new comment would look
like:

/*
 * x86-64 implements return to user-space through sysret, which is not a
 * core-serializing instruction. Therefore, we need an explicit core
 * serializing instruction after going from kernel thread back to
 * user-space thread (active_mm moved back to current mm).
 *
 * This function ensures that a core serializing instruction is issued
 * before the current thread returns to user-space.
 */

Thoughts ?

Thanks,

Mathieu


-- 
Mathieu Desnoyers
EfficiOS Inc.
http://www.efficios.com

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