lists.openwall.net   lists  /  announce  owl-users  owl-dev  john-users  john-dev  passwdqc-users  yescrypt  popa3d-users  /  oss-security  kernel-hardening  musl  sabotage  tlsify  passwords  /  crypt-dev  xvendor  /  Bugtraq  Full-Disclosure  linux-kernel  linux-netdev  linux-ext4  PHC 
Open Source and information security mailing list archives
 
Hash Suite: Windows password security audit tool. GUI, reports in PDF.
[<prev] [next>] [<thread-prev] [thread-next>] [day] [month] [year] [list]
Date:   Thu, 23 Nov 2017 08:56:17 +0100
From:   Jesper Nilsson <jesper.nilsson@...s.com>
To:     Nicolas Pitre <nicolas.pitre@...aro.org>
Cc:     Jesper Nilsson <jespern@...s.com>,
        Guenter Roeck <linux@...ck-us.net>, Tejun Heo <tj@...nel.org>,
        Christoph Lameter <cl@...ux.com>, linux-mm@...ck.org,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, Mikael Starvik <starvik@...s.com>,
        linux-cris-kernel@...s.com
Subject: Re: mm/percpu.c: use smarter memory allocation for struct
 pcpu_alloc_info (crisv32 hang)

On Wed, Nov 22, 2017 at 03:17:00PM -0500, Nicolas Pitre wrote:
> On Wed, 22 Nov 2017, Jesper Nilsson wrote:
> 
> > On Mon, Nov 20, 2017 at 10:50:46PM -0500, Nicolas Pitre wrote:
> > > On Mon, 20 Nov 2017, Guenter Roeck wrote:
> > > > On Mon, Nov 20, 2017 at 07:28:21PM -0500, Nicolas Pitre wrote:
> > > > > On Mon, 20 Nov 2017, Guenter Roeck wrote:
> > > > > 
> > > > > > bdata->node_min_pfn=60000 PFN_PHYS(bdata->node_min_pfn)=c0000000 start_off=536000 region=c0536000
> > > > > 
> > > > > If PFN_PHYS(bdata->node_min_pfn)=c0000000 and
> > > > > region=c0536000 that means phys_to_virt() is a no-op.
> > > > > 
> > > > No, it is |= 0x80000000
> > > 
> > > Then the bootmem registration looks very fishy. If you have:
> > > 
> > > > I think the problem is the 0x60000 in bdata->node_min_pfn. It is shifted
> > > > left by PFN_PHYS, making it 0xc0000000, which in my understanding is
> > > > a virtual address.
> > > 
> > > Exact.
> > > 
> > > #define __pa(x)                 ((unsigned long)(x) & 0x7fffffff)
> > > #define __va(x)                 ((void *)((unsigned long)(x) | 0x80000000))
> > > 
> > > With that, the only possible physical address range you may have is 
> > > 0x40000000 - 0x7fffffff, and it better start at 0x40000000. If that's 
> > > not where your RAM is then something is wrong.
> > > 
> > > This is in fact a very bad idea to define __va() and __pa() using 
> > > bitwise operations as this hides mistakes like defining physical RAM 
> > > address at 0xc0000000. Instead, it should look like:
> > > 
> > > #define __pa(x)                 ((unsigned long)(x) - 0x80000000)
> > > #define __va(x)                 ((void *)((unsigned long)(x) + 0x80000000))
> > > 
> > > This way, bad physical RAM address definitions will be caught 
> > > immediately.
> > > 
> > > > That doesn't seem to be easy to fix. It seems there is a mixup of physical
> > > > and  virtual addresses in the architecture.
> > > 
> > > Well... I don't think there is much else to say other than this needs 
> > > fixing.
> > 
> > The memory map for the ETRAX FS has the SDRAM mapped at both 0x40000000-0x7fffffff
> > and 0xc0000000-0xffffffff, and the difference is cached and non-cached.
> > That is actively (ab)used in the port, unfortunately, allthough I'm
> > uncertain if this is the problem in this case.
> 
> It certainly is a problem. If your cached RAM is physically mapped at 
> 0xc0000000 and you want it to be virtually mapped at 0xc0000000 then you 
> should have:
> 
> #define __pa(x)                 ((unsigned long)(x))
> #define __va(x)                 ((void *)(x))
> 
> i.e. no translation.

Sorry, it's the other way around, cached memory is at 0x40000000 and
non-cached is at 0xc0000000, so the translation is right, even if
as you pointed out earlier, it should be performed differently.

> For non-cached RAM access, there are specific 
> interfaces for that. For example, you could have dma_alloc_coherent() 
> take advantage of the fact that memory with the top bit cleared becomes 
> uncached. But __pa() is the wrong interface for obtaining uncached 
> memory.
> 
> Nicolas

/^JN - Jesper Nilsson
-- 
               Jesper Nilsson -- jesper.nilsson@...s.com

Powered by blists - more mailing lists