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Date:   Thu, 23 Nov 2017 10:39:47 +0100
From:   Benjamin Tissoires <benjamin.tissoires@...hat.com>
To:     Jiri Kosina <jikos@...nel.org>,
        Dmitry Torokhov <dmitry.torokhov@...il.com>,
        Peter Hutterer <peter.hutterer@...-t.net>
Cc:     linux-input@...r.kernel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        Benjamin Tissoires <benjamin.tissoires@...hat.com>
Subject: [PATCH] HID: input: do not increment usages when a duplicate is found

This is something that bothered us from a long time. When hid-input
doesn't know how to map a usage, it uses *_MISC. But there is something
else which increments the usage if the evdev code is already used.

This leads to few issues:
- some devices may have their ABS_X mapped to ABS_Y if they export a bad
  set of usages (see the DragonRise joysticks IIRC -> fixed in a specific
  HID driver)
- *_MISC + N might (will) conflict with other defined axes (my Logitech
  H800 exports some multitouch axes because of that)
- this prevents to freely add some new evdev usages, because "hey, my
  headset will now report ABS_COFFEE, and it's not coffee capable".

So let's try to kill this nonsense, and hope we won't break too many
devices.

I my headset case, the ABS_MISC axes are created because of some
proprietary usages, so we might not break that many devices.

For backward compatibility, a quirk HID_QUIRK_INCREMENT_USAGE_ON_DUPLICATE
is created and can be applied to any device that needs this behavior.

Signed-off-by: Benjamin Tissoires <benjamin.tissoires@...hat.com>
---

Hi Jiri,

this is obviously 4.16 material. It applies on top of your
for-4.16/hid-quirks-cleanup/_base.

Cheers,
Benjamin

 drivers/hid/hid-input.c | 33 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 include/linux/hid.h     |  2 ++
 2 files changed, 33 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/hid/hid-input.c b/drivers/hid/hid-input.c
index 04d01b57d94c..8e824d1e9258 100644
--- a/drivers/hid/hid-input.c
+++ b/drivers/hid/hid-input.c
@@ -1100,8 +1100,31 @@ static void hidinput_configure_usage(struct hid_input *hidinput, struct hid_fiel
 
 	set_bit(usage->type, input->evbit);
 
-	while (usage->code <= max && test_and_set_bit(usage->code, bit))
-		usage->code = find_next_zero_bit(bit, max + 1, usage->code);
+	/*
+	 * This part is *really* controversial:
+	 * - HID aims at being generic so we should do our best to export
+	 *   all incoming events
+	 * - HID describes what events are, so there is no reason for ABS_X
+	 *   to be mapped to ABS_Y
+	 * - HID is using *_MISC+N as a default value, but nothing prevents
+	 *   *_MISC+N to overwrite a legitimate even, which confuses userspace
+	 *   (for instance ABS_MISC + 7 is ABS_MT_SLOT, which has a different
+	 *   processing)
+	 *
+	 * If devices still want to use this (at their own risk), they will
+	 * have to use the quirk HID_QUIRK_INCREMENT_USAGE_ON_DUPLICATE, but
+	 * the default should be a reliable mapping.
+	 */
+	while (usage->code <= max && test_and_set_bit(usage->code, bit)) {
+		if (device->quirks & HID_QUIRK_INCREMENT_USAGE_ON_DUPLICATE) {
+			usage->code = find_next_zero_bit(bit,
+							 max + 1,
+							 usage->code);
+		} else {
+			device->status |= HID_STAT_DUP_DETECTED;
+			goto ignore;
+		}
+	}
 
 	if (usage->code > max)
 		goto ignore;
@@ -1610,6 +1633,8 @@ int hidinput_connect(struct hid_device *hid, unsigned int force)
 	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&hid->inputs);
 	INIT_WORK(&hid->led_work, hidinput_led_worker);
 
+	hid->status &= ~HID_STAT_DUP_DETECTED;
+
 	if (!force) {
 		for (i = 0; i < hid->maxcollection; i++) {
 			struct hid_collection *col = &hid->collection[i];
@@ -1676,6 +1701,10 @@ int hidinput_connect(struct hid_device *hid, unsigned int force)
 		goto out_unwind;
 	}
 
+	if (hid->status & HID_STAT_DUP_DETECTED)
+		hid_info(hid,
+			 "Some usages could not be mapped, please use HID_QUIRK_INCREMENT_USAGE_ON_DUPLICATE if this is legitimate.\n");
+
 	return 0;
 
 out_unwind:
diff --git a/include/linux/hid.h b/include/linux/hid.h
index 39cdeb205caa..076876a61a05 100644
--- a/include/linux/hid.h
+++ b/include/linux/hid.h
@@ -343,6 +343,7 @@ struct hid_item {
 #define HID_QUIRK_SKIP_OUTPUT_REPORT_ID		0x00020000
 #define HID_QUIRK_NO_OUTPUT_REPORTS_ON_INTR_EP	0x00040000
 #define HID_QUIRK_HAVE_SPECIAL_DRIVER		0x00080000
+#define HID_QUIRK_INCREMENT_USAGE_ON_DUPLICATE	0x00100000
 #define HID_QUIRK_FULLSPEED_INTERVAL		0x10000000
 #define HID_QUIRK_NO_INIT_REPORTS		0x20000000
 #define HID_QUIRK_NO_IGNORE			0x40000000
@@ -500,6 +501,7 @@ struct hid_output_fifo {
 
 #define HID_STAT_ADDED		1
 #define HID_STAT_PARSED		2
+#define HID_STAT_DUP_DETECTED	3
 
 struct hid_input {
 	struct list_head list;
-- 
2.14.3

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