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Date:   Fri, 24 Nov 2017 18:23:42 +0100
From:   Ingo Molnar <mingo@...nel.org>
To:     linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@...ux.intel.com>,
        Andy Lutomirski <luto@...capital.net>,
        Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        "H . Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>,
        Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>,
        Borislav Petkov <bp@...en8.de>,
        Linus Torvalds <torvalds@...ux-foundation.org>
Subject: [PATCH 14/43] x86/asm/64: Return to userspace from the trampoline stack

From: Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org>

By itself, this is useless.  It gives us the ability to run some final
code before exit that cannnot run on the kernel stack.  This could
include a CR3 switch a la KAISER or some kernel stack erasing, for
example.  (Or even weird things like *changing* which kernel stack
gets used as an ASLR-strengthening mechanism.)

The SYSRET32 path is not covered yet.  It could be in the future or
we could just ignore it and force the slow path if needed.

Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bpetkov@...e.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@...il.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@...el.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@...hat.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@...ux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/d350017000eed20922c3b2711a2d9229dc809256.1511497875.git.luto@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@...nel.org>
---
 arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S | 55 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
 1 file changed, 51 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S b/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S
index 7d47199f405f..426b8c669d6a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S
@@ -330,8 +330,24 @@ GLOBAL(entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe)
 	popq	%rsi	/* skip rcx */
 	popq	%rdx
 	popq	%rsi
+
+	/*
+	 * Now all regs are restored except RSP and RDI.
+	 * Save old stack pointer and switch to trampoline stack.
+	 */
+	movq	%rsp, %rdi
+	movq	PER_CPU_VAR(cpu_tss + TSS_sp0), %rsp
+
+	pushq	RSP-RDI(%rdi)	/* RSP */
+	pushq	(%rdi)		/* RDI */
+
+	/*
+	 * We are on the trampoline stack.  All regs except RDI are live.
+	 * We can do future final exit work right here.
+	 */
+
 	popq	%rdi
-	movq	RSP-ORIG_RAX(%rsp), %rsp
+	popq	%rsp
 	USERGS_SYSRET64
 END(entry_SYSCALL_64)
 
@@ -633,10 +649,41 @@ GLOBAL(swapgs_restore_regs_and_return_to_usermode)
 	ud2
 1:
 #endif
-	SWAPGS
 	POP_EXTRA_REGS
-	POP_C_REGS
-	addq	$8, %rsp	/* skip regs->orig_ax */
+	popq	%r11
+	popq	%r10
+	popq	%r9
+	popq	%r8
+	popq	%rax
+	popq	%rcx
+	popq	%rdx
+	popq	%rsi
+
+	/*
+	 * The stack is now user RDI, orig_ax, RIP, CS, EFLAGS, RSP, SS.
+	 * Save old stack pointer and switch to trampoline stack.
+	 */
+	movq	%rsp, %rdi
+	movq	PER_CPU_VAR(cpu_tss + TSS_sp0), %rsp
+
+	/* Copy the IRET frame to the trampoline stack. */
+	pushq	6*8(%rdi)	/* SS */
+	pushq	5*8(%rdi)	/* RSP */
+	pushq	4*8(%rdi)	/* EFLAGS */
+	pushq	3*8(%rdi)	/* CS */
+	pushq	2*8(%rdi)	/* RIP */
+
+	/* Push user RDI on the trampoline stack. */
+	pushq	(%rdi)
+
+	/*
+	 * We are on the trampoline stack.  All regs except RDI are live.
+	 * We can do future final exit work right here.
+	 */
+
+	/* Restore RDI. */
+	popq	%rdi
+	SWAPGS
 	INTERRUPT_RETURN
 
 
-- 
2.14.1

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