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Date:   Fri, 24 Nov 2017 18:10:56 +0000
From:   Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@....com>
To:     Will Deacon <will.deacon@....com>
Cc:     linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org,
        peterz@...radead.org, mingo@...hat.com
Subject: Re: v4.14-rc{4,7} null pointer dereference in event_sched_out()

On Wed, Nov 15, 2017 at 06:00:20PM +0000, Will Deacon wrote:
> On Mon, Oct 30, 2017 at 04:23:15PM +0000, Mark Rutland wrote:
> > As a heads-up, while fuzzing arm64 v4.14-rc{4,7} with Syzkaller, I hit a
> > KASAN splat in event_sched_out():
> > 
> > [  133.225742] ==================================================================
> > [  133.229374] BUG: KASAN: null-ptr-deref in event_sched_out.isra.47+0x428/0x580
> > [  133.230843] Read of size 4 at addr 0000000000000178 by task syz-executor0/6905
> > [  133.233151]
> > [  133.233664] CPU: 0 PID: 6905 Comm: syz-executor0 Not tainted 4.14.0-rc7-dirty #4
> > [  133.235750] Hardware name: linux,dummy-virt (DT)
> > [  133.236598] Call trace:
> > [  133.237081] [<ffff20000808fef8>] dump_backtrace+0x0/0x658
> > [  133.238073] [<ffff200008090570>] show_stack+0x20/0x30
> > [  133.239002] [<ffff2000091c22ec>] dump_stack+0xd0/0x124
> > [  133.239947] [<ffff200008349d1c>] kasan_report+0x104/0x310
> > [  133.240940] [<ffff2000083483f8>] __asan_load4+0x58/0xb0
> > [  133.242262] [<ffff200008271138>] event_sched_out.isra.47+0x428/0x580
> > [  133.243686] [<ffff2000082712c8>] __perf_remove_from_context+0x38/0xe0
> > [  133.244948] [<ffff200008265cf8>] event_function_call+0x1c8/0x258
> > [  133.246197] [<ffff20000826ad04>] perf_remove_from_context+0x54/0xf0
> > [  133.247514] [<ffff20000827f188>] SyS_perf_event_open+0x1528/0x18e0
> > [  133.248831] Exception stack(0xffff800038c5fec0 to 0xffff800038c60000)
> > [  133.250199] fec0: 0000000020b12f88 0000000000001af8 00000000ffffffff 0000000000000008
> > [  133.251843] fee0: 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
> > [  133.253503] ff00: 00000000000000f1 0000000000000000 0000000000405850 00000000003d0f00
> > [  133.255132] ff20: 0000ffff94514f60 00000000004ae890 0000000000000027 0000000000000001
> > [  133.256756] ff40: 0000000000000000 0000000000826000 0000000000000000 00000000004c0158
> > [  133.258392] ff60: 00000000ffffffff 0000000020b12f88 0000000000001af8 000000000046d290
> > [  133.260006] ff80: 00000000004aaba8 0000000000473af8 0000ffffe5360da0 0000000000000000
> > [  133.261629] ffa0: 0000ffff94514f60 0000ffff94514640 00000000004020fc 0000ffff94514640
> > [  133.263253] ffc0: 000000000042d034 00000000a0000000 0000000020b12f88 00000000000000f1
> > [  133.264886] ffe0: 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
> > [  133.266535] [<ffff200008084170>] el0_svc_naked+0x24/0x28
> > [  133.267648] ==================================================================
> > 
> > ... which is triggered by the Syzkaller repro program at the end of this
> > email. I haven't yet come up with a C reproducer; sorry.
> > 
> > The PC seems to be the load of cpuctx->active_oncpu at the end of the
> > function, so it looks like cpuctx is NULL.
> > 
> > The system has (homogeneous) armv8_pmuv3, breakpoint, and software PMUs.
> > 
> > I initially hit this on v4.14-rc4, and can reproduce the issue on
> > v4.14-rc7. I haven't tried any other kernels yet.
> > 
> > I'll continue digging, unless someone else has already solved this.
> 
> Did you get anywhere with this?

I got a *bit* further, but I haven't figured out the underlying issue
yet.

I minimized the reproducer down to the following:

----
# {Threaded:true Collide:true Repeat:true Procs:1 Sandbox:none Fault:false FaultCall:-1 FaultNth:0 EnableTun:true UseTmpDir:true HandleSegv:true WaitRepeat:true Debug:false Repro:false}

r2 = gettid()
mmap(&(0x7f0000000000/0xd3f000)=nil, 0xd3f000, 0x3, 0x32, 0xffffffffffffffff, 0x0)
r0 = perf_event_open(&(0x7f0000d15000-0x78)={0x1, 0x78, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x9, 0x30, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, r2, 0xffffffff, 0xffffffffffffffff, 0x0)
mmap(&(0x7f0000d3f000/0x1000)=nil, 0x1000, 0x3, 0x32, 0xffffffffffffffff, 0x0)
r1 = perf_event_open(&(0x7f0000d15000-0x78)={0x1, 0x78, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x30, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, r2, 0xffffffff, r0, 0x0)
dup3(0, 0, 0)
perf_event_open(&(0x7f0000b13000-0x78)={0x0, 0x78, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x30, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}, r2, 0xffffffff, r0, 0x0)
----

Note: the dup3() is an expensive NOP (since oldfd == newfd), but I think
it's triggering an interesting scheduling pattern, since thus far I
haven't managed to trigger the bug without it.

That creates a perf_cpu_clock event, adds another to that group, and
adds a HW event to that same group. In parallel.

Sometimes at the point the HW event is added, the leading SW event is in
PERF_EVENT_STATE_INACTIVE, but the follower SW event is in
PERF_EVENT_STATE_ACTIVE. The context both are held in is inactive, so
the follower event's state makes no sense.

I added a dump to event_sched_out() that catches this:

[   35.995144] Uh-oh:
[   35.995144]   event ffff800039a1f880
[   35.995144]   event->state 1
[   35.995144]   event->cpu -1
[   35.995144]   pmu ffff20000a3b2600 (perf_cpu_clock, AKA (null))
[   35.995144]   leader ffff800039a1a480
[   35.995144]   leader->state -1
[   35.995144]   pmu ffff20000a3b2600 (perf_cpu_clock, AKA (null))
[   35.995144]   ctx ffff80003932e180, pmu ffff20000a3b2600 (perf_cpu_clock AKA (null))

I'll try to dig into this a bit more next week.

I can't reproduce this with Syzkaller running in a single thread, nor
with some multi-threaded tests I wrote in C, so I guess there's a subtle
race I'm not managing to hit.

Thanks,
Mark.

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