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Date:   Thu, 23 Nov 2017 20:32:59 -0800
From:   Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org>
To:     X86 ML <x86@...nel.org>
Cc:     Borislav Petkov <bpetkov@...e.de>,
        "linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        Brian Gerst <brgerst@...il.com>,
        Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@...el.com>,
        Linus Torvalds <torvalds@...ux-foundation.org>,
        Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@...hat.com>,
        Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org>
Subject: [PATCH v3 13/19] x86/asm/64: Return to userspace from the trampoline stack

By itself, this is useless.  It gives us the ability to run some final
code before exit that cannnot run on the kernel stack.  This could
include a CR3 switch a la KAISER or some kernel stack erasing, for
example.  (Or even weird things like *changing* which kernel stack
gets used as an ASLR-strengthening mechanism.)

The SYSRET32 path is not covered yet.  It could be in the future or
we could just ignore it and force the slow path if needed.

Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org>
---
 arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S | 55 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
 1 file changed, 51 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S b/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S
index 7d47199f405f..426b8c669d6a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S
@@ -330,8 +330,24 @@ syscall_return_via_sysret:
 	popq	%rsi	/* skip rcx */
 	popq	%rdx
 	popq	%rsi
+
+	/*
+	 * Now all regs are restored except RSP and RDI.
+	 * Save old stack pointer and switch to trampoline stack.
+	 */
+	movq	%rsp, %rdi
+	movq	PER_CPU_VAR(cpu_tss + TSS_sp0), %rsp
+
+	pushq	RSP-RDI(%rdi)	/* RSP */
+	pushq	(%rdi)		/* RDI */
+
+	/*
+	 * We are on the trampoline stack.  All regs except RDI are live.
+	 * We can do future final exit work right here.
+	 */
+
 	popq	%rdi
-	movq	RSP-ORIG_RAX(%rsp), %rsp
+	popq	%rsp
 	USERGS_SYSRET64
 END(entry_SYSCALL_64)
 
@@ -633,10 +649,41 @@ GLOBAL(swapgs_restore_regs_and_return_to_usermode)
 	ud2
 1:
 #endif
-	SWAPGS
 	POP_EXTRA_REGS
-	POP_C_REGS
-	addq	$8, %rsp	/* skip regs->orig_ax */
+	popq	%r11
+	popq	%r10
+	popq	%r9
+	popq	%r8
+	popq	%rax
+	popq	%rcx
+	popq	%rdx
+	popq	%rsi
+
+	/*
+	 * The stack is now user RDI, orig_ax, RIP, CS, EFLAGS, RSP, SS.
+	 * Save old stack pointer and switch to trampoline stack.
+	 */
+	movq	%rsp, %rdi
+	movq	PER_CPU_VAR(cpu_tss + TSS_sp0), %rsp
+
+	/* Copy the IRET frame to the trampoline stack. */
+	pushq	6*8(%rdi)	/* SS */
+	pushq	5*8(%rdi)	/* RSP */
+	pushq	4*8(%rdi)	/* EFLAGS */
+	pushq	3*8(%rdi)	/* CS */
+	pushq	2*8(%rdi)	/* RIP */
+
+	/* Push user RDI on the trampoline stack. */
+	pushq	(%rdi)
+
+	/*
+	 * We are on the trampoline stack.  All regs except RDI are live.
+	 * We can do future final exit work right here.
+	 */
+
+	/* Restore RDI. */
+	popq	%rdi
+	SWAPGS
 	INTERRUPT_RETURN
 
 
-- 
2.13.6

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