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Date:   Sat, 25 Nov 2017 23:27:46 +0100
From:   Stefan Brüns <stefan.bruens@...h-aachen.de>
To:     Maciej Purski <m.purski@...sung.com>
CC:     Jonathan Cameron <jic23@...nel.org>, <linux-iio@...r.kernel.org>,
        <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>, <linux-hwmon@...r.kernel.org>,
        "Javier Martinez Canillas" <javier@....samsung.com>,
        Peter Meerwald-Stadler <pmeerw@...erw.net>,
        Lars-Peter Clausen <lars@...afoo.de>,
        Hartmut Knaack <knaack.h@....de>,
        Jean Delvare <jdelvare@...e.com>,
        Guenter Roeck <linux@...ck-us.net>,
        Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@...sung.com>,
        Bartlomiej Zolnierkiewicz <b.zolnierkie@...sung.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 1/2] iio: adc: ina2xx: Make calibration register value fixed

On Wednesday, November 22, 2017 4:32:14 PM CET Maciej Purski wrote:
> Calibration register is used for calculating current register in
> hardware according to datasheet:
> current = shunt_volt * calib_register / 2048 (ina 226)
> current = shunt_volt * calib_register / 4096 (ina 219)
> 
> Fix calib_register value to 2048 for ina226 and 4096 for ina 219 in
> order to avoid truncation error and provide best precision allowed
> by shunt_voltage measurement. Make current scale value follow changes
> of shunt_resistor from sysfs as calib_register value is now fixed.
> 
> Power_lsb value should also follow shunt_resistor changes as stated in
> datasheet:
> power_lsb = 25 * current_lsb (ina 226)
> power_lsb = 20 * current_lsb (ina 219)
> 
> Signed-off-by: Maciej Purski <m.purski@...sung.com>

Looks fine in general, but will need rebasing on top of Jonathans git tree. 
Some comments inline ...

Kind regards,

Stefan

> ---
>  drivers/iio/adc/ina2xx-adc.c | 59
> ++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------------- 1 file changed, 32
> insertions(+), 27 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/iio/adc/ina2xx-adc.c b/drivers/iio/adc/ina2xx-adc.c
> index 84a4387..0f25087 100644
> --- a/drivers/iio/adc/ina2xx-adc.c
> +++ b/drivers/iio/adc/ina2xx-adc.c
> @@ -110,11 +110,11 @@ enum ina2xx_ids { ina219, ina226 };
> 
>  struct ina2xx_config {
>  	u16 config_default;
> -	int calibration_factor;
> +	int calibration_value;
>  	int shunt_div;
>  	int bus_voltage_shift;
>  	int bus_voltage_lsb;	/* uV */
> -	int power_lsb;		/* uW */
> +	int power_lsb_factor;
>  	enum ina2xx_ids chip_id;
>  };
> 
> @@ -124,6 +124,8 @@ struct ina2xx_chip_info {
>  	const struct ina2xx_config *config;
>  	struct mutex state_lock;
>  	unsigned int shunt_resistor_uohm;
> +	unsigned int current_lsb_uA;
> +	unsigned int power_lsb_uW;

I think power_lsb_uW is unneeded, see below.

>  	int avg;
>  	int int_time_vbus; /* Bus voltage integration time uS */
>  	int int_time_vshunt; /* Shunt voltage integration time uS */
> @@ -133,20 +135,20 @@ struct ina2xx_chip_info {
>  static const struct ina2xx_config ina2xx_config[] = {
>  	[ina219] = {
>  		.config_default = INA219_CONFIG_DEFAULT,
> -		.calibration_factor = 40960000,
> +		.calibration_value = 4096,
>  		.shunt_div = 100,
>  		.bus_voltage_shift = 3,
>  		.bus_voltage_lsb = 4000,
> -		.power_lsb = 20000,
> +		.power_lsb_factor = 20,
>  		.chip_id = ina219,
>  	},
>  	[ina226] = {
>  		.config_default = INA226_CONFIG_DEFAULT,
> -		.calibration_factor = 5120000,
> +		.calibration_value = 2048,
>  		.shunt_div = 400,
>  		.bus_voltage_shift = 0,
>  		.bus_voltage_lsb = 1250,
> -		.power_lsb = 25000,
> +		.power_lsb_factor = 25,
>  		.chip_id = ina226,
>  	},
>  };
> @@ -210,14 +212,15 @@ static int ina2xx_read_raw(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
> 
>  		case INA2XX_POWER:
>  			/* processed (mW) = raw*lsb (uW) / 1000 */
> -			*val = chip->config->power_lsb;
> +			*val = chip->power_lsb_uW;
>  			*val2 = 1000;
>  			return IIO_VAL_FRACTIONAL;
> 
>  		case INA2XX_CURRENT:
> -			/* processed (mA) = raw (mA) */
> -			*val = 1;
> -			return IIO_VAL_INT;
> +			/* processed (mA) = raw*lsb (uA) / 1000 */
> +			*val = chip->current_lsb_uA;
> +			*val2 = 1000;
> +			return IIO_VAL_FRACTIONAL;
>  		}
>  	}
> 
> @@ -434,28 +437,35 @@ static ssize_t ina2xx_allow_async_readout_store(struct
> device *dev, }
> 
>  /*
> - * Set current LSB to 1mA, shunt is in uOhms
> - * (equation 13 in datasheet). We hardcode a Current_LSB
> - * of 1.0 x10-3. The only remaining parameter is RShunt.
> - * There is no need to expose the CALIBRATION register
> - * to the user for now. But we need to reset this register
> - * if the user updates RShunt after driver init, e.g upon
> - * reading an EEPROM/Probe-type value.
> + * Calibration register is set to the best value, which eliminates
> + * truncation errors on calculating current register in hardware.
> + * According to datasheet (eq. 3) the best values are 2048 for

Nitpick - eq. 3 is only correct for INA226, IIRC, so maybe:
(INA226: Eq. 3, INA219: Eq. ?)

> + * ina226 and 4096 for ina219. They are hardcoded as calibration_value.
>   */
>  static int ina2xx_set_calibration(struct ina2xx_chip_info *chip)
>  {
> -	u16 regval = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(chip->config->calibration_factor,
> -				   chip->shunt_resistor_uohm);
> -
> -	return regmap_write(chip->regmap, INA2XX_CALIBRATION, regval);
> +	return regmap_write(chip->regmap, INA2XX_CALIBRATION,
> +			    chip->config->calibration_value);
>  }
> 
> +/*
> + * In order to keep calibration register value fixed, the product
> + * of current_lsb and shunt_resistor should also be fixed and equal
> + * to shunt_voltage_lsb = 1 / shunt_div multiplied by 10^9 in order
> + * to keep the scale.
> + */
>  static int set_shunt_resistor(struct ina2xx_chip_info *chip, unsigned int
> val) {
> -	if (val <= 0 || val > chip->config->calibration_factor)
> +	unsigned int dividend = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(1000000000,
> +						  chip->config->shunt_div);
> +
> +	if (val <= 0 || val > dividend)
>  		return -EINVAL;
> 
>  	chip->shunt_resistor_uohm = val;
> +	chip->current_lsb_uA = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(dividend, val);
> +	chip->power_lsb_uW = chip->config->power_lsb_factor *
> +			     chip->current_lsb_uA;

As the calculation is trivial an only used in ina2xx_read_raw, I think you 
should remove the extra struct member and do the calculation in 
ina2xx_read_raw.

 
>  	return 0;
>  }
> @@ -485,11 +495,6 @@ static ssize_t ina2xx_shunt_resistor_store(struct
> device *dev, if (ret)
>  		return ret;
> 
> -	/* Update the Calibration register */
> -	ret = ina2xx_set_calibration(chip);
> -	if (ret)
> -		return ret;
> -
>  	return len;
>  }


-- 
Stefan Brüns  /  Bergstraße 21  /  52062 Aachen
home: +49 241 53809034     mobile: +49 151 50412019
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