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Date:   Fri, 24 Nov 2017 17:17:55 -0800
From:   Eduardo Valentin <eduval@...zon.com>
To:     Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@...ux.intel.com>
CC:     <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>, <linux-mm@...ck.org>,
        <moritz.lipp@...k.tugraz.at>, <daniel.gruss@...k.tugraz.at>,
        <michael.schwarz@...k.tugraz.at>,
        <richard.fellner@...dent.tugraz.at>, <luto@...nel.org>,
        <torvalds@...ux-foundation.org>, <keescook@...gle.com>,
        <hughd@...gle.com>, <x86@...nel.org>, <aliguori@...zon.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 21/23] x86, kaiser: un-poison PGDs at runtime

On Wed, Nov 22, 2017 at 04:35:21PM -0800, Dave Hansen wrote:
> 
> From: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@...ux.intel.com>
> 
> With KAISER Kernel PGDs that map userspace are "poisoned" with
> the NX bit.  This ensures that if a kernel->user CR3 switch is
> missed, userspace crashes instead of running in an unhardened
> state.
> 
> This code will be needed in a moment when KAISER is turned
> on and off at runtime.
> 
> Note that an __ASSEMBLY__ #ifdef is now required since kaiser.h
> is indirectly included into assembly.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@...ux.intel.com>
> Cc: Moritz Lipp <moritz.lipp@...k.tugraz.at>
> Cc: Daniel Gruss <daniel.gruss@...k.tugraz.at>
> Cc: Michael Schwarz <michael.schwarz@...k.tugraz.at>
> Cc: Richard Fellner <richard.fellner@...dent.tugraz.at>
> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org>
> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@...ux-foundation.org>
> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@...gle.com>
> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@...gle.com>
> Cc: x86@...nel.org
> ---
> 
>  b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64.h |   16 ++++++++++++++-
>  b/arch/x86/mm/kaiser.c              |   38 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  b/include/linux/kaiser.h            |    3 +-
>  3 files changed, 55 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> 
> diff -puN arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64.h~kaiser-dynamic-unpoison-pgd arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64.h
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64.h~kaiser-dynamic-unpoison-pgd	2017-11-22 15:45:55.818619722 -0800
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable_64.h	2017-11-22 15:45:55.824619722 -0800
> @@ -3,6 +3,7 @@
>  #define _ASM_X86_PGTABLE_64_H
>  
>  #include <linux/const.h>
> +#include <linux/kaiser.h>
>  #include <asm/pgtable_64_types.h>
>  
>  #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
> @@ -199,6 +200,18 @@ static inline bool pgd_userspace_access(
>  	return pgd.pgd & _PAGE_USER;
>  }
>  
> +static inline void kaiser_poison_pgd(pgd_t *pgd)
> +{
> +	if (pgd->pgd & _PAGE_PRESENT)
> +		pgd->pgd |= _PAGE_NX;
> +}
> +
> +static inline void kaiser_unpoison_pgd(pgd_t *pgd)
> +{
> +	if (pgd->pgd & _PAGE_PRESENT)
> +		pgd->pgd &= ~_PAGE_NX;
> +}
> +
>  /*
>   * Take a PGD location (pgdp) and a pgd value that needs
>   * to be set there.  Populates the shadow and returns
> @@ -222,7 +235,8 @@ static inline pgd_t kaiser_set_shadow_pg
>  			 * wrong CR3 value, userspace will crash
>  			 * instead of running.
>  			 */
> -			pgd.pgd |= _PAGE_NX;
> +			if (kaiser_active())
> +				kaiser_poison_pgd(&pgd);
>  		}
>  	} else if (pgd_userspace_access(*pgdp)) {
>  		/*
> diff -puN arch/x86/mm/kaiser.c~kaiser-dynamic-unpoison-pgd arch/x86/mm/kaiser.c
> --- a/arch/x86/mm/kaiser.c~kaiser-dynamic-unpoison-pgd	2017-11-22 15:45:55.819619722 -0800
> +++ b/arch/x86/mm/kaiser.c	2017-11-22 15:45:55.825619722 -0800
> @@ -501,6 +501,9 @@ static ssize_t kaiser_enabled_write_file
>  	if (enable > 1)
>  		return -EINVAL;
>  
> +	if (kaiser_enabled == enable)
> +		return count;
> +
>  	WRITE_ONCE(kaiser_enabled, enable);
>  	return count;
>  }

Shouldn't the above hunk be part of the patch that adds the debugfs entry?

> @@ -518,3 +521,38 @@ static int __init create_kaiser_enabled(
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  late_initcall(create_kaiser_enabled);
> +
> +enum poison {
> +	KAISER_POISON,
> +	KAISER_UNPOISON
> +};
> +void kaiser_poison_pgd_page(pgd_t *pgd_page, enum poison do_poison)
> +{
> +	int i = 0;
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PGD; i++) {
> +		pgd_t *pgd = &pgd_page[i];
> +
> +		/* Stop once we hit kernel addresses: */
> +		if (!pgdp_maps_userspace(pgd))
> +			break;
> +
> +		if (do_poison == KAISER_POISON)
> +			kaiser_poison_pgd(pgd);
> +		else
> +			kaiser_unpoison_pgd(pgd);
> +	}
> +
> +}
> +
> +void kaiser_poison_pgds(enum poison do_poison)
> +{
> +	struct page *page;
> +
> +	spin_lock(&pgd_lock);
> +	list_for_each_entry(page, &pgd_list, lru) {
> +		pgd_t *pgd = (pgd_t *)page_address(page);
> +		kaiser_poison_pgd_page(pgd, do_poison);
> +	}
> +	spin_unlock(&pgd_lock);
> +}
> diff -puN include/linux/kaiser.h~kaiser-dynamic-unpoison-pgd include/linux/kaiser.h
> --- a/include/linux/kaiser.h~kaiser-dynamic-unpoison-pgd	2017-11-22 15:45:55.821619722 -0800
> +++ b/include/linux/kaiser.h	2017-11-22 15:45:55.826619722 -0800
> @@ -4,7 +4,7 @@
>  #ifdef CONFIG_KAISER
>  #include <asm/kaiser.h>
>  #else
> -
> +#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
>  /*
>   * These stubs are used whenever CONFIG_KAISER is off, which
>   * includes architectures that support KAISER, but have it
> @@ -33,5 +33,6 @@ static inline bool kaiser_active(void)
>  {
>  	return 0;
>  }
> +#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
>  #endif /* !CONFIG_KAISER */
>  #endif /* _INCLUDE_KAISER_H */
> _
> 

-- 
All the best,
Eduardo Valentin

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