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Date:   Thu, 30 Nov 2017 08:08:48 +1100
From:   "Tobin C. Harding" <>
To:     Linus Torvalds <>
Cc:     LKML <>
Subject: Re: [GIT PULL] hash addresses printed with %p

On Wed, Nov 29, 2017 at 11:22:29AM -0800, Linus Torvalds wrote:
> On Tue, Nov 28, 2017 at 8:59 PM, Tobin C. Harding <> wrote:
> >
> >   git:// tags/printk-hash-pointer-4.15-rc2
> Bah.

Sorry for creating extra work for you.

> What I didn't realize until after pulling this and testing, is that it
> completely breaks '%pK'.

If you haven't wasted enough time on this can you tell me what you mean
by 'completely breaks %pK'?

If I am at fault I do not want to repeat the same mistake again.

I have just re-run my tests and it passes so something must be wrong
with my tests or method. I wrote a module to print various pointers
using %pK (same module that tests the hashing stuff), built the kernel
with the patch set applied then booted the kernel in a VM and inserted
the module (kptr_restrict==0). Confirmed that addresses were
displayed. Then I set kptr_restrict to 2 and re-inserted the
module. Confirmed that pointers were zeroed out when printed with %pK.

> We've marked various sensitive pointers with %pK, but that is now
> _less_ secure than %p is, since it doesn't do the hashing because of
> how you refactored the %pK code out of 'pointer()' into its own
> function.

Oh, I think I get it. You mean that it is better to hash the address for
%pK (kpt_restrict==0) than to zero it out?

> So now %pK ends up using the plain "number()" function. Reading
> through the series I hadn't noticed that the refactoring ended up
> messing with that.
> I'll fix it up somehow.

(I saw the fix in the next email)


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