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Date:   Wed, 29 Nov 2017 13:38:00 +0200
From:   Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@...el.com>
To:     david@...morbit.com
Cc:     darrick.wong@...cle.com, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-xfs@...r.kernel.org, peterz@...radead.org,
        keescook@...omium.org, Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@...el.com>
Subject: [PATCH 2/5] fs, xfs: convert xfs_efi_log_item.efi_refcount from atomic_t to refcount_t

atomic_t variables are currently used to implement reference
counters with the following properties:
 - counter is initialized to 1 using atomic_set()
 - a resource is freed upon counter reaching zero
 - once counter reaches zero, its further
   increments aren't allowed
 - counter schema uses basic atomic operations
   (set, inc, inc_not_zero, dec_and_test, etc.)

Such atomic variables should be converted to a newly provided
refcount_t type and API that prevents accidental counter overflows
and underflows. This is important since overflows and underflows
can lead to use-after-free situation and be exploitable.

The variable xfs_efi_log_item.efi_refcount is used as pure reference counter.
Convert it to refcount_t and fix up the operations.

**Important note for maintainers:

Some functions from refcount_t API defined in lib/refcount.c
have different memory ordering guarantees than their atomic
counterparts.
The full comparison can be seen in
https://lkml.org/lkml/2017/11/15/57 and it is hopefully soon
in state to be merged to the documentation tree.
Normally the differences should not matter since refcount_t provides
enough guarantees to satisfy the refcounting use cases, but in
some rare cases it might matter.
Please double check that you don't have some undocumented
memory guarantees for this variable usage.

For the xfs_efi_log_item.efi_refcount it might make a difference
in following places:
 - xfs_efi_release(): decrement in refcount_dec_and_test() only
   provides RELEASE ordering and control dependency on success
   vs. fully ordered atomic counterpart

Suggested-by: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
Reviewed-by: David Windsor <dwindsor@...il.com>
Reviewed-by: Hans Liljestrand <ishkamiel@...il.com>
Signed-off-by: Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@...el.com>
---
 fs/xfs/xfs_extfree_item.c | 6 +++---
 fs/xfs/xfs_extfree_item.h | 2 +-
 2 files changed, 4 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_extfree_item.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_extfree_item.c
index 44f8c54..dfe2bcb 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_extfree_item.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_extfree_item.c
@@ -220,7 +220,7 @@ xfs_efi_init(
 	efip->efi_format.efi_nextents = nextents;
 	efip->efi_format.efi_id = (uintptr_t)(void *)efip;
 	atomic_set(&efip->efi_next_extent, 0);
-	atomic_set(&efip->efi_refcount, 2);
+	refcount_set(&efip->efi_refcount, 2);
 
 	return efip;
 }
@@ -290,8 +290,8 @@ void
 xfs_efi_release(
 	struct xfs_efi_log_item	*efip)
 {
-	ASSERT(atomic_read(&efip->efi_refcount) > 0);
-	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&efip->efi_refcount)) {
+	ASSERT(refcount_read(&efip->efi_refcount) > 0);
+	if (refcount_dec_and_test(&efip->efi_refcount)) {
 		xfs_trans_ail_remove(&efip->efi_item, SHUTDOWN_LOG_IO_ERROR);
 		xfs_efi_item_free(efip);
 	}
diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_extfree_item.h b/fs/xfs/xfs_extfree_item.h
index a32c794..fadf736 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_extfree_item.h
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_extfree_item.h
@@ -64,7 +64,7 @@ struct kmem_zone;
  */
 typedef struct xfs_efi_log_item {
 	xfs_log_item_t		efi_item;
-	atomic_t		efi_refcount;
+	refcount_t		efi_refcount;
 	atomic_t		efi_next_extent;
 	unsigned long		efi_flags;	/* misc flags */
 	xfs_efi_log_format_t	efi_format;
-- 
2.7.4

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