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Date:   Wed, 29 Nov 2017 13:38:01 +0200
From:   Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@...el.com>
To:     david@...morbit.com
Cc:     darrick.wong@...cle.com, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-xfs@...r.kernel.org, peterz@...radead.org,
        keescook@...omium.org, Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@...el.com>
Subject: [PATCH 3/5] fs, xfs: convert xlog_ticket.t_ref from atomic_t to refcount_t

atomic_t variables are currently used to implement reference
counters with the following properties:
 - counter is initialized to 1 using atomic_set()
 - a resource is freed upon counter reaching zero
 - once counter reaches zero, its further
   increments aren't allowed
 - counter schema uses basic atomic operations
   (set, inc, inc_not_zero, dec_and_test, etc.)

Such atomic variables should be converted to a newly provided
refcount_t type and API that prevents accidental counter overflows
and underflows. This is important since overflows and underflows
can lead to use-after-free situation and be exploitable.

The variable xlog_ticket.t_ref is used as pure reference counter.
Convert it to refcount_t and fix up the operations.

**Important note for maintainers:

Some functions from refcount_t API defined in lib/refcount.c
have different memory ordering guarantees than their atomic
counterparts.
The full comparison can be seen in
https://lkml.org/lkml/2017/11/15/57 and it is hopefully soon
in state to be merged to the documentation tree.
Normally the differences should not matter since refcount_t provides
enough guarantees to satisfy the refcounting use cases, but in
some rare cases it might matter.
Please double check that you don't have some undocumented
memory guarantees for this variable usage.

For the xlog_ticket.t_ref it might make a difference
in following places:
 - xfs_log_ticket_put(): decrement in refcount_dec_and_test() only
   provides RELEASE ordering and control dependency on success
   vs. fully ordered atomic counterpart

Suggested-by: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
Reviewed-by: David Windsor <dwindsor@...il.com>
Reviewed-by: Hans Liljestrand <ishkamiel@...il.com>
Signed-off-by: Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@...el.com>
---
 fs/xfs/xfs_log.c      | 10 +++++-----
 fs/xfs/xfs_log_priv.h |  2 +-
 2 files changed, 6 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_log.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_log.c
index a503af9..6e1528f 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_log.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_log.c
@@ -3600,8 +3600,8 @@ void
 xfs_log_ticket_put(
 	xlog_ticket_t	*ticket)
 {
-	ASSERT(atomic_read(&ticket->t_ref) > 0);
-	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&ticket->t_ref))
+	ASSERT(refcount_read(&ticket->t_ref) > 0);
+	if (refcount_dec_and_test(&ticket->t_ref))
 		kmem_zone_free(xfs_log_ticket_zone, ticket);
 }
 
@@ -3609,8 +3609,8 @@ xlog_ticket_t *
 xfs_log_ticket_get(
 	xlog_ticket_t	*ticket)
 {
-	ASSERT(atomic_read(&ticket->t_ref) > 0);
-	atomic_inc(&ticket->t_ref);
+	ASSERT(refcount_read(&ticket->t_ref) > 0);
+	refcount_inc(&ticket->t_ref);
 	return ticket;
 }
 
@@ -3732,7 +3732,7 @@ xlog_ticket_alloc(
 
 	unit_res = xfs_log_calc_unit_res(log->l_mp, unit_bytes);
 
-	atomic_set(&tic->t_ref, 1);
+	refcount_set(&tic->t_ref, 1);
 	tic->t_task		= current;
 	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tic->t_queue);
 	tic->t_unit_res		= unit_res;
diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_log_priv.h b/fs/xfs/xfs_log_priv.h
index 1299759..7482145 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_log_priv.h
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_log_priv.h
@@ -168,7 +168,7 @@ typedef struct xlog_ticket {
 	struct list_head   t_queue;	 /* reserve/write queue */
 	struct task_struct *t_task;	 /* task that owns this ticket */
 	xlog_tid_t	   t_tid;	 /* transaction identifier	 : 4  */
-	atomic_t	   t_ref;	 /* ticket reference count       : 4  */
+	refcount_t	   t_ref;	 /* ticket reference count       : 4  */
 	int		   t_curr_res;	 /* current reservation in bytes : 4  */
 	int		   t_unit_res;	 /* unit reservation in bytes    : 4  */
 	char		   t_ocnt;	 /* original count		 : 1  */
-- 
2.7.4

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