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Date:   Fri, 01 Dec 2017 18:27:10 -0600
From:   Bjorn Helgaas <>
Cc:     Michael Ellerman <>,,,
        Christian Zigotzky <>
Subject: [PATCH v1] PCI: Make PCI_SCAN_ALL_PCIE_DEVS work for Root as well
 as Downstream Ports

From: Bjorn Helgaas <>

PCIe Downstream Ports normally have only a Device 0 below them.  To
optimize enumeration, we don't scan for other devices *unless* the
PCI_SCAN_ALL_PCIE_DEVS flag is set by set by quirks or the
"pci=pcie_scan_all" kernel parameter.

Previously PCI_SCAN_ALL_PCIE_DEVS only affected scanning below Switch
Downstream Ports, not Root Ports.

But the "Nemo" system, also known as the AmigaOne X1000, has a PA Semi Root
Port whose link leads to an AMD/ATI SB600 South Bridge.  The Root Port is a
PCIe device, of course, but the SB600 contains only conventional PCI
devices with no visible PCIe port.

Simplify and restructure only_one_child() so that we scan for all possible
devices below Root Ports as well as Switch Downstream Ports when

This is enough to make Nemo work with "pci=pcie_scan_all".  We would also
like to add a quirk to set PCI_SCAN_ALL_PCIE_DEVS automatically on Nemo so
users wouldn't have to use the "pci=pcie_scan_all" parameter, but we don't
have that yet.

Reported-and-Tested-by: Christian Zigotzky <>
Signed-off-by: Bjorn Helgaas <>
 drivers/pci/probe.c |   25 +++++++++++++++----------
 1 file changed, 15 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/pci/probe.c b/drivers/pci/probe.c
index 14e0ea1ff38b..303c0cb0550c 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/probe.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/probe.c
@@ -2215,22 +2215,27 @@ static unsigned next_fn(struct pci_bus *bus, struct pci_dev *dev, unsigned fn)
 static int only_one_child(struct pci_bus *bus)
-	struct pci_dev *parent = bus->self;
+	struct pci_dev *bridge = bus->self;
-	if (!parent || !pci_is_pcie(parent))
+	/*
+	 * Systems with unusual topologies set PCI_SCAN_ALL_PCIE_DEVS so
+	 * we scan for all possible devices, not just Device 0.
+	 */
+	if (pci_has_flag(PCI_SCAN_ALL_PCIE_DEVS))
 		return 0;
-	if (pci_pcie_type(parent) == PCI_EXP_TYPE_ROOT_PORT)
-		return 1;
-	 * PCIe downstream ports are bridges that normally lead to only a
-	 * device 0, but if PCI_SCAN_ALL_PCIE_DEVS is set, scan all
-	 * possible devices, not just device 0.  See PCIe spec r3.0,
-	 * sec 7.3.1.
+	 * A PCIe Downstream Port normally leads to a Link with only Device
+	 * 0 on it (PCIe spec r3.1, sec 7.3.1).  As an optimization, scan
+	 * only for Device 0 in that situation.
+	 *
+	 * Checking has_secondary_link is a hack to identify Downstream
+	 * Ports because sometimes Switches are configured such that the
+	 * PCIe Port Type labels are backwards.
-	if (parent->has_secondary_link &&
-	    !pci_has_flag(PCI_SCAN_ALL_PCIE_DEVS))
+	if (bridge && pci_is_pcie(bridge) && bridge->has_secondary_link)
 		return 1;
 	return 0;

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