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Date:   Fri,  1 Dec 2017 18:16:26 -0800
To:     Michael Kerrisk <>
Cc:     linux-man <>,,
        Michael Ellerman <>,,
        LKML <>,,
        Michal Hocko <>,
        John Hubbard <>
Subject: [PATCH] mmap.2: MAP_FIXED is no longer discouraged

From: John Hubbard <>

MAP_FIXED has been widely used for a very long time, yet the man
page still claims that "the use of this option is discouraged".

The documentation assumes that "less portable" == "must be discouraged".

Instead of discouraging something that is so useful and widely used,
change the documentation to explain its limitations better.

Signed-off-by: John Hubbard <>
While reviewing Michal Hocko's man page update for MAP_FIXED_SAFE,
I noticed that MAP_FIXED was no longer reflecting the current
situation, so here is a patch to bring it into the year 2017.

 man2/mmap.2 | 6 ++++--
 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/man2/mmap.2 b/man2/mmap.2
index 385f3bfd5..a5a8eb47a 100644
--- a/man2/mmap.2
+++ b/man2/mmap.2
@@ -222,8 +222,10 @@ part of the existing mapping(s) will be discarded.
 If the specified address cannot be used,
 .BR mmap ()
 will fail.
-Because requiring a fixed address for a mapping is less portable,
-the use of this option is discouraged.
+Software that aspires to be portable should use this option with care, keeping
+in mind that the exact layout of a process' memory map is allowed to change
+significantly between kernel versions, C library versions, and operating system
 This flag is used for stacks.

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