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Date:   Wed, 6 Dec 2017 14:04:21 -0800
From:   "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
To:     anna-maria@...utronix.de
Cc:     tglx@...utronix.de, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: Timer refuses to expire

On Tue, Dec 05, 2017 at 03:37:44PM -0800, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> On Mon, Dec 04, 2017 at 09:42:08AM -0800, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> > On Fri, Dec 01, 2017 at 10:25:29AM -0800, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> > > Hello, Anna-Maria,
> > > 
> > > It turned out that one set of problems was due to NO_HZ_FULL issues,
> > > which are addressed with a pair of patches.  However, there is still one
> > > case of a timer refusing to expire in rcutorture's TREE01 test scenario.
> > > The takes from two to four hours to trigger, and the most recent one
> > > gives the following diagnostic (see patch at the very end of this email):
> > > 
> > > [13166.127458] schedule_timeout: Waylayed timer base->clk: 0x100c40004 jiffies: 0x100c4524e base->next_expiry: 0x100c40004 timer->flags: 0x1000003 timer->expires 0x100c40003 idx: 4 idx_now: ea base->pending_map 000000000000001000000000001080000000000000040000000002000000000000000000000000000000000000040000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
> > > 
> > > The message appears any time a timer for less than five jiffies takes
> > > more than eight seconds to expire.  In all cases, this expiry did not
> > > happen naturally, but rather via an unsolicited wakeup from the RCU CPU
> > > stall code.  If I am interpreting this message correctly, base->clk
> > > has advanced past this timer, and the timer is correctly flagged in
> > > base->pending_map.  This seems like part of the problem because the
> > > timer's timeout was only three jiffies.  However, base->clk has not
> > > advanced for more than 20 seconds, which seems like another problem.
> > > 
> > > What additional diagnostics would be helpful?  I can capture data
> > > at the beginning of the schedule_timeout in the timer_list structure,
> > > and of course can print more information at the time of the wakeup.
> > 
> > And on the off-chance that the following messages from this weekend's
> > runs are at all helpful.  One interesting point is that starting at
> > time 4731.872311, there are repeated enqueues to CPU 5's timer wheel,
> > but CPU 5's ->clk does not advance.  Things seem to advance at
> > time 4891.721190.
> 
> Another layer on the onion...  For at least some of the failures, there
> is a stalled CPU-hotplug operation.  This of course can mean that the
> timers are stuck on the partially offlined CPU.  So I dumped the stack
> of the task that is taking the CPU offline.  Please see below for console
> output and patch.
> 
> I am considering doing an unsolicited wakeup of the task doing the
> hotplug operation, but I am not convinced that the entirely of the CPU
> hotplug code is willing to put up with that sort of thing.

What I did instead was to dump out the state of the task that
__cpuhp_kick_ap() waits on, please see the patch at the very end of this
email.  This triggered as shown below, and you guessed it, that task is
waiting on a grace period.  Which I am guessing won't happen until the
outgoing CPU reaches CPUHP_TIMERS_DEAD state and calls timers_dead_cpu().
Which will prevent RCU's grace-period kthread from ever awakening, which
will prevent the task that __cpuhp_kick_ap() waits on from ever awakening,
which will prevent the outgoing CPU from reaching CPUHP_TIMERS_DEAD state.

Deadlock.

Does that make sense, or am I missing a trick here?

I tried invoking timers_dead_cpu() from sched_cpu_deactivate(), but
that triggered the BUG_ON(cpu_online(cpu)).  I removed this BUG_ON(),
and appear to have deadlocked on the timer ->lock.

Any thoughts on what else to try?

							Thanx, Paul

------------------------------------------------------------------------

[ 2939.381210] schedule_timeout: Waylayed timer base->clk: 0x1002709c3 jiffies: 0x100284614 base->next_expiry: 0x1002709c3 timer->flags: 0x40000007 timer->expires 0x10027f3a2 idx: 100 idx_now: 105 base->pending_map 000000000000000800000000000000000002000000000000020080400002000868000000000000010000000001000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
[ 2939.381219] Torture onoff task state:
[ 2939.381221] torture_onoff   D14584   842      2 0x80000000
[ 2939.381239] Call Trace:
[ 2939.381245]  ? __schedule+0x33c/0x6f0
[ 2939.381248]  ? preempt_count_add+0x51/0x90
[ 2939.381250]  schedule+0x37/0x90
[ 2939.381270]  schedule_timeout+0x20d/0x4c0
[ 2939.381276]  wait_for_completion+0x95/0x100
[ 2939.381282]  ? wake_up_q+0x60/0x60
[ 2939.381299]  __cpuhp_kick_ap+0x49/0x60
[ 2939.381313]  cpuhp_kick_ap+0x29/0x70
[ 2939.381316]  cpuhp_kick_ap_work+0x34/0x130
[ 2939.381322]  _cpu_down+0x17e/0x1f0
[ 2939.381326]  do_cpu_down+0x30/0x50
[ 2939.381354]  torture_offline+0x76/0x140
[ 2939.381368]  torture_onoff+0xef/0x1c0
[ 2939.381371]  kthread+0xf0/0x130
[ 2939.381374]  ? torture_kthread_stopping+0x70/0x70
[ 2939.381376]  ? kthread_destroy_worker+0x40/0x40
[ 2939.381378]  ret_from_fork+0x1f/0x30
[ 2939.381381] __cpuhp_kick_ap task state:
[ 2939.381383] cpuhp/7         D14504    46      2 0x80000000
[ 2939.381399] Call Trace:
[ 2939.381403]  ? __schedule+0x33c/0x6f0
[ 2939.381406]  schedule+0x37/0x90
[ 2939.381408]  schedule_timeout+0x20d/0x4c0
[ 2939.381414]  ? enqueue_task_fair+0x556/0x12b0
[ 2939.381417]  wait_for_completion+0x95/0x100
[ 2939.381419]  ? wake_up_q+0x60/0x60
[ 2939.381431]  __wait_rcu_gp+0x10d/0x140
[ 2939.381441]  ? sched_cpu_activate+0xc0/0xc0
[ 2939.381443]  sched_cpu_deactivate+0x36/0xa0
[ 2939.381453]  ? kfree_call_rcu+0x20/0x20
[ 2939.381454]  ? __call_rcu+0x530/0x530
[ 2939.381457]  ? __rcu_read_unlock+0x50/0x50
[ 2939.381459]  ? __rcu_read_unlock+0x50/0x50
[ 2939.381462]  cpuhp_invoke_callback+0xa8/0x610
[ 2939.381466]  cpuhp_thread_fun+0xc5/0x150
[ 2939.381469]  smpboot_thread_fn+0x15c/0x220
[ 2939.381476]  kthread+0xf0/0x130
[ 2939.381478]  ? sort_range+0x20/0x20
[ 2939.381480]  ? kthread_destroy_worker+0x40/0x40
[ 2939.381482]  ret_from_fork+0x1f/0x30

------------------------------------------------------------------------

commit aa2b802cb432a725589884d2ba47833de21e0871
Author: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
Date:   Wed Dec 6 09:46:30 2017 -0800

    EXP: timer: Dump __cpuhp_kick_ap task state
    
    Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>

diff --git a/kernel/cpu.c b/kernel/cpu.c
index 04892a82f6ac..dc9098946b3a 100644
--- a/kernel/cpu.c
+++ b/kernel/cpu.c
@@ -381,6 +381,8 @@ cpuhp_reset_state(struct cpuhp_cpu_state *st, enum cpuhp_state prev_state)
 	st->bringup = !st->bringup;
 }
 
+void schedule_timeout_set_task3dump(struct task_struct *t);
+
 /* Regular hotplug invocation of the AP hotplug thread */
 static void __cpuhp_kick_ap(struct cpuhp_cpu_state *st)
 {
@@ -395,7 +397,9 @@ static void __cpuhp_kick_ap(struct cpuhp_cpu_state *st)
 	smp_mb();
 	st->should_run = true;
 	wake_up_process(st->thread);
+	schedule_timeout_set_task3dump(st->thread);
 	wait_for_ap_thread(st, st->bringup);
+	schedule_timeout_set_task3dump(NULL);
 }
 
 static int cpuhp_kick_ap(struct cpuhp_cpu_state *st, enum cpuhp_state target)
diff --git a/kernel/time/timer.c b/kernel/time/timer.c
index 0a67df4cdeb6..532b43d05219 100644
--- a/kernel/time/timer.c
+++ b/kernel/time/timer.c
@@ -1725,6 +1725,7 @@ static void process_timeout(struct timer_list *t)
 }
 
 static struct task_struct *schedule_timeout_task2dump;
+static struct task_struct *schedule_timeout_task3dump;
 static DEFINE_MUTEX(schedule_timeout_task2dump_mutex);
 void schedule_timeout_set_task2dump(struct task_struct *t)
 {
@@ -1732,7 +1733,12 @@ void schedule_timeout_set_task2dump(struct task_struct *t)
 	WRITE_ONCE(schedule_timeout_task2dump, t);
 	mutex_unlock(&schedule_timeout_task2dump_mutex);
 }
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(schedule_timeout_set_task2dump);
+void schedule_timeout_set_task3dump(struct task_struct *t)
+{
+	mutex_lock(&schedule_timeout_task2dump_mutex);
+	WRITE_ONCE(schedule_timeout_task3dump, t);
+	mutex_unlock(&schedule_timeout_task2dump_mutex);
+}
 
 /**
  * schedule_timeout - sleep until timeout
@@ -1824,6 +1830,10 @@ signed long __sched schedule_timeout(signed long timeout)
 				pr_info("Torture onoff task state:\n");
 				sched_show_task(schedule_timeout_task2dump);
 			}
+			if (schedule_timeout_task3dump) {
+				pr_info("__cpuhp_kick_ap task state:\n");
+				sched_show_task(schedule_timeout_task3dump);
+			}
 			mutex_unlock(&schedule_timeout_task2dump_mutex);
 		}
 	}

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