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Date:   Fri, 8 Dec 2017 15:01:31 -0800
From:   Matthew Wilcox <willy@...radead.org>
To:     Dave Chinner <david@...morbit.com>
Cc:     Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@...rosoft.com>,
        Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@...ux.intel.com>,
        Jens Axboe <axboe@...nel.dk>,
        Rehas Sachdeva <aquannie@...il.com>, linux-mm@...ck.org,
        linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-f2fs-devel@...ts.sourceforge.net,
        linux-nilfs@...r.kernel.org, linux-btrfs@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-xfs@...r.kernel.org, linux-usb@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH v4 72/73] xfs: Convert mru cache to XArray

On Thu, Dec 07, 2017 at 11:38:43AM +1100, Dave Chinner wrote:
> > > cmpxchg is for replacing a known object in a store - it's not really
> > > intended for doing initial inserts after a lookup tells us there is
> > > nothing in the store.  The radix tree "insert only if empty" makes
> > > sense here, because it naturally takes care of lookup/insert races
> > > via the -EEXIST mechanism.
> > > 
> > > I think that providing xa_store_excl() (which would return -EEXIST
> > > if the entry is not empty) would be a better interface here, because
> > > it matches the semantics of lookup cache population used all over
> > > the kernel....
> > 
> > I'm not thrilled with xa_store_excl(), but I need to think about that
> > a bit more.
> 
> Not fussed about the name - I just think we need a function that
> matches the insert semantics of the code....

I think I have something that works better for you than returning -EEXIST
(because you don't actually want -EEXIST, you want -EAGAIN):

        /* insert the new inode */
-       spin_lock(&pag->pag_ici_lock);
-       error = radix_tree_insert(&pag->pag_ici_root, agino, ip);
-       if (unlikely(error)) {
-               WARN_ON(error != -EEXIST);
-               XFS_STATS_INC(mp, xs_ig_dup);
-               error = -EAGAIN;
-               goto out_preload_end;
-       }
-       spin_unlock(&pag->pag_ici_lock);
-       radix_tree_preload_end();
+       curr = xa_cmpxchg(&pag->pag_ici_xa, agino, NULL, ip, GFP_NOFS);
+       error = __xa_race(curr, -EAGAIN);
+       if (error)
+               goto out_unlock;

...

-out_preload_end:
-       spin_unlock(&pag->pag_ici_lock);
-       radix_tree_preload_end();
+out_unlock:
+       if (error == -EAGAIN)
+               XFS_STATS_INC(mp, xs_ig_dup);

I've changed the behaviour slightly in that returning an -ENOMEM used to
hit a WARN_ON, and I don't think that's the right response -- GFP_NOFS
returning -ENOMEM probably gets you a nice warning already from the
mm code.

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