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Date:   Wed, 20 Dec 2017 16:45:42 +0000
From:   "Sironi, Filippo" <sironi@...zon.de>
To:     Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>
CC:     "linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        "mingo@...hat.com" <mingo@...hat.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] sched/fair: Prevent a division by 0 in
 scale_rt_capacity()


> On 19. Dec 2017, at 20:33, Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org> wrote:
> 
> On Sat, Dec 09, 2017 at 09:03:49AM +0100, Filippo Sironi wrote:
>> ... since total = sched_avg_period() + delta can yield 0x100000000,
>> which results in a division by 0, given that div_u64() takes a u32
>> divisor.  Use div64_u64() instead.
>> 
>> divide error: 0000 [#1] SMP
>> CPU: 7 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/7 Not tainted 4.9.58 #1
>> Hardware name: ...
>> task: ffff8800a24e2800 task.stack: ffffc9000074c000
>> RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff810d36ae>] [<ffffffff810d36ae>] update_group_capacity+0x16e/0x1c0
>> RSP: 0018:ffff8800a74e3c18 EFLAGS: 00010246
>> RAX: 0000000000445ced RBX: 0000000000000007 RCX: 000000000000024d
>> RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 0000000000000000 RDI: 00000000000160c0
>> RBP: ffff8800a74e3c38 R08: ffff8800a17d5ac0 R09: ffff8800a74e0000
>> R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: ffff8800a297e400
>> R13: ffff8800a17d5ac0 R14: 0000000000000000 R15: ffff8800a17d5ac0
>> FS: 0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffff8800a74e0000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
>> CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
>> CR2: 00000000006f3580 CR3: 0000000001607000 CR4: 00000000007426e0
>> DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
>> DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
>> PKRU: 55555554
>> Stack:
>> ffff8800a17d5180 ffff8800a74e3e00 ffff8800a17d5a01 ffff8800a74e3c68
>> ffff8800a74e3d90 ffffffff810d37e6 fffffffffffffff8 0000002300010c40
>> 0000000000000040 ffff8800a17d5ad8 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
>> Call Trace:
>> <IRQ> [162553.008569] [<ffffffff810d37e6>] find_busiest_group+0xe6/0x950
>> [<ffffffff810d41d8>] load_balance+0x188/0xa70
>> [<ffffffff810c1093>] ? update_rq_clock.part.88+0x13/0x30
>> [<ffffffff810d5110>] rebalance_domains+0x210/0x290
>> [<ffffffff810d5340>] run_rebalance_domains+0x1b0/0x1d0
>> [<ffffffff810a45d9>] __do_softirq+0x89/0x2b0
>> [<ffffffff810a494b>] irq_exit+0xab/0xb0
>> [<ffffffff8108462e>] smp_reschedule_interrupt+0x2e/0x30
>> [<ffffffff8139d594>] reschedule_interrupt+0x84/0x90
>> <EOI> [162553.008603] [<ffffffff813407bf>] ? cpuidle_enter_state+0x12f/0x2c0
>> [<ffffffff81340972>] cpuidle_enter+0x12/0x20
>> [<ffffffff810dab22>] cpu_startup_entry+0x1a2/0x1f0
>> [<ffffffff810851ad>] start_secondary+0x12d/0x140
>> Code: 0f 00 4c 8b 96 48 09 00 00 48 8b 86 40 09 00 00 48 8b b6 b0 08 00 00 48 d1 ea 4c 29 d6 41 ba 00 00 00 00 49 0f 48 f2 01 d6 31 d2 <48> f7 f6 ba 00 04 00 00 48 29 c2 48 3d ff 03 00 00 b8 01 00 00
>> RIP [<ffffffff810d36ae>] update_group_capacity+0x16e/0x1c0
>> RSP <ffff8800a74e3c18>
>> 
>> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>
>> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>
>> Cc: linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
>> Signed-off-by: Filippo Sironi <sironi@...zon.de>
>> ---
>> kernel/sched/fair.c | 2 +-
>> 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)
>> 
>> diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
>> index 4037e19bbca2..04b6f847a241 100644
>> --- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
>> +++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
>> @@ -7517,7 +7517,7 @@ static unsigned long scale_rt_capacity(int cpu)
>> 
>> 	total = sched_avg_period() + delta;
>> 
>> -	used = div_u64(avg, total);
>> +	used = div64_u64(avg, total);
>> 
> 
> so total should not get larger than 2*period IIRC, how did we get so
> large?
> 

>From the vmcores I got, it was always delta that made it become very
large.

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