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Date:   Thu, 21 Dec 2017 09:59:52 +0100
From:   Michal Hocko <>
To:     kemi <>
Cc:     Greg Kroah-Hartman <>,
        Andrew Morton <>,
        Vlastimil Babka <>,
        Mel Gorman <>,
        Johannes Weiner <>,
        Christopher Lameter <>,
        Andrey Ryabinin <>,
        Nikolay Borisov <>,
        Pavel Tatashin <>,
        David Rientjes <>,
        Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <>,
        Dave <>,
        Andi Kleen <>,
        Tim Chen <>,
        Jesper Dangaard Brouer <>,
        Ying Huang <>,
        Aaron Lu <>, Aubrey Li <>,
        Linux MM <>,
        Linux Kernel <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 3/5] mm: enlarge NUMA counters threshold size

On Thu 21-12-17 16:23:23, kemi wrote:
> On 2017年12月21日 16:17, Michal Hocko wrote:
> > Can you see any difference with a more generic workload?
> > 
> I didn't see obvious improvement for will-it-scale.page_fault1
> Two reasons for that:
> 1) too long code path
> 2) server zone lock and lru lock contention (access to buddy system frequently) 

OK. So does the patch helps for anything other than a microbenchmark?

> >> Some thinking about that:
> >> a) the overhead due to cache bouncing caused by NUMA counter update in fast path 
> >> severely increase with more and more CPUs cores
> > 
> > What is an effect on a smaller system with fewer CPUs?
> > 
> Several CPU cycles can be saved using single thread for that.
> >> b) AFAIK, the typical usage scenario (similar at least)for which this optimization can 
> >> benefit is 10/40G NIC used in high-speed data center network of cloud service providers.
> > 
> > I would expect those would disable the numa accounting altogether.
> > 
> Yes, but it is still worthy to do some optimization, isn't?

Ohh, I am not opposing optimizations but you should make sure that they
are worth the additional code and special casing. As I've said I am not
convinced special casing numa counters is good. You can play with the
threshold scaling for larger CPU count but let's make sure that the
benefit is really measurable for normal workloads. Special ones will
disable the numa accounting anyway.

Michal Hocko

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